How Netaji Won Us Independence While Nehru Destroyed India

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by harsh, Jan 26, 2016.

  1. harsh

    harsh Regular Member

    Aug 8, 2014
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    Two recently declassified Intelligence Bureau (IB) files have revealed that the Jawaharlal Nehru government spied on the kin of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

    by Sunil Rajguru

    Any Nation which Willfully Forgets its History is Condemned to Repeat it.

    Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is probably India’s most under-rated, misunderstood and sidelined freedom fighter. Now that the government of India is releasing secret files relating to Netaji, we can finally have a free and frank debate to find out his exact role in India’s Independence.

    For a start, here are six myths that relate to him:

    Myth 1: He was a Rival of Nehru

    Fact: He was actually a rival of Mahatma Gandhi whom he beat in 1938 and 1939.

    Most people see Netaji as a rival of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. That is incorrect. Nehru and Netaji were not in the same league. Nehru was the foremost disciple of Gandhi and Netaji was a rival of the latter.

    Gandhi led the freedom struggle till 1938. He was numero uno till that year. Then Netaji became Congress president and ushered in a new era. The Gandhi camp had lost and we were poised to enter a new phase in our freedom struggle.

    Gandhi is said to have been a saint and had he actually been so, he would have retired at that stage and passed the baton to Netaji. However, he played intense politics and continued to undermine Netaji.

    In the 1939 elections when Netaji was ill and indisposed, Gandhi hit below the belt and put up his candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya in his absence. Netaji supporters brought him on a stretcher and defeated Gandhi’s man.

    At least then Gandhi should have quit, but he refused point blank.

    That’s when Netaji decided to play the bigger man. He realised that if the top two fought, the British would get the upper hand. He made a huge sacrifice and quit. In fact, at that time, he proved to be the saint!

    Myth 2: He had a marginal role in India’s Independence

    Fact: He had probably the greatest role, even more than the Mahatma.

    Under Gandhi, both Purna Swaraj and Quit India got nowhere. The British did not see Gandhi as a threat and his non-violence did not make a dent on the Empire no matter what the popular narrative we have been taught.

    What turned the tide were the court trials of Netaji’s Indian National Army (INA). The infamous Bombay Mutiny of 1946 rattled the British. Indian Navy sailors fought against the British. Even though they lost, our enemy realised that they couldn’t continue to rule us.

    That was when the British decided to make a run for it. This has been accepted by Lord Louis Mountbatten, who oversaw the Partition. Mangal Pandey’s 1857 began our war of Independence and Netaji’s 1946 ended it.

    Myth 3: He should be condemned for joining hands with Hitler, and hence, was really a War Criminal

    Fact: At that time the British Empire was a greater evil and crueler.

    It is now an established fact that Hitler was one of the cruellest leaders of all time. But at that time the British, French and Spanish Empires were the most evil. Countless Indians suffered torture and death at the hands of the British Empire.

    When Netaji joined hands with the Japanese, allies of Hitler, nobody knew anything about Nazi concentration camps. In fact, most of the world refused to believe it even when the war ended and a minority disbelieves it to this very day.

    When Netaji joined the Japanese, the British had the bloodiest hands in the world. We shouldn’t forget this.

    Myth 4: The INA was just a rag-tag bunch of Soldiers

    Fact: It was a powerful professional group which could have gone far.

    The INA lasted for more than 4 years and boasted of more than 40,000 soldiers. They fought with great valour and dignity in World War 2 but happened to be on the losing side and were rubbished as history is always written by the victors.

    Had the British not granted India Independence, this army probably would have waged guerrilla warfare against the Empire! A lot of soldiers from the Indian defence forces would have definitely mutinied and crossed over to the INA. This proved decisive in our final victory.

    Myth 5: It doesn’t matter how he Died

    Fact: This is not an issue related to Congress or the past; he is the nation’s hero.

    There are a lot of people who say that we should let sleeping dogs lie and not rewrite history. This is propaganda. Nobody is rewriting history. Indian history was written wrongly in the first place. It is being merely corrected and not rewritten.

    Any nation which wilfully forgets its past is condemned to repeat it. We need to have a correct picture and a healthy debate and we need to view both sides of the history coin.

    Myth 6: We should leave Nehru alone

    Fact: If the foundation is rotten, then the whole building comes crashing down.

    Our history is built on the premise that Mahatma Gandhi won us Independence and Nehru built modern India. That is far from the truth. 1857 was the foundation for Independence and the very establishment of the Congress party is a key event.

    Leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak carried the flame forward and Netaji gave the knockout punch. After Independence, Sardar Vallabhai Patel unified India and secured Kashmir.

    Babasaheb Ambedkar laid the economic foundations and was the inspiration behind the Reserve Bank and Finance and Planning Commissions.

    Only C Rajagopalachari saw the fallacy in Nehru’s License Raj and knew it would collapse one day. All this has been minimized for the sake of maximising Nehru.

    There’s another important point.

    Congress president Sonia Gandhi stands on the shoulders of Rajiv Gandhi who stood on the shoulders of Indira who stood on the shoulders of Nehru. If it is found that Nehru knew Netaji was alive after 1945 and allowed him to die, then it makes Nehru the nation’s criminal.

    A multi-storeyed building would come down and it cannot be brushed under the carpet like a small pile of dust.

    We have to debate now whether Nehru actually built modern India or destroyed it.

    Meanwhile, let all the facts related to Netaji see the light.
  3. harsh

    harsh Regular Member

    Aug 8, 2014
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  4. harsh

    harsh Regular Member

    Aug 8, 2014
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    Attlee told Bengal governor, Netaji, not Gandhi, got India freedom, claims book
    Published January 26, 2016
    SOURCE:INDIA « Counter-terror Ties Firmed Up, Call to Pakistan For 26/11 ClosureINS Vikrant Gets Permanent Memorial in Mumbai »
    Attlee told Bengal governor, Netaji, not Gandhi, got India freedom, claims book
    Published January 26, 2016

    Did India win Independence because of the non-violent movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Nehru or was it the impact of Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army that made the British panic and leave India? The declassification of the Netaji files has sparked a massive debate on the need to rewrite modern Indian history.

    A yet to be published book by Netaji scholar General GD Bakshi has published conversations with Clement Attlee. In these conversations the then British Prime Minister apparently said that the role played by Netaji’s army was paramount in India being granted independence, while the role played by the non-violent movement was dismissed as minimal. India Today has secured an advance copy of – Bose: An Indian Samurai.

    Most Indian history text books about the freedom struggle are dominated by the role played by the non-violent movement of Mahatma Gandhi. Ahinsa and Satyagraha are the shining ideals that are central to the idea of how India won its hard fought freedom. But was India’s freedom gained entirely by the non-violent struggle of Mahatma Gandhi and was there no contribution of the use of force?

    A controversial new book written by military historian General G D Bakshi seeks to over turn the traditional idea of how won India its freedom.India Today has been able to exclusively access an advance copy of a Knowledge World Publication, Bose: An Indian Samurai. In this book General GD Bakshi quotes from a conversation between former British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and the then Governor of West Bengal Justice PB Chakraborthy. In 1956, Clement Attlee had come to India and stayed in Kolkata as a guest of the then governor. Remember, Clement Richard Attlee was the man, who as leader of the Labour Party and British Prime Minister between 1945 and 1951, signed off on the decision to grant Independence to India.

    PB Chakraborthy was at that time the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court and was also serving as the acting Governor of West Bengal. He wrote a letter to the publisher of RC Majumdar’s book, A History of Bengal. In this letter, the Chief Justice wrote, “When I was acting Governor, Lord Attlee, who had given us independence by withdrawing British rule from India, spent two days in the Governor’s palace at Calcutta during his tour of India. At that time I had a prolonged discussion with him regarding the real factors that had led the British to quit India.”

    Chakraborthy adds, “My direct question to Attlee was that since Gandhi’s Quit India movement had tapered off quite some time ago and in 1947 no such new compelling situation had arisen that would necessitate a hasty British departure, why did they had to leave?”

    “In his reply Attlee cited several reasons, the principal among them being the erosion of loyalty to the British crown among the Indian army and Navy personnel as a result of the military activities of Netaji,” Justice Chakraborthy says.

    That’s not all. Chakraborthy adds, “Toward the end of our discussion I asked Attlee what was the extent of Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision to quit India. Hearing this question, Attlee’s lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile as he slowly chewed out the word, m-i-n-i-m-a-l!”This startling conversation was first published by the Institute of Historical Review by author Ranjan Borra in 1982, in his piece on Subhas Chandra Bose, the Indian National Army and the war of India’s liberation.

    To understand the significance of Attlee’s assertion, we have to go back in time to 1945. The Second World War had ended. The allied powers led by Britain and the United States had won. The axis powers led by Hitler’s Germany had been vanquished. The victors wanted to impose justice on the defeated armies. In India, officers of Netaji Bose’s Indian National Army were put on trial for treason, torture, murder. This series of court martials, came to be known as the Red Fort Trials.

    Indians serving in the British armed forces were inflamed by the Red Fort Trials. In February 1946, almost 20,000 sailors of the Royal Indian Navy serving on 78 ships mutinied against the Empire. They went around Mumbai with portraits of Netaji and forced the British to shout Jai Hind and other INA slogans. The rebels brought down the Union Jack on their ships and refused to obey their British masters. This mutiny was followed by similar rebellions in the Royal Indian Air Force and also in the British Indian Army units in Jabalpur. The British were terrified. After the Second World War, 2.5 million Indian soldiers were being de-commissioned from the British Army.

    Military intelligence reports in 1946 indicated that the Indian soldiers were inflamed and could not be relied upon to obey their British officers. There were only 40,000 British troops in India at the time. Most were eager to go home and in no mood to fight the 2.5 million battle hardened Indian soldiers who were being demobilised. It is under these circumstances that the British decided to grant independence to India.

    The idea behind putting these documents in the public domain, is not to in any way undermine the significant contribution of Mahatma Gandhi or Pandit Nehru. But to spark a debate about the real significance of the role played by Netaji’s Indian National Army. School textbooks are dominated by the role played by the non-violent movement. While the role of the INA is dismissed in a few cursory paragraphs. The time has come to revisit modern Indian history and acknowledge the immense contribution of Netaji in helping India win its freedom.
  5. Tamil TigerWoods

    Tamil TigerWoods Regular Member

    Sep 8, 2016
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    He got India freedom in the most abstract sense in best case. Fact of the matter is that neither Bose nor Gandhi liberated the subcontinent from British rule. The colonialists left of their own volition due to the extenuating circumstances of the time (World War 2 crippled them financially).

    Had thd INA actually defeated the British in conventional military terms, then maybe this would be a topic worth revisiting.
  6. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

    Mar 10, 2009
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    EST, USA
    @harsh, I told you many times to add a link.

    Ignore this if you are Sunil Rajguru.


    Edit: I see you have added the link in the next post. Thanks and please ignore this.

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