The secret of S-500 !

Discussion in 'Land Forces' started by jakojako777, Dec 25, 2009.

  1. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    The military discovered the secret S-500
    Dmitry Litovkin
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    This photo represents S-500 (C=S in Cirilyc)! !
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    On photos is S-400 !
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    In the near future Russia will have a unified system of air and missile defense. Its foundation will be the anti-missile system next-generation C-500, developed by Air Defense Concern Almaz-Antey ". On Wednesday, the company passed on the basis of field meeting of military-industrial commission under the Government under the chairmanship of Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov.

    C-500 will replace only adopting anti-aircraft missile systems S-400 Triumph. Two battalions of these systems now cover the sky above Moscow. In the future, C-400 to completely replace all the existing Russia's S-300, reliably protecting the strategically important facilities in the country.

    But science does not stand still. Let C-400 and the latest technology, but Concern "Almaz-Antey" decided to go further. C-500 will be able to detect any air targets: from small drones, sneaking over the land, to nuclear warheads flying at a speed of 5 kilometers per second at a distance of 500 km. And not only find and classify the degree of danger, but also effectively immediately hit 10 of them. Modern systems affect not more than six goals, with some purpose, such as nuclear warheads, did not see.

    The development of the complex took up in 2007. And on Wednesday showed his first ready-made items. Externally, the new system of family S-300/400 There is practically no different. Is that Ming eight-wheel trucks have replaced Bryansk. There will be new radar positions. At one of the stands Sergei Ivanov revealed the latest radar-based active phased array operating at X-band. This is the last word in technology. The peculiarity of this station that the receiving and transmitting modules are combined into one unit, and antenna on the body there can be several hundred units. Such systems allow not only better detect air targets, but more accurately determine their location in space. As described in the company, in anticipation of the emergence of new C-500 radar will be installed as part of modernization and the S-400, which would further enhance their combat effectiveness.

    Èçâåñòèÿ.Ðó: Âîåííûå îòêðûëè òàéíó Ñ-500
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    "Pyatisotka" on approach
    In Russia create a new system of air and missile defense
    Yuri Gavrilov

    "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" - federal issue № 5066 (242) on December 17, 2009
    Print / save material

    - Defense is working to create a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense and the new generation - announced yesterday, Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov.

    Everything about her long-term appearance, has twice been discussed at meetings of the Military Industrialization Commission. On Wednesday, the MIC to revert to this issue. Better place for conversation than the concern for air defense of Leningrad prospectus, it was hard to find.

    Here, incidentally, invented the famous "Favorite" - anti-aircraft missile system S-300 and designed a promising Triumf S-400. This complex has passed all tests and commissioned. Three Division "chetyrehsotok" already are on combat duty near Moscow Elektrostal. And just for the State Program of weapons to Russia in 2015 for the Army plans to buy 23 battalions of such systems.

    Meanwhile, the head design bureau group is working on anti-aircraft missile weapons of the fifth generation. By analogy with previous examples of his name P-500. Elements of the system and a number of other promising of developments Ivanov yesterday showed during a tour of the workshops. General requirements for weapons novelties are known. According to the vice-premier, the country needs a project that would have included not only anti-aircraft and missile, and space defense. This should be an integrated system, means a combination of combat, information and management tools.

    It is clear that this is a very serious, expensive and unique in terms of innovation project. To ensure the safety of Russia's sky, but in the long term - and outer space, Russia is creating a reliable defense shield. To solve the problem of large-scale head design bureau unites under one roof, five major scientific system designers - who specializes in creating complex defense Air Force, Navy, Army, and automated control systems and missile defense. In addition, the development of an integrated program of forming an anti-aircraft missiles the fifth generation involved a number of ministries and departments.

    Of particular interest is the vice-premier to such products is dictated not only the needs of our Army. The fact that Ivanov spent several years in creating the problem of missile defense of the European theater of operations. This joint project between Russia and NATO until recently (until the Americans are not conceived in the Old World deploy its own missile defense) was considered the most successful. And Russia's S-300 and C-400 that can destroy targets such as Scud, not just competing, but far superior in many ways the American "Patriot". In the new architecture of European security, which is now discussing, and our Western experts, Russia's air defense and missile defense can be the vital, if not primary role.

    Also yesterday, the Military-Industrial Commission decides on what grounds can terminate research and development work carried out under the state defense order. The main customers of R & D - the military, so they entrusted to draw up such rules. They boil down to two basic positions. First - to round out the study, if they lost their relevance or do not guarantee the results to the target date. Second - the actual costs for work already done by the Defense Research Institute and KB must reimburse customers. Ivanov noted that the industry is not on its own initiative taken for the development of defense projects, and therefore should not suffer financially if the study decided to withdraw.
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  3. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Weapons of the Twenty-first Century
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    Into Joint Stock Company "Head System Design Bureau Almaz-Antey" Academician AA Raspletina "(General Director - Igor Ashurbeyli) 16 December, a field meeting of the Military Industrialization Commission (MIC) under the Government of Russia under the leadership of Vice Prime Minister, Sergei Ivanov, chairman of the MIC. What issues are addressed, the Commission and that this was preceded by?
    MIC, 24 December 2009

    FIFTH GENERATION

    Offsite meeting MIC in large enterprises of military industry of the country have become a tradition. And it is yielding results. Hard statistics show: Enterprise "defense" today the most successfully overcome the crisis through timely action taken, including through the MIC.

    In GSKB "Almaz-Antey" the first such meeting was held in February 2007. That it was announced that Russia would begin to establish a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons (EU AWGB) air defense missile, the fifth generation, which will combine the resources of air, missile and space defense.

    New weapons instructed to create the Head System Design Bureau named after Academician AA Raspletina. It was designed to integrate core developers, specializing in the creation of complex air defense Air Force, Navy, Army, as well as automated control systems and missile defense.

    GSKB "Almaz-Antey" - well-known head System-defense enterprises in Russia, engaged in the development of anti-aircraft missile systems and air defense systems since its formation. It was created in accordance with the Decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of September 8, 1947 № 3140-1028 as the prime contractor for the development of controlled missiles.

    Today GSKB "Almaz-Antey" is a set of research and development work to create IWT fifth generation. This points command and control, multifunction radar air defense missile systems, equipment for automatic start launchers, radio-electronic equipment of anti-aircraft guided missiles, Software for ground vehicles, missile guidance systems on the target. The company lot of developments in the creation of laser systems and their elements. With more than 60 years of experience, OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" remains by far the world leader in the development of anti-aircraft guided missiles.

    At this time of a representative delegation of business profits chairman of the Duma Committee on Defense Viktor Zavarzin, director of the Department of Defense Industry and High Technology Russia Nikolai Moiseyev, deputy minister of Industry and Trade Yuri Borisov, head of the apparatus of the MIC under the government of Russia - Deputy Chief of Staff Government Minister Igor Borovkov, first deputy chairman of the MIC Vladislav Putilin, CEO of Almaz-Antey "Vladislav Menshikov, the chief weapons RF Armed Forces - Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin, and other officials.

    The commission began with a visit to the shop, which were presented today and are in the development of promising examples of IWT. General Director of JSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey" Vladislav Men'shchikova and CEO of OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli were shown samples of weapons and military equipment, which, according to the Ministry of Defense, in general, meet the world level, and some of them to excel. This, in particular, in the course of the MIC said the Head of Department - Head of RF armed forces Oleg Frolov.

    Remember, shortly after the first meeting of the MIC in the company in Russia has adopted an anti-missile system "Triumph" C-400, which put on combat duty in the suburban town of Elektrostal. At this time the committee members have learned how the release of much-needed capacity to our Armed Forces systems, which are in connection with this problem, it is necessary to address them.


    Of particular interest to the MIC S-400 is clear. For this, we repeat, a promising air defense missile systems, which will soon become a more perfect long-range rocket. AAMS "Triumph" - until the unbeatable weapon in the world. Neither the American Patriot, or other air defense system is not yet able to compete with it. The system is designed to defeat all types of aircraft - planes, drones, cruise missiles. Can be used to control the aerodynamic and ballistic targets, making it a key element in establishing a theater missile defense.

    With the adoption of its weaponry increased significantly in the firing capabilities in the fight against hypersonic goals. It incorporates a new element base, new computer systems, new communications and data transmission, a new all-terrain transport base. This system in its target channels is twice the previous air defense missile systems such as S-300PM. It may, with the highest reliability to cover the base area of strategic nuclear forces, submarines, nuclear arsenals ... In short, C-400 opens up a completely new, previously unattainable possibilities in the fight against enemy aircraft.

    High enough for S-400 and export potential. But above all it will be supplied to our army. Not surprisingly, the conversation in the company were members of the military industrial complex, as the CEO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli, in advance of arming the system S-400 is Russian Armed Forces. "The final volume of orders will be corrected by the Ministry of Defense in the first quarter of 2010", - said Igor Ashurbeyli.

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    PROSPECTS FOR EU AWGB

    After touring the shop with samples of modern air defense weapons and prospective members of the committee continued to work in the conference hall. MIC Chairman Sergei Ivanov said that in accordance with the agenda to consider three questions.


    The first - on the Implementation of the Military-Industrial Commission on a single system of antiaircraft missile weapons. The second - the cessation of research and development work performed under the state defense order, and have lost their relevance. Third - the appointment of the general designer of systems and means of intelligence Missile Forces and Artillery Sun Russia.

    Sergei Borisovich stressed that the place of the meetings was not chosen by chance. It was here at the Head of system design bureau Almaz-Antey "Academician Alexander A. Raspletina designed anti-aircraft missile systems, which form the basis of many years of defense of our country.

    Now GSKB actively working on establishing a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense / ABM 5-th generation. In February 2007, and in April 2008, the first in the Commission had already addressed issues related to the new system. At the same time were given specific instructions, including those aimed at providing a unified scientific-technical policy and crosscutting harmonization of basic technical solutions in the EU AWGB Concern "Almaz-Antey".

    Sergei Ivanov said that the MIC to be examined, as things stand with their implementation. In addition, a detailed understanding of the prospects of establishing a system of antiaircraft missile weapons, to identify solutions to problems faced by its developers.

    Regarding the second question, the meeting agenda, Sergei Ivanov said that consideration should be prepared by the Ministry of Defense Rules for termination of research and development work performed by the GOZ and lost their relevance. The need for approval of such rules is long overdue.

    - Obviously, we did not just say that the Public Procurement in need of well-defined algorithm of action that allows them to abandon R & D, who have lost their relevance, - he stressed.

    In law enforcement today is changing: optimized structure and staffing level, introducing new ways of doing things, of course, is forcing them to abandon some of the developments. In addition, the market there are analogues of the ordered products that meet the tactical and technical requirements.

    And, of course, to stop work, according to Ivanov, it is necessary in the event that it becomes clear that the deadline due to lack of technical and scientific or technological backlog is simply impossible to achieve the intended results. In prepared Ming-defense related regulations, in particular, determined that the grounds for termination of research or development activities is the decision to refine the state defense order for the relevant period, taken to the procedure established by government decree approving the GOZ.

    It provides that the actual costs incurred by the prime contractor will be paid from and within the means provided for the financing of Public Procurement defense order for a given year with the appropriate specification. If necessary for these purposes may be sent to the resources released as a result of refinement of other tasks.

    Low-defense presented a draft of the Rules of the termination of research and development work performed by GOZ and lost relevance, in the apparatus of the MIC finalized and agreed upon by all interested parties.

    The report of the Director General of JSC "GSKB" Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli conducted by videoconference, was presented the course to develop a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons (EU AWGB), including C-500. He illustrated his report figures implementation of plans in 2009, reported on promising areas in which the staff will work in creating anti-aircraft missile-5-th generation. Shared his vision of solving problems facing GSKB large-scale problems.

    At the meeting, the MIC decided to ensure the establishment of the EU AWGB. Among them:

    - Include EU funds AWGB the priority list of types of weapons, military and special equipment, determining the appearance of advanced systems of weapons (arms), the RF Armed Forces;
    - To include activities on technological and technical re-equipment of the organizations participating in the creation of the EU AWGB;
    - Develop proposals for the application of EU AWGB in defense of the Navy;
    - Adopt a comprehensive task of creating a technology program EU AWGB necessary technologies, materials and electronic component base.

    Military equipment being developed under the EU AWGB, is the foundation created a system of air and space defense. Therefore, the MIC retreat meeting discussed were issues related to the execution of the work to create a forward-looking S-500, the further development of the EU AWGB and potentially create SAI RF.

    For GSKB "Almaz-Antey" today is connected with the creation of high-grade ground-based radar, missiles, long-range and high-altitude interception. This is the main thing that determines the future of air defense and missile defense. Recall that it is against these objectives November 30, 2009 at a meeting of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey" in the presidential administration of Russia was approved by the reorganization of the group by adhering to GSKB "Almaz-Antey" companies such as OAO MNIIP " , JSC MNIIRE "Altair", OJSC "NIIRP", OJSC "NIEMI.

    All this shows that Russia's school of anti-aircraft missile in the face GSKB "Almaz-Antey" to maintain its best traditions, technological and industrial base, the scientific and engineering personnel, and intellectual potential.

    In conclusion, at a meeting of the MIC was considered the candidature of General Designer of systems and means of intelligence Missile Forces and Artillery.

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    RESULTS OF TWO YEARS

    MIC results of the visit to the company led the General Director of JSC "GSKB" Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli. At a meeting with representatives of the media, he said that the meeting discussed the results of two years work Almaz-Antey "for enforcement, which the MIC is taken in February 2007. Then the first time, was tasked to establish a unified system of Russia's air defense systems (EU AWGB). It was set eight development projects, which include the development of anti-aircraft missile systems and systems of ultra, medium, and long-range missile defense.

    For two years on all these works is nearly complete engineering design, and we have begun the final phase: the development of design documentation. All elements of the EU AWGB should be developed in accordance with the LG 2015. "The Commission noted that in general, problems are solved in accordance with the plan and set deadlines", - emphasized Igor Ashurbeyli.

    There are problems associated with the need to expand military fields Kapustin Yar, that attributable to the large-scale tactical and technical characteristics of the S-500, which can not be tested within the present borders of fields that we have today. In connection with the new range, altitude, speed range is no longer sufficient for the tests that are planned in 2012. Therefore, the remaining two years to bring it into line with the possibilities of new technology.

    The meeting also touched upon issues of concern creating a technological basis for future air defense, electronic component base of domestic production and some others. Other difficulties in fulfilling the task is not, and the next step in the program will have the task of creating a system of air and space defense. It, along with the EU AWGB will also include space surveillance systems, missile warning and other systems EBA. All work on C-500 will be completed within the LG-2015. How vividly observed Igor Ashurbeyli, with C-500 we go into space.

    There is a presidential order to increase the serial production of air defense missile systems. Now the issue of the expansion of production capacities Almaz-Antey ", in particular the construction of two new plants for the production of anti-aircraft guided missiles and ground vehicles. His final decision is yet to come, but there is a positive resolution.

    But after a session of the MIC is taken. In particular, the protocol signed by the decision that the task of creating an EU AWGB generally performed in a timely manner.

    Igor Ashurbeyli stressed that the technique developed in the field of air defense in Russia than in its characteristics foreign counterparts, in addition to significantly lower prices.

    In general, Military-Industrial Commission has worked very fruitfully, taken about ten points decisions.

    And the last. Responding to questions from the media, Igor Ashurbeyli stressed that in November 2009 completed preliminary testing of a new long-range missiles interception for S-400. Before the end of 2009 it will be submitted to the state tests. Dates of state tests is directly dependent on funding.

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    Oleg Falichev
    AVIA.RU: ????? ??????:
     
  4. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Instead of anti-aircraft missile launcher S-400 comes with S-500.

    According to RIA Novosti, reported by the Director General of the brain specialized design bureau Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli. To do this, planned re-equipment of enterprises of the concern, which includes the Omsk OAO "Saturn", the expansion of production capacity by building two new factories for the production of anti-aircraft missiles and ground-based air defenses. Russia Air Force Commander Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said on completion of the development of modern Russia's S-500 in the near future. "We are working on this promising, the qualitatively new system, which is not a continuation of the S-400", - said the general. Zelin, criticizing the work of defense enterprises, said: "How is the development of S-500, I am not happy. I wish that the potential that exists in the Air Defense Concern Almaz-Antey", has been doubled and even tripled. C-500 belongs to a new generation air defense missile systems, surface-to-air missiles designed to intercept ballistic missiles with a range and flight speed up to 3,5 thousand km. and up to 5 km. per second respectively. According to the specs of S-500 should detect and simultaneously destroy up to 10 supersonic targets at ranges up to 600 km.

    Currently, the core of Russia's defense are part of the connection and air defense of ground forces and air force, equipped with anti-aircraft missiles for the S-300 and C-400. By establishing air defense system involved in several enterprises of the concern. In Omsk "Saturn" produce on-board equipment. In cooperation with Concern "Almaz-Antey" Saturn "adopted a program of development until 2011.
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    Ñîçäàíèå çåíèòíîãî ðàêåòíîãî êîìïëåêñà Ñ-500 çàâåðøèòñÿ â 2015 ãîäó
     
  5. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russia creates system of air and space defense

    Russia creates system of air and space defense
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    Russia will set up a unified system of air and missile defense, said today Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said at a retreat meeting of the Military-Industrial Commission to the Government. On a single weapon system being developed now will be delivered complexes Aerospace Defense C-500, which represent the fifth generation of air defense.

    Research and development in C-500 should be completed as early as 2015. The development of a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons of the fifth generation is now involved in the parent system design bureau Almaz-Antey ". Next in the plans, according to general director of group Igor Ashurbeyli, the establishment of the base year 2020 air and space defense of Russia, which in addition to the actual C-500 will include a system of space control systems and missile warning.

    However, experts doubt that the work would be completed on time, and all agree that the integration of missile defense and air defense into the hands of only the enterprise itself.
    Ivanov looked too far into the future

    Now the domestic air-defense system combined with air-military forces, and missile defense system is virtually non-existent, except for missile defense of Moscow.

    President of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems Leonid Ivashov believes that the perceived voiced at the commission plans should not be serious, because in the best case, by 2015, will complete the design of complexes of the fifth generation. "If we have no troops in modern complexes, except for C-400, then we have time to 2015? - Ivashov said GZT.RU. - our capabilities are such that we can cover only selected objects.

    The possibility of creating a new system that will combine the elements of air defense and missile defense, already considered a government commission in 2007, when the Almaz-Antey "was instructed to start developing such a system.

    Head of the analyst Anatoly Tsyganok believes that attempts to create a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons of the fifth generation is doomed to failure, because even the Israeli army four years ago did not realize such an ambitious project.

    Now missile defense and air defense forces united in the U.S., but Americans have begun to engage in development in 1993, explained Tsyganok GZT.RU. The expert believes that the decision to integrate missile defense and air defense forces in Russia could hit the Strategic Rocket Forces (SRF), which are already in the military reform have been significantly reduced.

    "Thus, we are trying to compensate for lagging behind the Americans in the military reform, but I think that we should not try to protect themselves from the U.S., and to solve problems of planetary danger because they already have the NEO threat, which can be solved only by the Space Forces," - said Tsyganok GZT.RU.
    "Almaz-Antey" sparkle with new plants

    Tsyganok noted that such a decision the government is only interested himself Concern Almaz-Antey ", which promises a significant increase in project funding and orders for new research and development.

    Company general director Igor Ashurbeyli said after the committee meeting that already have "order and considers the expansion of production capacities Concern Almaz-Antey" by building two new plants. One of the plants will produce anti-aircraft missiles, and the second - ground-based air defenses. The final decision on financing the construction of new plants is still pending, but according to Aushrbeyli, "positive resolution president already has."

    However Ivashov sure that the construction of new plants will not solve anything, but you should take comprehensive measures to revive the entire military-industrial complex and the preparation of the designers of missiles. "Almaz-Antey" really lead our company. It has a good experience in designing such systems and bring them up to industrial production, but why should we then destroyed the plants, which previously existed? After all, to build the plant - not to solve the problem ", - concluded Ivashov in conversation with correspondent GZT.RU.

    ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????-??????????? ??????? ???????? GZT.ru
     
  6. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    C-500 would get in space

    C-500 would get in space


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    By 2015 in Russia will create a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense (AWGB), based on the new S-500, and by 2020 will create air and space defense of Russia, which, besides AWGB, will include space surveillance systems and prevention missile attack. , Said on Wednesday CEO Head System Design Bureau (GSKB) Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli after the meeting of the Military Industrialization Commission (MIC).

    The Annual Meeting of the military-industrial commission under the government of Russia took place on Wednesday under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov in GSKB "Almaz-Antey". The event began with a visit to the shop, where the audience was shown a modern and are in the development of promising examples of anti-missile weapons and military equipment. Immediately after the inspection meeting was held. According to Sergei Ivanov, "the place of the meetings was not chosen by accident" because the walls GSKB Almaz-Antey "designed anti-aircraft missile systems, which for many years are the basis of frontier defense of our country." "Now GSKB working to create a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense, missile defense fifth generation (EU AWGB)", - said Deputy Prime Minister.

    Recall that in February 2007 and April 2008 in the framework of the Military-Industrial Commission considered issues related to the new system. At the same time were given specific instructions, including those aimed at providing a unified scientific-technical policy and crosscutting unification of all the basic technical decisions in the EU AWGB Concern "Almaz-Antey".

    At this time, members of the military-industrial complex had to, according to Ivanov, "to understand in detail the prospects of anti-missile weapons and to discuss ways to solve problems faced by its developers.

    Also, considering the rules prepared by the Ministry of Defense R & termination of services performed under the state defense order and have lost their relevance. In addition, consideration was given to the appointment of the general designer of systems and means of exploration of missile forces and artillery. Candidacy for this position has already been agreed Minpromtorg, Defense and Rosoboronza. However, Deputy Prime Minister did not mention the name of this person. The agenda stood a few more questions, the subjects of which was not intended for the attention of journalists.

    This, in fact, open to the press and part of the meeting ended. Journalists were invited to go to the museum GSKB, examine the existing models of famous anti-aircraft missile complexes. However, following a meeting of the MIC to the waiting media representatives went out of his CEO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli, which opened in a possible cloak of secrecy regarding the main theme of the meeting.

    According to director general, unified system of antiaircraft missile defense, based on the new air defenses P-500, will be created in Russia by 2015. By this time, will, including completed work on the creation of S-500. "The challenge for the design and creation AWGB concern was placed in 2007, and for two years in almost all areas of work completed. Experts started to develop technical documentation "- Ashurbeyli said, adding that within a single system AWGB" developed by means of anti-aircraft missile systems of small, medium and long range. However, disclose specifications C-500 he did not want to.

    Note that, as previously reported, C-500 - missile system with long range and high-altitude interception of sensitive missile defense capability to defeat ballistic targets, as well as the possibility of destruction of warheads hypersonic cruise missiles. It is expected that C-500 to its characteristics surpass the already existing S-400 Triumph, which is designed to combat aircraft, made in technology Stealth, small-sized cruise missiles and ballistic missiles with a range of less than 3, 5 thousand kilometers, and speed - 4.8 kilometers per second.

    Head GSKB noted that since the establishment of an anti-aircraft missile defense plans are for 2020, a aerospace defense of Russia, which, besides AWGB, will include a system of space control and missile warning. "With a single system, we will enter the space sector", - said Igor Ashurbeyli.

    One of the journalists asked him, against which space objects can be used AWGB, based on S-500. "Who is going to fly, and that will affect" - "cut off" the general director.

    In addition, "Almaz-Antey" completed preliminary tests of new missiles to intercept long-range anti-aircraft missile system S-400. And by year-end S-400 Triumph "with the new long-range missiles will be transferred for public testing. "Never had any problems with the rocket for the C-400, as written in the media. In November, completed preliminary tests of long-range missiles intercept ", - said Ashurbeyli. He only said that "the testing of new missiles conducted in accordance with their funding.

    In general, the impression that a AAMS in Russia everything is in order. Plans for the C-500 is not in doubt. The only thing that darkens the joy of representatives of the MIC, is the fact that the testing of the new S-500 would require expansion of the route "Kapustin Yar" - Balkhash. Test Facility for testing is planned to increase by 2012 because, according to Ashurbeyli, "in relation to new heights, and other tactical and technical characteristics of the new system today polygon bases is not enough. For the rest, "the task of creating anti-missile defense are carried out in time."

    Dmitry Panovkin
    ?-500 ???????? ??????????? - ??????? ?????????, ?-500, ??? - ???????
     
  7. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    C-500 will be created in five years

    C-500 will be created in five years

    - 16.12.09 18:28 --

    TEXT: "Gazeta.Ru"
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    Photo: ITAR-TASS

    Research and development in missile systems S-500 will be completed in 2015. On Tuesday told reporters the general director of the Head of the specialized design bureau (GSKB) Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli. "All the elements of a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense (including the C-500 -" Gazeta.Ru ") should be completed in accordance with the state program of armament in 2015," - he said. Ashurbeyli also said that now addresses the construction of two new factories Concern "Almaz-Antey air defense systems. According to him, one plant will produce anti-aircraft missiles, and the second - ground-based air defenses.

    Meanwhile, in mid-September this year, Russia Air Force Commander Alexander Zelin said that the C-500 will appear in the near future. "We are working on this promising, the qualitatively new system, which is not a continuation of the S-400", - said the general. However, in early December Zelin criticized the work of defense enterprises. In particular, he said: "How is the development of S-500, I am not happy. We would like the potential that exists in the Almaz-Antey ", has been doubled and even tripled.

    In November, Zelin said that the Air Force of Russia in 2010, plans to get five more battalions of S-400 in addition to two already stood on alert in the Moscow region. "So far we have two divisions of S-400, in the tenth year, we have to get five more battalions", - said Zelin. Sam C-400 is in operation Russia army just two years. The complex is designed to defeat all present and future of air and space attack. Each SAM provides fire up to 10 targets with guided them to 20 missiles.

    Ãàçåòà.Ru — Ñ-500 ñîçäàäóò â òå÷åíèå ïÿòè ëåò
     
  8. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russia will create a new missile for the S-500 and replace "Satan"

    Russia will create a new missile for the S-500 and replace "Satan"


    Defense plans to Russia 2015-2016 period to complete the development of new anti-aircraft missile systems S-400 and C-500. In addition, the Strategic Rocket Forces will receive a new ballistic missile, to replace the RS-20 "Satan".

    According to the director general of the leading specialized design bureau Concern "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli, all the elements of a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense must be prepared in accordance with the state program of armament in 2015. For these purposes, "Almaz-Antey" plans to build two new factories. One plant will start construction of ground-based missiles, including complexes. Another plant will manufacture the missiles themselves for complexes C-400, C-500 and other missile and air defense installations.



    Igor Ashurbeyli added that the company in November completed the testing of new missile complexes S-400, RIA Novosti reports. The new missile designed to intercept long-range goals. Including, for intercepting ballistic missiles.

    Today the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces, Lieutenant General Andrew Shvaychenko said that by 2016 Russia will receive a new intercontinental ballistic missile. It should replace the standing armed with a missile RS-20 Voyevoda (NATO classification - SS-18 «Satan»). The new missile will be on liquid fuel. According Shvaychenko, by the end of 2016 the overall proportion of new missiles in the Strategic Missile Forces should reach 80%. The remaining 20% of the group will be staffed by old missiles with extended lifespan.
    Íîâûå Èçâåñòèÿ / Ðîññèÿ ñîçäàñò íîâûå ðàêåòû äëÿ Ñ-500 è çàìåíèò "Ñàòàíó"
     
  9. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    On the rise!

    TEXT IN BLUE IS ON S-400 and S-500

    On the rise!

    Air Force, as well as other types and kinds of troops of the Armed Forces, undergoing reform. Air Force Commander Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said in the pages of our newspaper draws a line under ended the academic year in the army and tells about the status and prospects of the Air Force.

    - Alexander, what are the results of the organizational and staffing activities in the Air Force in the context of the transition to a promising appearance of the Armed Forces? What in the formation of command and air bases have already been done?

    - Transition to a promising look of the Armed Forces of Russia planned and implemented in accordance with the approved plan, the President of Russia of the Armed Forces, Presidential Decree, orders and directives of the Minister of Defense and the General Staff of the Armed Forces.

    Main institutional arrangements for access to promising appearance planned and implemented in two phases. In the first phase (until June 1, 2009) were carried out organizational activities in the organs of military administration, the military Air Force units that do not require their relocation to a new area, moving arms, military equipment, transport material, as well as significant costs for capital construction. During this period, the Air Force reorganized its management, corps and division air defense in the management teams of aerospace defense (EBA), as well as management of radio teams in the management of radio regiments, established air bases for the second grade.

    All scheduled for this period of arrangements are made in a timely manner, disruption of your support was not there.

    In the second phase (until 1 December 2009) to complete the activities in the rest of the military units the Air Force. A forward combat air force of the air base, air defense and radio shelves.

    It should be noted that to date all the organs of military command and control military aircraft, combat troops and military units are contained in the new organizational and staff structure and thus qualify for combat-ready units.

    - What changes took place in the Air Force over the past year and what are the distinctive features of the newly formed structure of the Air Force what it was before?

    - A new organizational and staff structure involves reducing the number of managerial staff, transfer of all formations and military units of the Air Force reduced the category of permanent readiness units, equipped with new and modernized armaments and military equipment, improving the system of higher education institutions and optimization system based troops.

    The main efforts were focused on maintaining the combat and mobilization readiness of troops (forces), the tasks of alerting air defense Russia. Particular attention was paid to ensure that soldiers and their families official and permanent housing.

    Upon completion of the arrangements based combat air force would amount to seven operational commands, consisting of air bases and brigades EBA. The transition to a system of operational commands was due to the need for a more flexible and adaptive under conditions of rapidly changing circumstances of the organizational structure of air forces, providing operational planning, leadership training and direct control of subordinate forces and in the performance of tasks of the peace and wartime.

    In our opinion, the new organizational structure will better match the volume and content of soluble associations Air Force tasks, forms and methods of their operational use, which range in recent decades have expanded considerably.

    - How is the implementation of the plan update and enhance the fleet of new aircraft technology, as well as upgrade a machine in the State program of weapons?

    - Quality of the Air Force Russia - possibilities of combat tasks in almost all the known range of physiographic and climatic conditions, day and night, in simple and adverse weather conditions. Such a wide range of application conditions predetermined the need to create a unique Air Force weapons systems.

    For aviation, the Air Force component of the core group, it should be noted that in its composition remain Distant, front, army, special, military transport aviation, air transport association. In addition, formation complexes with armed unmanned aerial vehicles.

    It is obvious that the quality and quantity supplied to the army aviation equipment and weaponry depends largely on the ability of the Air Force to perform tasks as intended. To make the aircraft the Air Force a new image of Russia in 2020 should be re-accelerated in aircraft with advanced combat properties, as well as the fundamental renewal of the aircraft fleet with bringing the share of modern technology to a level not less than 70 percent.

    - Tell us about the modernization of aircraft Su and Mi-24 helicopters. What are the main advantages of the upgraded machines?

    - At present, signed long-term contracts for the modernization and repair. Air Force has already received four squadrons of upgraded Su-27SM. I believe that the modernization and multipurpose Su-25SM was successful. The work on the Su-25UBT. Released (albeit small) series of modernized Mi-24PM.

    Also wanted to point out that in industrial enterprises overhaul of the Su-27 costs about 200 million rubles, while its factories repair, although in a somewhat truncated form, costing only 17 million rubles. However, the repair shop air from one day to move into the composition just created holding aircraft repair ", so to predict the new cost is still difficult.

    - It's no secret that civil aviation is experiencing now is not the best of times, we all still in the memory of the recent air crash in military aviation. What measures are being taken to ensure safety in the Air Force?

    - Issues of safety for the General Command of the Air Force are a priority and are constantly in the field of view of management.

    Ratios of accidents in aviation Air Force in 2009 improved, but avoid it still failed. The attack on one accident in 2009 amounted to about 33 thousand hours, the accident rate (number of AP per 100 thousand flight hours) - about three. For comparison: in 2008 a raid on a single accident was a little over 30 thousand hours, and the accident rate - about 3,3.

    General Command of the Air Force taking decisive measures to improve vocational and the job training of aviation personnel, improve the reliability of aviation equipment, means of ensuring safety and improving the infrastructure of the Air Force.

    We planned and carried out a set of preventive measures: from the annual conferences of up to Air Force Military Council with matters of safety. The recommendations and decisions are sent to the troops, and then organized to oversee their enforcement.

    For the training of the security of flights annually organized academic courses in Military Science and Education Center Air Force Air Force Academy named after Prof. NE Zhukovsky, and Gagarin. We've tightened up the demand for the violations in organizing, directing and providing oversight. Upon investigation, aviation events issued orders to the commander in chief. For officials involved in aviation incidents, take disciplinary action and tangible impact.

    In addition, the Office of the Chief Aviation Air Force developed and sent to the troops guidance on organizing and conducting flight operations in aircraft parts.

    With regard to re-control towers, airfield complex funds management missions "KSRP-A, then a prototype dispatch radar with a new way to display the radar data is planned in the near future. This complex will greatly facilitate the process manual flight and I am sure, will improve safety.

    Also, tests of information-analytical real-time system "crane" system, which will improve the safety and effectiveness of combat employment of aviation systems from the operational (real time) information management team of flight crew actions in carrying out the flight plan and the technical state-controlled systems equipment and aircraft system during flight. We have prepared a draft order for the trial operation of the system.

    - What are the prospects for established teams EBA in general components of the defense - anti-aircraft missile troops and radio-technical troops? Tell us about the challenges that executes the newly created operational-strategic command of air and space defense.

    - With the transition to the new look of the development of anti-aircraft missile troops (ZRV) Air Force, keeping its composition, improved combat capability in peace time. This was possible due to the transfer of all military units in the category of permanent readiness, as mentioned above and their rearming the new anti-aircraft missile system (ZRS) medium-range missiles - long-range (SR-DD).

    In the future, the combat potential of ZRV Air Force will continue to grow at the expense of increasing the number of parts, rearmament on a new anti-aircraft missile system, SD-DD, as well as income on the new armament-gun anti-aircraft missile complex "Pantsir-C and anti-aircraft missile system of medium-range" Vityaz ".

    - In the past year at the range shooting Ashuluk successfully passed S-400. How much is currently staffed division air defense missile systems S-400 Triumph?

    - The past doctrine, which took part and calculations of the regiment, armed with anti-aircraft missile system S-400 (SR-DD), revealed certain difficulties. However, AAMS has successfully demonstrated its high capacity to destroy various types of targets, including simulating the operational-tactical and tactical ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. Raised during the exercise tasks were successfully completed this regiment.

    Currently in service ZRV Air Force has two divisions, equipped with an anti-aircraft missile system of medium-range - long range (S-400).

    - Recently CEO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" said the establishment in the foreseeable future, the new S-500. What are the requirements you are bringing to it what it should surpass the S-400?

    - Yes, in the foreseeable future the creation of a universal anti-aircraft missile system with long range and high-altitude interception with an increased potential for anti-missile missile (S-500). The main requirements for this system - the realization of large capacity to defeat ballistic targets (BRSD, tactical and operational-tactical ballistic missile) with a high intercept up to 200 miles, and flight speed of up to 7 km / sec, as well as defeat warheads hypersonic cruise missile .
    [

    - What is the level of training of young officers who come to the Air Force after high schools? How the reduction in the number of universities in the Air Force as an officer and human resources and staffing levels of the officer positions?

    - The level of training of officers, graduates of military educational institutions Defense allows them time to take up their duties in full on military posts. Internships cadets to graduate courses in military units, ensuring the formation of the initial practical skills of the tactical level.

    New staffing level of officers of the Air Force can equip troops fighting ended in the established standards. This priority designation for the vacant military positions of graduates in the current year was given increased attention.

    With regard to the reduction of military schools, it was carried out through mergers monodisciplinary military educational institutions without reducing the number of variable composition and staffing level of the teaching staff in the consolidated high schools meet the requirements of the organization of educational process. The organization of training courses, material and domestic security in these schools are solved in a planned manner. Thus from the budget of the Ministry of Defense for these purposes are allocated additional funding. The quality of training future officers in the course of these activities remains at a level that allows them to solve problems in accordance with the obtained in the military.

    - This year the Air Force participated in several major exercises: "Peace Mission-2009", "Kavkaz-2009" and "West 2009". What are the distinctive features of the Air Force had taken place during the exercises, what is your assessment of the level of coordinated operations with ground units and subdivisions?

    - Characteristic features held in 2009 school year, the exercises become their scope and international nature.

    In late June - early July, Air Force took part in the operational and strategic doctrine of "Kavkaz-2009" in the South-West strategic direction of cross-species groupings of troops (forces). It was about 30 airplanes and helicopters, part of the anti-aircraft missile and radio troops and more than 400 soldiers. The main efforts were aimed at training and slazhivanie government in the new organizational structure, development of optimal algorithms for the management of subordinate forces and the improvement of issues of interaction.

    In September, in accordance with the Joint Plan of training of the Armed Forces of Russia and Belarus under the supervision of the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces and the Republic of Belarus was held operational and strategic doctrine of "West 2009", which was attended by up to 75 units of aircraft and more than 600 people. The maneuvers enabled competently assess the ability to plan and manage to form a group of aviation and air defense forces, including the composition of the coalition. Practical Action covers the territory of the Republic of Belarus, the Moscow Military District and the Kaliningrad region. In terms of composition of forces involved and the means it can be compared only with the teachings of the Soviet period. It should also be noted that in the territory of the union state in the main advantage of the latest aviation technology. At the same time, aircraft of approximately 60 aircraft and helicopters took part in the operational and strategic exercise LVO "Ladoga-2009".

    During the exercises being conducted, and new programs and training courses, test new forms and methods of using forces, formations and military units based on the experience of contemporary wars and armed conflicts.

    In the field of international military cooperation with the armies of foreign countries, including in the United States air defense systems - CIS, held joint exercises with the People's Liberation Army of China, "Peace Mission 2009", the Republic of Kazakhstan "Air Force-2009 and the Collective rapid reaction force of the Treaty on Collective Security Cooperation-2009 "in Kazakhstan.

    During the year we resolved a lot of important tasks for the preparation of the Air Force as a whole and each association separately in a new guise. The activities undertaken have a dedicated training of air forces to perform tasks on purpose and had a positive impact on the results of reform. This experience, we plan to use and to increase further practical work.

    - Apart from the fact that the air forces of Russia are located inside the country, they also represented abroad: Kant airbase in Kyrgyzstan, the base of Erebuni in Armenia, Russia's air group in Sudan at the UN mission. Are there plans to further expand military presence in other regions of the world on a permanent or temporary basis?

    - Indeed, the Air Force successfully perform the tasks and in other states. In addition to these States, March 15, 2009 in accordance with Presidential Decree (dated September 1, 2008 number 1279) about the direction of the military formation of the Armed Forces to participate in the operation of the European Union in support of a UN presence in Chad is Russia's aviation group .

    The question of expansion of military presence overseas is in the competence of the President of Russia. In any case, Air Force ready to carry out tasks in any conditions and regions of the world.

    - What are the social problems are most acute in the Air Force and what are the prospects for their solution?

    - The most acute in the Air Force is the problem of providing servicemen with housing. Before 2012 will fully provide office accommodation approximately 11 thousand troops, who need to obtain official premises, as well as about 8,5 thousand military personnel, who will become eligible for these premises until 2012.

    Total year 2012 for military service housing will generate 19.5 thousand office accommodation.

    In addition, 1 May 2009, starting in 2005, the roster of participants in the storage and mortgage system (INS) housing soldiers including more than 10 thousand soldiers. It is noteworthy that on average each year in the Air Force there are grounds to participate in the RV more than 3,800 people, so before the end of 2020 will be included in the roster of more than 50 thousand officers and contractors.

    The imminent mass dismissal of the reserve soldiers would entail a sharp increase in housing needs. For verification of the lists of discharged recognized need for a permanent residence not more than 70 percent. Other soldiers provided with accommodation at the place of service, but want to change the place of residence (typically receive housing in Moscow and Moscow region, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region and other large provincial towns of the country). At the same time formally, in accordance with the Law "On status of servicemen, those soldiers are eligible for priority housing to those who do not go into the reserves or retired, and serving in locations selected for permanent residence is terminated.

    And now for some facts, which are complementary social pattern in the Air Force. As a result of the last monitoring the social situation of the military in the Air Force found that 78 percent of young families there is no monetary savings for the year 2009 they plan to purchase consumer durables (TV, refrigerator, washing machine, etc.). And about 40 percent of families are forced to give up trips to spa treatment, because they can not pay for them even with the envisaged benefits.

    - Alexander, and yet what are the basic facts that determine the severity of social problems in the Air Force?

    - The transition of our country to a market economy model has complicated the problem of livelihood of the Armed Forces and reduced the ability of the state in social programs for military personnel. For a very short time, soldiers from the relatively high-paying population turned into a social group with a low income, because that allowance - the main and only source of the family budget soldier.

    At the same time, underdeveloped social infrastructure of military garrisons, a decrease in its development compound the plight of the families of servicemen.

    As result - the lack of material and financial support for the implementation of many provisions of the legislation on social protection of servicemen and their families led to the situation./SIZE]

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    [​IMG]
     
  10. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russia will set up a unified system of air defense and missile defense

    Russia will set up a unified system of air defense and missile defense
    [​IMG]
    Told Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, Russia
    According to him, the basis for future unified system will be developed now, the S-500. It's rocket launchers, air and space defense of the fifth generation. Now the domestic air-defense system is integrated with the Air Force. The missile defense system includes radar early warning of missile attack and combat troops of the Moscow missile defense position area, which covers the capital of Russia from possible missile attack. It should be noted that both the system and are now in the interaction. Plans for integration of air defense and missile defense being developed in Russia for ten years, recalled a former chief of staff of the missile troops of the Moscow District, Colonel-General Viktor Esin.

    "The idea of creating in Russia a single missile and space defense, appeared at the end of the last century. For the first steps to implement it took another ten years. To say that 2015 will have a unified system of space-rocket defense, I would not. Case that, at best, if NPO Almaz-Antey "will implement a project to develop anti-missile system S-500, which should form the basis of this defense, you still need at least five years to develop its production and to establish mass production of these anti-aircraft missile systems. So we can expect a full-fledged missile and space defense of Russia in 2020.

    Many military experts say the chances of an immediate establishment of a joint air defense system and missile defense in Russia with caution for several reasons. First, such an ambitious project requires huge investments. Even a slight on geopolitical standards, Israel has failed so far to solve this problem. Secondly, experts point out that Russia is serious, but not completely realized project sea-based ballistic missile "Bulava". Problems with its tests to a number of experts predict that the establishment of a new set of C-500 can also be fraught with difficulties.

    Now missile defense and air defense forces united in the United States. But the Americans have begun to engage in development in 1993. And that, experts point out, in terms of the effectiveness of U.S. missile defense is a lot of criticism. There is another point. Some experts believe that the decision to integrate missile defense and air defense forces in Russia could strike at strategic rocket forces, who are already in the military reform have been reduced.

    However, all these arguments are based on indirect signs. As the developers say the new missile system, S-500 - one of the most secretive development of domestic Oboronprom. Designers say only that the system is designed to ward off new attacks, and it uses a truly new principles. Earlier, Russia Air Force Commander Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said that the complex has not been created on the basis of existing effective S-400 Triumph. It will be improved in parallel, and the result will be able to hit hypersonic ballistic targets in near space.

    We can assume that the C-500 with the working title "The monarch is an asymmetric response to the GBI - the basis of a global missile defense the United States and its allies. Given the difficult situation in the world, having trouble signing a new treaty on reducing strategic offensive weapons, not fully settled the question of the deployment of U.S. missile defense systems, the growing threat from North Korea and Iran, Russia, this is a must, says Viktor Esin.

    "We will be optimistic. And I think that in Russia after 2020 will be space defense, which is composed of S-500, which by its characteristics will not yield similar complexes of the type" Standard 3M U.S. and Russia will develop its defense capabilities .

    And for more effective deterrence of potential threats in Russia in 2016 should appear as a new heavy intercontinental ballistic missile. Andrew Gribanov. MPP, Voice of Russia.

    [​IMG]

    ? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ? ???: ????? ??????
     
  11. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Development of S-500 completed in 2015

    Development of S-500 completed in 2015

    [​IMG]

    Development of weapons for a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense in Russia, including anti-aircraft missile system S-500, will be completed in 2015. This, according to RIA Novosti, said General Director of the Head of the specialized design bureau Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli. To accomplish this task is planned to expand the production capacity of the plant "Almaz-Antey" at the expense of building two new factories, one of which will produce anti-aircraft missiles, and the second - ground-based air defenses.

    In mid-September 2009 Russia Air Force Commander Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said that Russia's latest anti-aircraft missile system S-500 will appear in the near future. "We are working on this promising, the qualitatively new system, which is not a continuation of the S-400", - said the general. However, in early December Zelin criticized the work of defense enterprises. In particular, he said: "How is the development of S-500, does not suit me. I wish that the potential that exists in the Air Defense Concern Almaz-Antey", has been doubled and even tripled.

    In April 2008 it became known that Russia's government started a program to create a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons for force protection, the economy and infrastructure by means of air attack. In particular, the program provides for the integration of air defense, electronic warfare and missile and space defense and creation on their basis of a unified system of air and space defense.

    In early February 2009 Russia and Belarus signed an agreement on joint protection of the Union State border and the establishment of a single regional air defense system. The structure of a unified air defense system will consist of five aircraft, ten anti-aircraft missile and five radio parts, and one electronic warfare. To lead the Russian-Belarusian air defense will be a commander of the Air Force and Air Defense of the countries, which will be appointed by the presidents of Russia and Belarus.

    Russia is now based air defense systems are part of the connection and air defense of ground forces and air forces. They are armed with anti-aircraft complex is C-300, C-400, Buk-M1, Tor-M1, Osa-AKM and Tunguska-M1.

    S-500 belongs to a new generation air defense missile systems, surface-to-air missiles. It is designed to intercept ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,5 thousand kilometers of medium and close distances, flying at speeds of up to five kilometers per second. According to the specs, C-500 should be able to detect and simultaneously destroy up to ten supersonic targets. The range of the C-500 is 600 kilometers.

    Lenta.ru: Îðóæèå: Ðàçðàáîòêà ÇÐÊ Ñ-500 çàâåðøèòñÿ â 2015 ãîäó
     
  12. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Work on the missile defense C-500 will be completed within 4-5 years - general director of Almaz
    [​IMG]
    MOSCOW, September 17. (ITAR-TASS). Development of a new anti-missile system S-500 must be completed by the emergence of new systems of air attacks, which are developed by leading world powers, said general director of Almaz Igor Ashurbeyli.

    Completed conceptual design (P-500), is currently under engineering design. I think that we will complete the work within four to five years. This system is not for those classes of weapons that exist today in the world. C-500 is designed to defeat those classes of weapons of air attacks, which are now in development by the leading world powers. It (the C-500) focuses on the fact that at the time of emergence of new types of complex lesions, we must be ready system that will answer the challenges of the time, "-- Ashurbeyli said in an interview to television channel "Vesti".

    With regard to air defense system S-400, Ashurbeyli noticed that the staff of "Almaz" produces only the "author's support." "We carry out its author's support the troops, because the first two years, as a rule, the system is run-in" - he said. "The team is developing other systemic complexes of different ranges, the fifth-generation system, a unified system of missile weapons," - he added.

    Asked about the possible export contracts for the sale of S-400, Ashurbeyli said: "This is a state secret so I can only say that since the two countries signed two major agreements on the number of divisions, exceeding the figure of ten." "It is possible that the first contracts to be concluded by the end of this year. Perhaps he was carried away for a quarter or two, but in principle, the contract will be" - he said.

    ÀÐÌÑ-ÒÀÑÑ
     
  13. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]

    • Development of a new anti-missile system S-500 must be completed by the emergence of new systems of air attacks, which are developed by leading world powers, said general director of Almaz Igor Ashurbeyli.


    • Completed conceptual design (P-500), is currently under engineering design. I think that we will complete the work within four to five years. This system is not for those classes of weapons that exist today in the world. C-500 is designed to defeat those classes of weapons of air attacks, which are now in development by the leading world powers. It (the C-500) focuses on the fact that at the time of emergence of new types of complex lesions, we must be ready system that will answer the challenges of the time, "-- Ashurbeyli said in an interview to television channel "Vesti".


    • With regard to air defense system S-400, Ashurbeyli noticed that the staff of "Almaz" produces only the "author's support." "We carry out its author's support the troops, because the first two years, as a rule, the system is run-in" - he said. "The team is developing other systemic complexes of different ranges, the fifth-generation system, a unified system of missile weapons," - he added.


    • Asked about the possible export contracts for the sale of S-400, Ashurbeyli said: "This is a state secret so I can only say that since the two countries signed two major agreements on the number of divisions, exceeding the figure of ten." "It is possible that the first contracts to be concluded by the end of this year. Perhaps he was carried away for a quarter or two, but in principle, the contract will be" - he said.


    ñ-500 - Guns.ru Talks


    [​IMG]

    Triumph system

    About AAMS "Triumph" in the media said: "In the Air Force General Headquarters believe that its fighting capabilities will not be exhausted in the twentieth century. In the Central Design Bureau "Almaz-Antey" look 30 years ahead. What will be the C-500? New air defense missile systems will see enemy targets at 150-200 kilometers further than the S-400, due to a fundamentally new radar (radar increased power). According to some "leaked" information, a C-500 is a radically new arrangement of "barrels" - to the four traditional add another two. Electronic equipment "Triumph" will be able in a few seconds "sort out" the target of importance and determine which of them - bomber, fighter, cruise or other missiles - one must first destroy. Instead of 6 (as a C-400), he can hit 10 targets almost simultaneously. Height destruction - from 50 meters to 30 kilometers. Range of destroying the target - more than 300 km. Anti-aircraft missile system S-400 Triumf is intended to replace the SAM family of S-300 and C-200 and has increased efficiency in the fight against new types of needs - flying апаратами performed using the technology of "Stealth" small-sized cruise missiles and ballistic missiles with a range of less than 3500 km, and speed does not exceed 4.8 km / sec.
    ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? C500
     
  14. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    S-500

    S-500
    Country: Russia
    Details
    [​IMG]
    Currently in the blueprint stage, the S-500 is a Russian surface-to-air missile system that, if developed, will be able to track and destroy ballistic missiles with ranges of up to 3,500 kilometers. At present, however, reports indicate that Russia has not yet started building the S-500, apparently due to a lack of funds.(1)



    In June 2000, Secretary of Defense William Cohen and Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA), Chair of the House Armed Services Committee’s Military Research and Development Subcommittee, led a U.S. delegation to Moscow to meet with Russian Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Mikhailov and several top-ranking Russian generals. In a series of discussions, two new Russian surface-to-air missile systems were mentioned: the S-400 (NATO: SA-20 Triumf), then still under development, and the S-500, which existed solely on paper.(2)



    According to Mikhailov, Russia had completed theoretical calculations on the S-500 and, if deployed, the system would outperform the S-400 as well as the U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 system. Mikhailov acknowledged, however, that Moscow lacked the financial resources to complete the project. Seizing the opportunity, Weldon suggested to Mikhailov that the U.S. and Russia create a joint missile defense system, one that would incorporate S-500 technology, U.S. funding, and the strategic expertise of both nations.(3) Mikhailov seemed intrigued by the idea, but refused to offer any more specifics about the S-500.(4)



    After the U.S. delegation returned to Washington and Rep. Weldon reported his findings to the House Armed Services Committee, naysayers immediately argued that Moscow would use U.S. taxpayer dollars to fund its military experiments, which were in direct violation of the 1972 ABM Treaty (still in existence at the time).(5) If indeed the S-500 had been developed and it had lived up to Russians expectations, as described, it would have violated the ABM Treaty’s 1997 demarcation agreements, which allowed for only short range or “tactical” anti-ballistic missile systems.(6) At the time, the S-400 and its upgraded version, the Antey-2500, were barely below the demarcation threshold. The Russians claimed that the S-500 would outperform S-400 by a wide margin.(7)



    Nevertheless, the Pentagon began examining options for a joint missile defense system, one that would strengthen political, military, and economic ties between the two nations.(8) Jacques Gansler, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, attempted to quell dissent by stating that such a collaborative system would not replace U.S. efforts to build its own national missile defense system. As Gansler put it, the S-500 would be a “compliment to our systems, rather than a replacement.”(9) Many missile defense proponents in the U.S. understood that such a collaboration would encourage both nations to move away from the archaic 1972 ABM Treaty.



    Moscow ended the debate in early 2001 by rejecting the U.S. proposal for cooperation.(10) In April 2001, however, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the future exportation of the S-500 to Europe and elsewhere in order to counter U.S. efforts to build a NATO-wide missile defense network.(11)



    Addressing the House Armed Services Committee in July 2001, Rep. Weldon expressed his dissatisfaction with the Russian Defense Ministry. According to Weldon, the Russians had attempted to cover up the fact that its S-500 plans were in open violation of the ABM Treaty: “Nobody is involved with Russia as much as I am, but I can tell you, there are people in the Russian Defense Ministry I don’t trust. . . . There’s a pattern here of deliberate attempts to mislead America and the allies on what Russia’s ultimate plans are.” Weldon stressed that the U.S. needed to stick to President Ronald Reagan’s theory of “trust, but verify.”(12)



    Nevertheless, Weldon and others continued to push for a joint U.S.-Russian system incorporating the S-500 design. In May 2004, two years after the U.S. withdrew from the ABM Treaty, the Congressman traveled to Moscow and reiterated his offer: “You designed . . . the S-500 system but lack money. We can build it together.” Weldon emphasized that such a system would protect both the U.S. and Russia from the growing threat of weapons of mass destruction from Asia, the Middle East, and elsewhere.(13) At present, however, there is no evidence that Russia plans to collaborate with the U.S. on the S-500.

    MissileThreat :: S-500

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    WIKIPEDIA

    S-500 missile
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Jump to: navigation, search

    The S-500 Samoderzhets (Autocrat) is a Russian surface-to-air missile system, currently under development by the Almaz-Antey company.[1]
    [edit] Overview

    The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system, designed for intercepting short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,500 km (2,175 mi) and for defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, Airborne Warning and Control System, and jamming aircraft. It is not an upgraded version of the S-400[1]. With a planned range of 600 km (373 mi), the S-500 will be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic supersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 km/s.[2][3]

    As of 2009, the system is currently under design stage development at Almaz-Antey, and is planned to be completed in 2012.[4] There is also a version of the system called S-1000, but it is not known what the difference between the two versions is.[1]

    S-500 will reportedly be able to outperform both the S-400 as well as the U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 system.[4]

    Although sharing a similar designation, the relationship between this new S-500 and the S-500U project of the 1960s is unclear. The S-500U multichannel antiaircraft system was a 1968 initiative by the Soviet Air Defence Forces, Soviet Navy, Ministry of the Radio Industry and Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry to create a unified complex for the National Air Defense Troops, Navy and Ground Troops. Missiles of the S-500U complex were supposed to engage enemy aircraft at a range up to 100 km. The S-500U SAM complex project was rejected by the Red Army, which had a requirement to engage not only enemy aircraft, but also short range ballistic missiles. Consequently the S-300 family, SA-10 and SA-12, was developed instead.

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    S-500 missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  15. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Reorganization of OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" continues

    2 December 2009
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    Reorganization of OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" continues

    November 30, 2009 in the Administration of President of Russia held a meeting of the Council of Directors of OJSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey".

    The meeting was attended Beglov AD - Chairman of the Board of Directors, Deputy Head of Presidential Administration, Borisov Yu - Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, Dmitriev, MA - Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation, Zelin A . N. - Chief of the Air Force RF Isaykin AP - Director General of Rosoboronexport, Nikitin GS - deputy head of Federal Agency for Management of State Property, Menshikov VV - General Director of OAO Almaz -Antey ".

    The written opinion on the agenda presented Makarov NE - Chief of General Staff - First Deputy Minister of Defense, Manturov DV - Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, Putilin VN - First Deputy Chairman of the Military Industrialization Commission of the Government of Russia.

    In accordance with the directive of the RF Government dated 27 November 2009 approved by the commission of acts of reorganization by joining SDC Concern OAO MNIIP "," JSC MNIIRE "Altair", OJSC "NIIRP", OJSC "NIEMI" to OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey . The decision was taken unanimously passes the "Military-Industrial Courier.

    In the composition of the Board introduced two new members: Nedashkovsky AA - Deputy Director General of the Society for the regime and security and crutches SS - Deputy Director General of the Society of Legal Affairs and Corporate Policy.

    During the meeting were reviewed and other issues of current activity of JSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey".

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    Ðåîðãàíèçàöèÿ ÎÀÎ «ÃÑÊÁ «Àëìàç-Àíòåé» ïðîäîëæàåòñÿ - Ðîññèÿ
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  16. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Armament for a unified system of antiaircraft missile, Defense Ministry will create in 2015

    Now the issue of the construction of two new factories Concern Almaz-Antey


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    Research and development in the arms for a unified system of antiaircraft missile, Defense Minister, including the C-500, completed in 2015, told reporters the general director of the Head of the specialized design bureau (GSKB) Concern Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli.

    "All the elements of a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense must be completed in accordance with the state program of armament in 2015," - he said.

    Ashurbeyli also said that now addresses the construction of two new factories Concern Almaz-Antey air defense systems.

    "There is an assignment and discusses the expansion of production capacities Concern Almaz-Antey" by building two new factories, "- said Ashurbeli.

    According to him, one plant will produce anti-aircraft missiles, and the second - ground air defenses, RIA Novosti reports.

    Âîîðóæåíèå äëÿ åäèíîé ñèñòåìû çåíèòíîé ðàêåòíîé îáîðîíû ÐÔ ñîçäàäóò â 2015 ãîäó // KP.RU
     
  17. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    C-400 and C-500 - the present and the future of Russia's missile defense system

    C-400 and C-500 - the present and the future of Russia's missile defense system
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    New missiles for air defense missile system S-400 Triumph able to shoot down any modern means of air attack at a distance of 400 kilometers and arrived at state tests.

    "Triumph" has unique characteristics and has no analogues in the world. It can simultaneously track 300 targets and fire rockets into 36 of them.

    "This system is striking targets at a height of 10 meters to 27 kilometers. It affects everything: the unmanned and manned vehicles, and non-strategic ballistic and cruise missiles," - said to RIA Novosti, the representative of the company-developer.

    Despite the high specifications C-400, the designers are already preparing for it a worthy replacement. The enterprise JSC "GSKB" Almaz-Antey "completed the technical design of C-500. The development should be part of the global air defense system, missile defense, which will appear in the next decade. Characteristics of a new set of developers is kept secret.

    "I can only say that we will emerge from this development in the space sector, the specific characteristics can not name" - said director general said Thursday "GSKB Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli.

    The tests are planned to upgrade the missile test "Kapustin Yar in the Astrakhan region, since, according to the creators of C-500, Russia now has no market does not match the range of new items. Testing will be completed by 2015.

    ?-400 ? ?-500 - ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ??? | ????? | ????? ???????? "??? ???????"
     
  18. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    The S-300PMU3 was redesignated the S-400 Triumf, or SA-21, which is now entering service around Moscow, and being actively marketed overseas. It incorporates a new radar package, comprising the 96L6E Cheese Board, the 92N2 Grave Stone replacing the Tomb Stone, and a Big Bird replacement, the 92N6, is planned. The missile suite includes the extended range 48N6E3, the 96M6E/E2, and the new 40N6 long range missile, built to fly a ballistic trajectory and hit targets at 400 km range.

    Russian offerings are now very flexible, with a wide range of software and radar integration choices available for S-300P series systems. It is indeed an open question as to how useful the SA-10/20/21 series designations are, since existing S-300PMU series systems may be supplied with a range of enhancements. Any S-300P family system may be a hybrid using components from a range of subtypes. The modularity of the system will likely result in older systems being progressively retrofitted with newer components from the S-400, in block upgrades.

    Each S-300P series missile battery has its own 54K6 series mobile command post which fuses data generated by the various radars in the battery, while providing C3 capabilities linking the battery with district or sector 5S99 Senezh series, 73N6 Baikal series, Polyana or Panorama mobile command posts. Wireless radio frequency networking of batteries components, and command posts, was introduced with the SA-10B.

    As a result, most recent configurations of S-300P family missile systems can be rapidly deployed, rapidly relocated, and provide for flexible networking of battery components and radars.

    Recent years have seen the introduction of additional radars intended to support S-300P family missile systems. The massive VHF band 55Zh6 Nebo UE Tall Rack is currently deploying around Moscow to support S-400 batteries. The mobile VHF band 1L119 Nebo SVU AESA has been available for export since 2005, providing accurate 3D capability comparable to the Big Bird. The “shoot and scoot” VHF band KBR Vostok E is currently in test and being marketed for export.

    Other search and acquisition radars on offer include the digital L-band 67N6 Gamma DE series, and the re-engineered UHF-band digital 39N6 Kasta 2E1/2E2 Flat Face series.
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    S-400 Triumf 92N2 Grave Stone X-band high power-aperture engagement radar deployed.

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    S-400 Triumf LEMZ 96L6E Cheese Board L-band acquisition radar deployed. It replaces Cold War era S-band radars such as the 76N6 Clam Shell and 36D6/ST-68U Tin Shield series.

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    S-400 Triumf 55K6E Command Post. The advent of COTS technology computing hardware and open source software tools has seen explosive growth in the integration capabilities available to Russian designers.


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    Diagram 2: Engaging a VLO/LO target (above) using the 1L119 Nebo SVU as a VHF band acquisition and tracking radar, and the 30N6E Flap Lid as a missile uplink channel (Author).

    The next technological step for the Russian industry is to extend their existing radar data fusion capabilities into a full CEC capability following the US Navy model. This would permit fusion of raw track data from multiple radars to overcome the partial stealth capability in US types other than the upper tier F-22A and B-2A. Example trial track data as per: “The Cooperative Engagement Capability,” Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest 16, No. 4 (1995): 377-96, p. 388 in range, bearing and elevation.

    A critical long term consideration in assessing future capabilities in Russian and Chinese IADS will be data fusion capability. The Russians have possessed very basic networking and track fusion capabilities in a number of command post designs since the 1960s. What is unclear from public material is how far Russian industry has progressed in developing and deploying full radar track data fusion techniques, akin to the US Navy Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) system. Off the shelf Russian radar and SAM systems currently possess the networking and digital processing and interfaces required to support a CEC system. Addition of a “CEC-like capability” to systems such as the SA-20 and SA-21 requires, primarily, some additional computing capability, datalink bandwidth and suitable data fusion algorithms. All of these are easily within the development capabilities of Russian industry. Even if a “CEC-like capability” is not present in current systems, it will appear in the 2010-2020 timeframe. The relative simplicity of CEC and its integration, and the high payoff in using it, make the notion that Russian industry would not pursue this technology simply naïve.

    In summary, the kind of IADS Western aircraft will confront in the post 2010 timeframe will involve mixes of a wide range of radars and missile systems, with considerable diversity in operating bands, power-aperture performance, and often using sophisticated jam resistant modulation techniques, good frequency agility, and smart digital signal and data processing, with data fusion capabilities. The notion of a future IADS resembling Cold War era Soviet export systems is completely unrealistic.

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    Antey S-300V and S-300VM

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    The S-300V/S-300VM/Antey-2500 is the world's only truly mobile Anti Ballistic Missile system, and later variants are claimed to be capable of intercepting 4.5 km/sec reentry speed targets. The large size of the Grill Pan phased array and TELAR command link and illuminator antennas is evident. The system provides the capability to engage very low RCS aircraft at ranges in excess of 100 nautical miles. Below: 9M82 Giant round (images © Miroslav Gyűrösi).

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    Background
    The highly mobile Antey S-300V and S-300VM remain one of the most lethal area defence SAM systems ever developed, firing hypersonic missiles designed to engage aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles.

    Designed from the outset for high mobility and effectiveness against targets at all altitudes, the S-300V would have been a key player in any late Cold War conflict. This weapon was developed to provide not only long range area defence, but also to engage and destroy ISR assets like the E-3 AWACS, E-8 JSTARS and U-2, and tactical jammers like the EF-111A Raven and EA-6B Prowler.

    There have been repeated reports since the beginning of the decade in the Indian media that a buy of this system was imminent, but to date none has materialised. Numerous reports have also surfaced that the PLA is operating either an S-300V or S-300VM variant under the designation of HQ-18, although no hard evidence to support this claim has emerged as yet.

    From an Australian perspective the deployment of S-300V family of missiles in Asia is of major concern. Rapidly deployable, high survivable, and highly lethal, these weapons are especially difficult to counter and require significant capabilities to robustly defeat. The US Air Force currently envisages the F-22A Raptor as the primary weapon used to defeat these capable systems.

    It is important to note that no F/A-18 variant, nor the Joint Strike Fighter, were designed to penetrate the coverage of the S-300V/VM systems. The survivability of these aircraft will not be significantly better than that of legacy combat aircraft.
    Genesis of the Antey S-300V/SA-12A/B Gladiator/Giant
    While Antey's impressive S-300V family of SAM systems shares its earliest conceptual origins with the Almaz S-300P family, the two product lines diverged dramatically very early in their development histories. As a result, they share the same technology base but are essentially unique designs, optimised respectively for the needs of the prime customers, the V-PVO and PVO-SV.

    While the PVO-SV shared some static and semi-mobile radar systems with the V-PVO during the early 1960s, the PVO-SV deployed its own unique inventory of fully mobile SAM systems, reflecting its role of providing air defence cover for highly mobile Soviet tank and motorised infantry divisions. By the end of the 1960s the PVO-SV had deployed a three tier system, with the cumbersome ramjet powered command link guided 2K11/3M8 Krug / 1S12 Long Track / 1S32 Pat Hand / SA-4 Ganef system providing long range area defence, the quite effective 2K12/3M9 Kub / 1S91 Straight Flush / SA-6 Gainful system providing medium range area defence and the 9K33 Osa / 9K33 Romb / SA-8 Gecko, 9K31 Strela 1 / SA-9 Gaskin, and ubiquitous ZSU-23-4P SPAAG providing low altitude point defence.

    With the exception of the large 3M8/SA-4 Ganef this package was widely exported in the Arab world and Africa and whilst achieving some initial success against the Israelis in 1973 generally suffered greviously when applied against Western air power and electronic combat forces. By the early 1970s it was clear that a new generation of systems would be needed to challenge growing Western SEAD and EW capabilities. The S-300V system was to provide the top tier in the new air defence umbrella, directly replacing the 2K11/3M8 Krug / 1S12 Long Track / 1S32 Pat Hand / SA-4 Ganef system.

    Unlike first generation PVO-SV 3M8/SA-4 Ganef the S-300V would have a much broader role, encompassing both long range / high altitude air defence but also defence against US tactical ballistic missiles, specifically the Lance and high performance Pershing I/II, the FB-111A's supersonic AGM-69A SRAM standoff missile, and the new US Air Force MGM-109 Ground Launched Cruise Missile - a trailer launched nuclear armed Tomahawk variant based in the UK and Western Europe. As a result the S-300V would have to provide exceptionally good detection and tracking performance against low radar cross section targets, at very high and very low altitudes, while retaining the very high offroad mobility so typical of established PVO-SV tracked area defence SAM systems, and possessing exceptional resistance to the much feared USAF EF-111A Raven tactical jammer force.

    The S-300V was the result of these pressures - an expensive, complex but highly capable dual role SAM/ABM system which remains without equivalent to this day. It was to be an “Army level” or “Corp level” asset, protecting the centre of gravity of the Red Army's mechanised land forces against attack by nuclear and conventionally armed systems.

    The S-300V was supplanted by the enhanced S-300VM during the 1990s, using the 9S15M2/MT2E/MV2E, 9S19ME, 9S32ME and 9S457ME components, and improved 9M82M and 9M83M missiles. This system has been marketed as the “Antey 2500”, intended to highlight its capability to engage 2,500 km range IRBMs with re-entry velocities around 4.5 km/sec. The 9M82M has double the range of the 9M82 against aerial targets, at 108 nautical miles, and increased terminal phase agility - a single shot kill probability of 98% is claimed against ballistic targets. The S-300VMK is a proposed wheeled configuration of the design, using a BAZ 69096 10 x 10 all terrain truck chassis.
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    S-300VM Kinematic Envelopes (Antey)

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    S-300V Battery components, above left to right, 9A83 TELAR, 9A84 TEL/TL with crane elevated, 9A82 TELAR, below left to right, 9S15 Bill Board acquisition radar, 9S457 CP and 9S32 Grill Pan engagement radar.

    http://www.ausairpower.net/APA-Giant-Gladiator.html#mozTocId199011
     
  19. proud_hindustani

    proud_hindustani Regular Member

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    great thread on Russia's S- missile series
     
  20. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    S-300V/VM/SA-12/23 Gladiator/Giant System Design, Composition and Integration

    All principal components of the S-300V system are carried on the MT-TM Item 830 series tracked vehicle, with gross weights between 44 and 47 tonnes per vehicle - the S-300V is not a lightweight system - and has similar offroad mobility to a medium tank.
    The S-300V system comprises no less than eight unique system vehicles, the 9S457 mobile command post, the 9S15 Bill Board acquisition radar, the 9S19 High Screen ABM early warning radar, the 9S32 Grill Pan engagement radar, the 9A82 and 9A83 TELARs (Transporter Erector Launcher and Radar), and the 9A84 and 9A85 TEL/Transloader vehicles.

    The paired acquisition radars are each optimised for their specific roles, with a limited overlap in capabilities, as the 9S15 Bill Board has some ABM early warning capability, and the 9S19 High Screen can acquire and track airborne targets. The 9S32 Grill Pan is more narrowly optimised as an engagement radar for missile guidance.

    The 9A82 and 9A83 TELARs each include high power CW illuminators for missile guidance and command uplinks, and also provide these guidance functions for the 9A84 and 9A85 TEL/Transloaders, which operate as slave TELs in the battery.

    Typical battery integration involves datalink tie-ins with the divisional level 9S52/9S52M Polyana DM series command posts, and the use of the Pori P1 series radar data fusion centre. Often S-300V / SA-12 batteries are supplemented with a 1L13 Nebo SV VHF band 2D early warning and acquisition radar.

    The S-300VM / SA-23 retains the basic battery structure of the earlier variant, replacing individual components with revised designs.
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    The S-300V/SA-12 uses two acquisition radars. The Bill Board acquires airborne targets and tactical ballistic missiles, while the X-band High Screen phased array acquires these, supersonic cruise missiles and intermediate range ballistic missiles. Both radars are designed to operate in heavily jammed environments (Author).

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    An SA-12 battery will have several fire units, each centred on a Grill Pan phased array engagement radar, and some mix of 9A82, 9A83 TELARs and 9A84, 9A85 TEL/Transloaders. The Grill Pan controls the TELARs' command link/illuminator antennas and remotely fires the missiles (Author).
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    S-300VM / SA-23 battery composition and integration (Antey).

    9S32 Grill Pan and 9S32M Engagement Radars
    The 9S32 Grill Pan is an engagement radar similar in concept and function to the MPQ-53 and 30N6, but larger with the antenna turret capable of slewing through ±340º. It will automatically acquire and track targets provided by the 9S457 command post, control the operation of TELAR mounted illuminators and generate midcourse guidance commands for up to 12 missiles fired at 6 targets concurrently. The S-300V system uses continuous wave illumination of targets and semi-active radar terminal homing, not unlike the US Navy RIM-66/67 series SAMs - the illuminators are carried on the 9A82 and 9A83 TELARs.

    Like the 9S19, the 9S32 is a high power-aperture, coherent, X-band phased array, but specialised for missile guidance producing a mainlobe of around of 1º in width. The TWT based transmitter is rated at 150 kW peak and 10-13 kW average power, with receiver sensitivity cited at 10-17 Watts. Cited detection ranges are about 80 nautical miles for fighter sized targets, 40 nautical miles for SRAM class missiles and up to 80 nautical miles for larger IRBMs. The radar uses monopulse angle tracking techniques, frequency hopping in all modes to provide high jam resistance, and chirped waveforms providing a high compression ratio. Three auxiliary receiver channels are used for cancelling sidelobe jamming.
    Two basic operating modes are used. In the first the 9S32 is controlled by the 9S457 command post and acquires targets within a narrow 5º x 6º field of view, alternately it can autonomously search and acquire targets within a 60º field of view. A telescoping mast datalink antenna is mounted aft of the array.

    A more detailed discussion can be found under Engagement and Fire Control Radars, with a detailed technical analysis of the design under David Barton's 9S32/32M Grill Pan Fire Control Radar.

    While the S-300VM sees incremental improvements in most components, the 9M32M/ME engagement radar underwent a significant redesign, especially in the antenna. Brochure material produced by the manufacturer shows a design which can be best described as a hybrid of components from the Grill Pan and the High Screen. The larger aperture High Screen array is employed, combined with revised IFF array and interferometer / sidelobe blanker antenna array below the primary aperture. The high and low angle circular polarised monopulse space feeds are retained but repositioned for the different array geometry. The new enlarged aperture will exhibit almost twice the gain of the Grill Pan, much better angular resolution especially for targets near the zenith, and improved heightfinding performance.

    The 9S32M/ME will have a much higher peak power rating compared to the 9S32 Grill Pan since the additional range of the 9M82M cannot be accommodated by the ~3 dB power-aperture improvement produced by the larger antenna alone. A more detailed analysis will not be possible until good quality imagery of prototypes or production systems becomes available.
    9A82 and 9A83 TELARs and 9A84 and 9A85 TEL/Transloaders
    The 9A82 and 9A83 TELARs carry two Novator designed 9M82 / SA-12 Giant long range SAM/ABMs, and four 9M83 Gladiator SAM/ABMs respectively. Each TELAR is equipped with a steerable high gain antenna used to transmit midcourse guidance commands to the missiles and provide continuous wave illumination of the target for the missiles' semi-active radar seekers during the terminal guidance phase - one source cites 10-12 kW of CW power rating.

    The TELARs are controlled by the 9S32 Grill Pan using either cables or a bidirectional radio datalink, permitting the TELARs to return status information to the guidance radar. The 9A82 TELAR is optimised for engaging targets at higher altitudes, and can slew its antenna through 180º in azimuth, and 110º in elevation, while the 9A83 TELAR has an elevating and telescoping mast providing antenna coverage of the full upper hemisphere - this arrangement is intended to extend the engagement footprint against low altitude targets.

    The TELARs are supplemented by the 9A84 and 9A85 TEL/Transloaders, essentially dumb launchers which can be used only with guidance/illumination from a nearby TELAR, and equipped with hydraulic loading cranes instead of antenna booms.

    A more detailed technical analysis of the antenna design can be found under David Barton's 9A82 Giant and 9A83 Gladiator TELARs.
    9S15/9S15MT Obzor / Bill Board Acquisition Radars
    The fully mobile 9S15 Obzor 3 / Bill Board acquisition radar is a mechanically rotated 3D radar system, with electronic beam steering in elevation and an IFF array. It provides long range early warning of aerial threats and low end TBMs such as the Scud A and Lance.

    The 9S15 has two basic modes of operation. The first is optimised for a 12 second sweep and is claimed to provide a 50% probability of detecting a fighter sized target at 130 nautical miles. The second mode employs a faster 6 second sweep period, and is used to detect inbound TBMs and aircraft, with a reduced detection range of about 80 nautical miles for fighters, and 50 to 60 nautical miles for TBMs like the Scud A or Lance. Russian sources are unusually detailed on ECCM techniques used, claiming the use of three auxiliary receiver channels for cancelling sidelobe jamming, automatic wind compensated rejection of chaff returns, and provisions in the MTI circuits to reject jamming. A facility for precise angular measurement of jamming emitters is included. RMS tracking errors are quoted at 250 metres in range and about 0.5 degrees in azimuth/elevation, with the ability to track up to 200 targets. The system has an integral gas turbine electrical power generator for autonomous operation - a feature of most S-300V components.
    This radar provides a highly mobile 3D search and acquisition capability, but is limited in low level coverage footprint by its antenna elevation. Its limited scan rate makes it unusable for high performance IRBM acquisition and tracking, which is the role of the 9S19 High Screen radar.

    A more detailed discussion can be found under Search and Acquisition Radars, with a detailed technical analysis of the design under David Barton's 9S15/9S15M/MT Obzor 3 / Bill Board Three-Dimensional Surveillance Radar.
    9S19/9S19M Imbir / High Screen ABM Acquisition Radar
    The specialised 9S19 Imbir is a high power-aperture, coherent, X-band phased array designed for the rapid acquisition and initial tracking of inbound ballistic missiles within a 90 degree sector. To that effect it uses a large passive phase shifter technology transmissive array, using a conceptually similar space feed technique to the MPQ-53 and 30N6 series radars, producing a narrow 0.5 degree pencil beam mainlobe. The primary search waveform is chirped to provide a very high pulse compression ratio intended to provide very high range resolution of small targets. The design uses a high power Travelling Wave Tube (TWT) source, very low sidelobes and frequency hopping techniques to provide good resistance to jamming.

    Three primary operating modes are used. In the first the 9S19 scans a 90 degree sector in azimuth, between 26 and 75 degrees in elevation, to detect inbound Pershing class IRBMs within a 40 to 95 nautical mile range box, feeding position and kinematic data for up to 16 targets to the 9S457 command post. The second mode is intended to detect and track supersonic missiles such as the AGM-69 SRAM, and sweeps a narrower 60 degree sector in azimuth, between 9 and 50 degrees in elevation, within a range box between 10 and 90 nautical miles, generating target position and velocity updates at 2 second intervals. The third mode is intended to acquire aircraft in severe jamming environments, with similar angular and range parameters to the second mode. The radar is claimed to produce RMS angular errors of around 12 to 15 minutes of arc, and a range error of a mere 70 metres (at max range 0.04%!). The peak power rating remains undisclosed.
    In function the 9S19 most closely resembles much newer Western X-band ABM radars, but is implemented using seventies generation antenna and transmitter technology, and is fully mobile unlike the semimobile US THAAD X-band radar, and Israeli Green Pine.


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    All 9M82 and 9M83 images © Miroslav Gyűrösi.


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    Novator 9M82 / SA-12B Giant and 9M83 / SA-12A Gladiator Surface to Air Missiles

    The two stage 9M83 / SA-12A Gladiator and 9M82 / SA-12B Giant are the guided missiles used by the S-300V / SA-12 system. The missiles are largely common in design, the principal distinctions being different first stage boosters, and different control surface arrangements.

    The smaller 9M83 Gladiator SAM/ABM is intended to engage aerial targets at all altitudes, including cruise missiles, and smaller TBMs. The much larger 9M82 Giant has higher kinematic performance and is intended to kill IRBMs, SRAM class supersonic missiles, but also standoff jamming aircraft at long ranges.

    Both weapons employ two solid propellant stages, with thrust vector control of the first stage (10,225 lb/4,636 kg mass in the Giant and cca 5,000 lb/2275 kg in the Gladiator) and aerodynamic control of the 2,800 lb (1,200 kg) second stage, using four servo driven fins, and four fixed stabilisers. The guidance and control packages, and much of the weapon airframes are identical, the principal distinction being the bigger booster stage of the Giant and its larger stabilisers.

    A cold start ejector is used to expel the missile from the launch tube, the first stage burns for about 20 seconds, upon which the missile transitions to its midcourse sustainer.

    During midcourse flight the missile employs inertial navigation with the option of command link updates. In the former mode it transitions to its semi-active homing seeker during the final 10 seconds of flight, in the latter 3 seconds before impact - a technique preferred for heavy jamming environments.

    Russian sources claim the semi-active seeker can lock on to a 0.05 square metre RCS target from 16.2 nautical miles. The midcourse guidance system attempts to fly the most energy efficient trajectory to maximise range. A two channel radio proximity fuse is used to initiate the 330 lb (150 kg) class “smart” warhead which has a controllable fragmentation pattern to maximise effect.

    The engagement envelope of the baseline Gladiator is between 80 ft AGL to 80 kft, and ranges of 3.2 to 40 nautical miles, the Giant between 3,200 ft AGL to 100 kft, and ranges of 7 to 54 nautical miles. The system can launch the missiles at 1.5 second intervals, and a battalion with four batteries can engage 24 targets concurrently, with 2 missiles per target, and has a complement of between 96 and 192 missiles available for launch on TELAR/TELs. A TELAR can arm a missile for launch in 15 seconds, with a 40 second time to prepare a TELAR for an engagement, and 5 minute deploy and stow times - a genuine shoot and scoot capability.

    The cited single shot kill probabilities for the Gladiator are 50% to 65% against TBMs and 70% to 90% against aircraft, for the Giant 40% to 60% against IRBMs and 50% to 70% against the AGM-69 SRAM - ballistic missiles with re-entry velocities of up to 3 km/s can be engaged.
    The Soviets were terrified of TAC's EF-111A force and equipped the S-300V system with a facility for passive targeting of support jammers. The 9S15, 9S19 and 9S32 have receiver channels for sidelobe jamming cancellation and these are used to produce very accurate bearings to the airborne jammer, this bearing information is then used to develop angular tracks. The angular tracks are then processed by the 9S457 command post to estimate range, and the 9S32 then develops an estimated track for the target jammer. A Giant missile is then launched and steered by command link until it acquires the target.

    Production and Exports
    The baseline S-300V / SA-12 entered production during the very early 1980s, and was accepted into service by the PVO-SV in 1983 under the designation S-300V-1, but was limited in capabilities. Difficulties with the complex technology delayed service entry of the fully developed package with ABM capability until 1988, under the designation S-300V. The only serious export prospect to date has been India who have since acquired a pair of Israeli Green Pine ABM early warning radars, as a counter to Pakistan's nuclear armed ballistic missile force. The cited order for six S-300VM systems remained in negotiation, while the Israeli Arrow and S-300PMU-2/S-400 are evaluated. There is no evidence this has since progressed. A marketing drive in the Persian Gulf some years ago fell foul of US influence in the region - Patriots being bought instead, amid Russian allegations of dishonest marketing tactics by the US.

    The Soviet Union unravelled in 1991, leaving the service inventory of S-300V / SA-12 systems scattered across a number of former Soviet Republics. Russian sources cited current operators to be Russia and the Ukraine, with some claims that Belarus operates some units.

    Commercially the S-300V/VM has been much less successful than the PVO optimsied S-300P series, in part due to its higher cost and capability - the often discussed Indian sale has yet to materialise, compared to the large number of S-300PMU/PMU1/PMU2 systems sold to the PRC. In 2003 the Russian government authorised a merger between Almaz, Altair and Antey to produce what is likely to be world's largest SAM system manufacturer.

    In the longer term the S-300V is likely to acquire similar evolutionary enhancements to the S-300P series, increasing its range and already superb lethality. It is also likely that GPS aided navigation hardware will be added at some stage to both the S-300P/S-300V to increase the accuracy of the inertial/compass navigation systems on the radars and TELAR/TELs.

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    9K81/9K81-1/9K81M / /SA-12/SA-23 Giant/Gladiator / C????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? 9?81/9?81-1/9?81? / ????? 2500
     
  21. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Well I'm glad you like it be cause it takes some time to build it.:thank_you2:

    I hope that soon we will have even more news and details on S-500
    this is just (I hope good ) beginning
    I'll try to collect anything related on S-500 and also related on development
    of S-500.
     

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