Unknown pages of life on the territory of the ex-Soviet Union

Discussion in 'Europe and Russia' started by Akim, Dec 19, 2012.

  1. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    I will be in this thread, answer the questions about what did not understand or did not know about the modern countries of the CIS and the Baltic States...
     
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  3. Singh

    Singh Phat Cat Administrator

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    How big is the role of religion in the CIS countries @Akim ?
     
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  4. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    @Singh
    It all depends on the location. Countries, which are geographically in Europe, are less subjected to the influence of religion on the state level. Eastern countries more. The only exception is Kazakhstan. In Russia officially a secular state. But the Orthodox tserkov has a great influence on society.
     
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  5. Tronic

    Tronic Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    @Akim

    How was the education system structured? Primary to higher education? How were the job prospects/opportunities? How was the pay system structured? How was life like for the educated professionals vis-a-vis the general labour? How good was the Health care system? Could you expect to receive good quality healthcare whenever needed or did the folks have to stand-by in long waiting lines to be treated? How was the social security? Pensions, et all. Lots of questions, but let's start with these. :)
     
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  6. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    The education system in the CIS countries is a little different, but, nevertheless, it seems. It consists of: lower secondary education, secondary, special and secondary - technical and higher. To CIS necessarily to the level of lower secondary (9 years). While in Turkmenistan, the Turkmen-bashi, girls were only up to the fourth grade.
    Colleges provide specialized secondary or secondary-technical.
    In Russia and Ukraine, Moldova operates Bologna system, which equated to colleges of higher learning, but in practice it does not work.
    Higher education is got in academies institutes, universities.
    In various countries, there is a system of state orders for training. In Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Azerbaijan such students study for free and guaranteed to get a job in their field. In Moldova, there is also a system of state orders, but there are big problems with employment
    In the countries of Central Asia, such a system does not exist
    At the present time are in demand technical specialty, so the young specialist with the humanitarian education harder to find a job
    There is a great demand for teachers and doctors, but they are pretty low-paying industries.

    The health care system in these countries still quite different. In Russia, the compulsory health insurance. There, the state invests a lot of money in the health system. . However, due to the large territory of the «infusion» is not always effective.. But in the big cities (200 thousand) has a good selection of medical equipment. In Belarus, the centralized system and not as effective. In Armenia and Ukraine of similar, but in Ukraine most developed system of medical institutions and first-aid stations. In all countries, primary health care free of charge, regardless of citizenship. In Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, it is completely free and secured by the Constitution
    However, it is not always due to lack of quality of more expensive drugs, which have to buy for your money.
    In all countries, there is a private clinic. Who have all the latest equipment.
    General insurance industry in all CIS countries still quite disadvantageous to the user. Insurers are trying to dodge the mandatory payments, looking for excuses, reduce their costs.
    Social component also varies
    All aspects, I do not know. I say that in Russia pensions are much higher than in Ukraine, but large domestic prices almost indistinguishable.
    P.S. Please. Ask more targeted questions, what is not clear from the General context of the information that you have. I looked at the English version of Wikipedia. In its General provisions are. Such questions as : quality of health services in Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, etc. there. So I did not give vague answers on a wide range of information.
     
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  7. spikey360

    spikey360 Crusader Senior Member

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    Please shed some light on the conscription system in Russia, @Akim. Do people still favour it, or do they look for excuses to avoid it?
     
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  8. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    Conscription in Russia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    I will tell you what is not written in Wikipedia. In Russia the compulsory military service is not popular. Conscripts, trying different ways, depart from the service. Every six months in the military registration and enlistment offices big problem with shortfalls. The entire blame for the Chechen war, which reduced the popularity of the army in the Russian society. However, in Russia there is a developed system of campaign information to support the image of the army. Service under the contract is profitable, but before you attend it, it is necessary to perform military compulsory service, which many did not want to.
     
  9. HeinzGud

    HeinzGud Senior Member Senior Member

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    Explain more about the compulsory health insurance policy of CIS countries. Don't you people have a totally free health care system?
     
  10. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    Compulsory health insurance is only in Russia. It is considered to be free of charge for the citizens of Russia, but is included as additional tax on the working citizens. Having a policy, You must acquire the necessary volume of services, connected with your treatment. But, as a rule, doctors recommend a larger volume of drugs that you have to buy yourself. In other CIS countries medical insurance is a voluntary decision. Its price is about $ 1,000 a year. When buying her all financial responsibility for Your treatment lies on the insurance company. But before that the company specifies the limit on the amount of Your treatment.
     
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  11. HeinzGud

    HeinzGud Senior Member Senior Member

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    What are the necessary volume of services?

    Did CIS countries have a public health care system in communist rule and what happened to it after the collapse of the USSR?
     
  12. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    infectious and parasitic diseases;
    neoplasms;
    diseases of the blood, blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism;
    diseases of endocrine system, nutritional and metabolic disorders;
    mental disorders and behavioural disorders;
    diseases of the nervous system;
    diseases of the eye and its appendages of the staff;
    diseases of the ear and mastoid process;
    diseases of blood circulation system;
    diseases of respiratory organs;
    diseases of the digestive organs;
    diseases of skin and hypodermic tissue;
    diseases of bone-muscular system and conjunctive tissue;
    diseases of urogenital system;
    pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and abortion;
    certain conditions originating in the perinatal period;
    congenital anomalies (malformations), deformations and chromosomal abnormalities;
    symptoms, signs and deviations from the norms identified in clinical and laboratory studies;
    injuries, poisoning and other effects of external causes.

    In the USSR budget on health care amounted to 2.3% of GDP. In Russia this figure 12.1% , and in Kazakhstan 11,4%, in Belarus 9.2% in Ukraine 8.9%of%. But the revenues in the USSR were much more, so in the scale they were more visible. By the way, China spends on its medicine only 3.8%. No one will say that in China bad medic. service?

    [​IMG]
     
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  13. Tronic

    Tronic Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Thanks for all that info. I will be more specific next time. Though, let me ask; are you speaking about life in the Soviet Union or life in the present day East Europe?
     
  14. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    @Tronic
    I wrote former Society Union. We already more than 20 years of living apart, and many formed an information vacuum, as if we still live behind the Iron Curtain. People do not know: what cars we ride on, what films look, about trade wars, about territorial disputes and much what other. This summer in Chile occurred small casus. In a competition divers among other hung up the flag of UkrSSR. If there does not know one of the largest from countries in Europe, then that to talk about other countries the CIS with a population of up to 10 million people?! Since I posted a topic in the section "Europe & Russia" it is easier to speak about the European part of the CIS (Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia) +Georgia.
     
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  15. Tronic

    Tronic Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Ah, ok. I misunderstood you than. I am more curious about life in the Soviet Union rather than current day Eastern Europe. I think most of the people here are aware that Eastern Europe today is much different than the past and moving closer to the West.
     
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  16. spikey360

    spikey360 Crusader Senior Member

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    First of all, thank you for creating this thread and replying. The life of people in ex Soviet states is something people of English speaking world don't get to know very often, the language barrier proving to a major problem for people to people communication.

    Coming back to conscription, it is good that Russia still has it. Unfortunate that people try to drop out of it. Military creates a regime of discipline which one won't find in any other field in the world.
     
  17. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    Not all and not always. The countries of Eastern Europe, are all countries East of the river Oder. The European CIS countries are conducting open policy with the rest of Europe, but it is independent players, which are not always going to make concessions to the West.
     
  18. Akim

    Akim Defence Professionals Defence Professionals

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    It only seems at first glance. In fact in Russia for less than the influence of the army, than let's say in Turkey.
     

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