Village Defense Committee (VDC) AKA J&K Militia

Discussion in 'Internal Security' started by Kunal Biswas, Sep 6, 2011.

  1. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    Village Defense Committee (VDC) AKA Kashmiri Militia

    The VDCs were set up in Jammu and Kashmir in the mid-nineties following a number of violence on the innocent inhabitants of the troubled region's far-flung villages. As there were no police or army pockets near these inaccessible villages, the Indian security forces provided military training to locals, and equipped them with weapons and wireless sets to counter militant attacks. At least 450 such VDCs are now functional in Jammu and Kashmir.



    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]
    Indian village defense committee, VDC Male members..


    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  2.  
  3. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    Village Defence Committee of Kashmiri Women
    By - Kavita Suri

    Kavita Suri is a journalist having 10 years' professional experience in journalism (both print and electronic). Presently working for The Statesman, one of the oldest English dailies of India as its Senior Staff Correspondent based in Jammu and Kashmir, she has worked with various newspapers starting from The Kashmir Times, The Tribune etc. She covers entire state, travels to the Line of Control, International Border and other conflict areas in all the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh of the troubled State. Kavita was also recently invited to United States for three weeks by the US state department on "US International Visitors Exchange Program". She has made many documentaries and films for Doordarshan's satellite Kashmir Channel and Jammu and Srinagar DDKs. As women have suffered badly in the strife-torn state due to ongoing conflict in Jammu and Kashmir, gender issues are very close to her heart. Her 'Echoes from the Mountains' would keep our readers updated about all these issues of the mountainous state and its surrounding areas.

    For the past one and a half decade of terrorism, the Kashmiri women faced the burnt and remained its worst victim. But not any longer. Incredible but it is true. The women of border district of Poonch-Rajouri in Jammu and Kashmir have picked up guns against terrorists and thus are protecting themselves from the militants and saving their honour and dignity.
    This all women brigade - the first women Village Defence Committee (VDC) has been set up in the twin villages of Marah and Kulali bordering district Poonch. The scene is very different there as compared to other villages. One would find women with guns standing on the rooftops guarding their homes. The VDC members including women get together from cluster of houses and lay ambushes on routes of ingress to that cluster in order to save any civilian killings.
    "Having suffered much on the hands of terrorists, a turning point came when in village Katha in this border district on 26 June last year, militants killed twelve women and children. Many incidents of sexual assaults and torture of many women and young girls were also reported. Thus, the women folk of the area who had been "mute sufferers of terrorism" made up their mind to fight against the terrorists. They showed their willingness to get weapons and training from the security forces to protect themselves and their children from militants' excesses," informed Major General G.D.Bakshi who heads the counter-insurgency Romeo Force in Rajouri.
    This all-women VDC organizes security on its own for any civil gathering or a national or political event, keeps track of any strange and unauthorized person entering the village and keeps a check on his activities. Besides women, the children and old persons too, have shown willingness to use weapons against militants due to security at home.
    The excesses of foreign terrorists on civilians and sexual assault on local women have forced the local population including women and children to pick up gun against them. Terrorists are forcing many locals to work as porters without any payment, committing rape on women and minor girls, utilizing the money, assets and resources of locals for their own use.
    "Thus, a strong need was being felt to provide these innocent civilians with some type of self-defence which lead to generation of the idea of a fourth force multiplier," he added.


    Village Defence Committee of Marah is just not simple organization but is a new force to reckon with. The VDC Marah now has become a role model for others. It has emerged as local force including trained women and children.
    The Village Defence Committees were set up in Jammu and Kashmir in mid-nineties following a number of massacres of the innocent villagers in far flung villages of the troubled region. As the police or army pickets were far off from the civilian areas in these inaccessible villages resulting which the terrorists made these people as their soft targets, the concept of VDCs emerged wherein the civilians were imparted training for self defence and thus repulse terrorist-attack. The state police provided them weapons.
    Till now, the VDC members were men in arms doing their routine work and had some defense power against terrorists. During day most of them remain outside their homes to earn livelihood, leaving female and children besides the old persons. But now, women have also joined the men in these VDC. To repulse any attack, the VDC women wing has been constituted.
    "The VDC is organized in an infantry company pattern and to give them a sense of pride and belongingness the platoons and sections have been named after the local mohallas and this has worked wonders," said an army officer posted in the area adding presently there are four platoons and twelve sections and one section of women wing.
    The training of VDC members is organized at a regular basis at security force company posts and the members are given weapon training which include firing, basic handling and cleaning of weapon, tactical training including minor tactics, battle craft and field craft drills to including stalking, crawling, fire and move.





    Village Defence Committee of Kashmiri Women
     
  4. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    Kashmiri Women Take Up Arms For Self-Protection

    MARAH, Jammu and Kashmir -- Women in Jammu and Kashmir have now picked up guns against Islamic militants to protect their homes.
    At least 30 Muslim women in the disputed region to the north of India and Pakistan have constituted a separate all-women Village Defense Committee (VDC) and are operating with the Indian army in the forested mountains of Surankote in the Poonch district bordering the Pakistani side of Kashmir to fight militants.

    "Now militants do not dare enter our village," said 18-year-old Nishat Bee, the youngest member of the group. Her companion, however, corrects her by saying, "In fact militants have not been this way since we picked up guns against them."

    On a visit to the twin villages of Marah and Kulali, one finds tall, slender Muslim women sporting rifles on their shoulders while grazing cattle alone in deep forests or standing on top of the roofs of their homes to keep a watch on militants.

    "I am proud to fight a Jihad [holy war] against marauders who have cheated us of our dignity and honor," says Shamima Akhter, the 30-year-old commander of this particular women's group.

    "Militants who would force us to provide them shelter, food and at times to entertain them physically were harassing us physically and mentally. If we opposed them they would commit rapes or kill our family members. We wanted to confront them and the only way to do it was to acquaint ourselves with the basic functioning of guns and grenades," she added.

    The majority of the men of this border belt work in Gulf countries leaving their women, children and elderly back in remote mountainous villages, the access to majority of which is through hours of rough walks that make the women soft targets.

    It is common practice for the militants to seek shelter, food or seek sexual favors from these women, and in case of refusal, it is not unusual to rape or even kill them, using locals to work as porters on gunpoint in villages.

    The Kashmir conflict traces its roots to 1947, when India and Pakistan simultaneously gained their independence from Britain. Pakistan was formed from the majority Muslim part of British territory, and India from the majority Hindu part.

    The state of Jammu-Kashmir, with a majority Muslim population but a Hindu ruler, chose to be a part of India in a process that many believed to be illegal. Since then, India and Pakistan have fought three major wars over Kashmir, and close to 1 million have died in the violence. In 1989 the Kashmiri independence movement turned militant and began to promote the independence of Kashmir from India through violent means.

    The VDCs were set up in Jammu and Kashmir in the mid-nineties following a number of massacres of the innocent inhabitants of the troubled region's far-flung villages. As there were no police or army pickets near these inaccessible villages, the Indian security forces provided military training to locals, and equipped them with weapons and wireless sets to counter militant attacks. At least 450 such VDCs are now functional in Jammu and Kashmir.

    The foundation of this first women's VDC goes back to March 2003, when local Muslim priest Mir Hussain was killed by a group of mainly foreign Lashkar E-Tayyaba militants when he tried to stop the rape of his wife.

    The priest's brother, Fazal Hussain, returned from the Gulf where he had been working, and with the help of the Indian army constituted the first ever-Muslim village committee in the border district of Poonch.

    This group helped the Indian army destroy the biggest militant hideout in the famous Hill Kaka bowl in the mountains of Surankote in July 2003. At least 150 foreign militants were killed in the operation.

    To avenge those killings, a Lashkar group in April 2004 attacked Kulali village and killed 14 women and children while the men were out on an operation.

    Later, in June 2004, the militants executed another attack, which was repulsed by a woman, Khatoon Begum, who had learned to use a 303 Rifle from her son. Although she died in the attack her act helped save at least a dozen members of her family from Islamic guerrillas.

    "Khatoon Begum's daring act lead to the foundation of all Muslim women VDC. We were supported by our husbands and fathers and thus trained ourselves in the operation of 303 rifles, SLRs, grenade throwing and other military aspects of how to react and repulse a militant attack", stated another women fighter, Shahnaz.

    Tahira Begum, wife of VDC member Tahir Hussain Choudhary and mother of three says, "we want to live with honor and dignity and [for that] we have waged a war against these gun trotters [who are] a blot on the name of Islam.

    "It is an amazing feeling to hold a gun in one's hand for a noble cause," Begum added. "On several occasions in the past eight months I have come across jihadis in the forests who are scared and who go into hiding. I am proud to be fighting a jihad against these marauders who cheated us of our dignity and honor."

    Trained in the firing, basic handling and cleaning of weapons, as well as in battle craft and field craft drills, nearly every month these women go to nearby army camps to polish up on their shooting skills and to update their knowledge of weapons used commonly by terrorists.

    "They have an extraordinary learning zest," said Indian army Public Relations Officer R.K Chhibber.

    "We check on their fire ranges and other technical aspects almost every month. They also assist us in vital operations."


    Kashmiri Women Take Up Arms For Self-Protection
     
  5. jamwal

    jamwal Regular Member

    Joined:
    Sep 4, 2011
    Messages:
    184
    Likes Received:
    173
    Location:
    Somewhere else
    Using Kashmiri term for these VDCs is technically incorrect. None of the people shown in photographs of 1st post belong to Kashmir. Most seem to be Dogras, Pahadis and Gujjars from Jammu, Rajauri, Punch, Doda districts. Not a single one looks anything like a Kashmiri. Morons in media can't or don't want to differentiate. Every one in the state is Kashmiri for them, bloody idiots. Even the article written by Kavita Suri speaks of women from Rajauri, Punch but has Kashmiri in title.

    It'll be nice if topic starter or moderators alter the title suitably.
     
    TrueSpirit1 and ALBY like this.
  6. agentperry

    agentperry Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Oct 24, 2010
    Messages:
    3,022
    Likes Received:
    678
    Location:
    delhi
    i hope guns dont change their directions.
     
  7. Tronic

    Tronic Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

    Joined:
    Mar 30, 2009
    Messages:
    1,915
    Likes Received:
    1,275
    Thats why you empower women. Women generally have a better sense of which side the freedom and equality truly lies, primarily because the first victims of oppression of the extremists are usually women.
     
  8. utubekhiladi

    utubekhiladi The Preacher Elite Member

    Joined:
    Dec 3, 2010
    Messages:
    3,021
    Likes Received:
    1,423
    Location:
    TX, USA
    :aww: very positive move.. i hope these committees are still active :)
     
  9. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    KULHAND Massacre, Family still awaits for Justice

    [​IMG]

    After a long span of five years, widow of Late Bal Krishan still hopes for the long denied justice to her. She is the victim of unfortunate event which occurred in the month of May 2006 in village Thawa of Kulhand which is 30 Km away from the Doda town, when 22 people were brutally Killed and 14 people were injured by unidentified gunman. Late Bal Krishan was the only one of those injured people, who died in the hospital after one year of that unfateful night, as he had got 36 bullets in his leg. The family is unable to meet even two meals a day, as whole savings of the family were used in the treatment of Late Bal Krishan. The Government has given compensation to every sufferer of the massacre except to the family of Late Bal krishan. Moreover family of the deceased has one living son, daughter in law and two grand daughters who do not have any source of income. Late Bal Krishan was the sole bread earner of the family. That massacre has shattered the dreams of the family of the deceased as the unfortunate night not only took away husband of Sheila Devi but also the lost hope which she had been expecting in terms of compensation.

    “I have soled all my property including, a piece of land, cows and buffaloes even my marriage gold ornaments for his treatment but he left us in this brutal world alone, after a year of fighting with his injuries in the Government Medical College Hospital Jammu”, said Sheila Devi, widow of Late Bal krishan. She further added that after that incident of the village, every sufferer got Compensation worth in lakhs and also SRO …43 benefits but I and my family members are always denied on the basis of lack of education. Further more, she added that Government has given one lakh rupees only that too, at the time of incident when every Political and social leader were roaming in the village chanting the slogan of providing benefits to every victim of the family then why the justice is denied to me?
    Today when nobody can escape from the growing claws of inflation, the situation is really challenging for the family of deceased. The family has lost every hope of justice. When everybody else who was the victim of massacre got justice, it is the family of Late Bal Krishan who still awaits the compensation. When the tears in the eyes are dried, and hopes are almost dead, it is the responsibility of the Govt. to look after the family of the deceased and give them timely justice. Late Bal krishan has passed away but Government should take utmost care to save the lives of the deceased’s family.
     
    freedman12 likes this.
  10. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    Hundreds of villagers recruited as Village Defense Committee (VDC)

    [​IMG]

    Hundreds of villagers recruited as Village Defense Committee (VDC) Members in Mountainous Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir after the Kulhind massacre in 2006 have been left in lurch by the successive governments. According to reports, the Centre and the state government, after the Kulhind massacre created VDCs comprising the local youth who were later given arms training to look after the internal security of the villages. Besides providing 113 rifles, the villagers were promised monthly stipend of Rs 500 each by the government. However, six years have passed but the VDCs are yet to receive stipend.To add to their worries are the service rifles provided by the government. With rifles on shoulders, the VDC's say they are unable to look out for a job and to earn bread and butter for their families."Life can't run smoothly without meeting basic necessities of life. We do have a family and we certainly need some amount of money to make both the ends meet", VDC member, Rakesh Kumar said.The job of VDC, he said has become more or less a burden for him."When I was given the opportunity of becoming VDC member by the then Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Ghulam Nabi Azad, I felt proud as well as secure", another member, Hari Ram Sharma said. "I thought that the stipend of Rs. 1000 may be increased with the time, but our condition became worst from bad. Till today, neither I nor other 113 members of VDC have received a single penny from Govt. Many times we approached district administration, but to no avail," he added.
     
    freedman12 likes this.
  11. SLASH

    SLASH Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Feb 5, 2011
    Messages:
    1,156
    Likes Received:
    458
    How will they disarm them when the situation is calm?
     
  12. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

    Joined:
    Mar 21, 2009
    Messages:
    13,207
    Likes Received:
    6,638
    Location:
    Telangana/India/Bharat
    Situation would never become until Pakistan exists....
     
    freedman12 and TrueSpirit1 like this.
  13. Ankit Purohit

    Ankit Purohit Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Jun 20, 2012
    Messages:
    1,051
    Likes Received:
    616
    Location:
    Mumbai
    Thanks For Posting ,

    Great Job Indian Army
     
    Kunal Biswas likes this.
  14. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    [​IMG]

    Member of VDC ( Village defence Committe AKA Kashmiri Militia ) getting trained by Indian Army on their 3o3
     
    arnabmit likes this.
  15. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

    Joined:
    Sep 28, 2011
    Messages:
    14,140
    Likes Received:
    8,528
    Location:
    North Carolina, USA
    [​IMG]

    Left arm should be slightly bent for support. Left eye does not need to be closed for good sight picture.

    Also heels flat on ground.

    I am guessing that army personnel in post #13 may not be instructor-qualified in riflery.
     
    Last edited: Dec 10, 2013
  16. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,682
    Likes Received:
    6,663
    I do not think it is a good idea for state to outsource one of its basic duties.
     
    abingdonboy likes this.
  17. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

    Joined:
    Sep 28, 2011
    Messages:
    14,140
    Likes Received:
    8,528
    Location:
    North Carolina, USA
    Certainly control of militias and accountability of their cadres by liaison with active Army are essential. Weapons training should be for full qualification, not just familiarization. Also militias need good logistical support.
     
    TrueSpirit1 likes this.
  18. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    Kishtwar’s past has the answer to its future

    [​IMG]

    The town’s long history of communal amity holds hope for overcoming the polarisation that took place in the 1990s and whose effects are being felt today

    Kishtwar, the remote town in Jammu and Kashmir that has been in the news for communal violence these past few days was, till two decades back, known for its near idyllic intercommunity relations. The common refrain here used to be the exemplary situation in 1947 when conscious collective efforts were made by the elders of both the Hindu and Muslim communities to maintain the mutual trust that existed between them. While communal riots took place elsewhere — in Jammu and in the nearby towns of Bhaderwah and Bhalesa — Kishtwar remained totally unaffected. So safe was this town that Muslims from other parts of the region sought refuge here and continued to live here.

    The town that forms the district headquarters (the district of Kishtwar was carved out of Doda district in 2006) represents a mosaic of religious, linguistic and social identities and is known not only for its inclusive social and cultural life but also for shared religious spaces. The patron saint of Kishtwar is Hazrat Shah Farid-ud-Din Baghdadi — a Sufi saint who is known to have spread Islam in this area — whose shrine is revered equally by Muslims and Hindus. Local narratives about the saint, especially those told by Hindus, have a special mention for his Hindu Rajput wife and the reverence they have for her. Also revered is his son, Hazrat Shah Asrar-ud-Din Baghdadi, who is said to have miraculously revived his Hindu friend after he had died.

    Being part of a backward district, people here have been united in their varied struggles. One of the prominent places of the town is a memorial with three graves and two samadhis. Five students — three Muslims and two Hindus — were killed in the early 1980s while agitating for a college. People here have also collectively agitated for district status for Kishtwar

    Changing relations

    Inter-community relations started changing in Kishtwar in the early 1990s. This was the period when militancy entered the district of Doda. The vastness of the district, with a difficult mountainous terrain and villages located in remote areas, provided a safe haven to militants. The demography of the district also provided them a reason to base themselves here. Though the concerns of the district remained different, the ethnic Kashmiri Muslim population of the district (mostly migrants from adjacent areas of Kashmir) generally sympathised with the politics of the valley. That is the reason why, to begin with, there was a local recruitment to militancy as well. However, gradually, foreign jihadis started outnumbering the local militants and the response of the people towards militancy also started changing.

    Militancy created its own kind of divide between the communities. The Muslim population got struck between the militants and the security forces. They were compelled to cater to the demands of the militants, mostly of food and shelter, and were thereafter also pressured by the security forces. The violence that was perpetrated during this period created the first seeds of mistrust between the communities, though intercommunity relations were not as much affected even at that time.

    It was the selective killing of Hindus by militants and the creation of Village Defence Committees (VDCs) that created a major change in the response of people towards each other. The first such selective killing took place in 1993, when 17 Hindus were identified and killed in Sarthal near Kishtwar. The spate of selective killings continued in the erstwhile district of Doda, including in Kishtwar, especially in the period between 1996 and 2001. The concept of self-defence by forming VDCs and arming the villagers was initiated as most of the communal killings were taking place in remote areas that could not be covered by the army. However, the VDCs were also selective in their composition. Most of the VDCs were formed in majority Hindu areas. This, coupled with the application of the Disturbed Areas Act, polarised the responses of the Hindus and Muslims. While the Hindus, feeling vulnerable and targeted by the militants, found some relief in the idea of VDCs, the Muslims feared the arming of one community as a potential danger to themselves.

    Holding strong

    The selective killing of Hindus was aimed at provoking a communal backlash in the multi-religious Jammu region of which Kishtwar is a part. Fortunately, this never happened. Despite a series of such killings, the region withstood the test and maintained its tradition of communal amity. However, in the Doda belt in general, and Kishtwar in particular, the stress on the fabric of intercommunity relations was gradually becoming visible.

    This was reflected as early as 1993, when there was the first outbreak of communal tension. Since then, there have been some minor frictions but also some major violent clashes, as in 2003 and 2008. A few shops were burnt and some people were injured in 2003, but in 2008 two people were killed.

    Even though militancy has declined, communal sensitivities continue to be exploited by political actors. Over time, rightist politics and fundamentalist forces have gained much space. Jamaat-e-Islami and RSS have created exclusive constituencies of Muslims and Hindus. Working on these exclusive constituencies, almost all the political parties operating in the area, including, the BJP, National Conference, Congress and PDP, find it convenient to mobilise support by playing on the fears and mutual suspicions.

    In the kind of polarisation that has been taking place and the warning signals that have been coming from time to time, it was essential for the state to take corrective measures. With Kishtwar’s socio-cultural milieu, it would not have been difficult. There have been enough signs that everything is not lost there. First, despite the vulnerability felt by Hindus during the period when selective killings were taking place, there was no out migration. Second, at the societal level, the bonds between people of different communities have continued. That is the reason why it does not take much time to normalise the situation after each flare-up and why, between two moments of communal clashes, there is normal intercommunity interaction. People attend each other’s festivals and marriage functions, and continue to have a mixed social life. Third, despite the earlier communal clashes, Kishtwar continues to have localities with a mixed population. And even in a situation like that of August 9, there are enough examples of people of different communities taking care of each other. Of these, one example is of a Hindu Mahajan family living in a Muslim-majority area. Even as this family’s shop was burning in the market, Muslim neighbours took upon themselves the responsibility of protecting their house.

    If the right steps are taken even now, the future need not be bleak.
     
    freedman12 likes this.
  19. feathers

    feathers Tihar Jail Banned

    Joined:
    Jan 21, 2014
    Messages:
    1,817
    Likes Received:
    844
    Location:
    india

    Very good article.

    This is Indian Secularism in which all stay together and respect one another.
     
  20. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    [​IMG]

    Indian Army Training VDC members ..
     
  21. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    Joined:
    May 26, 2010
    Messages:
    27,611
    Likes Received:
    28,431
    Location:
    BHARAT, INDIA, HINDUSTHAN
    26500 Village Defense Committee members, 25000 SPOs in JK


    Jammu, Apr 1: The State Government on Monday revealed that over 26500 persons were working with the Village Defense Committees (VDCs) set up in 1995 to fight militancy in Jammu and Kashmir.In his written response to a question in the Legislative Assembly, Chief Minister Omar Abdullah said 26567 persons were working with the VDCs in 10 districts of Jammu division and Leh district of Ladakh. There are no VDCs in Kashmir Valley, the reply said.Giving the break-up, the government said the highest number of VDC volunteers- 5818 -were working in Rajouri district followed by Reasi with 5730 volunteers and Doda with 4822 VDC volunteers. The lowest number of 37 volunteers are engaged in Leh.However, it said since the engagement of the persons was purely voluntary, no remuneration was paid to them.Under the recently drafted Police Bill-2013, the government has proposed to provide a legal cover to the VDCs.However, the Government had to shelve the introduction of the Bill in the ongoing session following objections by civil society and human rights organizations over certain clauses. There was opposition to the Bill also for “providing legal cover to illegal and unconstitutional act of creating VDCs.”The VDCs were created during Governor’s rule in 1995 and the members were provided with weapons.The then Additional Chief Secretary (Home) accorded sanction to their creation (Order No. 293-of 1995) for “fighting militancy”.“The scheme is not only meant to be an exercise inculcating an attitude of self-help in security matters amongst the local population, the aim is also to supplement the ongoing efforts of the security forces in dealing with the militancy, acts of subversion and trans-border movements,” the order said.
    To a separate question, the Government today said the strength of the SPOs working in the police department was 25474.Of these, 23577 SPOs were working in different districts and the remaining 1897 were working in other wings/units of the police department.The Government has engaged the highest number of SPOs- 3881- in Doda followed by Kishtwar with 2272 engagements of SPOs and 1740 SPOs have been engaged in Jammu district.A proposal for enhancing the honorarium of the SPOs from the existing Rs 3000 to Rs 5000 has been submitted to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs for approval, the reply said.“It is being vigorously pursued with the Government of India,” it said.The Government revealed that it has fixed “excellence in counter-insurgency operations” as one of the main criteria under the 2009 policy formulated for absorption/conversion of the SPOs as Constables/Followers in police department.At least 1852 SPOs have been absorbed as Constables/Followers in J&K Police under the policy since 2009.

    Source : http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/...ommittee-members-25000-spos-in-jk/143177.html
     

Share This Page