Ancient Indian Empires and Weapons

Bhumihar

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Oldest Helmet found in India from Sabauli. Around 4000 years old.



Antenna Sword from Sabauli.



Shield
Makes u wonder just what kind of people lived in these ages.
Only Sumers had a record of helmet this early on. Helmets began to be widley employed after 500 bce when the Greeks and Persians adopted it.

Here is our own TOI saying Assyrians were the first to use helmet 900 bc.


Tho the folks at TOI aren't hsitorians by any means.
 

Chimaji Appa

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Most likely. They probably adopted Kushan, Saka models. I am for certain they used auxiliaries.
Agreed. Given how easily they destroyed the Sakas (something even the Satavanhas were unable to do) they definetly had a formidable cavarly
 

Shaitan

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Didn’t the Gupta’s use cataphracts and horse archery?

Militaristic artistic work is pretty rare, but we actually do have some horse archer models from Satavahana, Sungas to the Gutpas.

1587608098257.png


Satavahana model, clearly a dedicated horse archer in a war scene.

1587608219794.png


Sunga example

1587608442170.png


Gupta period, unlike the others this one has Central Asian characteristics like rider boots, quiver below the waist like C. Asians, etc.
 

Chimaji Appa

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Militaristic artistic work is pretty rare, but we actually do have some horse archer models from Satavahana, Sungas to the Gutpas.

View attachment 46085

Satavahana model, clearly a dedicated horse archer in a war scene.

View attachment 46086

Sunga example

View attachment 46087

Gupta period, unlike the others this one has Central Asian characteristics like rider boots, quiver below the waist like C. Asians, etc.
Woah The Shungas used horse archery? I actually did not know that.
 

Shaitan

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Woah The Shungas used horse archery? I actually did not know that.
Well, cant say if it was a cohesive unit of mounted archers like in the C. Asian style, but it's worth posting anyway, right? Looks like it's someone in the military, not in a hunt, etc.

One of the most interesting militaristic images from the Sungas, or really any Indian period is a simple terracotta of what looks like a crossbowmen. Even if it's a auxiliary unit, still interesting find for the date.

1587688357136.png
 
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Shaitan

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Khalinga warriors dueling, 2nd Century BC

Right is a female warrior


Sickle blade








Sword and buckler fencing in ancient India. Many example of a backward curved 'sabre' blades. This indigenous design seem to fall off after this period, later being reintroduced into India by the Islamic invasions. Famously becoming the talwar.

Chandraketugarh, Sunga Era, 2nd Century BC


Also interesting is the training and employment of female warriors, soldiers. It was mentioned that Chandragupta Maurya had personal female bodyguards.
 
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Shaitan

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Begram1.jpg


Female guard with spear, Begram, 1st-2nd Century AD

Begram2.jpg


Female guard with broadsword, Begram, 1st-2nd Century AD

Chandraketugarh4.jpg


Chariot, archer, mace and shield,Chandraketugarh, 2nd Century BC
 
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Shaitan

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scalearmor.jpg


2nd Century BC

Charioteer with scale armor, composite bow, with a bow and arrow with a crescent shaped tip. Very similar image found ins Kaushambi.




Charioteer with scale armor, armed with a re-curved bow, with a crescent headed arrowhead. Driver has some sort of long sleeve clothing, drawing four horses.

Kosambi, Eastern India. Dating is probably from 2nd Century BC to 1st Century AD at most.
 

Shaitan

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All this depictions of Women with weapons makes me think that women played an active role in warrior culture
It's just fact. This is mentioned by Greek ambassador to the Maurya court Megasthenes and is supported by several images of the same. The one above is more artistic play, but there are legit female guards, female archers, female charioteers, etc. I am not saying they were bunch of dedicated unit of females on the battle field, but highly trained state sponsored personal bodyguards without a doubt.
 

timmy

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Unlike Celucid war-elephants there's no evidence, nor pictorial/sculptural depictions of armoured war elephants in India before 1000 AD
yes there is a figurine depicting armoured elephant probably from early centuries AD or before christianity.
 

Bleh

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yes there is a figurine depicting armoured elephant probably from early centuries AD or before christianity.
Is that so?.. Ok then you should have no trouble presenting that example with its source, origin & time estimation.

For the sake of argument, I'm gonna ignore the thousands of unarmoured ones.
 

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