Seleucid-Maurya war

Discussion in 'Military History' started by RajputPride, Jul 21, 2014.

  1. RajputPride

    RajputPride Regular Member

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    Seleucus I Nicator's invasion of India (c.306-303 BC) was one of a series of obscure campaigns fought by Seleucus in an attempt to gain control of the eastern part of his recently regained kingdom.

    Seleucus was appointed Satrap of Babylon in 321 BC, and retained more of an eastern outlook that most of Alexander successors, remaining married to his Iranian wife. In 315 BC Seleucus was expelled from Babylon by Antigonius, and was forced to flee to Ptolemy in Egypt. Three years later Ptolmey defeated Antigonus's son Demetrius at Gaza, and Seleucus took the chance to return to Babylon, where he regained power. Antigonus attempted to expel him for a second time, but was defeated in a battle somewhere near Babylon.

    In theory Seleucus now had control over the eastern part of the old Persian empire, stretching out to the Indus River, but in reality large parts of that empire had slipped out of Macedonian control during the civil wars. A new empire had risen in India, where Chandragupta Maurya had seized control of Magadha at about the time of Alexander's death, and now controlled most of northern India as far as the Indus.

    The events of the war between Seleucus and Chandragupta are obscure. Seleucus crossed the Indus, and may have advanced towards the Ganges. If there were any major battles Chandragupta must have won them, for when the war ended (possibly in 303 BC) the peace was greatly to his advantage. Seleucus abandoned any claims east of the Indus and also transferred the satrapies of the Parapanisadai (around Kabul), Aria (around Heart) and Arachosia (around Kandahar) and possible eastern Gedrosia to Chandragupta. In return he was given 500 war elephants. The treaty was to be ratified by a marriage alliance between the two men.

    Seleucus made good use of his elephants, taking them 2,500 miles west to Ipsus, where they played a major part in the defeat and death of Antigonus, a victory that gave Seleucus access to the Mediterranean coast. In India Chandragupta's victory enhanced the strength of the Mauryan Empire, the first in Indian history.
     
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  3. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    Seleucus was badly defeated by chandragupta Maurya. Seleucus 's daughter
    Helen Married CGM. After the marriage cmg gifted 500 war elephants to Seleucus.
     
  4. Hari Sud

    Hari Sud Senior Member Senior Member

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    Sometimes the vegetarian soldiers are also victorious.
     
  5. Ajesh

    Ajesh Regular Member

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    CM not only handsomely defeated Selucus but drove the Greeks forever from the Sub Continent. Also it is quite unknown that Alexander was not really victorious over Porus, (Purshottam) but he made a compromise with Purush... because he knew he will be defeated .. All these Of course wont be found in the general History texts.
     

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