Quite a damning report. And 40,000 surveillance camera in one city Urumqi? Why so many surveillance cameras? Is the situation that bad? According to the 2000 census, ÃœrÃ¼mqi has 2,081,834 inhabitants, with a population density of 174.53 inhabitants/km. Ethnicity Population Percentage Han 1,567,562 75.3% Uyghur 266,342 12.79% Are the Uighurs really in a more hostile mood than what one hears on and oft that 73% Han are afraid of 12% Uighurs?