Maharana Pratap of Mewar

Discussion in 'Military History' started by SajeevJino, Jun 27, 2012.

  1. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    Thread on Hemu - http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/...edivial-indias-napolean-hemu-1501-1556-a.html

    Chittor had already gone into Mughal occupation (since 1568 A.D.) 8 years before the battle of Haldighati took place.
    What happened in 1568 is here -
    http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/religion-culture/61019-tipu-sultan-hindu-ring-5.html#post911666
    http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/...atest-kings-indian-history-57.html#post399351
    http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/...atest-kings-indian-history-68.html#post470956
    http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/...atest-kings-indian-history-75.html#post579737

    He didn't stay at one place for long. He kept moving within southern and western regions of Mewar, that are dominated by Aravali range and forests.

    Regards,
    Virendra
     
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  2. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Last edited: Oct 15, 2014
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  3. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Charans and Rajputs

    Interesting article.

    The five most commonly listed Charan lineages are the Gujar Charan from Gujarat, the Kacch or Kacchela Charan from Kacch and Sindh, the Maru Charan from Marwar, the Tumer or Tumbel Charan from Sindh (now settled in Gujarat), and the Sorathia Charan from Sorath and Kathiawar.

    Westphal-Hellbusch (1976: 104-105) traces seasonal and more lasting migrations, leading to semi-permanent settlements to the ninth and later centuries when Charan, Jat, Gujar, Rebari, Rajput and other pastoral-nomadic communities travelled to and from Baluchistan, Sindh, Gujarat and Rajasthan and, probably,onwards in all directions of the wind. She notes a marked increase of Charan migrations to Kacch, Saurashtra and western Rajasthan as a result of tenth-century invasions into Sindh by Ghaznavides, eleventh-century Ghorid invasions, and thirteenth-century battles with Khilji armies.

    Charan horse traders were important to the establishment of Rajput rule. In Marwar, the value of horses for fifteenth century Rajput rulers to demarcate and patrol their realms, protecting them against muslim invaders. The importance of (horse) traders, caravan trade and the martial and religious role ascribed to Charani women helps us appraise why Charan communities were accorded such an eminent role in early and late medieval processes of Rajput kingdom formation.

    how Charani Sagatis lent the forefathers of different Rajput lineages a hand when they found themselves in need of help and thus became their Kuladevis. Avar is seen as instrumental for the founding of Kacchawa Rajput rule in early-medieval Rajasthan by supplying them with horses. Avar as Themrarai is worshipped by the ruling lineage of Bhati of Jaisalmer, and used to be worshipped by Sindhi Samma lineages. The Sisodia rulers of Mewar chose Charani Ban Mata as their lineage’s goddess. In Gujarat, Avar’s sister Khodiyar (Khoriyar) is worshipped as the Kuladevi of the erstwhile Gohil Rajput rulers
     
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  4. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Royal correspondence between Mewar and Nepal

    In September 1838 Rana Sardar Singh of Mewar addressed two letters to the Rajguru and the Maharaja of Nepal. The epistles did not reach their destination and were intercepted at Benares. Apparently they were quite innocuous and conveyed nothing but a conventional message of courtesy. Nor was there anything clandestine about the mission for the agents of the Nepal Darbar were provided with passports and letters of introduction from the British embassy at Kathmandu.

    As Col. Spiers, Political Agent, Udaipur, explained to Col. Alves, Governor-General's Agent for the States of Rajputana "The Rajahs of Naipaul are said to be descended from a younger branch of the Oodeypoor family and I believe have always, as opportunities offered, kept up a friendly correspondence with each other." Meanwhile the Government kept themselves informed about the progress of the Nepalese Mission. As early as the 7th February 1838 Campbell, then, officiating Resident at Kathmandu, had reported to Macnaghten that he had issued a Rahadari or passport in favour of one Bansaraj and his party at the request of the Nepal Darbar. Bansaraj was going to Udaipur with presents from the Maharani of Nepal.

    She was the Senior Queen and Chief wife of Rana Rajendra Vikram Shah. An ambitious woman who wanted to rule Nepal with the help of the Pande faction through whose agency she tried again and again to encompass the ruin of the Thappa leader, Bhimsen. In April 1840 she planned a romantic outrage on the British frontier and in June an attack on the Residency. But failing in her attempt to keep herself in power she quitted Kathmandu and died on her way to the plains on October 6, 1841.

    For obvious reasons the Governor-General could not permit the appointment of a permanent Nepalese Agent at Udaipur and whatever the ulterior motive the Mission might have there is no evidence to show that the Rana had any share in it. In fact Spiers informed Alves that he had been assured by the Rana's Minister that the Mission would be dismissed as soon as the weather improved. Meanwhite Hodgson had been unrelenting at the other end in his efforts to have Bansaraj recalled and the Maharaja of Nepal ultimately yielded to his representations.

    Rana Jawan Singh expired of a brief illness on the 30th August and his successor Sardar Singh did not assume the gadi until a week later . Despite the formalities imposed by public mourning the new Rana lost no time in sending the Nepalese envoys on their homeward journey and they left Udaipur on the 5th October. The story however does not end here. Bansaraj was trying to bring in his train one Laldas, an emissary of the Rana of Udaipur, with presents from His Highness. Such an action would constitute a flagrant violence of the passport and breach of treaty.

    The search was conducted by the Magistrate's Assistant Mr. Roberts, before whom he repeated this denial, and frankly produced his boxes for inspection. No presents were forthcoming, except a pair of Gold Bangles, presented to Buns Raj at Oudeypoor; but, most carefully concealed in his bedding and pillow, were discovered sundry letters in silk and muslin bags, some with large Red Wax Seals, addressed to the Nepal Durbar and to the Raj Gooru Rungnath." As Haddock, Offiiciating Secretary to the Government of India, wrote to Lt. Col. J. Sutherland, Offiiciating Agent to the Go vernor- General : "You will not find in these letters any expression which may lead to the suspicion of a political connection or of designs hostile to the British Government. The present Maha Rana found upon his accession to the Musnad the Nepalese Agents established at his Capital, the Government of Oodeypore had been required and was pledged to dismiss them and it may not have been unnatural that upon their dismissal notes of friendship should have passed between the parties principally concerned. So Rana Sardar Singh was exonerated of any disloyal intention or deed."

    Sanskrit documents and letters
     
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  5. Peter

    Peter Senior Member Senior Member

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    Sir,

    I read that there is a doubt whether Chittor was under actual Mughal occupation when Battle of Haldighati took place. One point which can be given as an argument there was that if Chittor had been truly occupied/destroyed then Rana Pratap would have been a vassal of the Mughals. Also it is highly unlikely that Rana would have mustered a force to fight the Battle of Haldighati without a base. Chittor had fallen in 1568 AD but the Mughals probably left the city after sacking/looting it.(They did not raze it.)

    Mughal–Rajput War (1558–78) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  6. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    No Sir for me please.

    I don't think Pratap was helpless without Chittor.
    Not only there were other forts like Kumbhalgarh to fall back on, but Mewar's western half has natural defense of Aravali and its forests.
    All he had to do was keep maneuvering there swiftly and avoid risky exposure in plains (which his counselling chiefs ensured).
    His chiefs were well knit and loyal, bonding with the people was good. So networking and communication wasn't hampered so much.
    Besides, Akbar's Gujarat campaign had given Pratap some time and room to regroup his people and organize his resistance.

    Chittor's practical importance is in the fact that it commands the fertile plains of eastern Mewar which was in Mughal occupation now. Which is why Pratap tried damage control by asking people not to cultivate.
    For Akbar who so vehemently and obsessively pursued Chittor, it would be highly unwise to let go of such prized possession. More than anything, Chittor had symbolic importance for Abkar.
    The very reason why the Chittor marauder Akbar patiently kept sending diplomatic sorties to Pratap for years, was because he was confident that the latter cornered in a hilly section of Mewar was in no condition to fight him.
    If Chittor had slipped out of Akbar's hands, we would've seen an impatient Akbar again - another Chittor war or the Haldighati pre-poned instead.

    Regards,
    Virendra
     
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  7. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    double message
     
    Last edited: Mar 23, 2015
  8. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    [​IMG]

    Mewar Mahotsav 2015 will start from today with display of Gangaur Savari from various communities in the city.

    18 communities of the city will participate in Mahotsav and Savari. Gangaur Savari is scheduled to start from 4pm and will conclude on Gangaur Ghat at 6pm. Later, like every year Shahi Gangaur Boat will float from Banshi Ghat to Gangaur Ghat in Pichola.

    After 7pm, cultural events will commence and will comprise performances by youth, local artists and tourists.

    This year, the firework event at the ghats of Pichola is dropped, as a sign of grief for farmers suffering from loss due to non-seasonal rains.

    http://udaipurtimes.com/gangaur-savari-in-mewar-mahotsav/
     
  9. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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  10. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    [​IMG]

    10 Places Of Udaipur And Their Hidden Facts
     
  11. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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  12. Hari Sud

    Hari Sud Senior Member Senior Member

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  13. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Shrinathji temple, Nathdwara, and its attackers

    [​IMG]

    These later attacks were by Maratha chieftain Holkar and his Pathans. He levied three lakhs of rupees on the priests and inhabitants, several of whom he carried to his camp as hostages for the payment. Damodarji, the high priest, sent Shrinathji to Udaipur for protection.

    The Thakur of Kotharia (one of the Chauhan Rajput nobles of Mewar), undertook the duty, and with twenty horsemen, escorted Shrinathji to safety. On his return he was intercepted by a band of Holkar's troops, who insultingly desired the surrender of their horses. But the descendant of the illustrious Prithviraj preferred death to dishonour: dismounting, he hamstrung his steed, commanding his vassals to follow his example; and sword in hand courted his fate in the unequal conflict, in which he fell, with most of his gallant retainers.
     
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  14. punjab47

    punjab47 महाबलामहावीर्यामहासत्यपराक्रमासर्वाग्रेक्षत्रियाजट Banned

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    Title should be

    Maharana Pratap Singh Sissodia Ji of Mewar
     
  15. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Why stop there? The Maharanas of Mewar also bore these titles which were announced whenever they held court:

    Hindupat (Head of the Hindus)
    Hinduan Suraj (Immortal Sun of the Hindus)
    Chattis Rajkul Shringar (crest jewels of the 36 royal clans)
    Yavadarya Kula Kamaldivakara (the sun which made the lotus of the Hindu nation bloom)
     
  16. punjab47

    punjab47 महाबलामहावीर्यामहासत्यपराक्रमासर्वाग्रेक्षत्रियाजट Banned

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    Because Mr Delhi muslim communist sahib, they did enough to deserve as much respect as someone's parent.
     
  17. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    You are only limiting yourself to clan name, whereas I am making you aware of these titles, which shows the long history of resistance by the Sesodia Rajputs. They were the first to defeat the Islamic invaders, they formed a coalition of Rajput states, and projected military power which kept Rajasthan Gujarat and MP as totally Hindu areas.
     

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