Weponisation of PAKFA/ FGFA.

Discussion in 'Defence & Strategic Issues' started by bhramos, Jun 28, 2010.

  1. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    How to win in the missile race

    By 2012 Russia will be created and adopted almost a dozen new types of aircraft missiles and bombs corrected by twice the range of superior U.S. counterparts. But to keep the lead, we need to accelerate the development of fundamentally new - hypersonic weapons of destruction, which now are betting the U.S.


    tremlenie for total elimination of strategic delivery systems and warheads, fixed in the new Russian-American Contract START 3Will inevitably lead to the fact that the role and importance of conventional weapons will increase sharply in the very near future. But if our arsenal of strategic weapons, we can actually talk on equal terms with the Americans, in the field of conventional arms about any parity can not be and speeches. For example, modern fighter planes we have about 15 times less than in the U.S. and, say, surface ships far less than the oceanic area is almost 20 times. This means that in a "global nuclear scratch" Russia will have nothing to oppose its potential adversaries. And it's not the quality of our tactical weapons, and their number. If the Americans over the past ten years alone, bombs have bought more than one hundred thousand, our army over this period has bought air attack weapons for just one day of war. And this despite the fact that new Russian missiles, as it turns out, is no worse than American, but for a number of characteristics even better. Their designs and manufactures corporation Tactical Missiles (KTRV). This is one of the most secretive holdings in the Russian defense industry. Established eight years ago, in the reform of the Russian defense industry, he now includes almost two dozen different companies, factories and design bureaus involved in the creation of managed funds destruction by air, land and sea based. How is the development of new missiles and torpedoes, they differ from U.S. counterparts, why do we need to fear China, and the direction in which Russia needs to develop aircraft rocket, in an interview to "Expert" said CEO KTRV Boris Obnossov.

    - In early February, the firm Sukhoi began flight tests of long-term aviation complex tactical aircraft (PAK FA), known to the public as a fifth generation fighter aircraft. What kind of weapons for this aircraft makes KTRV?

    - The system of arms PAK FA will include only new models of aircraft operated means of destruction. This missile air-to-air missiles, tactical and tactical missiles, air-surface "general purpose, specialized confusional and anti-ship missiles and guided bombs.

    The main requirements placed on these weapons - vnutrifyuzelyazhnyh accommodation. And of course, increased range, noise immunity and accuracy. That is, those characteristics that make it possible to successfully solve a variety of combat missions. For instance, destroying radar stations without entering the zone of enemy air defenses.

    - Prime Minister Russia Vladimir Putin has promised that the first production of fifth generation fighter aircraft entered service in Lipetsk Centre BBC already in 2013. You have by this time have gone to do anything?

    - We are now completing a series of experimental design Works and in the next two years, go out to the final state tests of fourteen types of new missiles and corrected air bombs (KAB). They cover almost the whole range of air attack weapons, including missiles to air-to-air long range. Some appear in the next year, some year later. And the new missiles for the fifth generation fighter would be unified with other carriers - Su-34, Su-35 and MiG-35. I must say that this is quite an impressive list of weapons. Nevertheless, I think we have successfully coped with the task.

    - What are the new missiles will be different from its predecessors?

    - Yes, almost everything. This is a fundamentally new types of precision weapons. Despite the fact that many of them retained the external shape of its predecessors, inside they have a much better system than those that are installed on the fourth-generation fighters. This new seeker, having high sensitivity to detect goals and better noise immunity, and the new combined air-augmented motors with adjustable parameters (for supersonic missiles, air-to-surface "), the new warheads, fuses, intellectual support and much more. With all these systems tactical and technical characteristics of the new weapons will increase significantly. For the first time in the history of aviation development of guided weapons at the time of a new missile launch does not see the purpose and must find it in the process of autonomous flight.

    If we take this criterion as a range, then this indicator new missiles twice surpass the ones that stand now in service. We have all the weapons grade "air to air is divided into three types - small, medium and long range. Now a small range - it is 40 kilometers, and, for example, the average - up to 100 kilometers. So, exaggerating, we can say that the goals which are now affected medium-range missiles, we will marvel at the small arms range.

    - And what will be the same range of new missiles, air-to-air long range?

    - The number to call will not. I can only say that it is very large. To date, this range not a single aircraft missiles of this class.

    - Let your new missiles oppose American counterparts, who are armed with a fifth-generation fighter F-22 Raptor and F-35. In whose benefit is this comparison?

    - In general, the U.S., we remain parity. American planes F-22 and F-35 armed with missiles, air-to-air AIM-9X Sidewinder short-range missiles, and various modifications AMRAAM AIM-120 medium range. Our new missiles RVV-MD and RVV-SD (Respectively, small and medium-range) is virtually nothing they do not concede, and on some characteristics are even superior. For example, the firing range RVV-MD almost twice with AIM-9X. The Russian rocket is equipped with an advanced thermal homing head. As the sensitivity is identical to the U.S., the noise immunity, they are comparable. This missile is designed not only for fighters and attack aircraft, but also for combat helicopters. With regard to medium-range weapons, that our missile firing range of about 10 percent more. The rest of Russian missiles of this type have almost the same characteristics as the U.S.. So I have full confidence that we are not losers.

    - In air-to-surface missiles?

    - Here the Americans have basic confusional rocket - AGM-88 HARM, which is capable of striking targets at a distance of 80 kilometers, while developing speed of almost Mach 3 (three speed of sound. - "Expert "). If you compare it to our new confusional rocket X-31PD, Then other things being equal fighting capabilities Russian missile exceeds American counterpart in range of a three-fold. This was achieved thanks to a new parallel flow -jet engine. Energy consumption it somewhere two and a half times more economical than its predecessor. This allows not only to increase the range, but also to implement more complex schemes of flight. In particular, X-31PD should be capable of passing duel battles with anti-aircraft system Patriot.


    New supersonic tactical missile X-31PD superior American counterpart in range of three times
    Photo: ITAR-TASS
    In addition, air-to-surface missiles, we have two more new missiles - X-38ME and X-58USHKE. The first module type. I believe that this is a unique multi-purpose missile. It can be fitted with a combined guidance systems - laser, thermal, radar type or satellite navigation. A second missile - X-58USHKE - Fitted (as and X-31PD) wide-range passive homing, which provide the capture of all radar targets, which is also very important. Until now, our missiles were so-called selective heads, each of which is captured only one type of goal (in the frequency spectrum), which caused some inconvenience, since the wing had to hang three or four same type missiles, if you want to act on several types of objectives.

    - These missiles will arm the new fighter, designed for the BBC. And what about the anti-ship missiles for naval aircraft?

    - Here we are at the final stage of the creation of two new types of missiles - tactical supersonic X-31AD subsonic X-35UE. This will be fully digital missiles that give them a better relationship with the board and increase range of tasks. Unlike its predecessor range of new missiles will increase at least twice. The mass of the warhead X-31AD increase by 15 percent.

    Well, we can not say about if it had. There is much that we can oppose our potential competitors. Now we complete the creation of a whole new series of guided bombs weighing 1500 and 500 kilograms, as well as a smaller size, with increased range and new systems of satellite and laser guidance. They are designed to destroy various ground and surface targets, including bridges, ships, transport ships, infrastructure and so on.

    I believe that if it had - a very important weapon which must be installed on all versions of the fifth generation fighter. First of all, because after the destruction of enemy air defense system on its territory is finishing off with Kabova. For example, Americans over the past ten years for its operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have bought more than one hundred thousand corrected bombs.

    - What is the direction of the aircraft rocket you consider most promising?

    - All the recent wars involving the United States have shown that the main reliance is placed on the use of precision weapons. In 1991 during Operation Desert Storm in Iraq, the proportion of high-precision weapons accounted for seven percent, eight years later in Yugoslavia, it has already reached 70 percent. I think that this trend will be further developed. And we must be ready for this. Say what you like, but our country is not as big as before, and its population is rapidly decreasing. And if we, God forbid, will with someone a serious fight, it is best that it was not "hot" contact.

    - It seems that the leadership of the Pentagon's addicted to the concept of so-called smart wars. Americans have already conducted several tests of hypersonic aircraft. This is the future of aviation rocketry?

    - Certainly. I believe that developing such missiles capable of flying at speeds of 10-12 times faster than the speed of sound - the most promising direction of development of aircraft armament. Without a doubt, this is a breakthrough project - the quintessence of the whole development of missile technologies. It will apply the new engines, new materials, new avionics. This project has a significance comparable to the launch of the first satellite, or with the development of near-Earth space in the fifties and sixties respectively. For the sake of solving this problem should focus all resources of the State, including intellectual.

    - And what, actually, is a technological breakthrough?

    - In fact, the autonomous flight hypersonic speed - a very difficult task. Hypersound - a minimum of 5 Makhov. Our missile X-31 in some cases reached a speed of Mach 4, but no more. And in order to develop a minimal hypersonic speed, need a new combined power plant is able to operate at subsonic, and at high supersonic speeds. Now we have a ram jet engine, which works fine at supersonic speeds. Here we are on a par with advanced countries. But to get ahead and reach high speeds required to ensure the supersonic combustion of fuel in such a ramjet engine. Well, or create another new engine. That's the challenge and the designers have to decide. But that's not all. At speeds above 7 Makhov dramatically increases impact on avionics, formed plasma ionization, the fairing is heated to unimaginable temperatures. But it should ensure transparency for the radar homing. Accordingly, we need new materials, innovative design solutions. That is necessary to use the full range of new developments, which today is in the aerospace industry. However, I am sure that this problem sooner or later will be solved.

    - As far as I know, the development of hypersonic aircraft weapons in our country, and in the U.S. are long, but, by and large, there is nothing to brag ...

    - In the U.S., serious work began in the eighties. If I'm not mistaken, in 1982, they started in the NASA program National Aero-Space Plane (NASP) to build a hypersonic technology. She has over 60 routines that cover all key areas - aerodynamics, engines, avionics, fuel and so on. Incidentally, it is within the NASP is widely used nanotechnology. As a result, Americans have already switched to the testing stage.

    - And we?

    - We have such work was carried out in the early seventies, and even created their prototypes. But then, in the nineties, as you know, this whole thing was buried. First of all, because the continuation of the work required a very large investment. But now things have changed, there are positive developments. This topic is discussed substantively on MIC Commission. We won the corresponding tender and is now actively engaged in manufacturing prototype. I hope that in the next two years will have the first results. There's nothing more to say, I'm afraid babble.

    - In addition to missiles and bombs your corporation develops and produces a fairly wide spectrum of naval ordnance. How is cooperation KTRV with our Navy?

    - We proposed Navy Commander Vladimir Vysotsky to develop and adopt a comprehensive program of forming marine means of destruction. It clearly should be linked to possible production of new ships and weapons of destruction to them. And then we often happens that there is a new torpedo and submarine, which they should be tested, still stands in the dock. Their achievements we have presented, I think this issue can be resolved in working order soon.
     
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  3. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    - What new weapons for the Navy is developing KTRV?

    - First of all, it torpedoes, including large diameter (over 500 millimeters). They make Moscow enterprise "Region", a part of our corporation. This is the prime contractor on the Sea underwater weapons. It accounts for approximately 60 percent of all experimental design work performed on this subject through the Navy, and about 48 percent of production. We are currently completing testing of the system ASW complex "Package" -E/NK, Which includes new torpedoes and protivotorpedy to protect the vessel from submarines. This system allows, on the one hand, to parry the attack of the enemy and secure the ship, and on the other - to deliver an effective counterattack. In addition, we continue to work on torpedoes "Squall", which can move under water at a speed of 100 meters per second. This is the most formidable naval weapon, which was established in the USSR. And I am glad that we succeeded in this topic is now revived.

    - Last year, in the midst of crisis, KTRV could boost sales and increase revenue to 31,3 billion rubles. How does it happen?

    - Oh, just lucky! But seriously speaking, then, of course, we very much helped the state order (in the air attack for Su-34 and Su-35 total cost of 6 billion rubles. - "Expert "). Its profitability compared with export contracts is small, only a few percent. Therefore, the revenue growth in our net profit fell in half. Nevertheless, it is government order in conjunction with export contracts can ensure continued growth of our corporation. The potential of the domestic market is huge. I am pleased to be selling a lot more weapons inside the country. But, unfortunately, the demand from the armed forces of our products, until recently, was negligible. Over the past decade we have the new missiles were purchased so that the actual fighting that number would have been spent in one day. Meanwhile, the August events in the Caucasus have shown that without good weapons can not protect their own interests. And the current leadership of Air Force is well understood. So I hope that the situation will change radically. I can say that already this year we plan to increase revenue to around 40 billion rubles.

    - Until recently, KTRV nearly three-quarters of its production is exported. What share of exports in total sales do you think best?

    - This year, we export and the state defense order will be equal. I think it is good value for the survival of our corporation. Because no export contracts at today's cost-procurement, we can not survive.

    We need to conduct large-scale modernization of production facilities, purchase new machines to attract new highly qualified personnel. All of this requires very large investments.

    - What?

    - It's only within the corporation we are implementing 17 projects of technical re-equipment of production facilities and reconstruction. On the main floor of building several new buildings, new Design laboratory corpus. It is very important for us, because there will be a modern Anechoic chamber to simulate different conditions in testing new weapons. This will significantly reduce the cost of full-scale flight tests. So soon as this project will require several hundred million rubles, and the entire modernization program - a few billion.

    - These funds will provide state or you will have to find them yourself?

    - Public funding, of course, provided, but it is not enough. There is now a federal program of defense industry complex until 2015. It provides equity financing for such projects. That is, roughly speaking, if the state puts a hundred rubles, the company must invest about 50 rubles of its funds. As long as we carry out this requirement. But when the expense of investment will go into billions of us without additional state aid is not enough. Because if we were in zagashnike billions, then everybody has been done to yourself.

    - What else, besides the money you need from the authorities?

    - In fact, the main problem in the rhythm of the allocation of funds. Yes, we are subsidizing the interest rate on loans. But the funds come very late. We have a production cycle of missiles ranging from nine to eleven months. And if we do not start to invest, it simply had messed up the order. Therefore, some work on defense order and for export contracts, we are forced to advance their own funds or borrow from banks. Only last year to service our loan portfolio, we spent almost half a billion rubles, and in fact could invest the money in production.

    - How this situation can be changed?

    - The Defense Ministry has already decided that the advance should be at least 80 percent of the total order, not 15 percent as before. And they are trying to reach this target. So some progress there.

    - Back to exports. Markets traditional buyers of our weapons, India and China, appears to be close to saturation. Who can replace them?

    - Such growing partners, like Vietnam, Algeria and Venezuela. We continue actively to develop our ties with India. There, a hardening of competition, but this market, I believe still promising. But China has indeed reduced purchases from us. But he is no longer a partner for us, number one. The Chinese, as they say, already gorged import weapons and now want to try to produce all its own.

    - As far as I know, they even have cloned your rocket X-31 now set to others. This represents a threat to you?

    - Well, let's X-31 they have a very long time will not be able to do. Its even the Americans can not play. But the fact that in the future China - a country number one, in my opinion, It is clear to all. And those who had previously said that the Chinese will not do, roughly speaking, Mercedes, now see that they were wrong. China is capable of much.

    - It's only the appearance and stuffing it appalling.

    - You are right, but for the appearance will be followed and all. We've also started in the sixties with a Ford ", but then we have no progress was followed. And the Chinese have made visible. They already make their cars, other complex techniques, even machines do. And we are for all these years, almost lost a promising tool design and are now forced to buy machines in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, in the same China. But his own machine tools - is the foundation of all engineering.

    - I honestly do not believe that the Chinese are doing really good machines.

    - Of course, if we take the metalworking, China has not yet reached the top.

    But, for example, testing equipment, Vibrating or, say, climate chambers - all have a very decent quality. This is a very complex engineering structures, and the fact that these products from China are buying Western companies, says a lot. This means that they have mastered advanced technologies. Yes, of course, not without the help of Western companies. For example, in the same machine-tool their joint venture with the Japanese. But this is only the first step. Now they, as you say clone, but then everything will be done yourself. I'm not talking about the fact that they can sell well. All markets are crammed with Chinese machine tools. Another thing is that they lose the West in terms of reliability, durability and certain other criteria. But the fact is there, all these lessons of history the Chinese have learned very quickly.

    - Do you really think that the Chinese will become a serious competitor in the market of Russian air attack weapons?

    - Of course. If I do not think so it is not trying to be all the forces to accelerate the creation of new weapons. Yes, I see that China - a competitor, maybe not tomorrow, not after tomorrow, but after five years for sure. And underestimate his role in no case be. That would be a mistake.

    - Nevertheless, serious combat aircraft, they create could not, even though twenty years working on that, ...

    - It has not yet been able to. Time will pass very quickly.

    http://www.expert.ru/printissues/expert/2010/17/interview_kak_pobedit_v_raketnoi_gonke?esr=5
     
  4. EagleOne

    EagleOne Regular Member

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    are we going to get the same weapons in future with the fighter ..?
     
  5. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    defiantly we will be able to get almost most of the weapons similar to the kind used in PAKFA. which in future can also be used on the AMCA too.
     
  6. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    If you are really interested in what missiles and bombs the Russians are working on, just go to the Tactical Missile Corp, web-page. It lists everything that will be available for export.

    http://eng.ktrv.ru/production_eng/323/
     
  7. EagleOne

    EagleOne Regular Member

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    thanks for information
     
  8. ace009

    ace009 Freakin' Fighter fan Elite Member

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    Are these posts direct google translations from Russian or just bad English by Russians?
     

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