Should we trade off Bangladesh for Myanmar ? Since its independence Bangladesh is considered a friend nation of India. However this friendship has not brought much gain for India in practical terms, nor for Bangladesh. Pro-Pakistani Islamist groups backed by ISI grew up in Bangladesh. The insurgent groups of N-E got shelters and received arms through Bangladesh, sometimes backed by anti-India regime of Khaleda Zia . Even a Minister of Khaleda Zia Ministry was found involved in transporting arms to N-E militant groups. However situation has changed in favour of India to some extent after Sk Hassina came back in power. But India can not have much expectation from her regarding economic cooperation as such cooperation with India often translated as a sacrifice of sovereignty by people of Bangladesh, specially by the Khaleda led BNP and surely affects vote bank of Hasina. So India neither can import Natural Gas from Bangladesh nor it can convince Bangladesh government for a transport route to land-lock North-Eastern states. Narrow Siliguri corridor (which is often termed as chicken neck) is the only link between N-E and Indian mainland. Though North-Eastern regions are full of resources, its isolation from other part of India not only hampered economic growth but also fueled separatist movements in almost all North-Eastern states as a consequence. Now the Chinese wants access to Bay of Bengal and decided to build up a deep sea port in Chitagang. Quite prudently Bangladeshi Prime Minister has not only convinced India to use this port (specially for N-E ) and give Nepal and Bhutan a transit to use this port but she also convinced Chinese government to build up a road link up to China through Myanmar. However Indian government should not forget previous records of Bangladesh before jumping on its toes. It also has to calculate whether this route will be safe if BNP-Jamaat again comes in power. Clearly strategic location of Bangladesh and recent enthusiasm of China to be involved in South Asia have given Bangladesh a good bargaining power. So India needs to find a solution to prevent Bangladesh from unnecessary bargaining (read blackmailing). India-Myanmar relation has been improved a lot in recent years and India not only supplying military hardware to military Junta of Myanmar but negotiating to improve economic relation. However, it will not be wrong to say India has given a ten years lead to China in terms of economic activities in Myanmar. Idealistic foreign policy prevented India to cooperate with Myanmarâ€™s military Junta for many years. Myanmarâ€™s had poor relation with China too as China supported communist insurgents in Myanmar against its military government. However, the relation started improving since late 80s and Myanmar today can cope with global sanction with the help of China. Probably it is Chinaâ€™s presence in Indiaâ€™s backyard that woke up India. Late is better than never. At least today India understands that. â€œYou canâ€™t shove democracy to anyoneâ€™s mouthâ€ and â€œ It is better to think about national interest rather than attempting to receive SHABASI from international communityâ€ Moreover, when we cry for democratic right for people of any nation, putting sanction on it is a act of hypocrisy as it affects common people most. Today, India is forth largest trading partner of Myanmar and annual trade is about to touch $1 Bn mark soon. At the same time Myanmar has given a new hope for our land-locked states of North East. India and Myanmar has agreed to Kaladan Project. More than $100 mn is to be spent to develop Sittwe port in Myanmar and to build up road link up to Mizoram state of India. Essar group of India has already started work there. Goods from Indian ports can be shipped to Sittwe port and then to Paletwa up the Kaladan River (up to this place the river is navigable). From Paletwa a road will connect Mizoram. This project not only gives Landlocked N-E states a link to sea route, it will help Myanmar to earn huge revenue and to create employment opportunity. Sittwe port can give China a easy access to sea-route and India via Myanmar. So India-China-Myanmar all are going to be benefited by this project. This new route is certainly little longer than the route via Chitagang in Bangladesh, but still it will cut transportation cost to trade with N-E immensely. And India must negotiate with China to use this port to lessen its dependence on Bangladesh (it will cut flow of goods to Chitagang also)which will ultimately reduce the bargaining power of Bangladesh. India must consider substituting total energy need of N-E by transporting natural gas directly to North-East from Myanmar rather than trying to build pipeline through unreliable Bangladesh. Indian state of Tripura also has natural gas reserve but today it does not have market in its backyard. But we can expect in coming days a booming economy in N-E, where gas from Tripura and Myanmar will meet the energy need. Today Mayanmar government is slowly yielding for democracy. India should fully cooperate with them and also with China and build up this region a connecting point of two Asian giants. We can expect economic growth will help the people of Myanmar to achieve democratic rights as a natural process. At the same time our N-E will grow to its full potential thus helping to abate insurgency. Last but not least, we must not forget the behavior we have received from East Pakistan. We must invest enough in Myanmar and cooperate with them as well as cut flow of goods to Chitagang from China so that Bangladesh remains insignificant until they come out of their paronia.