What role can India play in USA's containment of China?

Discussion in 'Foreign Relations' started by LETHALFORCE, May 10, 2012.

  1. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    USA has said USA-India relations are the most important relations possibly in this century

    Indo-US relations most important in world: Hillary
    Indo-US relations most important in world: Hillary

    USA has concluded that containment of China is a top priority
    http://www.acus.org/docs/0310-Strategic_Straightjacket_United_States_China_21st_Century.pdf
    “Strategic Straightjacket”: The United States and China in the 21st Century

    Over they years I have heard many members claim USA needs India against China.
    My questions is what are some specific ways India can help in USA's containment
    strategy of China?Try to be specific economically,logistically, in an alliance,ASEAN etc... Naval
    land air etc...

    Remember USA has many bases and allies in the Pacific how would India fit or not fit into
    any of this? And why or why would India not choose this role?
     
    Last edited: May 10, 2012
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  3. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    AMERICA'S POLICY OF "CONTAINMENT OF CHINA"


    AMERICA'S POLICY OF "CONTAINMENT OF CHINA"



    [T]he United States, in its confrontation with China, has at least three lines of strategic deterrence located all over the Pacific Ocean. The first is in close proximity to the Chinese territory, based on U.S. military bases and infrastructure on the Japanese archipelago, in South Korea, Okinawa and Taiwan. Intense negotiations are taking place on re-establishing the US naval base in Subic Bay in the Philippines. It has been confirmed that the U.S. and Vietnam have begun informal talks on leasing the former U.S. military base in Cam Ranh.

    The southern transit route, which runs through the strategically important Strait of Malacca, is vital for China. If it were closed, China's economy would not be able to survive even for a month. That is why the U.S. created a permanent group of warships that will be located in Singapore. Strategic depth will be provided by the U.S. military in Australia and the Philippines. Thus, the strait can easily be blocked by Washington.

    The formation of an anti-China coalition consisting of the USA, Russia, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia and Southeast Asia could put China in a desperate situation.



    Apparently, with the Cold War over, a new global confrontation between the United States and China could begin. One might get this impression after analyzing the steps taken by Washington in the international arena.

    For now, America is avoiding making any declarations towards China, such as the Truman or Eisenhower doctrines or Churchill’s Fulton speech. However, practical steps to curb Beijing have already been taken. The U.S. has been consolidating its power in Australia and Singapore, and there are plans to begin military assistance to countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

    From discussing the problem with American experts working on military issues, it becomes clear that today the United States, in its confrontation with China, has at least three lines of strategic deterrence located all over the Pacific Ocean. The first is in close proximity to the Chinese territory, based on U.S. military bases and infrastructure on the Japanese archipelago, in South Korea, Okinawa and Taiwan. Intense negotiations are taking place on re-establishing the US naval base in Subic Bay in the Philippines. It has been confirmed that the U.S. and Vietnam have begun informal talks on leasing the former U.S. military base in Cam Ranh.

    If you draw a line between all these states, you will see the first circle of the U.S. containment of China, which effectively prevents the country from being a maritime power. Today, the Chinese navy’s access to open water is controlled by Americans. However, there is also a second circle (based on Guam and Hawaii), as well as a third, reserve one, the base for which is California and Alaska.

    According to a source close to the White House, China is now clearly perceived by the American political establishment as the most important threat to U.S. interests in the long run, so Washington believes it is advisable to start to control China today.

    The United States is not going to control China alone. It is actively trying to recruit as many allies as possible. These can be divided into several groups. The first is composed of countries that are heavily dependent on the U.S.: Japan (in military terms, the country is more an American satellite rather than an ally), South Korea (which without military aid from Washington risks a showdown with North Korea), and Taiwan (an unrecognized state that remains de facto independent only with the support of the U.S.). Tokyo, Seoul and Taipei will support any initiatives from the White House directed against China.

    The situation is more complicated with other international actors. The United States, in trying to contain China, has set up a system allowing it to deprive the Chinese economy of energy commodities at any time. To implement this, it is important to shut the northern and southern transit routes, according to the abovementioned expert close to Barack Obama’s administration.

    The southern transit route, which runs through the strategically important Strait of Malacca, is vital for China. If it were closed, China's economy would not be able to survive even for a month. That is why the U.S. created a permanent group of warships that will be located in Singapore. Strategic depth will be provided by the U.S. military in Australia and the Philippines. Thus, the strait can easily be blocked by Washington.

    The situation is somewhat more complicated with the northern transit route, Russia. According to available information, for the past few months the United States has been waging an intense campaign of negotiations with Moscow, trying to obtain its support on the issue of containing China. They have so far been unsuccessful. In order to achieve a positive outcome, the U.S. is willing to make some concessions to Russia, including on missile defense and financial and economic issues. In Washington, they are well aware that Russian support may be the decisive factor in dictating terms to China. That is why they intend to continue to move in this direction.

    Simultaneously, the U.S. continues to hold an anti-China dialogue with India. In recent years, Sino-Indian relations have not been so bad, but in the past significant differences have arisen between Beijing and New Delhi. That is why the participation of India in containing China does not seem improbable. The formation of an anti-China coalition consisting of the USA, Russia, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia and Southeast Asia could put China in a desperate situation.

    The Chinese government is well aware of this and is trying to find a way out by creating a powerful fleet capable of operating far beyond the Chinese coast for a long period of time and that could directly threaten the United States, as well as by strengthening relations with Russia, which does not want to contain China. This is one of the reasons for the Chinese media’s attempts to project the idea of a Russian-Chinese Eurasian alliance, which could in fact be a tool for balancing U.S. influence in Eurasia.

    It is not yet clear how far Washington is ready to go in its anti-China strategy. But the signals coming from the White House are raising some concerns. That is why international relations in the second decade of the 21st century may see the reappearance of the doctrines of “containment”, “liberation” and “massive retaliation”, concepts that were thought to have been long forgotten.
     
  4. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    China's Growing Apprehensions over India-US Strategic Relations

    China's Growing Apprehensions over India-US Strategic Relations



    Very rightly the U.S. Undersecretary of State William Burns has said in June 2010 that “Never has there been a moment when India and America mattered more to one another. And never has there been a moment when partnership between India and America mattered more to the rest of the globe.”

    The twenty-first century India-U.S. strategic relations are at the threshold of unprecedented developments. Since the turn of twenty-first century, the relations have witnessed significant improvement in multi-dimensional aspects. A remarkable change in the relationship between the two countries can be perceived in the nature, content and the scope of the evolving relationship. Thanks to the changing international strategic environment and the bilateral efforts on the part of the two countries that makes it possible for the relations to prosper better than the past.

    The fact is that India by virtue of its growing economic strength, global importance, and influence has become an important aspect of American foreign policy. It is well on its way to becoming the world's most populous country, and it is among the world’s fastest growing economies. India plays a central role in Asian affairs and ever more so in world affairs. It is thus strategically important to the interests of the United States.[1]

    China is closely watching the prospering India-U.S. relations with suspicion because it perceives that the expanding multifaceted relationship between India and the United States is finally aimed at the containment of China. China doesn’t want to see India become a major great power in the world and the relationship with the United States is the key to India achieving this objective. It also believes that the relationship would alter the regional balance of power. Beijing apprehension is fuelled by the growing defence and security relations between India and United States. Also the military-to-military ties since the last one decade has improved significantly.

    A Beijing concern over the expanding India-U.S. relations is well placed by Mr. Yang Yunzhong at the Jinan Military Academy when he critically said that, “The rapid developments between US-India relations will exert profound influence on the political and security environment of the Asia-Pacific region and the world. The U.S. now views India as a leading player in South Asian affairs and a rising world power, not just a source of regional problems. Both economically and militarily, India is gathering momentum and this provides the U.S. more diplomatic and strategic angles to play in the region. Among the benefits for the U.S. is the fostering of an anti-China stronghold, south-west of China.” Mr. Yang views reflect the fact that China is seriously concerned that the growing relationship has the potential to restrict Beijing influence in Asia-Pacific region.[2] As another Chinese scholar Mr. Zhang Lijun thinks, ‘most importantly, India is the best bet to restrict a future strong China, as per U.S. regional security strategy in Asia’. Also Mr. Zhang Guihong said, “U.S.-India strategic partnership in South Asia and the Indian Ocean, and U.S.-Japan military alliance in East Asia and West Pacific Ocean are the two major concerns for China in the new big power games in the Asia-Pacific region.” Such a perceptions only reflects that China is serious worried about the growing India-U.S. relationship.[3]

    Many Indian and American Strategic analysts have refuted the claim made by Beijing as not reasonable. As former U.S. Under-Secretary of Commerce, Mr. Juster in his speech in Mumbai on 20 November 2003 has said that, “A strong and vibrant India will be the most effective in advancing our shared objective of promoting peace and stability in Asia, combating global terrorism and stemming the problem of Weapons of Mass Destruction.” In addition to this, according to a report prepared by the U.S. based Council on Foreign Relations, “U.S.-India military-to-military cooperation is evolving along lines that the pentagon has established with many non-allied but ‘friendly’ countries and the policy challenges is to continue this enhanced cooperation and where possible, to enlarge its parameters’.

    Chinese claim of the growing India-U.S. relationship as moving in the direction of containment of the former is baseless because this is not the first time United States has come out in support of any country. If United States has expressed its intention to help India become a major power then it is in keeping with the changing world scenario and the role that India is most likely to play for the international peace and security. If U.S. is willing to help India to become a major power then it is not aimed at undermining Beijing role and instead the move would reduce the responsibility of both U.S. and China. What the Chinese should not forget is the fact that despite of having fought a war and a clash of interest, United States has come out in support of it during the cold war period. United States has provided them with technology and capital support. U.S. support has played an important part for the Chinese to become a world power. Today when United States is ready to help India to become a world class power, Beijing is making false claim so that India does not get the benefit of the relationship. Such a Chinese selfish claim should not dissuade India from engaging closely with United States the sole super power in the world. India stands at the threshold of huge strategic gain from this relationship.[4]

    If the United States has expressed its intention to help India become a major power then it is in keeping with the changing world scenario and the role that India is most likely to play for the international peace and security. If U.S. is willing to help India to become a major power then it is not aimed at undermining Beijing role and instead the move would reduce the responsibility of both U.S. and China. The United States has provided them with technology and capital support. U.S. support has played an important part for the Chinese to become a world power. Today when the United States is ready to help India to become a world class power, Beijing is making false claim so that India does not get the benefit of the relationship. Such a Chinese selfish claim should not dissuade India from engaging closely with the United States the sole super power in the world. India stands at the threshold of huge strategic gain from this relationship.[5]

    It was during his visit to New Delhi in March 2008, U.S. Defence Secretary Mr. Gates made it very clear in the context of the growing military-to-military ties that, “I don’t see our improving military relationship in this region in the context of any other country, including China. When you look at the kinds of activities that we are engaged in and the kind of exercises that we conduct…these expanding relationships don’t necessarily have to be directed against anybody.”[6] Also that United States is not the only country with whom India engage in a joint military exercises. India also conducts regular naval exercises with IOR and Southeast Asian navies. What China should not forget is that it was in the year 2004, India held its second joint exercise with its People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). The exercise provided an opportunity for the two Asian giants not only to assess one another, but also to extend a hand of rapprochement in the face of existing circumstances that cause the Chinese to feel encircled by the United States.[7]

    India foreign policy interest would be to have close relations with Russia, France, Australia, Japan, etc. India is a rising power in the world which is still in the process of development that needs the support of other countries and in particular to United States owing to the pre-eminent power. India would never want the growing relations with United States to come at the cost of its relations with any of the abovementioned countries including China. India would like to have balance relations with each of these countries. For instance, India enjoys a strategic partnership with Russia which has a clash of interest with United States. However, in some cases, it may tilt in favor of one country depending upon the convergence of interests and a close understanding.[8]
     
  5. kickok1975

    kickok1975 Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    I would rather India play his own role against China than play a role for US to contain China. US might underestimate India's sense of independency.
     
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  6. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    India would play her role in developing good, peaceful and friendly relation with China rather than contain her. India's aim would be to develop in a secure and peaceful international environment rather than participate in a chaos.
     
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  7. utubekhiladi

    utubekhiladi The Preacher Elite Member

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    india do not need to play any role..

    live and let live is a golden policy and it always works
     
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  8. utubekhiladi

    utubekhiladi The Preacher Elite Member

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    as far i know, usa is trying to have master-slave relation with india. it's not gonna happen.
     
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  9. nimo_cn

    nimo_cn Senior Member Senior Member

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    That depends on what role the Americans want you to play.
     
  10. satish007

    satish007 Senior Member Senior Member

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    India have independent and nonalignment policy, Chinese respect it.
     
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  11. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    I don't think India will dance to anyone's tune.
     

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