BrahMos Cruise Missile

Discussion in 'Strategic Forces' started by nitesh, Feb 15, 2009.

  1. jayadev

    jayadev Founding Member

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    Why BrahMos matters

    Ajey Lele is a research fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi. The author of two books – ‘Bio-Weapons: The Genie in the Bottle’ and ‘Weather and Warfare’ -- also contributes regularly to various websites, newspapers and national and international journals.

    India successfully test fired the land attack version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile on March 4.

    An earlier test trial on January 20 had failed, embarrassing the Indo-Russian BrahMos (named after Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers) team. In fact, it would be premature to declare even this test as a total success, because mapping the missile’s performance will take a while.

    The missile, test fired at a firing range in Pokhran in the Rajasthan Desert in a vertical-launch configuration, successfully hit its designated target within two and half minutes. The 290 km range missile can effectively engage ground targets from an altitude as low as 10 meters. It carries a 300 kg conventional warhead and moves at almost three times the speed of sound (2.8 Mach).

    Image: A set of BrahMos cruise missiles seen during a display. At speeds of Mach 2.5 to 2.8, the missile is one of the world's fastest cruise missiles and is about three and a half times faster than the USA's subsonic Harpoon cruise missile. (Courtesy PIB. Unauthorised reproduction prohibited.)

    In the earlier test, it had failed to engage the target due to what was later described as a ‘software glitch’. This time, that glitch seems to have been resolved.

    This Block-II BrahMos missile is the latest land attack version of the missile developed for the Indian Army. These missiles fly at very low altitudes and have the ability to evade enemy radars and air-defence systems.

    This is different from much talked about ‘missile defence system’ which the US is using to demonstrate its strength globally, much to the annoyance of Russia and other nations. Missile defence systems are capable of providing partial protection against ballistic missiles. But cruise missiles are comparatively uncomplicated and inexpensive precision strike weapons.

    The March 4 test was a more advanced version of the world's fastest surface-to-surface cruise missile. Such missiles can be used to target and hit specific buildings in a large cluster of buildings.

    Counter-terror: The state gets some teeth

    The Indian Army inducted the first battery this land-fired version of the BrahMos in June 2007. The anti-ship naval version of this missile has been integrated on the destroyer INS Rajput, and will also be mounted on the three 7,000 tonne Kolkata class destroyers.

    Image: File picture of BrahMos missiles. (Copyright AFP. Any unauthorised reproduction is prohibited.)

    This Indo-Russian BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited was set up in February 1998 to produce cruise missiles. India wanted a mid-range cruise missile, but Russia, being a signatory to the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), could not share the technology. As per MTCR guidelines, the payload/ range ratio cannot exceed 500kg/300km level.

    The BrahMos missile is considered a unique system, because it is much faster than subsonic cruise missiles like the US-made Harpoons and Tomahawks. China has its anti-ship cruise missiles such as HY-4 (C-401) and YJ-82 (C-802) which touch Mach 2, and a few of them are operational with the Pakistan Navy.

    But China also has a different category of cruise missiles called DH-10, which is a land attack cruise missile with an estimated range of 2000 km. Pakistan too has its Babur missiles which can carry nuclear warheads up to a distance of 700 km, but the speeds are less than Mach 1.

    BrahMos missiles are essentially being developed as anti-ship missiles, but they can also be configured for land-based targets. The Russian Navy is also expected to integrate these missiles into their system after carrying out necessary modifications in their ships.

    It is expected that the Indian Air Force would have airborne anti-ship and land attack variants of this missile operational by 2012 with trials being conducted during 2011. There are also plans of developing submarine-launched versions. India has already developed a submarine-launched supersonic missile, a modification of the BrahMos cruise missile, something previously limited to countries like the United States, France and Russia.

    Obama’s next test: Space

    Apart from the strategic aspects, this Indo-Russian joint venture has a major commercial angle. The company proposes to grow into a Rs 1000-crore venture within the next five years. A year ago, it integrated a new company into their setup called BATL (BrahMos Aerospace Thiruvananthapuram Limited). This unit already has major customers within the state like the DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization), DAE (Department of Atomic Energy) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation). It also expects to garner business from other countries. BATL is entering into the business of robotics, and was instrumental in some work related to India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission. It is expected as ISRO’s space activities increase, BATL will also get more business.

    The BrahMos missile could become one of India’s major contributions to the world arms export market between 2010-2020. The system is superior to other available platforms on three counts: The speed, touching almost 3 Mach, its modular design which allows modifications for launch from virtually any platform, and the affordable price. Now BrahMos intends to take a next higher step and would be developing hypersonic cruise missiles capable of Mach 5 to Mach 7.

    While there were reports that more than 10 states have already evinced interest in purchasing this missile, further details were unavailable.

    Unfortunately, the BrahMos success story is not replicated in other Indo-Russian defence deals and joint projects. Some movement was seen towards the end of 2008, just ahead of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s visit. Discussions were held on the joint development of Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft, multi-role transport aircraft, T-90 tanks, and airborne warning and control systems (AWACS). India has cleared the purchase of 80 medium-lift helicopters for the Indian Air Force from Russia.

    Also, hectic deliberations continued over the controversial purchase of the aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov. During the first week of December 2008 the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) agreed to re-negotiate the price of the Gorshkov. Russia, citing cost overruns, is asking for an additional $2 billion over the contracted price of $1.5 billion. India has already paid an initial $500 million to facilitate work on the carrier’s overhaul. The wrangling over the cost is likely to lead to significant delays in the acquisition of the refurbished carrier.

    Lessons from the satellite crash

    There is a need for the both the states to bring in the professionalism shown by BrahMos in addressing various issues related with joint production and military supplies. The recent test proves that the company is a quick learner and is not afraid of failures.

    Today, India is in a very precarious situation where issues like terrorism necessitate investing in low end products like automatic guns and bulletproof vests. At the same time, it has to remain prepared for modern day conventional conflicts. As the Taliban gains ground in Pakistan, the chances of nuclear weapons falling into the wrong hands increase.

    Given that, the BrahMos has more than symbolic relevance.
    http://sify.com/news/fullstory.php?id=14868296
     
  2. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    Dispute over BrahMos field trial continues

    The result of the test carried out at the Army’s Pokhran field firing range in Rajasthan on March 4 is still being evaluated, said officials. Even as Brah- Mos Aerospace officials have claimed that the missile achieved the desired results during the trial, the Army still maintains that it is evaluating the general staff quality requirements.




     
  3. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    I have found this report in samay live. The link and the report from samay live follows:

    http://www.samaylive.com/news/third-brahmos-test-within-a-fortnight-defence-sources/614624.html

    Third BrahMos test within a fortnight: Defence sources


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    New Delhi, Mar 20 : With the Army still skeptical about the last test of the BrahMos missile, authorities are preparing to carry out the third trial of the 290-km strike range Block II supersonic cruise missile "within a fortnight".

    "BrahMos has to prove the missile's capability to the Army and the third test-firing of the missile is likely to be carried out within a fortnight," a Defence Ministry source told PTI here.

    "The exact date of the test has not yet been finalised," the source added.

    The third trial of the missile is being planned at a time when the Army is yet to complete its analysis of the flight and the mission of the March 4 test, where the missile hit its target from a distance of around 90 kms at the Pokharan test-firing range in Rajasthan.

    The first test of the Block II variant of BrahMos, being developed for the Army, was conducted on Jan 20, during which the missile failed to hit the target due to "malfunction in the homing device of the missile". (MORE)
     
  4. EnlightenedMonk

    EnlightenedMonk Member of The Month JULY 2009 Senior Member

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    Have to look out for this one...

    Any word yet on the success or failure of the second test ??? Or, are they still "evaluating" it ???
     
  5. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    EM they are still evaluating this, even this time MOD came for IA's support.
     
  6. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    http://flonnet.com/stories/20090410260704400.htm

    Why BrahMos failed

    [​IMG]
    Brahmos missiles on display at the Army Day parade in New Delhi on January 15.

    SUCCESS stories at the Defence Research and Development Organisation are occasionally interspersed with failure. An experiment on January 20 was one such.

    The supersonic cruise missile BrahMos missed the target at the Army’s range at Pokhran in Rajasthan because its global positioning system (GPS) blanked out, said DRDO officials. The American satellites that run the GPS had been switched off on the day Barack Obama was sworn in the United States President, they said. The missile, therefore, travelled for 112 seconds instead of the slated 84 seconds and fell 7 km away from the target.

    The officials could not say whether the Americans had deliberately switched off the GPS satellites to test whether India’s missile mission would be a success without them. They conceded that it was possible to switch off GPS-linked satellites selectively. The failure of the mission, therefore, has underlined the need for India to have its own GPS-linked satellites instead of depending on American or Russian constellations, said an official.

    BrahMos, jointly developed by India and Russia, is essentially an anti-ship missile. It can hit targets 290 km away, and can cruise at a particular altitude at Mach 3 (three times the speed of sound). BrahMos is the only missile in the world, according to the DRDO, that can hit targets both in sea and on land, without any change in its hardware; only the software in the missile’s computer has to be changed.

    Officials of the DRDO described the January 20 mission as a difficult one because the target was just 50 km away instead of the normal 290 km. The missile, launched in a land-attack mode, had to hit a particular target out of a cluster of targets. The Army insisted that the error in hitting the target, which resembled a chemical weapons factory, could not exceed one metre. Reflectors had been installed to mislead the missile.

    The DRDO, therefore, made a new seeker for the missile to meet this challenge. A software was developed with a new algorithm, which was to help the missile reach the target by using the GPS data obtained from the U.S. satellites. The mission demanded that the missile’s inertial navigation system (INS), its GPS receiver and its seeker should all work together.

    But there were constraints on the mission. A DRDO official said: “When the missile is flying very fast, it is difficult to perform manoeuvres…. The GPS data did not come in time, so the INS data with its uncorrected error was taken as the reference and we missed the target.”

    A repeat mission on March 4, with the American GPS-linked satellites turned on, was a success.

    T.S. Subramanian

    So there is a new seeker and new algorithm.
     
  7. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    According to the TIMES NOW , BrahMos is successfully test fired on today March 29 at 11.15 A.M. at Pokhran, Rajasthan.

    Here is the link and the report:

    http://www.timesnow.tv/NewsDtls.aspx?NewsID=33496

    BrahMos missile test fired succesfully
    3/29/2009 12:42:35 PM
    Defence ministry sources have said that the BrahMos missile hit bullesye in its test today

    The Brahmos supersonic missile has passed its final test. The land attack version of the supersonic missile was successfully test fired at 11:15am from Pokhran, Rajasthan earlier today (March 29).

    Defence ministry sources told Times Now that the missile hit bullesye. New software was used for the 'seeker' which is a computer that leads the missle to target.

    The test was witnessed by the DGMO Lt Gen A S SEKHOM & top Army and defence ministry officials.

    This has a range of 300 KMs and is virtually unstoppable as it is supersonic missle...and is said to be superior to any missile technology that Pakistan possesses.

    The BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircrafts or land. It is a joint venture between India's Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia who have together formed the BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited.
     
  8. Payeng

    Payeng Daku Mongol Singh

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    Now what we need is our own dedicated navigation satellite, GPSystem is undependable during war times so may be with the case of GLONASS
     
  9. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    Rightly said Payeng, we need our own navigation satellites in place.

    Apart from the previous report I have posted from the TIMES NOW
    Here is another report on the same, I have posted , it is from THE TIMES OF INDIA , it differs little bit from the previous one i.e. the TIMES NOW.

    The link and report are as follows:

    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/...test-fired-in-Pokhran/articleshow/4330267.cms

    Supersonic BrahMos missile successfully test fired in Pokhran
    29 Mar 2009, 1334 hrs IST, PTI
    Print Email Discuss Share Save Comment Text:
    NEW DELHI: For the second time in a month, the Block II version of the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile with a striking range of 290 km,
    successfully hit its target during a test at the Pokhran firing range on Sunday, DRDO officials said.

    "The missile was successfully launched at 1115 hours in the morning and in the next two-and-a-half minutes, it hit the bull's eye in the Pokhran firing range in Rajasthan," an official said.

    This was the third test-firing of the latest Block II version of the missile.

    During the test, Army's Director General of Military Operations Lieutenant General A S Sekhon, Artillery School Commandant Lt Gen Rao and Additional Director General (Artillery) Major General V K Tiwari were present.

    The launch of the latest land attack version of the missile being developed for the Army was also witnessed by DRDO's chief controller and BrahMos aerospace chairman A Sivathanu Pillai and DRDL director P Venugopalan.

    After Sunday's test, officials said the development phase of the Block II version of the missile was over and it was ready for induction in the Army. They said the mission objectives of the test were completely fulfilled.

    The third trial of the missile has come at a time when the Army has not yet come out with its findings about the analysis of the flight and the mission of the March 4 test, when the missile hit its target from a distance of around 90 kms at the Pokharan test firing range.

    In the first test on January 20, the missile failed to hit its target due to glitches in the homing device of the missile. The missile had taken off successfully but deviated from its path in mid-course and landed far away from its target. Sources said the defects were rectified at the time of the last test when it went on to hit the target.

    They said that the "unique" technology in the Block II missiles made them "unparalleled" and would help the armed forces hit even "insignificant targets" hidden in cluster of buildings.

    "The new seeker is unique and would help us to hit our targets, which are insignificant in terms of size, in a cluster of large buildings. India is now the only nation in the world with this advanced technology," an official claimed.

    DRDO officials claimed that BrahMos would be able to start deliveries of the 240 missiles ordered by the Army in two years from now as per the original schedule. The Army has already inducted one regiment of the Block I version of the missile. BrahMos is an Indo-Russian joint venture company with its headquarters in Delhi.



    I have figured out few points from above mentioned report of THE TIMES OF INDIA:

    1. Officials declare that development phase of Block -II version is over.

    2. The Missile is ready for induction.

    3. The Army is yet to come out of its report on March 4 Test, i.e. they are still evaluating.

    4. The new seeker: It helps to hit targets with insignificant size , hidden under the cluster of large buildings.
     
  10. Payeng

    Payeng Daku Mongol Singh

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    Quite natural, because in most cases I think the land version would be fired in numbers to have a devastating barrage effect and any so called 'software glitch' would result in massive losses of fire power and may result counter productive in battle field situation, hence fool proof ratification is very important.

    Also I don't think the Army will go for the Tomahawk system because America wont provide source codes and may deny GPS service in an event of a war.
     
  11. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    ok for you it it hit the bull' eye :)

    http://frontierindia.net/brahmos-block-ii-version-hits-bulls-eye

    BRAHMOS BLOCK-II version hits bulls eye
    Written on March 29, 2009 – 1:19 pm | by Frontier India Strategic and Defence |

    Today on 29th of March 2009 Land attack version of BRAHMOS block-II was tested from a Mobile Autonomous Launcher at Pokhran test range by the Indian army officers. The missile took off successfully at 11.15 A.M. and hit the desired target at bull’s eye meeting all mission parameters.

    The launch was witnessed by Lt. General A.S. Sekhon DGMO , Lt. Gen. K.R. Rao , Commandant School of Artillery & Maj. General V.K. Tiwari ADG Artillery along with other senior army officers . Dr. A. Sivathanu Pillai CEO & MD BrahMos along with Director DRDL Mr. P. Venugopalan , Project Director Mr.S. Som, Executive Director (Production) Rear Admiral (Retd.) S. Mohapatra and other senior scientists were present during the Launch.

    This is the third launch in series for the Block-II version for the Indian Army. With this launch the requirement of army for the Land attack version with Block-II advanced seeker software with target discriminating capabilities has been fully met and this version is ready for induction.

    This will provide an enhanced capability to the user for selection of a particular land target amongst group of targets. With this success BRAHMOS has become the only supersonic cruise missile possessing this advanced capability in the World providing an edge to the user with precise hit. The Indian Army is the first army in the World to have a regiment of supersonic cruise missile with advanced capabilities.
     
  12. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    Mobile Autonomous Launcher! Excellent.
     
  13. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    BrahMos missile successfully test-fired again

    BrahMos missile successfully test-fired again

    March 29, 2009 14:58 IST

    http://news.rediff.com/report/2009/mar/29/brahmos-missile-successfully-test-fired-again.htm

    For the second time in a month, the Block II version of the supersonic BrahMos cruise missile with a striking range of 290 km, successfully hit its target during a test at the Pokhran firing range on Sunday, Defence Research and Development Organisation officials said.

    "The missile was successfully launched at 11.15 am and in the next two-and-a-half minutes, it hit the bull's eye in the Pokhran firing range in Rajasthan," an official said.

    This was the third test-firing of the latest Block II version of the missile. During the test, Army's Director General of Military Operations Lieutenant General A S Sekhon, Artillery School Commandant Lieutenant General Rao and Additional Director General (Artillery) Major General V K Tiwari were present.

    The launch of the latest land attack version of the missile being developed for the Army was also witnessed by DRDO's Chief Controller and BrahMos Aerospace Chairman A Sivathanu Pillai and Defence Research & Development Laboratory Director P Venugopalan.

    After today's test, officials said the development phase of the Block II version of the missile was over and it was ready for induction in the Army. They said the mission objectives of the test had been completely fulfilled.

    The third trial of the missile has come at a time when the Army has not yet come out with its findings about the analysis of the flight and the mission of the March 4 test, when the missile hit its target from a distance of around 90 kms at the Pokharan test-firing range.

    In the first test on January 20, the missile failed to hit its target due to glitches in the homing device of the missile. The missile had taken off successfully but deviated from its path in mid-course and landed far away from its target.

    Sources said the defects were rectified at the time of the last test when it went on to hit the target. They said that the 'unique' technology in the Block II missiles made them 'unparallelled' and would help the armed forces hit even 'insignificant targets' hidden in cluster of buildings.

    "The new seeker is unique and would help us to hit our targets, which are insignificant in terms of size, in a cluster of large buildings. India is now the only nation in the world with this advanced technology," an official claimed.


    DRDO officials claimed that BrahMos would be able to start deliveries of the 240 missiles ordered by the Army in two years from now as per the original schedule. The Army has already inducted one regiment of the Block I version of the missile. BrahMos is an Indo-Russian joint venture company with its headquarters in Delhi
     
  14. pyromaniac

    pyromaniac Founding Member

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    India tests cruise missile

    NEW DELHI: The Indian military on Sunday successfully tested a surface-to-surface version of the BrahMos cruise missile which it has developed jointly with Russia, a Defence Ministry spokesman said. The missile was fired from the Pokhran range in the western desert state of Rajasthan, bordering Pakistan, that was also the site of India’s nuclear tests in 1998. The BrahMos has a range of 290 kilometres and can carry a 300-kilogramme conventional warhead. A version of the BrahMos is already used by the Indian navy and, following Sunday’s test, the missile was now also ready for the army, the Press Trust of India news agency said. First tested in June 2001, the missile is named after India’s Brahmaputra River and Russia’s Moskva River. afp


    http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2009\03\30\story_30-3-2009_pg20_2
     
  15. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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  16. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    Check the video from Times Now
    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/videoshow/4330359.cms

    also

    http://www.hindu.com/2009/03/30/stories/2009033056860100.htm

     
  17. Triton

    Triton Founding Member

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    Nice video there; The times camera man was unable to keep up with the missiles speed I guess :viannen_10:

    Anyway some related news:

    Army to review 3rd BrahMos test

    Army mum on BrahMos success
     
  18. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    yahoooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

    http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/002200903301221.htm

    Army wanted BrahMos to achieve high standards of accuracy

    New Delhi (PTI): The three trials of BrahMos cruise missile were aimed at testing the effectiveness of the new special sensor integrated in the missile to hit the desired target in an urban environment accurately, a top army officer said on Monday.

    Vice Chief of Army Staff, Lt Gen Noble Thamburaj, said Army had enhanced its aspirations and wanted the BrahMos to achieve high standards of accuracy.

    "Accuracy was the mantra. We had wanted a special sensor to be integrated in the missile so that it can hit the desired target accurately from among similar kind of targets in an urban environment," he told reporters on the sidelines of a defence seminar here.

    He said the last three trials have been to test the effectiveness of the new sensor.

    "On behalf of the Army, I would like to congratulate the scientists for conducting an extremely successful third test of BrahMos," he said.
     
  19. Triton

    Triton Founding Member

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    That is good news to hear from the Army's Vice Chief while he is at the seminar; I would love to see a report from Army after evaluating the whole test results and being satisfied with all the parameters and placing more orders for Brahmos II. Lets wait & I am sure we are going to get such news very soon.
     
  20. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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    I hadn't understood head and tail of you post triton, are you saying that Vice Chief of staff has just said out of his whims and fancies?
     

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