Countering Chinese influence in the Subcontinent

Discussion in 'Subcontinent & Central Asia' started by Rage, May 21, 2009.

  1. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

    Apr 17, 2009
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    The slight difference is that Tamils in SL is way higher in population percentage than Hindus in Bangladesh or Pakistan.

    Therefore, while the Hindu opinion in BD and Pakistan can be ignored, it cannot be ignored in SL.

    India does not interfere in the policy of neighbouring nations, but it certainly does have influence being a nation that is an economic and military heavyweight.
    Last edited: Nov 8, 2010
  2. Parthy

    Parthy Air Warrior Senior Member

    Aug 18, 2010
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    Japanese Troops Successful In Patriot Missile Test Firings

    Tewksbury MA: The Japanese Air Self Defense Forces (JASDF) successfully concluded its annual training exercise at Fort Bliss, Texas.

    The exercise included target engagement and successful test firings of the Patriot Air and Missile Defense System in tactical mission configurations. Raytheon provided operational support for JASDF's Annual Service Practice (ASP).

    "It's a great team effort by JASDF, Mitsubishi Heavy Industry (MHI) and Raytheon, focused on mission success," said Sanjay Kapoor, vice president for Patriot Programs at Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems (IDS). "The success of this year's exercise speaks volumes to the results this team delivers."

    Patriot fire unit crews operating Raytheon's Configuration-3 systems conducted numerous missions against various targets during the course of the ASP, which took place from September through November.

    Approximately 375 JASDF personnel participated in this year's missions.

    Japan is one of the 12 nations that have selected the combat-proven Patriot as a key component of their air and missile defense program.

    Raytheon IDS is the prime contractor for both domestic and international Patriot Air and Missile Defense Systems and system integrator for Patriot Advanced Capability-3 missiles.

    MHI is the prime contractor for Patriot in Japan and manufactures the Guidance Enhanced Missile and related ground equipment for Japan under a license agreement with Raytheon.

    China is now being en-circled with strong defense tie ups... :happy_2:
  3. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

    Mar 22, 2009
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    27 roads to be built along Indo-China border

    10 November 2010
    NEW DELHI, 10 NOV: The government has decided to undertake phase-wise construction of 27 roads totalling 804 km in the areas along the Sino-Indian border in Jammu & Kashmir,
    Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. “All these roads are strategic border roads and are located in a very high altitude area on India-China border. These areas are generally snowbound for more than six months. The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), the border guarding force is deployed on this border,” the minister of state for home, Mr Mullappally Ramachandran, told the Rajya Sabha today.
    On the delay in construction of roads, the minister said the selection of construction agencies, preparation of detailed project reports after physical ground survey and other preliminary works took some time. “Besides topographical problems, some parts of these roads fall in the reserve forest areas and wildlife sanctuaries. Therefore, the long process of getting statutory environmental clearances under Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 and the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and the approval of the Hon’ble Supreme Court had to be undertaken,” he said.
    Mr Ramachandran said these procedural requirements were time consuming and therefore, the expenditure on the scheme was not as per expectations in the initial two years of the scheme, 2006-07 and 2007-08. The minister said the allocation for 2006-07 and 07-08 was Rs 10 crore and Rs 50 crore respectively, but the ministry could spent only 0.9 crore and Rs 9.1 crore. The fund utilisation has improved in 2008-09 and 2009-10. In 2008-09 and 2009-10, Rs 50 crore and Rs 334 crore were allocated respectively, and the entire amount was spent in these two years, the minister said. sns
  4. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

    Aug 20, 2010
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    Gangtok, Sikkim, India
    ^^ They should stop playing around and start getting those roads up ASAP. Environmentalists talk of making roads as if military is nuking jungles. Making roads is done even in Costa Rica where 85% of the country is still forest. We cannot afford not to have roads that can take our weapons, tanks, APCs, troops and other logistical supplies in case we have a nasty surprise this time like 62. If activists become like Arundhati Roy on this also; then we need to use CCP's method; shoot a few of them and make an example of them so that activism doesn't become media terrorism.
  5. RAM

    RAM The southern Man Senior Member

    Jul 15, 2009
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    India rejects China’s maritime invite
  6. divya

    divya Regular Member

    Dec 16, 2010
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    India shelves proposal to set up airbase in Mongolia?

    New Delhi, Sep 18 (IANS) An Indian proposal to have an airbase in Mongolia to increase its strategic outreach in the Central Asian region appears to have been shelved, an official said, amid concerns that it could exacerbate tensions with China.

    Mooted in 2004 during the visit of then Mongolian prime minister N. Enkhbayar in January 2004, the idea elicited a positive response in Mongolia, a country with which India has been rapidly developing ties in the space and defence fields.

    “We wanted to have a base in Mongolia but it has not fructified. Currently, we have a base in Tajikistan, and that’s it,” a senior Indian Air Force (IAF) official told IANS requesting anonymity because he is not authorised to speak to the media.

    Although India used the Tajikistan airbase at the turn of the century, it is really not operational in the military sense and there are no Indian aircraft stationed there, knowledgeable sources say.

    Besides providing enhanced reach to the IAF, the Mongolian base was seen as giving India strategic leverage vis-a-vis China. Resource-rich Central Asia is also important for India to secure its energy supplies.

    But the proposed airbase did not figure during the recently concluded four-day visit of Mongolian President Tsakhia Elbegdorj to India. Elbegdorj signed a civil nuclear pact with India. Four other pacts were inked, including one to enhance defence cooperation.

    These ties have steadily proliferated since the late 1990s as part of New Delhi’s ‘Look East’ policy and strategy to build strategic ties with China’s neighbours. And with China-Mongolian relations de-emphasising Mongolian nationalism and focusing more on regional security cooperation, the Central Asian country is keen to strengthen its ties with other countries as well.

    In 2001, India and Mongolia signed an agreement on Defence Cooperation, which included joint exercises and reciprocal visits by military officers, followed by the constitution of Joint Defence Working Group.

    In January 2004, a cooperation protocol was signed between its Department of Space and the Mongolian Ministry of Infrastructure. It also covers studies related to satellite communication, satellite-related remote sensing and satellite meteorology. Also included in the protocol are satellite ground stations and satellite mission management, training facilities and exchange of scientists.

    A defence ministry official said the idea of the base emerged from long-term “strategic thinking” and a proposal did reach the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS).

    “We wanted a base in Mongolia to give us greater reach in the region. But with an air-to-air refueller and better aircraft (with us), the need is not imminent,” said the official on condition of anonymity.

    Defence experts agree that the airbase would have given India a bigger strategic footprint.

    “Having a military presence in the region will give India a much greater strategic profile. However, it (the plan for a base in Mongolia) seems to have been shelved as the move may be seen as provocative by China,” National Maritime Foundation director Commodore Uday C. Bhaskar, a well known strategic analyst, told IANS.

    India and Mongolia share good relations, which have been deepened by the Buddhist link. India was the first non-Communist country to recognise Mongolia, which opened its embassy here in 1956. India’s diplomatic mission there opened 15 years later in 1971.

    While New Delhi has reportedly dropped plans to have an airbase in Mongolia, experts say that China continues with its strategy to encircle New Delhi with a series of ports in countries neighbouring India.

    The Gwadar port developed in Pakistan with China’s help has neared completion. Opening at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz, it has provided China a strategic foothold in Asia and a crucial gateway to trade. The deep-water harbour in Gwadar could be used by China’s expanding fleet of nuclear submarines.

    China is also engaged in developing ports and building infrastructure in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Bangladesh.

    Said Bhaskar: “The Indian government is not clear how to deal with China. India should think of investing in a civil air base in Mongolia. It will be akin to the commercial port in Sri Lanka that China is investing in.”

    What the hell we got after shelving this.... Chinese in POK............... WTF
  7. youngindian

    youngindian Senior Member Senior Member

    May 6, 2009
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    Brand India may finally win the day against China: Expert


    New Delhi, Jan 2 (IANS) Giving a twist to the much-touted race between the Indian elephant versus the Chinese dragon, an eminent expert on 'nations branding' says although China's economy may be far bigger and its military superior, Brand India may just win the game as the world identifies with its values of plurality, diversity and tolerance.

    'Brand China is about enforced conformity. Brand India is about openness and diversity; every culture and every religion is represented here,' Nicholas J. Cull, a British-born historian and theorist of public diplomacy, told IANS in an interview during a visit here.

    'India is a conversation in which everybody can take a part. Indians are argumentative as well as tolerant. This is part of India's DNA,' said Cull, professor of public diplomacy and director, masters programme in public diplomacy, Annenberg School of Communication, University of Southern California.

    Cull cited these salient brand features to pitch eloquently for a permanent seat for India in the UN Security Council.

    'India belongs to the Security Council. I absolutely would like to see India in the Security Council,' Cull said during his recent visit to India to participate in a seminar on public diplomacy.

    'It's surprising that European powers continue to have seats in the UN Security Council. It's time that they make way for emerging powers like India,' he said just days before India enters the Security Council as a non-permanent member for a two-year term after a gap of nearly two decades.

    Cull has authored many pioneering works like 'Public Diplomacy in a Changing World' and 'The Cold War and the United States Information Agency: American Propaganda and Public Diplomacy, 1945-1989' that tries to reconstruct countries as brands.

    Cull contrasts India's style of low-key diplomacy and spontaneous soft power expression with orchestrated image-building indulged in by China's rulers.

    'The truth about China's public diplomacy is that it is for domestic consumption. China wants to give its people the gift of the admiration of the world,' he said while alluding to the spectacular 2008 Beijing Olympics which was widely seen as China's coming out party in influential capitals of the world.

    'The Beijing Olympics was designed not to impress you and me, but the Chinese people. It helped the Chinese elite govern,' he said.

    On the contrary, India does so many wonderful things in the world, but keeps quiet about it, says Cull, while recalling the evacuation of hundreds of Indians stranded in Lebanon in 2006 and the pan-Africa e-network that brings tele-medicine and tele-education to the African people as shining examples of Indian diplomacy.

    India's soft power is immense and will hold the key, predicts Cull.

    'As the years go by, India is set to be more influential and powerful in the face-off with China,' he said.

    Providing an insight into why the world by and large feels at ease with an emerging India but has unease about a rising China, Cull says: 'When they think about India, they think about good music and films. When they think about China, they don't have the same warmth. I am basically for India.'

    He, however, warns against smugness. Having a strong brand is not enough, Cull argued, adding that it was important to manage and sustain a brand in public consciousness.

    What threatens Brand India? 'When organizations peddle exclusionary ideologies or tendencies, it undermines the India brand. India should also be vigilant against the government's tendency to squash opposition and voices of dissent and the widening divide between the rich and the poor,' he said.

    'America is a great brand associated with freedom and democracy. When the US tortures people without trials, it undermines the brand. When China does it, nobody minds it as it is seen as a repressive nation with repressive tendencies,' he explained.
  8. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

    Aug 20, 2010
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    Gangtok, Sikkim, India
    ^^ Any success or gain has to be made through a fine balance of soft and hard power play, which the Indian government and common fellow Indians seem to lack. I would for now highlight only the government part. Ever since the recent picking up of India Inc., our GOI has championed the word "soft power" without actually attempting to understand the true meaning behind it; a trait that this ruling government has of misinterpreting and misusing every political terminology since its inception. The genuine meaning of the much touted "soft power" stands for non-interference in other country's political and national matters while pulling their leg sufficient enough to earn favours and a certain status. This however according to the ruling GOI, seems to have gone beyond the term's meaning itself; and gone out of limits to such an extent that India has to now fear a neighbour, worry about another's unpredictable actions, beg for leverages from another not-so-well neighbour while sweat and shiver at the same time looking at another's actions.

    This lack of backbone has transformed India from a soft power to a spineless, big, bumbling klutz if one takes the true sense of the term's meaning. To conclude this mini-analysis, I need not go beyond quoting a master statesman that our country was gifted with 2,300 years ago:

    "The solution to a poison can never be nectar".

    Meaning that a push can never be solved with a kiss. And the internally aggressive GOI should learn where to spend its needless energies than trampling the genuine needs and rights of her own fellow Indians for selfish political gains.
    panduranghari likes this.
  9. shuvo@y2k10

    [email protected] Senior Member Senior Member

    Apr 4, 2010
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    india needs to be military hard power so as to preserve one of the greatest civilizations to have been in the world for more than 10000 years and to protect it from foreign invaders.
  10. Patriot

    Patriot Senior Member Senior Member

    Apr 11, 2010
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    Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
    PLA on board an Orient express
    By Christina Lin

    China's rise on the international stage has been accompanied by an increase in its military's presence. Beijing's expanding ambition is prompting calls on the country's leaders to be more proactive in protecting its national interests. These calls by Chinese analysts have raised concerns about the military's capability to mobilize troops to defend the country's vast borders.

    For example, in the aftermath of the April 2010 Kyrgyzstan crisis when violent protests forced the collapse of the government, Chen Xiangyang, an associate researcher at the Chinese Institute of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), called for a "Large Periphery" strategy to safeguard China's neighboring areas.

    Chen's call was echoed by senior Chinese military leaders about possibly intervening in Central Asia. The Hong Kong-based Jing Bao in a January 2010 article argued that railways - and their military significance - need to be infused into Chinese leaders' strategic lens when exporting railway technology as they enhance military power projection.

    Indeed, in applying this strategic vision, on November 17, 2010, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) took the Shanghai-Nanjing express train for the first time to return to their barracks after completing security duty at the Shanghai World Expo 2010.

    According to the Military Representative Office of the PLA stationed at the Shanghai Railway Bureau, the Shanghai-Nanjing express railway is an inter-city railway that can run at a maximum speed of 350 kilometers (km) per hour. Some Chinese military analysts touted this as an ideal way for the PLA to project troops and light equipment in military operations other than war (MOOTW).

    China has built rail lines to Tibet, is building connections to Nepal, and is planning high-speed rails to Laos, Singapore, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Burma (Myanmar). On November 15 last year, then Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki announced that Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan had agreed to cooperate with China to build a China-Iran rail link from Xinjiang, passing through Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and finally arriving in Iran.

    The longer plan seems to connect westward into Iraq (where China has large oil and gas investments), Syria, Turkey and onto Europe. This is based on an overall United Nations-sponsored Trans-Asia Railway (TAR) network to link China to Europe, using the Middle East as a transit hub.

    Although the UN engineered the TAR agreement, China has done more than any other nation to re-forge trade and transport links to reestablish the Silk Route. Negotiations are already underway with 17 countries across Eurasia. With China's high-speed trains having clocked speeds as high as 486.1 km/h (302 mph) and the PLA aggressively upgrading its long-range combat capabilities by using rail as logistical support for its air force (PLAAF) and troop projection, this new "Orient Express" across the revived Silk Road will have important military and strategic implications for US and Western interests in the region.

    Militarization of the Iron Silk Road
    Military requirements are part of China's rail development, and the PLA actively participates in the design and planning of China's high-speed rail. For example, Chengdu Railway Bureau has 14 military officers taking lead positions in key departments at all major stations, are tasked to coordinate railway planning, design, construction, timing of requirements and track implementation.

    Shenyang Railway Bureau, which is in the strategic location of Liaoning province next to North Korea, Inner Mongolia and the Yellow Sea, has also established a regional military transportation management mechanism with the PLA. According to the Military Transportation Department of the PLA General Logistics Department (GLD), over 1,000 railway stations have been equipped with military transportation facilities, thereby establishing a complete railway support network that enhances the PLA's strategic projection capability.

    GLD had cooperated with the PRC's Ministry of Railway in 2009, and fulfilled over 100 military requirements for 20 odd railways in China with the capability of military transportation. In 2009, large sums of money were invested to build military transportation facilities for a few railway stations and military platforms for loading and unloading materials.

    This investment was made to meet military requirements used for activities such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's (SCO) Peace Mission in 2010. GLD is actively involved through the entire process of the railway construction, varying from the programming to the completion of the railways. For example, when building the railway from Kunming, capital of Yunnan province, to Nanning, capital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in order to meet troop maneuver requirements the Ministry of Railway had to revise a partial route and prolong 12.4 km of railways at an increased cost of 1.55 billion yuan ($232.66 million).

    With China's expansionist policy and infrastructure projects toward its neighbors, some analysts are beginning to sound the alarm on the militarization of these projects.

    Central, Southeast and South Asia

    For example, Konstantin Syroyezhkin, in Kazakhstan's Institute of Strategic Studies, points out the rapid development of road and railroad infrastructure in Central Asia with Chinese participation may be used for future PLA troop deployments in case of a serious conflict threatening China's security or strategic interests. This concern is corroborated by the recent SCO Peace Mission 2010 military exercise, whereby China transported troops to Kazakhstan by rail.

    Likewise, other countries such as Vietnam, and India, as well as the Tibet Autonomous Region share the same concern. Vietnam for one rejected China's high-speed railway technology ($32.5 billion) in favor of Japan's Shinkansen technology ($55 billion) despite its higher cost.

    On June 19, 2010, Vietnam's National Assembly voted down China's high-speed rail plan. According to Chinese language magazine Yazhou Zhoukan, some Vietnamese politicians oppose adopting Chinese high speed rail technology out of the fear that China might use it to transport PLA troops to invade Vietnam, in reprise of its 1979 Sino-Vietnam War.

    In the Tibet Autonomous Region, China's high altitude Qinghai-Tibet railway that opened in 2006 is being used as a supply line to enhance PLAAF mobilization capability. On August 3, 2010, PLA Daily reported that a train loaded with important air combat readiness material for the PLAAF arrived in Tibet via the railway.

    China is rapidly upgrading railways and airports in Tibet, with four operational airports and a fifth one under construction. During the March 2008 Tibetan protests, the Qinghai Tibet rail enabled rapid PLA deployment. Within 48 hours, at the start of Lhasa riots, T-90/89 armored personnel carriers and T-92 wheeled infantry fighting vehicles appeared on the streets - apparently from the 149th Division of the No. 13 Group Army under the Chengdu Military Regional Command.

    This was indicated by the "leopard" camouflage uniforms specifically designed for mountain warfare operation from the 149th Division. Should Sino-Indian relations ever deteriorate to the verge of military confrontation and if riots in Tibet spread, the PLA's Mountain Brigades can rapidly deploy to the region via the railway. Indeed, railway and road construction have been China's Himalayan strategy for decades - as the PLA prepared to annex Tibet, Mao Zedong advised it "to advance while building roads".

    China-Iran railway
    In October 2010, the transport ministers of China, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Iran signed an agreement in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, to commence China-Iran railway construction. The railway from Xinjiang, China, would pass through Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, arrive in Iran and split into a southern line to the Gulf and a western line to Turkey onto Europe.

    Earlier in August, China and Iran had signed a $2 billion agreement on construction of the railway network in western Iran, which will continue westward into Iraq, eventually connecting with Syria, Turkey and the Mediterranean coastal countries.

    China-Turkey railway
    Around the same time, in October 2010, Turkey and China elevated their relations to one of "strategic partnership", signed deals for high-speed rails in Turkey to eventually link with China, upgraded their military ties, and participated in the traditional NATO air combat exercise of Anatolian Eagle - with China replacing Israel and the United States.

    China will extend $30 billion to construct 7,000 km of high-speed rail lines across Turkey, as well as upgrading rail links between Turkey and Pakistan and planning a railway around Lake Van to Iran and Pakistan. Moreover, China has invited Bulgaria to join Turkey in its Eurasian high-speed rail plan. China offered huge loans for construction in return for the use of Bulgarian rivers, seaports and airports, as transit hubs onto Western Europe.

    Given the Sino-Turkish strategic partnership and anticipation of future military exercises, Chinese railways could enhance PLA military projection and presence in the Middle East and wider Black Sea region. In addition to Chinese warplanes over the Black Sea region during the October 2010 Anatolian Eagle exercise, Chinese special op forces conducted joint exercises at a Turkey commando school in early November. With reports of PLAAF refueling in Iran en route to Turkey, high-speed rail could enable logistic support and transport of combat readiness materials in the future.

    Missing links - Iraq and Afghanistan
    While China is constructing railways across Eurasia, Iraq and Afghanistan still present significant missing links due to the security situation and large presence of US and NATO troops.

    Yet, when the United States' draw down, China may try to push for UNPKOs to take over and deploy the PLA under blue berets to protect China's energy and strategic interests. It has a $3.4 billion investment in the Aynak copper mine in Afghanistan as well as various oil and gas fields in Iraq.

    China will also likely use SCO to foment regional cooperation for constructing the railways through Afghanistan to Iran, eventually linking with Iraq. China and Iran are not interested in joining western-led initiatives, such as the Transport Corridor of Europe, Caucasus, and Asia (TRACECA), which is also known as the "new Silk Road". Rather, they want to forge their own projects and not be beholden to Western interests or sanctions.

    China's ambitious high-speed rail projects across Asia and the Middle East have important strategic implications. It links up poorer regions with more prosperous regions, provides jobs during an economic downturn, and allows Chinese military and security services to better project power both within and outside the country's borders. While air transport is faster, it is limited to fewer people and lighter gear, whereas rail is a crucial means for moving soldiers and heavy equipment, and is much easier to sustain logistically.

    As China's economic and energy portfolio continues to increase in the Greater Middle East, there may be future conditions under which the PLA might deploy troops using high-speed rails for MOOTW to protect its strategic interests. Indeed, in January 2011 there were reports that the PLA had deployed troops to the economic zone of Rajin-Sonbong in northeast North Korea in order to "guard port facilities China has invested in".

    Whether this is a telltale sign of what may happen with China's interests in Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere, will still remain a mystery for the future of the PLA's Orient Express.

    Christina Y Lin, PhD is research consultant for IHS Jane's and former director for China affairs in policy planning at the US Department of Defense. Her 2008 paper linking Middle East and East Asia nuclear issues, "The King from the East" published by the Korea Economic Institute, was recently referenced in The Wall Street Journal.
  11. BangersAndMash

    BangersAndMash Regular Member

    Apr 24, 2011
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    India to have network of strategic roads by 2013

    ..New Delhi, May 7 (PTI) Against the backdrop of Chinese infrastructure build-up along the Sino-Indian border, a senior military official today said India would develop a network of strategic roads in the North-East and Ladakh region by 2013.

    "By 2013 we would be able to complete work on bulk of the roads. There can not be a deadline for the last road as there are some very tough nuts to crack and we are trying to find the solution," Border Roads Organization (BRO) Director General Lt Gen S Ravi Shankar told reporters here.

    About 63 per cent of work on 27 roads in Arunachal Pradesh and 12 in Ladakh are complete, he said, adding that these are high priority roads closely monitored at the highest levels.

    On whether environment clearances were creating obstacles in construction of these roads, Shankar said, "We need to take forest clearance in some areas to widen roads or to construct roads in Gangtok (Sikkim) region. The local government has been helpful in sorting out these problems."

    He said the BRO has been undergoing a restructuring process since 2007 and has purchased equipment worth Rs 200 crore. Orders for equipment worth another Rs 166 crore will materialize in the next two to three years, he added.

    With the help of improved equipment, BRO is now able to construct five kilometers of roads and nine metres of bridges every day.

    "We are responsible for maintenance of 15,000 kilometers of roads in border areas. We have also built 19 airfields and 36 kilometers of bridges on these important roads," he said.

    BRO has also constructed roads in Bhutan, Mayanmar, Afghanistan and recently built a runway in Tajikistan.

    This year the organization received a budget of Rs 5000 crore which it would be using to purchase state-of-the-art machines to negotiate roads in mountains and rugged hilly terrain, he said.
  12. BangersAndMash

    BangersAndMash Regular Member

    Apr 24, 2011
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    22 May 2011

    Construction work for a permanent bridge over river Ravi to link three North Indian states- Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

    The bridge will also open up new areas for development and tourism in Kathua and Doda diastricts in J&K and along Ranjit Sagar Dam. The 592 metre bridge, to be built by the Border Raods Organisation of the Ministry of Defence at a cost of Rs 145 Crores, will open up an alternative route to National Highway 1A and to the Kashmir Valley via Basholi, Bani, Bhaderwah, Kishtwar, Chhatroo and Anantnag and boost development of these areas with better connectivity.

    Scheduled to be constructed by September 2014, the bridge will open up avenues for commercial mining of materials like Gypsum and Lime stone.

    From a technical point of view, the Basohli bridge is going to be a technological marvel. It will be a cable-stayed bridge, similar to the Second Hoogly bridge at Kolkotta, Naini Bridge at Allahabad and the Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link at Mumbai. The Basohli bridge will have a tower height of about 88 metres above deck level. The decking and the span regions will only be supported by cables. There will be 1.5 metre wide footpaths on both sides. The contract for the construction of the bridge has been awarded to M/S IRCON-SPS Construction Pvt Ltd.



  13. panduranghari

    panduranghari Senior Member Senior Member

    Jan 2, 2012
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    Sorry to bring up an old reply.

    But isn't Chinese hegemony purely to do with the excessive US treasury reserves it has?

    Just bear with me. If the value of US dollar falls, the value of the reserves held by Chinese falls too. They have far too long relied on these reserves to ensure they have the financial muscle to purchase arms, supply dangerous regimes, support covert terrorism.

    I say this and take this for whatever its worth - The inevitable collapse of US dollar as a world reserve currency will set off a chain of events will culminate in the destruction of the world order as we know it. China cannot keep up its imperial ambitions if the reserves held are lost and the population becomes restive.
    LurkerBaba likes this.
  14. Vishwarupa

    Vishwarupa Senior Member Senior Member

    Sep 15, 2009
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    Any update on Airbase in Mangolia? or status Quo
    Last edited: Feb 10, 2012
  15. Geoffrey R. Stone

    Geoffrey R. Stone Regular Member

    Apr 20, 2012
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    U.S. treasury reserves are just a symptom of Chinese hegemony, not the source of the hegemony itself. Chinese arms purchases, foreign aid, and espionage operations are not funded by the treasury reserves. In fact, the interest/returns on the reserves is virtually nothing. A more accurate way to think about it is that the treasury reserves are a temporary "bank" for China to store excess foreign trade surpluses while they're rushing to find more productive targets for investment. Part of the reason that Chinese ownership of treasury reserves are so high is that it takes time to find productive investments and worthwhile assets.

    They don't want to behave like the Japanese did, buying up overpriced real estate that turns out to be worth far less than advertised.
  16. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

    Jul 2, 2010
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    Surprised that Nepal is power deficient, it has tons of hydroelectric potential

    Power Grid completes 40MW transmission project to Nepal - Indian Express
  17. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

    Jul 2, 2010
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    India upset over prime plot in Colombo being sold to China - The Times of India
  18. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

    Jul 2, 2010
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    Dances with dragons


    As Bhutan considers settling border issues with China, it must take care that the security of the Siliguri Corridor, India’s only access to the northeast, is not jeopardised

    On June 21 this year, during a meeting on the sidelines of the United Nations Rio+ 20 conference, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao met Bhutanese Prime Minister Jigmi Y. Thinley for the first time. The Hindu dated June 27, quoted Wen Jiabao as saying that China was “willing to complete border demarcation with Bhutan at an early date.”

    The history of the Bhutan-China border dispute starts from 1950 when China published a map claiming areas in the west and north of Bhutan though bilateral talks started in 1984.

    Twenty-eight years and 19 rounds of bilateral talks have resulted in a package deal offer from China (a) conceding claims of 900 in the north of Bhutan, (b) insisting on 400 of territory in the west, (c) offering to establish diplomatic relations, initiate trade and pilgrimage, (d) making it clear that any further negotiations would be on acceptance of package deal with “minor adjustments within it.”

    It is noteworthy that over the years, the Bhutan government had been quite vocal in keeping its citizens and the National Assembly informed of the difficulties in negotiating with China. Regular deep intrusions by Chinese troops right up to Royal Bhutan Army border posts, road extension work in Zuri and the Phuteogang ridge that overlooks the disputed Charithang valley are in violation of the 1998 China-Bhutan agreement for maintenance of peace and tranquillity, for which protests have been made. Four areas in the western sector claimed by the Chinese are Doklam, Charithang, Sinchulimpa and Dramana pasture land. In the National Assembly, many chimis (district representatives) have claimed “that traditionally, the land always belonged to Bhutan and historically there has been no precedence of Bhutan paying taxes to the Tibetan Government for any of the disputed claims.” The rich pasture lands in the west are intricately linked to the livelihood of yak herders of the border regions.

    From the foregoing, it is clear that the Chinese are unlikely to give up their position in the four areas of western Bhutan except for minor adjustments. It is confirmed by the pattern of intrusions sssssand road building activities by Chinese in areas overlooking this sector that Beijing wishes to gain strategic advantage in the Chumbi Valley and put pressure on India for settlement — having settled borders with Pakistan, Nepal and Myanmar.
    Vital tri-junction

    The narrow and vulnerable Chumbi valley between India (Sikkim) and Bhutan has a single artery from Shigaste, a major Tibetan city, to Yatung with plans to extend a railway line. The lack of space restricts the deployment of troops. The Chinese strategy of claiming areas in western Bhutan is to widen its shoulders to facilitate military manoeuvres in the Chumbi Valley.

    The recent development in infrastructure in Tibet has made it possible to induct a sufficient number of troops with adequate logistic back-up at short notice. The limitation is in restricted deployment space; there is no other place on India’s northern borders which severely limits military manoeuvres as the Chumbi Valley does.

    The Siliguri Corridor, a vital tri-junction between Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal, is a narrow hub of rail, road and air arteries known as the “Chicken neck,” the narrowest stretch of which is just about 30 km wide. India is vulnerable in this corridor as it is the only access point to the northeast. The Siliguri Corridor is about 500 km from the Chumbi Valley.
    India-Bhutan relations

    According to the media, Premier Wen Jiabao had met the Indian and Bhutanese Prime Ministers separately at Rio before making the announcement to the press. Some Chinese scholars have made this comment: “Without India’s permission Bhutan would not have thought about establishing diplomatic ties with China.”

    India-Bhutan relations have been experiencing the winds of change. From 1949 onwards they were governed by a Treaty of Perpetual Peace and Friendship of 1949. Article 2 of the treaty was significant wherein “the Government of Bhutan agrees to be guided by the advice of the Government of India in regard to its external relations.”

    However, much has changed. The isolation of Bhutan is a matter of the past. The nation has changed from monarchy to a democratic set-up. Article 2 had been a matter of concern for the Bhutanese so much so that some of them called themselves “half independent.” The 1949 Treaty was revised in 2007. Article 2 was replaced with: “In keeping with the abiding ties of close friendship between Bhutan and India, the Government of the Kingdom of Bhutan and the Government of Republic of India shall cooperate closely with each other on issues relating to their national interests. (emphasis added). Neither Government shall allow the use of its territory for activities harmful to the national security and interest of the other.” The 2007 Treaty has begun a new era in bilateral cooperation.

    Despite the new Article 2, New Delhi will remain Thimpu’s most important friend and a partner. These figures speak for themselves. Bhutan is the largest recipient of Indian development aid and India accounts for a total of 79 per cent of Bhutanese imports and 95 per cent of its exports. India trains the Bhutanese army through the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT), in Bhutan. Simply put, Bhutan’s dependency on India will not match with any other country for many years.

    Bhutan has every right as a sovereign country to establish diplomatic relations with any country including China. The opening of trade and tourism with China would usher in development and investments from there. However, a lack of discretion may also result in the dumping of goods, undermine a unique culture and affect the policy goal of “gross national happiness.”

    Chinese claims do not seem to have historical evidence. The pasture lands would also deprive the livelihood source of their border people. Western Bhutan is not barren. It may be recalled that in 2006, China-India framed “Political Parameters and Guiding Principles” to resolve their long-standing border dispute. The important principles that need highlighting are that due interest of “settled populations in border areas” would be safeguarded and “historical evidence and sensibilities of border areas” taken into account. These guidelines are worth inculcating by China and Bhutan. The border settlement will require approval by 3/4th majority in the Bhutan National Assembly.

    It is hoped that all aspects including India’s interests will be truly considered by Bhutan before accepting the border package. Bhutan should refrain from deepening ties with China beyond a self-imposed minimum limit in their own interest.

    (Virendra Sahai Verma is Honorary Fellow at the Institute of Chinese Studies, Delhi, and retired colonel from Indian Army Intelligence. Email: [email protected])

    The Hindu : Opinion / Op-Ed : Dances with dragons
  19. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

    Mar 24, 2009
    Likes Received:
    China eyes India trade by boosting spending in Nepal

    And while India sleeps


    KATHMANDU: China's ambassador to Kathmandu was recently pictured in a traditional Nepali cap and silk scarf, digging with a spade to symbolize the laying of the foundations of a new dry port near the Tibet border.

    The photo opportunity marked the latest in a series of major projects that underscore China's growing economic influence in Nepal, where it is building roads and investing billions of dollars in hydropower and telecommunications.

    Other Chinese projects in its impoverished, electricity-starved Himalayan neighbour include a USD 1.6 billion hydropower plant which is expected finally to end power outages which extend to 14 hours a day in winter.

    Meanwhile, China recently completed a 22km stretch of road in central Nepal connecting the country's southern plains with the Tibetan county of Kyirong, to form the shortest motorable overland route between China and India.

    Analysts have questioned whether Beijing's largesse is a gesture to a neighbour in need, or the result of a foreign policy which increasingly sees Nepal's roads and dry ports as a doorway to the huge markets of India.

    "I am sure that these infrastructure projects will help win influence in Nepal but they will serve a dual purpose," said Purna Basnet, a Nepalese political commentator who frequently writes on Chinese influence in Nepal.

    "It will be easier for China to supply goods to India via Nepal. There is even a talk of connecting Kathmandu with their rail networks in Tibet.

    "The Shigatse-Lhasa railway will be completed in a couple of years. From Shigatse, they have plans to connect Kathmandu through railways."

    Nepal has always been in the shadow of India, which has traditionally exerted huge political influence and is Kathmandu's biggest trading partner and sole provider of fuel.

    Since the end of a bloody decade-long civil war in 2006 and the emergence of the Maoist rebels who fought the state as the largest political party, China has been gradually — and literally — making inroads as a counterweight to India.

    Chinese ambassador Yang Houlan outlined his country's vision of Kathmandu as a trade gateway to New Delhi in a recent op-ed article in Nepal's English-language Republica newspaper.

    "From an economic viewpoint, Nepal links China (with 1.3 billion people) with South Asia (with 1.5 billion). The huge common market provides great opportunities for both China and South Asia," he wrote.

    "China is pushing its 'Develop West' strategy, and South Asia represents one of the main overseas investment opportunities. Nepal could provide China the much-needed overland channel to South Asia."

    China's commitment to Nepal is outlined by its construction of a further five dry ports in the Himalayan region where the treacherous terrain marks the 1,414km long border.

    It has also offered to fund an international airport in the tourist hub of Pokhara.

    On top of infrastructure development, around two dozen Chinese companies have invested USD 100 million in housing, hotels, restaurants and other areas of tourism in Nepal.

    China eyes India trade by boosting spending in Nepal - TOI Mobile | The Times of India Mobile Site
  20. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

    Mar 18, 2011
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    Indonesia upgrades naval base near South China Sea

    Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta - IHS Jane's Navy International
    18 August 2014

    The Indonesian Navy (Tentera Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Laut, or TNI-AL) has begun upgrading its naval base at Ranai in Riau Islands to support a planned increase in ship numbers in the region, a senior TNI-AL officer has said.

    Speaking to IHS Jane's on 14 August in Jakarta, TNI-AL Chief of Staff for the Western Fleet (KOARMABAR) Commodore Amarulla Octavian described the upgrades as consisting primarily of logistics support facilities, including the building of fuel depots, that will enable the TNI-AL to sustain deployments in the area.

    "The logistics facilities are being [upgraded] to support the TNI-AL's increasing presence in the region so that we may safeguard the country's maritime territories from any hostile forces should they pose a threat", he said, although without making specific reference to any particular country.

    Indonesia upgrades naval base near South China Sea - IHS Jane's 360


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