- Oct 30, 2021
Language shift is a cultural process in which an expanding population changes their language of that of a surrounding population with only a minor contribution of that population genes. This process makes for discordance between languages and genes and that largely hampers the journey of gene with language. An important process that has shaped the present (spatial) distribution of languages in South Asia is language shift by indigenous populations. The Mushar community is one of the best examples of language shift in India. This community is dispersed mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh and is known to have spoken the Mundari dialect of the Austro-Asiatic language family in the recent past. But now they have by and large adopted Indo-European language from the surrounding populations. (Mushar literally means mouse eaters Hindi; Mus-‘Mouse’, her-‘eater’).