So pla operates both 152 mm and 155 mm arty ?Originally, I wanted to describe the history of Chinese artillery, but it’s not interesting. I will only talk about the artillery in active service.
Type 66 howitzer
Let's first talk about the origin of the 66 howitzer. The 66-type 152mm howitzer is a copy of the former Soviet Union D-20 type 152mm howitzer, with the pedigree of the Soviet 152 plus howitzer.
The D-20 was born in 1955 and has been 62 years since it is a genuine grandpa-level weapon. There are still many countries equipped with D-20 howitzers, such as Romania and the former Yugoslavia. In the recent campaign to regain Mosel, D-20 often appeared in news pictures.
The 66-type 152mm howitzer was finalized and produced in 1966. It was equipped with troops in the late 1960s and was one of the few artillery that had experienced actual combat.
View attachment 114318
First of all, it is powerful.
The shell of the 152 howitzer weighs 43 km, which is only two to three kilograms lighter than the shell of the 155 howitzer. Any target on the battlefield cannot withstand its bombardment, even armored targets such as tanks have no chance of surviving if they are hit frontally.
The killing radius of its anti-personnel grenades can reach 50 meters, which is close to 8,000 square meters, which is equivalent to the area of 18 standard basketball courts, which is slightly larger than the area of a standard football field. Blasting bombs can destroy reinforced concrete fortifications up to 1 meter thick.
Records of the battlefield once showed that even if the command post was set up two meters underground, it was built with 20 cm logs on top of the three floors, and then reinforced with 1 m thick steel rails and overburden. It would still be wiped out after a shell went down.
The rate of fire is not low.
The maximum rate of fire of the 152 howitzer can reach 6-8 rounds per minute. For comparison, the PLZ-05 self-propelled howitzer is equipped with an automatic loader. The maximum rate of fire is 8-10 rounds per minute, which is only a quarter higher. Because the large-caliber gun is not a rifle after all, the rate of fire cannot be increased like a non-automatic rifle is upgraded to an automatic rifle.
The 152 guns that rely on human loading can produce extremely dense firepower under the operation of PLA.
Although it has a maximum range of only 17 kilometers, it is slightly closer to modern artillery. However, Type 66 has its own special mission, which is mountain combat.
Type 66 can either directly shoot at a closer target, or shoot at a shadowed target, especially hitting a reverse slope target is one of its unique skills.
The People's Liberation Army put forward the requirement of "quick fight and retreat" for Type 66. Quick fight is to quickly reach the position, quickly deploy the artillery position, burst out intensive firepower in the shortest time, quickly destroy the enemy's active force, and achieve a suppressing effect. Quick retreat means to leave quickly after the fight, so that the enemy has no chance of counterattack.
View attachment 114319
To put it briefly, before 1980, the Chinese army basically used Soviet weapons and their imitation models, 152mm, 130mm, 122mm, and 203mm.So pla operates both 152 mm and 155 mm arty ?
Isn't it a logistical issue , I mean indian army operates just 155 mm and 105 mm artillery only .
Along with some 130mm artillery
Write about more systems ,comrade.To put it briefly, before 1980, the Chinese army basically used Soviet weapons and their imitation models, 152mm, 130mm, 122mm, and 203mm.
After 1985, China obtained some 155mm technical data through Austria and began to develop its own artillery.
In the end, along with China’s military reform, it finally formed
82mm (battalion), 122mm (brigade), 155mm (group army) three-stage artillery system
The reason why I am still writing about Type 66 howitzers is because there are still several battalions equipped with this type of artillery. At the same time, this type of artillery has played a big role in Vietnam.
Each country has its own army strategy. Taiwan’s 203mm gun is mainly used as a shore defense gun, which is of no use in modern landing operations. The 105mm gun is mainly used as an artillery for ordinary reserve forces. In fact, it is used as cannon fodder to fill trenches. Its main M109 155mm is the main force of the Taiwan army. The main strategy of the Taiwan army is to rely on ordinary infantry troops to delay the PLA's landing force, and then use about two armored brigades to annihilate the PLA. Wheeled armored vehicles act as a mobile force, of course. The actual situation is much more complicated than this, I just gave a rough ideaWrite about more systems ,comrade.
Especially about chinese artillery ammo .
I was looking at Taiwan artillery and it was dismal to be honest .
First they operate western arty and then they operate that 203 mm artillery gun which Pakistan also operates .
That's the only credible thing they have .
India meanwhile bought 1000 130 mm arty guns From ussr in 1968 , around 300 have been upgraDed to 155 mm artilelry .
India could have have operated 152 mm artillery but instead it chose the south Korean k 9 howitzer .
But Taiwan lacks arty badly.
View attachment 114428
AH4 China's M777
The AH-4 howitzer uses a 39-caliber barrel and a screw breech. Its combat weight is only 4.2t, which is basically the same as the M777.
. Compared with the traditional 39 times diameter towed howitzer, the gun’s chamber volume and chamber pressure are exactly the same, and the firing range of the same projectile is not reduced. The firing range of the bottom concave projectile is 25KM, and the bottom row of the projectile is 30 thousand. Meters, up to 40KM when launching rocket extended-range projectiles.
The AH-4 puts the barrel of the gun forward to provide a long recoil stroke. The muzzle is equipped with a high-efficiency muzzle brake. In order to maintain the stability of shooting, the H-type gun mount is used, and the height of the line of fire is reduced as much as possible, which is conducive to the direct transmission of recoil to the ground. The lower part of the rear frame is also equipped with a hydraulic buffer mechanism, which can further improve the stability during shooting.
View attachment 114431
In order to reduce weight, the AH-4 howitzer has also made great efforts in materials. Titanium alloy and aluminum alloy materials are used in key parts. Titanium alloy materials account for about 20% of the mass of the whole gun. At the same time, a large number of traditional steel materials are retained, taking into account performance and cost. The upper frame and the cradle are made of titanium alloy casting and welding, and some parts are made of aluminum alloy. The brake retreat barrel, the reentry barrel and the cradle are combined into a multifunctional integrated mechanism to simplify the frame and components, control the weight of the artillery, and shorten the manufacturing cycle and cost.
View attachment 114432
(Digital fire control system and automatic gun adjustment system)
View attachment 114433
(Auxiliary diesel engine)
The weight of a 155mm shell is often more than 40 kg. In order to save the loader's physical strength, the AH-4 howitzer is equipped with a swing-type loading auxiliary tray to assist the gunner to place the projectiles and swing to the axis of the barrel to send the shells. Speed 5 rounds per minute. In contrast, M777 is completely filled manually. The artillery is also equipped with a diesel engine to provide power for the hydraulic system and power for the digital artillery system. The hydraulic system control can be used for the lifting, height, pitch, direction and automatic opening and closing capabilities of the breech block. Compared with the M777's pure manual adjustment, it is more triumphant and labor-saving, and improves the accuracy of the adjustment.
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