China Economy: News & Discussion

Discussion in 'China' started by Rage, Jun 1, 2009.

  1. Deathstar

    Deathstar Senior Member Senior Member

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    Veg food of India is probably best in the world.
    Hindus in Rajasthan are generally Veg but if u come down south u will get enjoy juicy non veg food. Chicken ,Mutton , even now a days u get pork here. Even excellent fish , squids , prawns , crabs, Lamb even Sharks.
    Even we Indians have Indianized Chinese cuisine. You will absolutely love it.
    Hinduism isnt a monolithic religion like Islam and Christianity. You aren't forced to observe any rules. Every one has his own beliefd which give satisfaction.
    Even an athiest can be a Hindu. Theres no compulsion to pray or visit Temple.
    Satisfaction of ones Mind is far more important than any rules / regulation in Hinduism.
    Though we still are mess overall in development and peoples mentality.
     
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  2. Bhurki

    Bhurki Regular Member

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    https://m.sohu.com/a/355270287_682294/?pvid=000115_3w_a
    14 high-speed railways and 2 intercity railways have been confirmed to open to traffic during the year, and 12 high-speed railways have been put into trial operation recently.
    6096422115f44cd4a401530491c066a9.jpeg
    In 2019, approximately 4,260 kilometers of new high-speed railways (200+ kph) will be opened
    i
    ncluding 2000 km of 250 kph,
    and 1800 km of 350kph.
     
    Last edited: Nov 28, 2019
  3. Bhurki

    Bhurki Regular Member

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  4. Bhurki

    Bhurki Regular Member

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    Last edited: Dec 9, 2019
  5. asianobserve

    asianobserve Elite Member Elite Member

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    These Japanese cows are pampered all their short lives...



    :bplease:
     
  6. Bhurki

    Bhurki Regular Member

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    Here's the teaser for main HSR line for 2022 winter olympics connecting Beijing to zhangjiakou..
     
  7. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    CHINA’S BAIDU DETHRONES GOOGLE TO TAKE AI LANGUAGE CROWN

    Artificial intelligence competition previously dominated by US tech giants

    [​IMG]

    7 hours ago

    Chinese technology giant Baidu has overtaken Google and Microsoft in an artificial intelligence competition designed to test how well a machine can understand human language.

    Baidu, which is often referred to as China‘s Google, achieved the highest ever score in the General Language Understanding Evaluation (Glue) – widely considered to be the benchmark for AI language understanding.

    The firm’s Ernie (Enhanced Representation through kNowledge IntEgration) model became the first to score above 90 on the test, topping a leaderboard dominated by US tech firms and universities.

    The feat also makes it one of only 10 AI systems to surpass the average human score of 87.1 on the GLUE benchmark.

    Ernie used a similar method to Google’s Bert (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers) model, which transformed natural-language understanding for AI when it was created last year.

    Both Bert and Ernie – named after Sesame Street characters – interpret meaning by examining the words that appear both before and after a word in a sentence in order to fully establish context.


    By first developing the Ernie model using the Chinese language and then using it for English words, Baidu researchers realised it made the algorithm even stronger at understanding English.

    "When we first started this work, we were thinking specifically about certain characteristics of the Chinese language. But we quickly discovered that it was applicable beyond that," Hao Tian, chief architect of Baidu Research, told MIT Technology Review, who first reported on the research.

    Baidu is already using the model to improve results for its search engine and make its AI assistant Xiao Du more accurate.

    A paper detailing how Ernie was trained for the language test will be presented at the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence conference next year.

    https://www.independent.co.uk/life-...-artificial-intelligence-google-a9261691.html
     
  8. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    China's per capita GDP expected to reach 10,000 USD: Xi
    Source: Xinhua| 2019-12-31 19:05:03|Editor: huaxia
    BEIJING, Dec. 31 (Xinhua) -- China's per capita gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to reach 10,000 U.S. dollars in 2019, Chinese President Xi Jinping said Tuesday when delivering a New Year speech in Beijing.
    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-12/31/c_138669486.htm
     
  9. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    China tops chemistry research ranking, leaving US in second place
    BY KATRINA KRÄMER2 JANUARY 2020

    China has overtaken the US to become the biggest producer of high quality chemistry research, according to a Nature ranking. China has seen an almost 18% growth in published research since 2017, while the US’s output fell by 6% since last year.

    This is the first time China has topped the Nature index, which tracks countries’ contributions to papers published in 82 leading journals. The ranking had been led by the US for three consecutive years. In November, China became home to the second largest number of highly cited researchers, behind the US.

    All other top 10 nations – Germany, Japan, UK, France, South Korea, India, Canada and Spain – have kept the places they occupied since 2017. All these nations – except Spain – saw a drop in publications. The largest drop was recorded by Japan, a decrease of almost 13%. Spain, however, saw a moderate 1.3% growth in chemistry publications.

    China is pushing to further increase its research output, for example by trying to recruit Chinese academics based overseas and by offering cash bonuses to domestic scientists for publications in prestigious journals. However, the country also has seen a string of scientific fraud scandals and has the seventh highest retraction rate when measured as a percentage of published papers.

    https://www.chemistryworld.com/news...ng-leaving-us-in-second-place/4010958.article
     
  10. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    More Expat Chinese Scientists Are Returning to China
    Stewart Wills
    2 JANUARY 2020

    The emergence of China as a research powerhouse has been one of the big themes for global science in the past four decades. Now, a study by researchers in China, the United States, and two European countries suggests that expatriate Chinese scientists working in the U.S. and Europe are increasingly returning to their homeland—a development with potentially important implications for China’s future science and research profile (Sci. Publ. Policy, doi: 10.1093/scipol/scz056).

    Overseas connections
    Since the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976, China’s science-and-technology capabilities have experienced what the authors of the new study describe as an “exponential rise.” R&D spending in 2017 in the country reportedly amounted to RMB1.75 trillion (US$259 billion), or 2.12% of China’s rapidly expanding GDP. While that’s less than the 2.74% of GDP spent on R&D in the United States, it’s a larger percentage than the EU’s R&D share of 2.06%.

    Much of China’s gain in scientific performance traces to the emergence of a large and improving scientific talent pool—which, in turn, has been tied partly to the large number of native scientists who have traveled to the United States, Europe and other areas to receive education and training. These programs are believed to have benefited China’s research performance both by virtue of the training itself, and by plugging Chinese scientists into foreign-based collaboration and publishing networks.

    Since the mid-1990s, China has undertaken a series of programs to attract such expatriate scientists back to their homeland—part of a larger effort to consolidate and expand the country’s scientific leadership. But reliable statistics have been scarce, and it’s been difficult to suss out the actual impact of these programs and to quantify the impact of “mobile” researchers on Chinese science as a whole.

    Bibliometric approach
    To overcome some of these problems and help fill in the picture, the researchers behind the new study mined the Scopus database of the scientific-publishing conglomerate Elsevier for information on authors’ addresses over the course of their scientific careers. This allowed the team, according to the study, to “trace Chinese researchers who first published in China and subsequently published in a different country,” and to use those data as a proxy for researcher mobility.

    In one result, the analysis suggested that expatriate Chinese researchers are returning to China, both from the United States and Europe, at an increasing rate. The researchers found that, as measured by their method, 4,569 Chinese scientists that had been working in the United States returned to China in 2017—69% more than the 2,703 who returned in 2010. The number who returned home from Europe, meanwhile, more than doubled, from 1,141 in 2010 to 2,371 in 2017.

    High-impact returnees
    The researchers also found that the impact of research published by Chinese scientists returning from foreign residence, as measured by citations, was greater than that of Chinese scientists who hadn’t left their homeland. The authors of the study tied that observation to the greater tendency of Chinese scientists who had spent time abroad both to participate in internationally coauthored collaborations and, more generally, to benefit from the “scientific social capital” built up by forging strong ties with foreign scientific systems.

    One of the study’s authors, Caroline Wagner of Ohio State University, USA, noted that Chinese leaders “value the connections” with other countries as “a way to create linkages with the worldwide scientific community”—even for expatriate Chinese scientists who don’t return to the homeland. Increasingly, the new work suggests, the tendency of such scientists to return to China could bring those linkages back home, further boosting the integration of domestic Chinese science into the worldwide system.

    In addition to Wagner, the authors on the study included Cong Cao of the University of Nottingham Ningbo China; Jeroen Baas of Elsevier, Netherlands; and Koen Jonkers of the European Commission, Belgium.

    https://www.osa-opn.org/home/newsro...xpat_chinese_scientists_are_returning_to_chi/
     
  11. rockdog

    rockdog Regular Member

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    This is quite historical, hope this year we will get last 20 millions people out of poverty line.
     
    Deathstar likes this.
  12. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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  13. Bhurki

    Bhurki Regular Member

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    It is fascinating to see India's foreign minister getting smitten with Chinese problem solving skills

    https://www.livemint.com/news/india...ould-start-jaishankar/amp-11578327962271.html

    China prepared for what they wanted to become, India should start: Jaishankar

    New Delhi: A “big" lesson India can learn from China is to imbibe its problem solving mindset as India evolves from a civilisational society into a modern nation state like its giant northern neighbour, Indian foreign minister S. Jaishankar said on Monday.

    “To my mind the big learning out of China is that unless a society has the mindset to decisively address its current issues you are not going to go up in the world," Jaishankar said at the launch of a book “Pax Sinica," in New Delhi. “The more that the Indian and Chinese systems deal with each other I think a lot of Indians will pick that up," he said.

    The Chinese, in a sense, look at a problem and start thinking how do I solve the problem. That is a sort of systemic mindset. Those who solve it quickly efficiently are rewarded," he said adding the whole system in China was a problem solving system similar to the ones in the US and Russia.

    "In India’s case, We look at a problem and we say the problem is a problem, I wish it would go away. Our instinct is not to home in on a solution, our instinct is to kick it down the road," he said. “To me the concern I have is years of doing this today we have accumulated a legacy of problems," he said adding that the Modi government had taken steps to address these issues.

    Jaishankar further said: “You don’t get to be a big league power by evolution and accident. It takes leadership, preparation and diligence." India too should develop narratives like China, one example of which is to put out core interests very clearly.
     
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  14. f3243007008

    f3243007008 Regular Member

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  15. rockdog

    rockdog Regular Member

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    I still prefer Indian way, no nation blocks them and they would enjoy the good stuff all over the world and no need to invent the wheel again, just buying is OK.

    No like China, China paid lots of money to EU's Galileo Stellite Navigation System, but finally the EU explelled us... Even now the System is amost failed, still China forced to deploy its own Beidou navigation system ...
     
  16. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    YaleCourses

    In this lecture, Prof. Shapiro discusses China and Vietnam as the two most successful examples of capitalist authoritarian regimes that have emerged in the post-communist era. He talks about causal drivers of growth in both countries, the reform era in China before the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the sequencing debate of political and economic change, on why we should rethink modernization theory and expectations for the future of democracy in China.

     
  17. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Factually incorrect. India was bombarded with sanctions even of trading to retard all its projects in second half of past century with US hostile and same country filling China up with tech in attempts to utilize USSR and later bring down economic prowess of Japan. China got from US what India could only dream of!

    India still isn't living very easy. It's just recent western tensions with China and India's now bigger economy that acts as cover for it.

    Only a stupid person thinks that China's transition to a great power from a fragile giant was largely on its own attempts and not foreign attempts who had vested interests in it.

    Clinton was highly generous in signing wavers that allowed critical space related tech to be transferred to China between 1996-1999, despite the reservations of the intel and security agencies.

    The cap on tech transfer was lifted after the first of the Long March rockets exploded in 1996.

    This link has all the details

    http://www.whiteoutpress.com/timeless/how-china-conquered-america746/

    The same Bill Clinton was acerbic and vitriolic after our nuke tests in 1998 and put us under heavy sanctions.

    It's just a part of it. We will probably never be able to know how much China got from US after Sino-Soviet split and France.
    India didn't have access to any or GPS or Galileo either. It emerged with its own navigation system in 2016 (a bit late however).
     
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  18. Illusive

    Illusive Senior Member Senior Member

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    Our 1st problem is about consensus. If we can't agree on if there is a problem then it creates another problem.

    Chinese have the ability to put the groups core interest above their own individual needs because in the long run they understand it benefits their own individual needs.

    We unfortunately fare poorly in this aspect.
     
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  19. Illusive

    Illusive Senior Member Senior Member

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    Duplicate post. .
     
  20. xizhimen

    xizhimen Regular Member

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    Early sacrifices have to be made by some people for a country's future development, but sacrifices can also be a blessing in disguise, over 1.3 million rural people had to move to make room for the world biggest dam, the Three Gorges Dam 30 years ago, they were largely resettled in Chongqing and then new city Shenzhen and became city dewellers, now both Chongqing and Shenzhen had developed into China's top tier cities, they are way better off now than those who didn't move out.

     

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