U.S. to expand military presence in Australia to counter China

Discussion in 'China' started by Kunal Biswas, Sep 17, 2011.

  1. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

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    U.S. to expand military presence in Australia to counter China

    http://www.japantoday.com/category/w...-counter-china

    The last gaps are closing down..
     
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  3. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    AUSMIN puts icing on the alliance cake

    AUSMIN puts icing on the alliance cake

    The big annual AUSMIN meeting, where Australia's defence and foreign ministers get together with their US counterparts, has just concluded in San Francisco. This year's talks marked the 60th anniversary of the Australia-US alliance, and the communiqué is rich birthday fare.

    The document rewards close reading. Tightened cooperation on cyber security is being sold by both governments as the big deliverable, since the anticipated breakthroughs on US access or basing are still being negotiated. But that is just the icing. As with last year's communique, this cake has many layers. Here's a quick taste.



    Reaffirmation of the alliance

    Goes without saying, one might think. But the language this year is exceptionally strong: 'an anchor of stability', 'shared values', 'proud and deep relationship', a 'storied tradition' (nice turn of phrase), 'adapting and innovating to face the challenges of the 21st century'. Whatever the dire prognostications of one school of commentary, the alliance is stronger than ever – and this is at least as much what Australia wants as what America needs.

    China

    We all know that very much of this is about China. But the language on China is sensible and balanced. There is a renewal of messages about seeking partnership, emphasising common interests and the need for continuous communication between militaries to prevent misunderstanding and crisis – a widely-repeated refrain this year.

    Connecting the spokes to include South Korea and India

    The document is a resounding endorsement of the emerging web of security links between US allies and partners. The US-Australia-Japan trilateral dialogue is still touted as the most important of these. But there is newly-forthright support for what would seem to be four-way 'training and integration' among the US, Australia, Japan and South Korea to deal with dangers and provocations posed by North Korea.

    And note the tantalising language on relations among Australia, the US and India: 'Identify areas of potential cooperation between the United States, Australia and India, including maritime security, disaster risk management and regional architecture'. Could this be the first hint of new trilateral process among the three key democratic players in the Indian Ocean? My chapter in this year's just-released Strategic Asia volume has some thoughts on this score.

    Missile defence

    As with the 2010 communique, the odd and cautious language is code for: 'It's a bit frustrating — the Australian defence establishment is really interested in connecting with the missile defence architecture of the US and its allies, but resistance within parts of the Labor Party remains a problem'.

    South China Sea

    These are firm messages. The two countries not only declare their national interest in freedom of navigation in these contested waters, they also say that they 'oppose the use of coercion or force to advance the claims of any party or interfere with legitimate economic activity'. Not 'condemn', 'reject' or 'deplore', but 'oppose'. Opposing is an active posture. It means that one day words might need to be translated into action.
     
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  4. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    US to build ties with India in East Asia Summit

    US to build ties with India in East Asia Summit


    Washington: Aiming to build ties with emerging countries like India and Indonesia, President Barack Obama will attend the East Asia Summit in November, an Obama administration official said.

    "There are many aspects of our strategy of greater commitment to institutions like the East Asia Summit, President Obama will make his first appearance as US President in November, building ties with emerging states like India and Indonesia, obviously dealing with the extraordinarily complex set of relationships with a country like China," a senior State Department official said.

    "But at the top of the list is our relationship with our partners and our allies. We have five treaty allies in Asia – Japan, South Korea, Australia, the Philippines, and Thailand," the official told reporters travelling with the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton enroute to San Francisco to attend the US-Australian Ministerial, better known as the AUSMIN followed by the APEC Women And The Economy summit.

    He said, over the last seven years, there was already a very strong relationship between Australia and the US, it has become even stronger.

    "We are working on a variety of things that we'll be discussing over the next couple of days. We are going to talk directly about how US and Australian forces can operate closely together, can work together in a variety of ways, and to see how Australia can play a role in what is termed the Global Posture Review," the official said. Referring to the relationship between the US and Australia, the official said more recently, their discussions and focus of cooperation has got much further afield.

    "We worked very closely on China with Prime Minister Rudd and, who now is Foreign Minister, is probably more than any other leader has just a remarkable command of China, has lectured in Chinese universities in Chinese, and has provided us his expert advice and commentary about how to proceed," he said.

    "We have worked with Australia on architecture and on trade. Architects in Australia have given us enormously good advice about how to position ourselves in this critical period on Asia. And as importantly, we have worked in what we might call out-of-area pursuits," he said.

    "Australia's been enormously helpful in Afghanistan and in efforts on Pakistan. And more recently, Foreign Minister Rudd has been deeply engaged in a variety of efforts associated with supporting the Arab Spring both through bringing together other likeminded nations and also coordinating closely with the US," the official said.
     
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  5. EagleOne

    EagleOne Regular Member

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    see this lines from theaustralian

    "At the grand Ausmin level, the official communique called for deeper strategic ties between Australia, the US and India, welcomed India's engagement in East Asia and called for greater co-operation with India in providing for maritime security."

    Foreign minister Rudd said: "The critical region for our future now extends to include the Indian Ocean as well. It is in the interests of both the US and Australia for India to play the role of a major international power. India is increasingly looking east with interest, both for strategic and economic reasons, and because of long-standing cultural connections."

    He drew the necessary distinctions between China and India, but in assessing the new economic ascendancy of Asia, he said: "It goes without saying that China and India are the main drivers of the new ascendancy."

    So the message is clear. India is shaping up to be of similar consequence to China, though from both a US and Australian view vastly more benign. It is up to Washington and Canberra to maximise their leverage and connections with India.

    New Australia-U.S. push deals India in to Pacific | The Australian
     
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