Sannyasi Rebellion

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by VIP, Jun 19, 2013.

  1. VIP

    VIP Ultra Nationalist Senior Member

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    Sannyasi Rebellion

    The Sannyasi Rebellion or Sannyasi Revolt (Bengali: সন্ন্যাসী বিদ্রোহ, The Monks' Rebellion) were the activities of sannyasis and fakirs (Hindu and Muslim ascetics, respectively) in Bengal, India in the late 18th century. It is also known as the Fakir-Sannyasi Rebellion (ফকির-সন্ন্যাসী বিদ্রোহ) which took place around Murshidabad and Baikunthupur forests of Jalpaiguri. Historians have not only debated what events constitute the rebellion, but have also varied on the significance of the rebellion in Indian history. While some refer to it as an early war for India's independence from foreign rule, since the right to collect tax had been given to the British East India Company after the Battle of Plassey in 1757, others categorize it as acts of violent banditry following the depopulation of the province, post the Bengal famine of 1770.[1]

    Early events

    At least three separate events are called the Sannyasi Rebellion. One refers to a large body of Hindu sannyasis who travelled from North India to different parts of Bengal to visit shrines. En route to the shrines, it was customary for many of these holy men to exact a religious tax from the headmen and zamindars or regional landlords. In times of prosperity, the headmen and zamindars generally obliged. However, since the East India Company had received the diwani or right to collect tax, many of the tax demands increased and the local landlords and headmen were unable to pay both the ascetics and the English. Crop failures, and famine, which killed ten million people or an estimated one-third of the population of Bengal compounded the problems since much of the arable land lay fallow.[1]

    In 1771, 150 saints were put to death, apparently for no reason. This was one of the reasons that caused distress leading to violence, especially in Natore in Rangpur, now in modern Bangladesh. However, some modern historians argue that the movement never gained popular support.[1]

    The other two movements involved a sect of Hindu ascetics, the Dasnami naga sannyasis who likewise visited Bengal on pilgrimage mixed with moneylending opportunities.[1] To the British, these ascetics were looters and must be stopped from collecting money that belonged to the Company and possibly from even entering the province. It was felt that a large body of people on the move was a possible threat.[2]

    Clashes between the Company and ascetics

    When the Company's forces tried to prevent the sannyasis and fakirs from entering the province or from collecting their money in the last three decades of the 18th century, fierce clashes often ensued, with the Company's forces not always victorious. Most of the clashes were recorded in the years following the famine but they continued, albeit with a lesser frequency, up until 1802. The reason that even with superior training and forces, the Company was not able to suppress sporadic clashes with migrating ascetics was that the control of the Company's forces in the far-removed hilly and jungle covered districts like Birbhum and Midnapore on local events was weak.[2]

    Legacy

    The Sannyasi rebellion was the first of a series of revolts and rebellions in the Western districts of the province including (but not restricted to) the Chuar Revolt of 1799 and the Santal Revolt of 1855–56.[2] What effect the Sannyasi Rebellion had on rebellions that followed is debatable. Perhaps, the best reminder of the Rebellion is in literature, in the Bengali novel Anandamath, written by India's first modern novelist Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. The song, Vande Mataram, which was written in 1876, was used in the book Anandamath in 1882 (pronounced Anondomôţh in Bengali) and the 1952 movie based on the book. Vande Mataram was later declared to be India's National Song (not to be confused with the Indian National Anthem).

    Sannyasi Rebellion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
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  3. VIP

    VIP Ultra Nationalist Senior Member

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    The purpose of posting this thread in PnS section is " How many of us do really know about this event which should be in our tezt book and should be taught as the 1st fight of PEOPLE against Britishers and let's forget that, at least this should be taught as the base of our National Song Vande Mataram but why we don't have deep info about it ?? Many people blame leftist historians for skipping this whole chapter and so from our textbooks and looks like they have some point in that argument."

    BTW, howmany of us really know about Sannyasi Rebellion ??
     
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  4. Himanshu Pandey

    Himanshu Pandey Regular Member

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    I know about it and most of people know but they are aware of it by Anand Math and didn't known the complete details... but this is just one of many rebellions whom congress led govt. and leftist history dept. never covered.the fact is that we the people of India who were a colony of British empire and subject to their cruelty get taught about the acts and developments made by british like all India acts, acts from 1833 till act of 1935 and their positive implication not the truth and reason for these act... another sad fact is we know the name of all the british Govn. generals or they are mentioned in all of our history books but we don't know the name of 100 revolutionaries, rebellion leaders apart from the leaders of congress... as if only congress has fought for independence of India... but in truth it was just one of the many factions who fought for it.
     
  5. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Thanks, never heard of this one before.
     

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