Top Ten Figures of the Indian Independence Movement

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  1. Mariner HK

    Mariner HK Tihar Jail Banned

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    Top Ten Figures of the Indian Independence Movement

    1. Bhagat Singh (28 September 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian socialist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, the word "Shaheed" meaning "martyr" in a number of Indian languages. Born into a Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj, as a teenager Singh studied European revolutionary movements and was attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies. He became involved in numerous revolutionary organisations, and quickly rose through the ranks of the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) to become one of its main leaders, eventually changing its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928.

      [​IMG]


      Seeking revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police, Singh was involved in the assassination of British police officer John Saunders. He eluded efforts by the police to capture him. Together with Batukeshwar Dutt, he undertook a successful effort to throw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly while shouting slogans of Inquilab Zindabad. Subsequently they volunteered to surrender and be arrested. Held on this charge, he gained widespread national support when he underwent a 116 day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for British and Indian political prisoners. During this time, sufficient evidence was brought against him for a conviction in the Saunders case, after trial by a Special Tribunal and appeal at the Privy Council in England. He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder, aged 23. His legacy prompted youth in India to begin fighting for Indian independence and he continues to be a youth idol in modern India, as well as the inspiration for several films. He is commemorated with a large bronze statue in the Parliament of India, as well as a range of other memorials..KILLED BY BRITISH AND IGNORED BY GANDHI FAMILY.
    2. Rani Laxmi Bai
    3. Chandrashekhar Azad
    4. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
    5. Nana Saheb
    6. Bal Gangadar Tilak
    7. Subhas Chandra Bose:REAL FATHER OF OUR NATION:No other leader can be equal to him for the cause of Indian Independence.
    8. Lala Lajpat Rai
    9. Ram Prasad Bismil
    10. Jawaharlal Nehru:Hmmmm later changed his family SURNAME into Gandhi Now now as Gandhi Family ruled India for 60 years .Hmmm Any way


    Covering an eventful period of nearly two centuries, a scattered war was waged by India against the British, which began with the English victory in Plassey in 1757. Since then had been rebellions against the cruelty and unfairness of British tyranny in the Indian subcontinent. Soon great battles were fought, immortal personalities emerged, extreme events occured, innumerable were killed or injured or involved in this amazing Revolution - all in the name of freedom, which finally was begotten in 1947.

    The term Indian independence movement encompasses a wide range of areas like political organisations, philosophies and movements which had the common aim to ending the company rule (East India Company) , and then British imperial authority, in parts of South Asia. The independence movement saw various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts, some nonviolent and others not so.

    During the first quarter of the 19th century, Rammohan Roy introduced modern education into India. Swami Vivekananda was the chief architect who profoundly projected the rich culture of India to the west at the end of 19th century. Many of the country's political leaders of the 19th and 20th century, including Mahatma Gandhi and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, were influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda

    The arbitrary entry of India into the war was strongly opposed by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, who had been elected President of the Congress twice, in 1938 and 1939. After lobbying against participation in the war, he resigned from Congress in 1939 and started a new party, the All India Forward Bloc. In 1940, a year after war broke out, the British had put Bose under house arrest in Calcutta. However, he escaped and made his way through Afghanistan to Germany to seek Axis help to raise an army to fight the British. Here, he raised with Rommel's Indian POWs what came to be known as the Free India Legion. Bose made his way ultimately to Japanese South Asia, where he formed what came to be known as the Azad Hind Government, a Provisional Free Indian Government in exile, and organised the Indian National Army with Indian POWs and Indian expatriates in South-East Asia, with the help of the Japanese. Its aim was to reach India as a fighting force that would build on public resentment to inspire revolts among Indian soldiers to defeat the British raj.

    Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

    The INA was to see action against the allies, including the British Indian Army, in the forests of Arakan, Burma and in Assam, laying siege on Imphal and Kohima with the Japanese 15th Army. During the war, the Andaman and Nicobar islands were captured by the Japanese and handed over by them to the INA. Bose renamed them Shahid (Martyr) and Swaraj (Independence).

    The INA would ultimately fail, owing to disrupted logistics, poor arms and supplies from the Japanese, and lack of support and training.[41] The supposed death of Bose is seen as culmination of the entire Azad Hind Movement. Following the surrender of Japan, the troops of the INA were brought to India and a number of them charged with treason. However, Bose's actions had captured the public imagination and also turned the inclination of the native soldiers of the British Indian Forces from one of loyalty to the crown to support for the soldiers that the Raj deemed as collaborators.

    After the war, the stories of the Azad Hind movement and its army that came into public limelight during the trials of soldiers of the INA in 1945 were seen as so inflammatory that, fearing mass revolts and uprisings — not just in India, but across its empire — the British Government forbade the BBC from broadcasting their story.[44] Newspapers reported the summary execution of INA soldiers held at Red Fort.[45] During and after the trial, mutinies broke out in the British Indian Armed forces, most notably in the Royal Indian Navy which found public support throughout India, from Karachi to Mumbai and from Vizag to Kolkata. Many historians have argued that the INA, and the mutinies it inspired, were strong driving forces behind the transfer of power in 1947

    You can Share ur Ideas ,Revolution in this Thread .Jai Hind
     
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  3. Mariner HK

    Mariner HK Tihar Jail Banned

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    Revolution IS all we need to make this country a Real Super Power
     
  4. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    I thought his daughter married a man named Gandhi, no relation to MK?
     
  5. shom

    shom Regular Member

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    No Rashbehari Bose, Bipin Chandra Pal, Binoy Badal and Dinesh in the list. I am Amazed and utterly Surprised. Moreover can anyone rate their contribution? Isnt it insulting them?
     
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  6. shom

    shom Regular Member

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    Get well informed mate, Jwaharlal Nehru never changed his Surname. It was Indira gandhi who was Indira nehru and later married to Firoz Gandhi. Even I also post wrong infos sometimes. Try to cross check while posting Indira Gandhi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  7. shom

    shom Regular Member

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    You never mentioned Rashbehari Bose on this context whereas he was the principal Architect of Indian National Army.
     
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  8. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    No blood relation to MK, but MK adopted Indira's husband Feroz, and thus Feroz Gandhi, and his wife was Indira Gandhi.

    [HR][/HR]

    Edit:

    This is what I had known, but I could be wrong. This mistake was pointed out by @Razor, so thanks to him.

    Well, apparently, what I had known was wrong and could possibly have been a rumour created by the Hindutva Brigade to defame Indira Gandhi for marrying a Muslim, although Feroze Gandhi was a Zoroastrian. This is what I saw:

    Source: Feroze Gandhi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
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  9. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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  10. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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  11. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Top Ten, really?

    You are going to rate performance of Freedom Fighters? :facepalm:
     
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  12. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    any one from Hindu Mahasabha ?
     
  13. Blackwater

    Blackwater Veteran Member Veteran Member

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    Is it true, that only punjabis and Bengalis lead /contributed/suffered/effectivefreedom struggle rest did nothing. Or am I being contrivertial:p:p
     
  14. shom

    shom Regular Member

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    thats what I said ,,,, it is really very much annoying,,,,,
     
  15. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    Thread closed.
    We can discuss the lives and efforts of national figures by separate threads.
    A top ten list is comparative and doesn't do justice.
     
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