update on chinese missile programs

Discussion in 'China' started by bengalraider, Jan 11, 2010.

  1. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    source: Canada Resumes Summit Diplomacy with China - The Jamestown Foundation[tt_news]=35881&tx_ttnews[backPid]=25&cHash=47016d7220
     
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  3. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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    CHINESE MISSILE C 802

    The Yingji-82 or YJ-82 (Chinese: 鹰击-82, literally "Eagle Strike"; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese anti-ship missile first unveiled in 1989 by the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy (CHETA), also known as the Third Academy. Due to the Yingji-82 missile's small radar reflectivity, low attack flight path (only five to seven meters above the sea surface) and strong anti-jamming capability of its guidance equipment, target ships have a very small chance of intercepting the missile. The single shot hit probability of the Yingji-82 is estimated to be as high as 98%. The Yingji-82 can be launched from airplanes, surface ships, submarines and land-based vehicles. Its export name is the C-802.

    The Yingji-82 (C-802) anti-ship missile was derived from the Chinese YJ-8 (C-801) with extended range. The YJ-82 is externally similar to the YJ-8, and has the same solid-propellant rocket booster and guidance system as the YJ-8. The most distinctive difference on the YJ-82 is that it employs a turbojet with paraffin-based fuel to replace the original solid rocket engine. For this reason the fuselage was extended to accommodate the extra fuel. The maximum range of the missile has also been extended from the original 40 km (or 80 km for YJ-81/C-801A) to 120 km.
    The YJ-82 is almost identical to the YJ-8 in appearance apart from a slightly longer fuselage and an air inlet for the turbojet engine. The missile has a slim body and ovoid nose. There are four front delta wings, four smaller control surfaces, and four large tail stabilising wings. The tail wings are mounted on the rocket booster and will be lost when the booster detaches from the missile body. The air inlet is located between the main fins under the missile body. The front and tail wings are folded when the missile is in the launcher.
    When the missile is launched, the solid rocket propellant booster accelerates the speed of the missile to Mach 0.9 in a few seconds. After the booster burns out, it detaches from the missile body and the missile's turbojet engine starts working. Controlled by the inertial autopilot system and radio altimeter, the missile flies at a cruising speed of Mach 0.9, and the cruise altitude is reduced to 10-20 metres (depending on the sea state) from the original 20-30 metres of the C-801/YJ-81.
    When entering the terminal phase of flight, the missile switches on its terminal guidance radar to search for the target. Once within a few kilometers of the target, the missile drops to 3-5 meters above sea level, about the same as a French Exocet missile. This altitude is slightly lower than the original 5-7 metres of the C-801/YJ-81. The missile may also maneuver during the terminal phase to make it a more difficult target for shipborne air defense systems. When approaching the target, the missile dives to hit the waterline of the ship to inflict maximum damage. At the 6th Zhuhai Airshow held at the end of 2006, the manufacturer revealed that the "pop-up" approach and the checkpoint flight functions are being worked on.
    As well as its terminal guidance radar, the midcourse guidance is inertial. During the inertial guidance, the YJ-8 missile is also equipped with a radio altimeter for use with its autopilot during cruise. The missile's terminal guidance radar with monopulse system possesses high anti-jamming capabilities. The high precision radio altimeter allows the missile to have minimum-altitude flight above the sea, which is normally 20−30 m.
    The missile uses a 165 kg semi-armor-piercing anti-personnel blast warhead which relies on the missile's kinetic energy to pierce the deck of a ship, penetrate into and explode in the ship's interior. In addition, the YJ-82 might have a higher single hit probability than the YJ-8/YJ-81.
    Upgrades
    Most upgrades of C-802 are funded not by the Chinese government but by the manufacturers and trading firms themselves. Most upgrades were mainly focused on the guidance systems.
    The radar altimeter can be replaced by a newly developed laser altimeter, which is much less likely to be detected via ESM. The laser altimeter can be retrofited to all models of this anti-ship missile family.
    One of the first upgrades included the incorporation of infrared guidance so that there is a dual guidance system similar to that of the Taiwanese Hsiung Feng II missile. Imaging infrared seeker and a television seeker similar to that of the C-701 anti-ship missile became available later. The imaging infrared seeker is reportedly derived from the imaging infrared seeker technology developed for Chinese air-to-air missiles. These three seekers are interchangeable with the original radar seeker, and can be fitted at naval bases rather than the factory.
    As the imaging infrared seeker and the television seeker are significantly smaller than the radar seeker, the manufacturer has taken advantage of the extra space to develop a variety of combined seekers for dual guidance, which include: radar and imaging infrared guidance, television and imaging infrared guidance, dual band (infrared and imaging infrared) guidance, and television and infrared guidance. These combined seekers can also be fitted at naval bases. According to domestic Chinese news media the manufacturer says that as of the last quarter of 2006 no orders for had been received for any of the combined seekers except the radar and infrared guidance, due to funding problems.
    A datalink associated with the radar seeker and the dual radar and infrared guidance seeker armed C-802 was added enabled the missile to receive target information provided by aircraft and this later became a standard feature. The first successful test fire of the C-802 with the datalink was conducted with Harbin SH-5 ASW equipped with British radar, and soon after, with Y-8X Maritime Patrol Aircraft equipped with Litton Canada radar. This datalink was originally developed for YJ-83/C-803, the successor of the YJ-82/C-802, and adopted for the YJ-82/C-802 upgrade.
    Based on the datalink associated with the radar seeker, a newer datalink that was compatible with all three types of seekers was also successfully developed, enabling the missile to significantly improve its attack capability by allowing the pilot of the aircraft or the crew of the ship to view the images provided by the television or the imaging infrared seekers, and thus to select the potential targets, just like the way A-10 pilots used the images provided by the imaging infrared seekers of AGM-65 Maverick Air-to-surface missiles for targeting during the Persian Gulf War. Land attack capability is the greatest beneficiary since mobile targets on land can be engaged as a result, though only when the missile is equipped with television and imaging infrared seekers, but not the radar seeker. Like the datalink only associated with the radar seeker, the newer datalink allows the operators to alter the course of the missile and change targets after launching. However, there are no reports to support the claim that the operator can terminate the attack via the datalink like that of the Harpoon missile. This new datalink has very little difference from radar seeker associated datalink it is developed from in terms of hardware, the major difference is the software programs.
    For the air-launched version, a universal missile launching rail system was also developed for C-802, reducing the installation time significantly. Furthermore, the new system allowed virtually any aircraft in the Chinese inventory to be armed with YJ-82K.
    For the surface-launched version, Chinese developed a new launcher/storage container that is able to handle YJ-8 (C-801), YJ-82 (C-802) and CY-1 ASW missiles, and this new container became standard.
     
  4. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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    KongDi-88 (C-802KD) Air-Launched Land-Attack Cruise Missile

    The KongDi-88 (KD-88) air-launched land-attack cruise missile (LACM) was developed from the YJ-83 (C-802) anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) first introduced in the late 1980s. The weapon was first unveiled during the 2006 Zhuhai Air Show under its export designation C-802KD. The deployment of the missile by the PLAAF has been confirmed by TV footages of Chinese state television in November 2006. The introduction of this the stand-off precision strike weapon provides the PLA with greater flexibility in targeting key command, communications, or political nodes during a conflict.

    The KD-88 is similar in concept to the U.S. Stand-off Land Attack Missile (SLAM), which was originally developed as an anti-ship missile but later adopted for use on aircraft to attack high-value land targets. Powered by a small turbojet engine, the missile can deliver a 165kg conventional HE warhead at subsonic speed (Mach 0.9) over a distance of 180~200km. The missile may use an inertial navigation system (INS), with datalink command for mid-course correction and an active radar homing for terminal guidance. A targeting pod carried by the aircraft provides initial target information.

    The missile is claimed to be capable of engaging ships in harbour or fixed land targets. Given that the missile is fitted with a radar seeker only, land targets would need to provide a high radar contrast. The missile can be launched from the JH-7A fighter-bomber and H-6 medium bomber. More capable guidance methods such as GPS and TV-homing may be adopted In the future to achieve higher accuracy. Other variants using the GPS or passive radar radiation guidance methods may have also been developed.KongDi-88 (C-802KD) Air-Launched Land-Attack Cruise Missile - SinoDefence.com
     
  5. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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    Long-range subsonic​


    The CJ-10 (Chinese: 长剑-10; Pinyin: cháng jiàn 10 is a land attack cruise missile (LACM) currently in service with the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Republic of China. It is the first of the Changjian (literally "long sword") series of cruise missiles. The CJ-10 made its first public appearance during the October 1 military parade in 2009.
    Besides the land attack variant, a possible shore to ship variant has also been rumored in Chinese service. Many Taiwan and Hong Kong media sources believe that the weapon is developed in aim for the US Navy's carrier battle group which now the PLA has demonstrated that they might have the land based carrier destruction capability.
    The CJ-10A is an air-launched variant with a range of 2,000—2,200 km, intended to arm the Xian H-6K strategic nuclear bomber which can carry six of the missiles under its wings.
    The YJ-62/CJ-10 missile family is based on China's earlier land-based Hongniao cruise missile family. The new design also incorporates elements of the Soviet Kh-55 cruise missiles. Moscow Defense Brief speculates that Ukraine may have had some role in the CJ-10 project. China may also have acquired several American Tomahawk missiles from Pakistan and Afghanistan, after the missiles were fired in a failed attack on the Taliban in 1999. The knowledge from these missiles may have been used in the CJ-10/YJ-62 project.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/28/CJ-10_naval.jpg/300px-CJ-10_naval.jpg

    CJ-10 cruise missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  6. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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    Long-range subsonic


    DH-10

    The DongHai 10 (DH-10) (East Sea 10) is a cruise missile developed in the People's Republic of China by the Third Academy by CASIC.
    According to Janes, the DH-10 is a second-generation land-attack cruise missile (LACM), integrated inertial navigation system, GPS, terrain contour mapping system, and digital scene-matching terminal-homing system.[3] The missile is estimated to have a circular error probable (CEP) of 10 meters. In 2008, a Pentagon report estimated the range of the DH-10 as over 4,000 km and that from 50 to 250 missiles had been deployed[1]
    However, since the PRC has not released any specs for the DH-10, the specs can only be considered best estimates by western military analysts.
    The PLA is known having been seeking long-range land-attack cruise missile (LACM) technology since the early 1990s. So far a number of developmental cruise missiles have been reported, though no detailed information has yet been published. China’s development of strategic LACM may have been assisted by Russian and Ukrainian technologies. Some sources predicted that the first operational deployment of Chinese indigenous LACM took place in 2004~2005. The PLA Second Artillery Corps (Strategic Missile Force) has formed a Cruise Missile Brigade based at Jianshui, Yunnan Province in southern China.
    China’s LACM research and development is aided by an aggressive effort to acquire foreign cruise missile technology, particularly from Russia and Ukraine. China also seeks dual-use technologies and subsystems from the United States and other foreign countries. According to a recent report, Ukraine exported at least 18 examples of the 3,000 km-range, nuclear capable Kh-55 (NATO codename: AS-15 Kent) strategic cruise missiles to China and Iran between 1999 and 2001. China may have also obtained the design of the Kh-65SE, a shorter-range export version of the Kh-55 from Russia.

    Cruise missile guidance

    The guidance system represents the most significant challenge for a long-range cruise missile programme. The proposed Chinese cruise missile is likely going to be equipped with a multiple guidance system with an inertial navigation system (INS), global positioning system (GPS), and terrain comparison (TERCOM).
    China would require an extensive database of accurate topographic information to use terrain comparison (TERCOM) guidance. But TERCOM would probably be relatively ineffective in areas such as the South China Sea, which present few navigational reference points. Published reports suggest that GPS would initially be used as the primary guidance system, possibly to be supplemented subsequently with TERCOM.
    The potential use of the American GPS system would render this system vulnerable to jamming of the unencrypted civil signal (CA code) from GPS satellites within view of the Chinese area of operations, or to local jamming and spoofing in the target area. Chinese cruise missiles could still find their targets using inertial navigation system (INS) technology, but without GPS updates they would be significantly less accurate.
    It is likely that even if the US tried to deny GPS signals to China, the PLA's cruise missiles could still function via the Russian GLONASS, or in the future the European GALILEO navigation signals. China could also use its own “Compass Satellite Navigation System”, which would comprise five Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites and 30 medium Earth orbit satellites to provide a global cover, but the compass navigation system only covers Asia, and part of the Pacific region right now. It will take approximately another five years to complete the whole system to have global coverage and compete with GPS.

    Powerplant

    China is relatively experienced in small turbofan engine technology. China has developed a range of small turbojet engines to power its anti-ship cruise missiles such as HY-4 (C-401) and YJ-82 (C-802). China is also actively seeking to develop the more advanced turbofan engine for its next generation fighter aircraft. China has developed 16.87kN thrust WS-11 turbofan engine to power its JL-8/K-8 jet trainer aircraft. The same technology can used to develop a suitable turbofan engine for the cruise missile

    WARHEAD
    As well as nuclear warhead and conventional high-explosive (HE) warhead, the future Chinese cruise missile may also be able to carry special warhead such as electromagnetic pulse (EMP)[citation needed]
     
  7. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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  8. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    Yuanwang 4 Sunk by AC killer missle DF21 in One test

    well, it is reported that PLAN's retired intellegence-ship Yuanwang4 got sunk by AC-killer missle DF21 in one test.

    Yuanwang 4 once was PLAN's intellegence ship and retired after one accident. Its displacement is over 10K tons.

    Before the test, One cube reflector and lots of antennas were fitted on Yuanwang 4 ,in oder to increase the RCS of the ship .Thus, the RCS of Yuanwang4 seemed as large as one Aircraft carrier ,seen from Radars. In the test of AC-killer missle DF21,Yuanwang4 could play the role of the target ship--one aircraft ship.

    Here is Yuanwang 4 after the refitment. the cube reflector can be seen easily.
    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Jan 18, 2011
  9. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    so when is this test happened ???
     
    Last edited: Jan 18, 2011
  10. mcukiller

    mcukiller New Member

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    False news! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
     
  11. A.V.

    A.V. New Member

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    can you verify what you consider that false news , every news must be supported by hard facts and reasons
     
  12. mcukiller

    mcukiller New Member

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    It was posted in CJDBY forum,by Military enthusiasts,not Official......
     
  13. Oracle

    Oracle New Member

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    I do not understand. Where is the source/link confirming that? That's BS!
     
  14. A.V.

    A.V. New Member

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    i see , thanks for that most reports from forums or blogs we have to take it with a pinch of salt and infact when we have very little coming out from china in official statements , most guys depend on those so called leaks.

    thats good now lets hear from badguy whats his confirmation
     
  15. neo29

    neo29 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Assuming the news its true, the Chinese know where the ship was and its co-ordinates. All the need to do was feed the information on the DF21 and there u have a successful test. I think India can do the same with Prithvi Missiles too.

    Finding a Ship thats moving among other Ships in sea is quite difficult. Its easier said than done. Besides its highly classified information to know a ships current location. More so hitting a moving target 1000 km away can have a success of less than 10%.
     
  16. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    BTW, Rear Admiral Zhang Zhaozhong also once assertively denied the existence of Chinese AC-killer project,just as he assertively denied the existence of CHinese 5G bird project.
     
    Last edited: Jan 18, 2011
  17. Oracle

    Oracle New Member

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    Everything is propaganda, unless you post a credible source!
     
  18. badguy2000

    badguy2000 Respected Member Senior Member

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    well, it is just a leak from CD....trust it at you risk,because I can not assure its credit now ,either.

    what I do is just a share of information.. it is not my job to persuade you.
     
  19. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    Perhaps you've confused persuasion and credibility my friend.
    The only worth of credibility is that it doesn't need any persuasion.
    Anyways thanks for sharing the wobbled hypothesis.

    Regards,
    Virendra
     
  20. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    Badguy rarely finds any confirmation for his news. He posts off Chinese fan forums.
     
  21. Singh

    Singh Phat Cat Administrator

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    I think Badguy will prove you wrong this time, his honour and the honour of his country is at stake.
     

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