US more at ease with India's rise than China's ascent

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by LETHALFORCE, Feb 5, 2010.

  1. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/...se-than-Chinas-ascent/articleshow/5530577.cms

    US more at ease with India's rise than China's ascent


    WASHINGTON: The United States is more comfortable with the rise of India than it is with the ascent of China, a major new US strategic review
    report has revealed.

    The Pentagon’s Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) 2010 has recognized ''a more influential role in global affairs'' for India including in the Indian Ocean region and beyond based on its commonalities with the US, while expressing Washington’s concern about the nature of China’s military development and decision-making processes.

    The rise of China and India is a prominent theme underlying the QDR, a four-yearly document that offers a broad outline of US security posture that was released on Tuesday. While jettisoning the long-held goal of being able to fight two conventional wars at once (just when India is considering it) and recognizing a new range of threats including terrorism, the review also spells out US views of the two countries (China and India) it says will shape the international system in the years to come.

    ''As the economic power, cultural reach, and political influence of India increase, it is assuming a more influential role in global affairs,'' the review notes, adding, ''This growing influence, combined with democratic values it shares with the United States, an open political system, and a commitment to global stability, will present many opportunities for cooperation."

    The review says India’s military capabilities are rapidly improving through increased defense acquisitions, and they now include long-range maritime surveillance, maritime interdiction and patrolling, air interdiction, and strategic airlift. ''India has already established its worldwide military influence through counterpiracy, peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief efforts,'' it observes, adding, quite emphatically, that ''As its military capabilities grow, India will contribute to Asia as a net provider of security in the Indian Ocean and beyond.''

    The US policy projection comes at a time when there is much talk of India and China jostling for position and influence in the Indian Ocean region, and there are doubts and hand-wringing in New Delhi over Washington sidelining India in Afghanistan. in deference to a Pakistan-China flaking move. But the 2010 QDR is distinctly upbeat about its India outlook overall compared to reservations – laced with respect -- about China.

    THE QDR says China’s growing presence and influence in regional and global economic and security affairs ''is one of the most consequential aspects of the evolving strategic landscape in the Asia-Pacific region and globally.'' In particular, it notes, China’s military has begun to develop new roles, missions, and capabilities in support of its growing regional and global interests, ''which could enable it to play a more substantial and constructive role in international affairs.'' So far, the review is pretty much in line with what Washington apportions for India.

    But it then goes on to say that while the US welcomes a strong, prosperous, and successful China playing a greater global role, ''lack of transparency and the nature of China’s military development and decision-making processes raise legitimate questions about its future conduct and intentions within Asia and beyond.''

    Outlining China’s military expansion, the review says Beijing ''has shared only limited information about the pace, scope, and ultimate aims of its military modernization programs, raising a number of legitimate questions regarding its long-term intentions.''

    ''Our relationship with China must therefore be multidimensional and undergirded by a process of enhancing confidence and reducing mistrust in a manner that reinforces mutual interests. The US and China should sustain open channels of communication to discuss disagreements in order to manage and ultimately reduce the risks of conflict that are inherent in any relationship as broad and complex as that shared by these two nations,'' the Review notes, in an analysis that foresees a possible adversarial relationship.

    The review says the US faces a complex and uncertain security landscape in which the pace of change continues to accelerate and the distribution of global political, economic, and ''military power is becoming more diffuse.'' The rise of China and India will continue to shape an international system that is no longer easily defined – ''one in which the US will remain the most powerful actor but must increasingly work with key allies and partners if it is to sustain stability and peace.''

    ''Whether and how rising powers fully integrate into the global system will be among this century’s defining questions, and are thus central to America’s interests,'' the QDR notes.

    Virtually abandoning the US military's traditional goal of being able to fight two conventional wars at once, the QDR instead emphases a new range of threats, including irregular warfare and cybersecurity. Urging a rethink on the ''construct'' of national security, U.S defense secretary Robert Gates told reporters at Pentagon while releasing the report that ''we have learned through painful experience that the wars we fight are seldom the wars that we planned''

    In one of several references to the Af-Pak imbroglio, the QDR says the United States recognizes that Pakistan is at the geopolitical crossroads of South and Central Asia, giving it an important regional role in security and stability. ''Our efforts in Afghanistan are inextricably linked to our partnership with Pakistan. Though our partnership with Pakistan is focused urgently on confronting al-Qaida and its allies, America’s interest in Pakistan’s security and prosperity will endure long after the campaign ends. While the epicenter of the terrorist threat to the US is rooted in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the war against al-Qaida and its allies continues around the world,'' it says.
     
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  3. ajtr

    ajtr Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    TOI has become uncle's bitch.it always produce articles serving uncle's interest..China is rising fast and is challenging uncle in world arena.If uncle was so much at ease with india's rise then why for last 6 decades uncle has been undermining india in every field (be it kashmir,pakistan,bangladesh,afghanistan nuclear tech,space tech.etc).Now that india has developed all these tecs without uncles help they want piece of it or to curb india's stride in ABM,space,nuke tech<aviation etc.India has readched at a juncture in technological avancement that india can now easily jump into future tecs,which uncle wants to curb..


    Secondly uncle wants to make india as their lapdog against china so as to keep chinese on their toes like they did with pakistan to keep india on leash.Its nice try by uncle.to control china use indi and to control india use pakistan.
     
  4. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    savvy remarks!
    China lacks naval capability to do this while consuming itself in South China Sea disputes
     
  5. ajtr

    ajtr Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    wait tell 2012 when china's 1st aircraft carrier floats.
     
  6. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    Obama focus on coalitions may buoy U.S. arms exports
    Andrea Shalal-Esa
    WASHINGTON
    Wed Jun 10, 2009 12:45pm EDTWASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration's focus on building coalitions may spur more global arms sales for the world's leading weapons exporter, a welcome prospect for U.S. defense contractors facing a shrinking defense budget at home.

    Barack Obama | Japan | Saudi Arabia | Turkey

    The global recession may dampen or delay the foreign appetite for weapons orders somewhat, but many countries' arsenals are in urgent need of modernization.

    Even in tough economic times, countries generally view defense accounts as a top priority, particularly given mounting concerns about enemy missile attacks and other threats, said Eric Edelman, who served as undersecretary of defense for policy during the Bush administration.

    Edelman, a former U.S. ambassador to Turkey and Finland, said demand would likely remain high for cutting-edge U.S. products such as precision munitions, unmanned aerial vehicles and missile defense capabilities.

    "A lot of countries are going to be looking for American goods and services," said Edelman, a fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. "There is a good market out there."

    U.S. defense cuts announced by Defense Secretary Robert Gates in April are also spurring American companies to pursue foreign orders more aggressively, he said.

    BIG-TICKET COMPETITIONS

    U.S. companies are already vying for huge fighter and helicopter orders from India, helicopter work in Australia and shipbuilding work for Saudi Arabia and others.

    Exports should also be buoyed as orders materialize from Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Turkey, Canada, Australia, Denmark and Norway -- the partner countries helping to develop Lockheed Martin Corp's F-35 fighter jet. Valued at over $200 billion, the radar-evading jet is the world's biggest weapons program.

    Israel, Singapore, Japan and Spain were also interested in ordering the fighter, said Marine Corps Brigadier General David Heinz, head of the F-35 program. Work could start on pricing airplanes for Israel by the end of the year, he said.

    Some lawmakers, keen to maintain production of the F-22 fighter, also built by Lockheed, have revived the idea of exporting that fighter to a select few allies, such as Japan.

    At the same time, Lockheed's C-130 transport plane and Boeing Co's C-17 could pick up extra orders in Europe, given delays in the A400M plane developed by EADS.

    Raytheon Co, which says big demand for Patriot missiles from the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Taiwan boosted global sales by 20 percent last year, forecasts even greater growth of 22 percent to 24 percent in 2009.

    U.S. arms deals soared nearly 50 percent to $24.8 billion in 2007, accounting for 41.5 percent of all such agreements. The top five buyers were Australia, Turkey, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Iraq, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service. [ID:nN04224011]

    Analysts and industry executives say President Barack Obama is likely to continue the Bush administration's focus on training and equipping foreign militaries. Sales may even get a boost from Obama's drive to build coalitions and partnerships.

    Obama "is beginning to realize that we just don't have as much money and power as we used to," said analyst Loren Thompson with the Virginia-based Lexington Institute.

    "That is making him start to think, how can I improve my trade balance? How can I get other countries to carry some of the burden of global security? How can I reduce the price tag of my defense establishment?"

    More sales of U.S. weapons systems would make it easier for American troops and partner countries to operate together on the battlefield, using common systems to share data, communicate and coordinate any strikes, Thompson said.

    Michele Flournoy, the current undersecretary of defense for policy, last month underscored the growing importance of concerted action. She said Washington could use targeted arms sales to help U.S. partners increase their capacity to deal with emerging threats, such as Iran's missile program.

    "When we look at the full range of security challenges that we face -- terrorism, proliferation, economic security issues, climate change -- there is not a single one that the United States alone can deal with effectively," Flournoy said. "You need coalitions and partners to deal with these challenges."

    The Pentagon is assessing allies' needs to establish a basis for deciding what weapons are provided to whom.

    PROSPECT FOR REFORMS?

    Richard Grimmett, a security specialist who compiles the Congressional Research Service's annual report on international arms sales, said the global recession might slow the blockbuster sales of recent years, but there would still be plenty of orders for spare parts and upgrades.

    Paul Nisbet, analyst with JSA Research, said Democratic control of Congress and the White House offers an opportunity to reform U.S. export control laws that companies say hamper their ability to compete overseas. Lawmakers often weigh in to keep sophisticated systems like the F-22 solely for U.S. use.

    Military services are also sometimes reluctant to export key weapons to protect the American technical edge.

    But Edelman notes that it often take years before such weapons are then actually fielded by foreign countries, a lag time that helps protect the U.S. lead.

    The next test for the arms trade could be whether the U.S. Senate acts to approve treaties negotiated with Australia and Britain to ease restrictions on defense trade.

    But getting those treaties ratified by the Senate would take a "certain amount of political capital," and it was not yet clear that the Obama administration viewed the issue as a top priority, he said.
     
  7. ajtr

    ajtr Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    US arms cartel cranking up its presence in Indian weapons bazaar

     

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