Threats to Space Assets and India's Options -IDSA

Discussion in 'Strategic Forces' started by ejazr, Dec 25, 2011.

  1. ejazr

    ejazr Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Threats to Space Assets and India's Options | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

    Space assets are vulnerable to a variety of threats that include jamming of communications, command and control systems/links, physical attacks on satellites and ground stations, dazzling or blinding of satellite sensors; high-altitude nuclear detonations (HAND). Though in the past space has been used to support military operations, it has remained a conflict -free zone, and this may hold true in the future also. Space is a global common. Despite this some nations are developing a wide spectrum of anti-satellite (ASAT) weapon capabilities. The main driver for this is either their quest for space control or probably they are made to believe that air and space are analogous. For India, cheaper and softer options, like development of electronic warfare and cybernetic attack capabilities, will yield better results than blindly following costly propositions that vitiate the space environment.

    Read full paper here
    Threats to Space Assets and India's Options | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
     
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  3. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    DRDO and ISRO do collaborate on joint projects to address and prepare for such eventualities. The threats are of space driven spying currently and it will take time before they evolve into that of space wars.

    The capabilities of some of the currently active satellites like RISAT are compatible to look after few of the military demands as well and have done so in the past. ISRO had also provided US with some scans during initial days of Afghan war.
    Although ISRO publicly refutes possession of active dedicated spy satellites, they have worked with Israel to launch their spy satellite "TechSar/Polaris" and then ISRO's satellite-based surveillance and reconnaissance (SBS) programme culminated into CARTOSAT2 - the first dedicated military satellite.

    Further there is Communication-Centric Intelligence Satellite (CCI-Sat), Navy Satellite (GSAT-7) and IAF Satellite (GSAT-7A) planned for launch one after the other.
    Indian Military Satellite Program - Indian Defense Projects Sentinel

    Space based spying capabilities are indeed revealing and provide a lot of edge over the rivals..
    Excerpt from http://www.cdi.org/PDFs/scenarios.pdf:
    India presently is not a threatening space power and till recently didn't even intend to posture any military/spy elements in its space operations.
    Indian space philosophy has civil roots and military angles that have started to appear are expected to bear the mark of traditional democratic inhibitions that constrain India from being too aggressive in all realms - be it space or otherwise.
    But the increasing militarization of space by rivals such as China have prompted the government and the agencies to take stock and evolve the policy accordingly. Now more than ever, India needs very sharp watchful eyes to survey, predict and spot any rash Chinese movements.
    In the age of cybernetics and space integrated wars, victor would be the one who had the best reflexes during first stage of the war (whether for defensive posturing or taking the fight to enemy's camp).
    Space capabilities would improve those reflexes.

    Pursuant to that goal, an ASAT (Anti Satellite) development program of ISRO is underway wherein laser weapons would be used to neutralize satellites in space. India has already researched on space-based lasers, as well as a “kinetic attack loitering interceptor” KALI which produces an EM electron injector ray to destroy missiles/planes/satellites etc.

    Three years late to Chinese ASAT, India seemed finally woke up when in January 2010, DRDO Director-General and Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Dr VK Saraswat stated
    On February 10, 2010 Dr Saraswat stated that India had
    Saraswat claimed,
    What is messy about ASAT is that one satellite being blasted would send hundreds if not thousands of debris flying in the space and other (countries) satellites would be at immediate risk. This could easily escalate beyond control due to miscalculation. For example the Chinese ASAT test of 2007 had also left many debris in space and probably an Indian followup in future wouldn't be too different in that regard.
    Even then it is going to take many years before the tall Indian aims are achieved stepwise, from tiny budget initiatives to full blown functioning program and products. Surely not the Chinese way I'd say but we'll reach there. Deterrence is what is required most urgently and it will be attained.
    Question isn't "If", the question is "When".

    Regards,
    Virendra
     
    Last edited: Dec 25, 2011
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  4. pankaj nema

    pankaj nema Senior Member Senior Member

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    We need a strong deterrent capability that is the most important thing in this field

    If China hits our assets we must be able to return the favour
     
  5. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    And the Chinese have a lot of juicy targets as India has already invested so much in Space assets and the programs producing them.
    There is no excuse not to attain space deterrence.
     

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