What is Rajya Sabha ‘Rajya Sabha’ (translated as ‘Council of states’) is the upper house of parliament. Most of the members of Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by the state legislatures using single transferable vote (President can nominate 12 members). Seats are allotted in proportion to the population of each state or union territory in such a manner that smaller states have slight advantage over more populous states. Why Rajya Sabha? The makers of the constitution introduced this house to maintain the harmony between center and states, i.e., Federal system and as a sense check. Rajya Sabha as it has representation from varied fields and regions, should act as a check point for what Lok Sabha does. Why are questions being raised on Rajya Sabha ? Rajya Sabha has become a medium for not getting things done by the opposition. Recent situation is the best example. People are not convinced that the bicameral Legislature is working as the two houses of parliament are not working in tandem. We have to realize that there has to be a mechanism that can establish the working model keeping the sanctity of bicameral structure in tact. Let’s take an example where we can understand the problem. 1. Delhi had overwhelmingly voted for an ‘AAP’ government in January 2015, but the Rajya Sabha members (all 3 ) that are representing Delhi are from Indian National Congress ( does not even have an MLA in the new assembly) 2. Jharkhand voted for a BJP government in 2014. But it has only 1 out of 6 Rajya Sabha MP from BJP. If people of a state are voting a government in power in their state than the representation in the council that defines link between the States and Center should reflect that. This is not happening in current structure. There is no solution to get things done in the current format because the joint session of parliament is not considered an option. It gives a clear indication that if a session is lost to BOYCOTTS and WALKOUTS, we don’t get anything done and no bills are discussed (forget passed ). What can be done? Amend Constitution to make representation in Rajya Sabha and the bicameralstructure more practical. 1. Once the Assembly elections have ended in a State, the first order of newly constituted Legislative assembly should be to hold elections for their new Rajya Sabha MP’s. This would reflect the change that the people of the state for which they voted in elections. 2. If the Rajya Sabha does not vote conclusively on a bill that has been approved by the Lok Sabha, then all these bills must automatically become candidates for a ‘Joint Session of Parliament’. 3. Sitting of ‘Joint Sessions of Parliament’ must be made mandatory at least once a year (for 3 days ) under the chairmanship of President of India where we can have a vote on all the bills that could not be passed because of ‘political issues ‘ between the two houses. 4. Make it compulsory for all MP’s (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) to participate in the debate and should not be allowed to ‘Boycott’ the session or stage ‘walk out ‘(Because Indians did not elect you for this). 5. List of MP’s who voted for / against the bills must be made public ( of these joint sessions ) THIS CAN BE ONE WAY WE CAN SORT OUT THE ISSUES AND MAKE PARLIAMENT MORE ACCOUNTABLE AND GET THINGS DONE IN OUR COUNTRY.