Unique India and it's hurdles - Population Crisis & it's other Factors

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by ninja85, Oct 28, 2013.

  1. ninja85

    ninja85 Regular Member

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    India is a country of the giant population which is more than some continents India is the second most populated country in the world. The enormous population that is divided in various cultures and religions, sects, castes and languages. India wants to become a “developed” nation and also it has ambition to become superpower.
    Today India is one of the biggest economies in the world, fastest developing nation, and huge profitable market for luxury goods producers or high tech manufacturers.
    However, one of the biggest hurdles that hit India in its dream to become developed nation is the population crisis and if not now, this hurdle could hit India very hard sooner or later.
    when we say population crisis we usually don’t get clear idea of the word ‘crisis’ ,besides a big picture of Hugh population but the problem could be much bigger than we think .


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    Current Population of India - India, with 1.27Bn people is the second most populous country in the world. The figures show that India represents almost 17.31% of the world's population, which means one out of six people on this planet live in India. India's population had exceeded that of the entire continent of Africa by 200 million people. Although, the crown of the world's most populous country is on China's head for decades, India is all set to take the numero uno position by 2030.

    Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates and illegal immigration numbering in millions from Bangladesh and Nepal.
    There are other various factors of the India’s population which are very important because they affect social life of the people of India:-

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    1] Population Density

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    Population density is midyear population divide by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, which are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. India’s density is higher than that of any other nation of comparable size. The highest densities are not only in heavily urbanized regions but also in areas that are mostly agricultural.
    For example, Population of Uttar Pradesh (state in India) almost equals to the population of Brazil.

    2] Religion

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    Many religions have originated in the country and few religions of foreign origin have also flourished here. India has the distinction of being the land from where important religions namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism have originated at the same time the country is home to several indigenous faiths tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries and are holding the ground firmly Regional con-existence of diverse religious groups in the country makes it really unique
    In history of India, before independence India got divided because of the muslims political parties demanded separate state for muslims using violence and then the religious riots happened after that creating islamic pakistan and bangladesh and even today the consequences of the partition are seen, many clashes and riot, violence happened between different religious groups, mainly between Hindus and muslims and mostly because of the politics.
    Also many Muslim political parties following the same strategy to gain power and demanding separate laws and quotas for muslims creating hatred in people of different religion and adding more to the trouble, the illegal mass immigration of muslims numbering in millions from muslim bangladesh and islamic terrorism in India backed by pakistan in order to make India unstable has killed thousands of people in India is a serious security threat, also religion based politics makes it really worse from time-to-time

    Following image shows percentage of population, castes divide and literacy of the Indian states/union territories:-

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    3] Castes

    Hinduism is demonized in western countries by many because it has castes system but what they fails to realize that the castes are not religion issue it is a social issue. Even muslims, chritains, jains etc. communities in India follows the caste system very strictly, So it states that conversions into other religion doesn’t provides way-out of the castes system.
    In India caste system is divided into 4 groups’ forward castes or general caste, obc (other backward castes), Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (sc/st)
    Forward castes are considered socially, educationally, and economically advanced. But in fact more than half of them are not economically strong as considered; most of them fall in lower middle class.
    Forward caste is a term used in India to denote groups of people who do not qualify for any of the positive discrimination schemes operated by the government of India. These schemes are known as Reservation Benefits. Those groups who qualify are listed as OBC, SC/ST they can take advantage of defined quotas amongst other benefits for education, tax benefits, special government schemes, government employment and political representation. The lists of Forward, Other Backward and Scheduled castes, and Scheduled tribes are compiled irrespective of religion. The lists are subject to change from time to time, dependent upon social, educational and economic factors.
    Forward castes are struggling hard to get admissions in good colleges and getting jobs because of these reservation quotas of the other castes in both colleges and jobs along with facing the tough competition and they do not have economical benefits either, they have to pay full taxes while backward castes besides their little development are getting nothing much but more promises reservation quotas from the corrupt politicians.
    The Government has implemented reservations for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for the last 60 years; however the social and economic situation of these groups has not shown much improvement.
    This is clearly a result of the government failure by following wrong policies of caste/religion politics of the corrupt politicians since independence.



    4] Literacy and Education

    Education system in India is depended on the castes system especially when it comes to higher degree education and it is being exploit and deteriorate by castes politics of the reservation quotas.
    Already 24% of college seats are with other backward castes. Providing another 27% seats will deprive chances of forward castes.
    Any difference between proportions of different communities in higher educational institutions is mainly because of difference in primary school enrollment. (This fact was also confirmed in National sample surveys and pointed out by Oversight committee in its final report). Government should attack the cause instead of providing reservation at higher education level.

    Corrupt politicians use their black money to built private colleges of engineering, medical then goes on elections with the issues of the castes or minority giving nothing just promises of reservation quotas for a particular backward castes or minor religion then after election they uses the governmental powers to alter or to change the admission procedures only to fill the seats of their private colleges. But the dirty game of the religion and castes based politics of the selfish and corrupt politicians who cares of none but their income.


    5] Rich and Poor

    Every year, India adds more people than any other nation in the world, and in fact the individual population of some of its states is equal to the total population of many countries. Govt has initiated, sustained, and refined various planning schemes to help the poor attain self-sufficiency in food production. Probably the most important initiative has been the supply of basic commodities, particularly food at controlled prices, available throughout the country as the poor spend about 80% of their income on food. The schemes have however not been very successful because the rate of poverty reduction lags behind the rapid population growth rate.
    Adding to it, it is also being said that in reality planning commission of India doesn't counts half of the India’s population which are in fact below poverty line in planning of their welfare projects, they mostly considers states which are either developed or politically benefits. No wonder 500 million peoples are starving and homeless and rich-poor divide gap has widens more than ever.
    Despite all the causes, India currently adds 40 million people to its middle class every year. Middle class became the core of the Indian economy because these people are spending money in buying houses, luxury or branded goods, mobiles/laptops etc.an estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class; one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years. However, this has to be seen in perspective as the population of India has increased by 370 million from 1991 and 190 million from 2001 so the absolute number of poor has increased.

    While talking about rich it could be enough to say that India has more billionaires than most of the developed western/European countries like UK.Indian major company owners are buying major European companies like steel or car companies and properties and Indian riches have more than enough money to do so.


    Data from various sources.
    For more info and data:-

    http://http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_And_You/religion.aspx
    India's Population 2013- Population of India 2013- Current Population of India in 2013
    Literacy Rate in India- Indian Literacy Rate 2013- Literacy Rate of India
    Demographics of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Literacy in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forward_caste
     
    Last edited: Oct 28, 2013
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  3. drkrn

    drkrn Senior Member Senior Member

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    Re: Unique India and it's hurdles - Population Crisis & it's other Fac

    article says AP has 18.7 percent christians.i highly doubt that....
     
  4. ninja85

    ninja85 Regular Member

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    Re: Unique India and it's hurdles - Population Crisis & it's other Fac

    my mistake it's actually arunachal pradesh , i mistakenly typed AP.

    apologies and thank you for pointing it out.
     
  5. ninja85

    ninja85 Regular Member

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    Re: Unique India and it's hurdles - Population Crisis & it's other Fac

    In the column of the Christianity,

    "AP(18.7)" is actually "Arunachal Pradesh(18.7)".

    I apologize for typing mistake.
     

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