War tactics: Defensive offence There are various offensive techniques in warfare which are being taught all around the world in Military academies. I am browsing some videos on youtube and came across the below video. I thought of discussing the warfare technique called â€œDefensive Offensiveâ€ which Romans mastered and used very effectively against their enemies successfully. Defensive offensive: This tactic of war is employed to achieve victory by inflicting maximum damage to the enemy while keeping the friendly causalities as minimum as possible. This tactic works well when the commander is outnumbered by the enemy forces. Requirements: 1) A military machine consisting of heavily armored soldiers, Cavalry to protect both the right and left flanks or a commander can use the terrain to his advantage to protect his flanks like in the battle of Thermopylae. 2) A good communication mechanism (signals) in the battle field. 3) A very good discipline throughout the ranks of the soldiers. The war strategy involves a strong center consisting of Roman legions who are trained to hold the ground and push the enemy back. A highly mobile cavalry which are trained to decimate the enemy cavalry and out flank the enemy. The center consisting Legions employ the 'Defensive offence' strategy. The soldiers of the legions as shown in the below fig. Carry heavy shields and a sword called "Gladius" which is used as a hacking and piercing weapon. Soldiers employ a defensive posture and try to cover themselves as much as possible. When the enemy tries to attack the formations the unit gives a defensive push inflicting damage to the enemy soldiers who are in their reach and are off balance. The legion is arranged in a formation of rows and when the front row is tired, that is when the commander gives a signal to shuffle the rows and the front row soldiers are switched back and the next row soldiers takes the positions of the earlier soldiers as shown in the video. Mean while the enemy who have numbers tries to break the formations and try to bombard the heavily armored center gradually loosing the much needed energy as the battle day progresses, the units in the Roman legion conserve their energy by holding their ground and wait until the their cavalry breaches either left or right flank of the enemy(completely decimating the enemy cavalry or routing them). Once the enemy is out flanked by the Roman Cavalry the center acts as an anvil holding the positions and allowing the highly mobile cavalry to assault the infantry of the enemy. The enemy is out flanked and surrounded by infantry on one side, cavalry on flanks and behind, Then it is a matter if time before the enemy casualties rise thus making them surrender. Note: Roman Legions employed this technique when their armies used to control vast regions in Europe and Mediterranean , most of the cases the legions are outnumbered and are against barbarians who used to follow all out attacks with weak cavalry of their own. written by -- Srinivas Mr @Ray , @Kunal Biswas and other members ( I have limited knowledge of professionals here no offense for not mentioning their names) any inputs of your experience and knowledge are appreciated.