The problem with China is that they want to make all Han and follow Han ways. While the reality is that the Uighurs are ethnically Turkic Muslims, who make up about 45% of Xinjiang's population while 40% are Han Chinese. China re-established control in 1949 after crushing short-lived state of East Turkestan. Since then, there has been large-scale immigration of Han Chinese and Uighurs fear erosion of traditional culture. They have good reasons since Urumqi has 75.3% of Han and only 12.79% Uighurs according to the 2000 census. Xinjiang has been rocked with attacks on the Han people who have flooded Xinjiang and are the only ones who are picking the fruits of the land, so to say. Obviously, that has upset the natives of the land - the Uighurs. Worse is that they are not allowed to practice their religion and the rituals, which is a sore issue for the Muslims. Terrorism has come to stay and with the manner in which China handling this issue, it will not oly stay but will flourish to inflict greater woes on China. The Chinese must realise that the Uighur Muslim people are pacifists like the Tibetan Buddhists.