You were the one who asked which armies operate with such equipment. I never said they are IA or the two armies have similar loadouts as ours. The point was when a sniper has to provide fire support or cover fire, that too when operating in friendly territory, they can be lightly equipped. They do not need to be packed with eveything one would carry for a SF mission into a hostile region. In any case, a sniper, be it in NATO, PLA, PA, or IA conducts the same role, ofcourse in different terrains. And judging by the impact, the NATO have been far more effective in usage of their sniper teams, both as support as well as independent. So how this has nothing to do with us? The British in WWI quickly copied the German tactics of using marksman, learning from their enemies. Should we just ignore the tactics used by NATO snipers? The german and Norwegian sniper teams equipped themselves based on the requirements of the mission, and on the terrain. They have access to heavier equipment, but decided that what they took was enough for the job. The IA has similar requirements for the sniper. The terrain is different, but the mountains of Afg are nearly as difficult as in Kashmir. The POK scenario was just an example of where snipers would have to carry a full loadout. I did not attempt to state an actual situation of such an action.