There is no doubt that the Chinese Govt is bringing economic enhancement to the Uighur country. but the Uighur feel that it is only benefitting the Han Chinese who have come all the way from China. Naturally when one see glitter and glamour all over and it does not touch them, in their own homeland, and instead benefits outsiders, it does create distaste and it may even border on hate. This hate turns to violence and terrorism. In the bargain, the Central Govt of China has to ensure law and order, have to take very repressive measures to include the use of the PLA and tanks and such like heavy military hardware. Economy should mould minds and make them favourable to the Govt, but then if it does not benefit the locals, or benefits marginally and instead benefits to a greater extent the ones who have come to settle from outside, the good work done by the Govt is not appreciated and everything is done to ensure trouble to those who have come and settled and reaping the economic benefits of the boom. Will the Uighurs accept the Han Chinese who have settled and will the Uighurs ever feel comfortable with the Chinese Govt? A moot point!