Uygurs in Xinjiang didn’t choose to be Muslims, China says in white paper

Discussion in 'China' started by Absolut_Vodka, Jul 22, 2019.

  1. Absolut_Vodka

    Absolut_Vodka Wg cmdr, crows and trees squadron

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    https://www.scmp.com/news/china/dip...idnt-choose-be-muslims-china-says-white-paper

    • Islam was forced on ethnic group ‘by religious wars and the ruling class’, Beijing says in latest report defending its actions in far western region
    • Uygurs’ ancestors were enslaved by the Turks, document says
    Uygurs became Muslims not by choice but by force, and Islam is not their only religion, Beijing said in a white paper published on Sunday, as it continued its propaganda campaign to justify its controversial policies in the far western province of
    Xinjiang
    .
    “The Uygur people adopted Islam not of their own volition … but had it forced upon them by religious wars and the ruling class,” according to the document released by the State Council Information Office.

    Islamic beliefs were forced on the Uygurs during the expansion of Arabic states. This is a historical fact, the report said, though that did not undermine the Uygurs’ religious rights now. The report said also that there are Uygurs who hold to faiths other than Islam, and others who do not practise any religion at all.

    The paper also took aim at the Uygurs’s historic links with Turkey. “Historically, the Uygurs’ ancestors were enslaved by the Turks,” it said, citing a history of conflicts between the two groups dating back to the 8th century.





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  3. smooth manifold

    smooth manifold Regular Member

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    The situation at the time is rather complex. The Turks overthrew Rouran Khaganate in 6th century and establised the Gokturk khaganate ruling the Ugyurs and other nomadic tribes in Mongolian Steppe. that's why Ugyurs and Turks share lingual links. In the 7th century, Tang China destroyed the Gokturk khaganate and Turks, Ugyhurs and other steppe nomadic tribes came under rule of Tang China. In the 8th century, the Turks rebelled against Tang China and tried to re-establish their dynasty twice but soon replaced by the Ugyhur khaganate, the Turks then fled to west further and further and never returned to their homeland again (I don't know why).

    After Ugyhur Khagnate was replaced by other nomadic khaganates in the 9th century, some of the Ugyhurs gradually migrated to Xinjiang region west of the Great Wall and became sedentary, where they were gradually Islamized by Arab-Persian states after Tang China lost control of Xinjiang region and their city states thrived independently. Other Ugyhurs migrated to south of the Great Wall and established the Later Tang dynasty after Tang China collapsed in the 10th century and gradually assimilated into Han Chinese. Ugyurs in Xinjiang were later ruled by the Kitan Western Liao in the 12th century and the Mongol Chagatai in the 13-14th century, the Mongol Moghulistan 15-16th century , later the Mongol Dzungar in the 17th century. Ugyhurs in Hami region(Eastern Xinjiang) were ruled by Ming China in the 14-17th century. In the 18th century, the Mongol Dzungar was destroyed by Manchu Qing China and all Ugyhurs were incorporated into China again. Uyghurs were later ruled by local Chinese warlords after Qing China collapsed in 1911, nominally under the Republic of China (fled to Taiwan later).

    When Republic of China was in civil war & WWII (1916-1949), Russians began instigating Ugyhur rebellions in Western and Northern Xinjiang and tried to grab this huge territory into Russian control but eventually failed twice (The First and Second East Turkstan Republics). In 1949, the Republic of China was overthrown by the People's Republic of China and Ughurs joined the latter(no major battles occurred) and Xinjiang Ugyhur Automous Region was established for Ugyhurs in China since then.
     
    Last edited: Jul 29, 2019
  4. Absolut_Vodka

    Absolut_Vodka Wg cmdr, crows and trees squadron

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    Most were made to accept Islam on threat of sword in those times, be it any part of the world. It's ubiquitous fact. But a state speaking it outright isn't politically correct, at least right now.
     
    Haldiram likes this.

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