Home Ministry considers dividing Uttar Pradesh into smaller states Jun 14, 2014 Img Source : Proposed Map of Uttar Pradesh Given the abysmal state of law and order and rising misgovernance in UP, reports that the Union home ministry is seriously looking at the possibility of dividing this state into smaller units are welcome. Thanks to its sheer size, governing UP is a Herculean task. If it were a country, UP would be the seventh most populous in the world. But its population isn't prospering. Despite the human and material resources at its disposal, this state has high infant mortality and maternal mortality rates, and a per capita income less than half the national average. Basically this state is one of the worst governed in the country. It's not as if the political class has been oblivious to the challenges posed by UP's size. In 2011, when Mayawati was chief minister, its state assembly even passed a resolution on UP's division into four smaller states â€” Bundelkhand, Purvanchal, Awadh Pradesh and Pashchim Pradesh. Such a division makes eminent sense for administrative convenience. True, there are several factors that need to be considered to ascertain the viability of new states. The 2000 batch of smaller states threw up mixed results, with Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh doing markedly better than Jharkhand. Hence, the final contours of new units arising out of UP's division should be settled only after careful deliberations, and in consultation with the state government. If Modi's government were to push this proposal seriously, it should get support from Congress which has expressed approval of it in the past. In fact, leaders like Jairam Ramesh are on record with the opinion that the state in its present form is ungovernable. Never mind parochial linguistic, ethnic or cultural factors, UP's division is merited purely on administrative grounds. This should allow a clear-headed approach to this proposal, which is gaining support every day that UP's governance graph is sliding south.