Army watches as Siachen dialogue resumes And, wonders whether what was bought with blood and guts will be bartered for a later regret. On a moonless night in Siachen, in May 1987, 2nd Lt Rajiv Pandeâ€™s 13-man patrol silently climbed towards Quaid Post, a 21,153-ft pinnacle near the crucial pass of Bilafond La, held by 17 Pakistani soldiers. Quaid had to be captured and Pande was fixing ropes on the near-vertical, 1,500-ft ice wall just below the post, to assist a larger follow-on force in making a physical assault. As the jawans fixed the ropes, gasping for breath in that oxygen-depleted altitude, Pak sentries just a few hundred feet above heard them. Gunfire rang out, killing nine Indians, including Pande. But the four survivors could tell their unit, 8 Jammu & Kashmir Light Infantry (8 JAK LI), that the ropes were fixed. Capturing Quaid post was vital, being the only Pak post that dominated key Indian positions at Bilafond La. Realising its importance, Pakistan named it after Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. The post, commanded by Subedar Ataullah Mohammed, was held by commandoes from the elite Special Services Group. With the ropes in place, 8 JAK LI helicoptered an assault team to Bilafond La. Since the Cheetah helicopter can only ferry a single passenger in those extreme heights, and because of frequent blizzards, it took 25 days for the team to gather. On June 23, commanded by Major Virendar Singh, 64 soldiers began the attack. All night, they searched in waist-deep snow for the rope fixed by Pandeâ€™s patrol. Unable to find it, they fell back to base. The next night, a silent cheer went up as the rope was found. In single file, with rifles slung across their backs, the first section (10 men) started the ascent to Quaid, crossing en route the bodies of Pande and his patrol, still roped together in death. Halfway up, the Pak defenders spotted them and opened murderous fire. Pinned to the ice wall and unable to fire back â€” their weapons had suffered â€œcold arrestâ€, jammed solid from the minus-25 degrees cold â€” the assault team sheltered in craters formed by artillery shells. There they spent the entire day exposed, frozen, hungry and under Pak fire. At nightfall on the 25th, the attack began anew. Now the neighbouring Indian posts â€”Sonam and Amar â€” also fired at Quaid, supplementing an artillery barrage. But each metre gained was paid for in blood; every Indian casualty needed four comrades to ferry him down. A brief rest, a cup of tea, and the four helpers were thrown back into battle. â€œBy any measure, we should have dropped from exhaustion,â€ said Major Virendar Singh, describing the events to Business Standard. â€œBut Pande had to be avenged, and the relentless firing from Quaid reminded us of what we had to do.â€ By daybreak on the 26th, it became evident that capturing Quaid post would need a daylight frontal assault. With the entire army brassâ€™ attention riveted on this unfolding drama, the brigade commander, Brigadier Chandan Nugyal, radioed Virendar, promising him fire support from every artillery gun in range if he could finish the job. â€œI knew we would not last another night on a bar of 5-Star chocolate. We fixed the attack for noon,â€ says Virendar. After a massive barrage of artillery fire, Virendar closed onto the post with his eight-man assault party. Simultaneously, another small team outflanked Quaid from below and cut the ropes the Pakistanis used. Subedar Mohammad knew the game was up. Four defenders jumped off the post, preferring instant death in the abyss below to being shot or bayoneted in combat. The two remaining ones quickly killed. By 3 pm, the Indian assault party staggered onto Quaid. â€œWe had no strength to celebrate. At 21,000 feet, nobody does the bhangra, yells war cries or hoists the tricolour. Ultimately, sheer doggedness wins. If we had once hesitated, Quaid would still be with Pakistan,â€ recounts Virendar. An admiring army awarded a Param Vir Chakra to Naib Subedar Bana Singh of the assault party and renamed Quaid post Bana Top; and a Maha Vir Chakra and seven Vir Chakras to other bravehearts of 8 JAK LI. Virendar, severely wounded by an artillery shell after Quaid post was captured, won a Vir Chakra, as did Lt Pande. NEGOTIABLE? Indian posts across Siachen, like Bana Top, many won at similar cost, will be on the negotiating table today and tomorrow, as the defence secretaries of India and Pakistan meet for the 12th round of dialogue to resolve the Siachen dispute. Pakistan â€” for whom Siachen represents a stinging defeat at the hands of the Indian Army â€” wants to erase that memory by â€œdemilitarisingâ€ Siachen. It wants both sides to vacate their positions and pull back to an agreed line, well short of the glacier. But the Indian Army has little trust for its Pak counterpart after the Kargil intrusion and years of fighting terrorism. It asks: How do we know that Pakistan will not reoccupy Siachen after we withdraw? How can you assure us that we will not have to capture Bana Top again? During the earlier rounds of dialogue that began in 1985, New Delhi had demanded a signed map from Pakistan, showing its forward troop locations, as a prerequisite for a Siachen settlement. Pakistan demurs, ostensibly because that would â€œlegitimiseâ€ Indiaâ€™s â€œintrusionâ€ into Siachen. Rawalpindiâ€™s refusal to authenticate its positions scuttled all previous dialogue. The reason for that reluctance, the Indian Army believes, is that a signed map would clearly show how badly Pakistan was beaten in Siachen. Although Pakistan terms it â€œthe Siachen disputeâ€, its forward-most positions cannot even see the glacier. From April 13, 1984, when an all-volunteer Indian force was helicoptered to Bilafond La, Indiaâ€™s complete control of the Saltoro Ridge has shut Pakistan out of Siachen. Over the years, at enormous cost in dead and injured, the Indian Army has developed enormous skill at surviving at â€œsuper altitudesâ€. In the 1980s, casualties from frostbite and altitude sickness ran in the hundreds. By the end of the last decade, they were down to 20-22 per year. During the past eight years, nobody has died. Today, barely 10-12 soldiers are evacuated annually. And, the introduction of the high-altitude capable Dhruv helicopter has further increased the militaryâ€™s capacity to move troops and materials to the glacier. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has termed Siachen â€œa mountain of peaceâ€, and has tended to view it as a bargaining chip in the larger dialogue process with Pakistan. For the Indian Army, though, Siachen symbolises a superhuman feat of arms, sustained over decades. Generals today recall that the blood-soaked capture of the strategic Haji Pir Pass in 1965 was undone at the negotiating table in Tashkent. And, many wonder whether history is about to repeat itself.