10 countries hoarding enormous piles of gold

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by kseeker, Aug 19, 2014.

  1. kseeker

    kseeker Retired

    Jul 24, 2013
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    Central banks purchased 118 tones in net gold in Q2 2014, representing a 28% year-over-year increase, according to the World Gold Council.

    In May 2014, the European Central Bank and other European central banks signed the fourth Central Bank Gold Agreement (CBGA). The agreement states that the central banks "currently do not have plans to sell significant amounts of gold", and it will last for 5 years starting in the end of September 2014.

    Country-wise, Russia saw a major increase in official reserves since February 2014, moving its place up two spots in the ranking.

    Global official gold holdings totalled 31,812.0 tonnes as of August 2014, according to the latest report from the World Gold Council.

    Business Insider identified the ten countries with the largest gold reserves.

    1. United States

    Official gold holdings: 8,133.5 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 71.9%

    The US had its largest gold reserves in volume terms in 1952, when reserves totaled 20,663 tonnes. Holdings first fell below the 10,000 mark in 1968.

    2. Germany

    Official gold holdings: 3,384.2 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 68.4%

    Germany reduced its gold holdings in October. The Bunesbank sells six to seven tons to the finance ministry every year. Germany sold gold under CBGA 1 and 2 for the purposes of minting commemorative gold coins. In the first year of CBGA3 (2008 - 2009), the Bundesbank sold approximately 6 tonnes, and it has sold 4.7 tonnes of gold since September 7, 2011.

    3. Italy

    Official gold holdings: 2,451.8 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 67.0%

    Italy sold no gold under CBGA 1 or 2 and has announced no sales under CBGA3. But in 2011, Italian banks were looking to the Bank of Italy to buy gold and bolster their balance sheets ahead of stress tests.

    4. France

    Official gold holdings: 2,435.4 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 65.1%

    France sold 572 tonnes of gold under CBGA 2, and outside of the agreement France transferred about 17 tonnes to the Bank for International Settlements in late 2004 as part of a purchase of BIS shares. France announced no plans for sales of gold reserves under CBGA 3.

    Bank of France has said it sells gold reserves because it provides confidence and diversification and can absorb volatility in its balance sheet, Reuters reported.

    5. Russia

    Official gold holdings: 1,094.7 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 9.7%

    Russia has increased its gold holding since February 2014, and has eclipsed both Switzerland and China. In August, Russias central bank has decided to buy up even more gold, and diversify away from the dollar and the euro, as a result of the economic sanctions by the West.

    Russias central bank gold holdings crossed the 1,000 tonne mark for the first time in Q3 2013.

    6. China

    Official gold holdings: 1,054.1 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 1.1%

    China overtook India to be the world's largest gold consumer in 2013. Gold still accounts for a very small percentage of Chinas $3.7 trillion in foreign exchange reserves, compared with the international average of 10%. Building up gold reserves will be crucial to China as it moves to internationalize its currency, and hopes to make it a reserve currency, according to the Financial Times.

    7. Switzerland

    Official gold holdings: 1,040.0 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 8.0%

    In July, the Swiss central bank reported a $17.7 billion half-year gain, partially due to recovering gold prices.

    In 1997, proposals were announced to sell a portion of the country's gold reserves because they were no longer considered to be "necessary for monetary policy purposes," according to the World Gold Council. In May 2000 the country began selling 1,300 tonnes of what it considered to be surplus gold. Under CBGA1 1,170 tonnes were sold, and 130 tones were sold under CBGA2. Switzerland has announced no plans to sell gold under CBGA 3.

    8. Japan

    Official gold holdings: 765.2 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 2.5%

    Japan's gold reserves were at just 6 tonnes in 1950, and its central bank registered its first serious jump in gold holdings in 1959, with purchases increasing by 169 tonnes from the previous year.

    In 2011, the Bank of Japan sold gold to pump ¥20 trillion into the economy to calm investors after the tsunami and nuclear disaster.

    9. Netherlands

    Official gold holdings: 612.5 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 54.3%

    A large portion of Netherlands' gold reserves is held in the US, and some are held in Canada and the UK. About 10% is expected to be held in Amsterdam. Earlier this year the Netherlands wanted to repatriate its gold.

    10. India

    Official gold holdings: 557.7 tonnes

    Percentage of foreign reserves in gold: 7.3%

    Gold imports by India are expected to decline for the third year, while the Indian central bank is monitoring the imports. In June, the Reserve Bank of India relaxed loan rules that banks can sanction against the pledging of gold, "where the end use is not for agricultural purposes."

    The government has been trying to deter people from purchasing the precious metal. Gold imports have been blamed for the nation's high current account deficit. India's central bank governor Raghuram Rajan has previously said the country can pay off its debt in gold.

    10 countries hoarding enormous piles of gold - The Times of India

    No United Kingdom in the above list? :shocked: Brits are infamous for looting gold from all over the world! where are they hiding those artifacts? :confused:
  3. zain8500

    zain8500 Regular Member

    Aug 18, 2014
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    These all countries are having a lot of gold stock. They should increase the trade of it in the world.
  4. esolve

    esolve Regular Member

    Aug 22, 2014
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    Ja hindi!!

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