Russian Airforce News & Discussion

Discussion in 'Military Aviation' started by Austin, Nov 3, 2013.

  1. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    The Russian Air Force’s Special Aircraft
    Aleksandr Stukalin, Kommersant Publishing House
    http://mdb.cast.ru/mdb/4-2013/

    Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST)

     
    Last edited: Nov 3, 2013
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  3. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    Moscow Defense Brief

    Air Defense Weaponry at the MAKS-2013 Airshow


    Said Aminov, chief editor of the pvo.guns.ru website

    The main Russian makers of air defense weaponry demonstrated a record number of new systems at the recent MAKS-2013 airshow in Moscow. Every single one of them had new products to show. There are only three key Russian players left in this market: Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern; Vysokotochnye Kompleksy (High-Precision Systems), a division of Russian Technologies; and the Korporatsiya Takticheskoe Raketnoe Vooruzhenie (Tactical Missiles Corporation - KTRV). Almaz-Antey is a near-monopoly in its market segment, while the Vysokotochnye Kompleksy took over the Konstruktorskoe Byuro Mashinostroeniya (Machinery Design Bureau - KBM) in Kolomna, a major rival specializing in man-portable SAM systems, in 2012.

    This year each of the Big Three unveiled new products at the MAKS airshow; what is more, it appears that they made no effort to coordinate their product announcements (more on that later).

    The most comprehensive product range was displayed by Almaz-Antey, the biggest Russian defense contractor according to the Defense News 2012 international ranking. At a ceremony attended by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on the opening day of the airshow, the company unveiled the S-350E Vityaz, the latest Russian medium-range SAM system. The Vityaz consists of a launcher carrying twelve 9M96E2 missiles, a versatile radar unit, and a command station. The system has yet to complete the trials program; it was demonstrated to President Vladimir Putin only two months ahead of the MAKS-2013 event. Nevertheless, the fact that Almaz-Antey has decided to show it to the general public at the exhibition in Moscow is very encouraging. This contrasts sharply with the first public demonstration of the S-400 Triumf (SA-21) SAM system at the MAKS-2007 event; back at the time, the S-400 was displayed on the sole day when President Putin attended; immediately afterwards it was removed back to its permanent deployment position.

    According to the system’s specifications unveiled at MAKS-2013, the S-350E Vityaz can engage all types of aerodynamic targets and some types of ballistic targets at a distance of up to 60 km and at an undisclosed altitude, protecting strategic facilities, military units, and other sensitive locations from air strikes. The general public and military specialists alike now have a clearer idea as to what kind of system will replace the early S-300P (SA-10) versions (S-300PT-1, S-300PS, and S-300PM) and augment the long-range S-400 system in the short and medium range. We believe that the range of the S-350E is actually much greater than the officially announced 60 km. The real figure is probably closer to 120km, which is the range demonstrated during the launches of the 9M96E2 missiles. We hope that the teething problems that dogged the early versions of the 9M96 missiles have now been ironed out, and that the Russian Armed Forces will receive a standard new AA missile for the S-350E point air defense system and for the new ship-based Redut and Poliment-Redut SAM systems.

    Meanwhile, the Tikhomirov NIIP company advertised a possible competitor of the Vityaz, the Buk-M3 – even though the SAM system was shown merely as a picture on the wall of the company’s booth. The Buk-M3 is a deep upgrade of the self-propelled Buk (SA-11/SA-17) system used by the Army. Equipped with new missiles, up until very recently this new system was known to the general public only from a few individual photos and pieces of video footage. Mock-ups of what appears to have been Buk-M3 elements were seen in TV news bulletins showing Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin and Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu visiting Almaz-Antey facilities, the Smolensk Air Defense Academy, and the Innovation Days event at the MoD. Pictures on the wall of the Tikhomirov NIIP booth at MAKS-2013 showed a tracked self-propelled chassis carrying six AA missiles in a transport and firing box (similar to the one used for ship-based 9M317ME AA missiles); a missile guidance station (similar to the flat phased-array radar used in the 9M317 self-propelled launcher of the Buk-M2); and an optical-electronic channel. Also, the self-propelled launcher was shown carrying an additional phased array antenna, the purpose of which remains unclear. Based on that picture we can assume that the 9M317ME missiles are designed for oblique launching, unlike their vertical-launch ship-based version. According to the Almaz-Antey 2012 Annual Report, last year the 9K317M SAM system successfully completed state trials; it will probably enter into service with the Army’s air defense units in the near future.

    The short-range SAM systems demonstrated at MAKS-2013 included a shelter version of the Tor-M2KM (SA-15) system mounted on a truck chassis made by India’s Tata Motors. The system consists of: the 9A331MK-1 launch container module developed by NIEMI, a division of Almaz-Antey, and manufactured by IEMZ Kupol in Izhevsk; the 9S737MK Ranzhir-M1 battery command station made by OAO Radiozavod (Penza); and the 9T244 transporter-loader made by NPP Start (Yekaterinburg). All of these elements were demonstrated in an outdoor area at the exhibition. Russia is currently offering the container version of the Tor-M2E system to India. The launch customer for the Tor-M2E was Belarus, which also supplies the MZKT-6922 truck chassis for that system. Almaz-Antey is energetically promoting a modular version of the system that can be mounted on various truck chassis and on a range of ships (including civilian ones). The system can also be used as a fixed-position air defense installation to protect important facilities. The Tor system mounted on a Tata chassis is one of the two products Russia is offering in the Indian tender for 52 air defense systems, which are meant to replace obsolete short-range Soviet weaponry.1 The Indians always insist on some kind of offset arrangements when they place orders for foreign defense hardware. That is why Almaz-Antey is offering a version of its SAM system mounted on Indian-made chassis. A single Tor-M2E fighting vehicle and fighting module can engage up to four simultaneous targets at a distance of up to 10 km. The system’s ammunition pack consists of eight launch-ready 9M331 AA missiles developed by MKB Fakel and manufactured by Aviatek. The same producer also demonstrated its 9M334 missile module consisting of four 9M331 AA missiles.

    One of the most headline-grabbing systems demonstrated at the airshow in Moscow was the mock-up of a new short-range AA missile developed by Vympel. The missile is currently being marketed by the Tactical Missiles Corporation as the RZV-MD. According to the specifications unveiled at the exhibition, it has a range of at least 16 km, and a maximum altitude of at least 10 km. The missile travels at a maximum of 1,000 meters per second; it has an HE fragmentation warhead and a remote-control command guidance system. The mock-up of the RZV-MD missile was displayed at the Tactical Missiles Corporation booth along with the missile’s transport and launch container, which bore the designation 9M338K. That designation refers to an AA missile that will be used in the entirely new Tor-M2 SAM system. That system, which will be supplied to the Russian armed forces, entered trials several years ago. According to the available information, Almaz-Antey, which is the main contractor in the Tor-M2 program, had not been informed that the latest missile for its system would be exhibited at MAKS-2013. Let us hope that the products demonstrated at the next MAKS event in 2015 will include the new Tor-M2 fighting vehicle, which has an increased ammunition complement consisting of RZV-MD missiles. According to Almaz-Antey, the 9K331M SAM system equipped with 9M338K missiles completed the state trials program in 2012.2

    Speaking of the Indian tender for short-range air defense systems, Rosoboronexport is offering the Indians a choice of two products. One is the Tor-M2K container version. The other is the Pantsir-S1 (SA-22) gun-missile AA system, developed by the Konstruktorskoe Byuro Priborostroeniya (Instruments Design Bureau - KBP). The company is a Tula-based division of NPO High Precision Systems, which is part of the Russian Technologies corporation. Despite the economic crisis that gripped Russia in the 1990s and 2000s, KBP achieved a veritable breakthrough by designing a unique gun-missile system capable of engaging targets at a range of up to 20 km; this is a record that has yet to be beaten by any similar product anywhere in the world. The Pantsir vehicle demonstrated to the general public at MAKS was equipped with a new target-seeking radar developed by TsKBA (Tula), another division of NPO High Precision Systems. According to the available information, this version of the system is already being supplied to Algeria. The MAKS-2013 exhibits also included the Pantsir-S1 battery command station, which can coordinate the operation of up to six fighting vehicles while stationary or on the move; that is an important advantage of the system. The command station can be up to 10 km away from the fighting vehicle it controls, maintaining communication via radio, copper wire, or fiber optic cable.

    Another new product demonstrated at the exhibition was the 95Ya6-2M target missile, which is based on the design of the 95Ya6 AA missile used in the Pantsir-S1 gun-missile system. This ground-launched target can be used for cost-effective target practice by combat crews. In the meantime, KBP designers continue to work on further improvements and upgrades of the Pantsir-S1. The modifications they are expected to release shortly include a tracked version of the Pantsir for the Army’s air defense units; a lighter version of the system for airborne assault troops; and the ship-based Pantsir-M version. In another three of four years KBP will complete the development of an entirely new Pantsir version offering numerous improvements over the current system, according to Aleksandr Denisov, CEO of NPO High Precision Systems.3

    This year’s MAKS display included a very interesting range of new radars at the Almaz-Antey section of the exhibition. One of the leading Russian developers of radars, FNPTs NNIIRT (Nizhniy Novgorod), for the first time demonstrated the entire 55Zh6ME radar complex, which consists of the RLM-M module (meter band), the RLM-D (decimeter band), the RLM-S (centimeter band), and KU module (control station). Product 55Zh6ME is a mobile, versatile, and jamming-resistant radar complex which can detect aerodynamic and ballistic targets. The complex can work in a 360 degrees mode or monitor only the designated sector. Its maximum range, depending on the precise operating mode, ranges from 600 to 1,800 km, with a maximum altitude of 600 to 1,200 km.4 The complex is highly mobile, and can be deployed in a matter of just 15 minutes. All its elements are mounted on truck chassis made by the BAZ plant in Bryansk. Given the global proliferation of missile technologies, such a product is certain to attract customers. The FNPTs NNIIRT display also included the latest 55Zh6UME high and medium-altitude early warning radar.5 Another working system displayed at MAKS-2013 was the 1L122E compact radar, including the 1L122-1E and 1L122-2E versions.

    NPO Strela, another Almaz-Antey division based in Tula, displayed the 1L260 Zoopark-1M, an updated version of its weapons-locating radar. The system consists of a single 1L261 radar mounted on a tracked chassis. It can simultaneously locate the firing positions of the adversary’s missiles and artillery, provide targeting information, and monitor airspace to detect any weapons systems being deployed.

    Perhaps the greatest surprise of the MAKS-2013 airshow was the Demonstrator, a new radar displayed by Almaz-Antey. No information was available about that radar prior to the exhibition in Moscow. The product displayed at MAKS-2013 was described as a “the Demonstrator, a new specialized civilian radar, 1:1 scale, transmitter and receiver stations”. According to the information plate, the Demonstrator is a mobile specialized radar designed to monitor the launch of space carriers and the descent of reentry vehicles. The outward appearance of the Demonstrator is similar to the radars used in the US THAAD missile defense system and to the Israeli Elta Green Pine radar, which is used in the Arrow missile defense system. It appears that the product presented as a “civilian radar” at MAKS-2013 is actually a mobile early warning missile defense radar that will be used to detect missile launches and track missile trajectories in future Russian missile defense and space defense systems. The Demonstrator can detect targets at a distance of up to 1,500 km, and lock on targets with an RCS of 1 sq. m. at 600 km. The antennas used in the new radar are fully digital-receiver and transmitter-phased array setups.

    New products displayed at the 9th International Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil

    Several interesting new weapons systems were displayed at the RAE-2013 International arms expo held in Nizhny Tagil in late September 2013.

    One of the most discussed displays was the mock-up of the ATOM, a heavy wheeled infantry fighting vehicle developed as part of a joint Russian-French project. France’s Renault Trucks Defence provided the chassis of the VBCI armored personnel carrier. Russia’s Uralvagonzavod (UVZ) corporation makes the ATOM’s turret, which is armed with a 57mm automatic cannon. The purpose of the product is to provide mobility to motor rifle units, engage various targets, and provide fire support to infantry fighting on foot. The turret and its 57mm automatic cannon were developed by TsNII Burevestnik. It can detect and engage targets (lightly armored and non-armored vehicles, infantry, and some types or air targets) day or night, while the ATOM is stationary or moving. Russia and France have agreed to market the product in third countries; the Russian MoD does not plan to place any orders.

    Another new product unveiled at the Nizhny Tagil arms expo is the BMPT-72 Terminator 2 tank support vehicle, which was demonstrated to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his first deputy, Dmitry Rogozin. Developed by UKBTV, the vehicle is based on the T-72 main battle tank design, and draws on the positive lessons learned from the first version of the Terminator. Unfortunately, the Terminator 2 was not demonstrated to the general public. The first Terminator, however, took part in demonstration firing exercises, during which it successfully used its artillery and missile weapons. Just like its earlier version, the Terminator 2 can provide effective fire support to tanks and infantry in any type of combat situation, in difficult terrain, day or night, and against any type of adversary. It has an improved fire-control system and a better protected turret. The main advantage of the BMPT-72 is that it can be made by converting the existing T-72 main battle tanks. That provides an excellent opportunity to extend the life cycle of the existing hardware that is currently operated by more than 40 countries.6

    Another interesting product displayed by UVZ in Nizhny Tagil was a modification of its popular T-72 tank tailored specifically for urban warfare. Having learned valuable lessons from recent local conflicts, the corporation has developed an upgrade option for the T-72 that increases the survivability of the tank and its crew in urban fighting, when the risks posed by anti-tank weaponry are especially high.

    Two new products were displayed by the Tractor Plants Concern, which includes such companies as the Kurganmashzavod and the Volgograd Tractor Plant. The first product is the BTR-MDM upgraded multirole airborne APC, also known as the Rakushka-M. The vehicle was designed by Kurganmashzavod for service with airborne assault troops (VDV) and the Navy’s marines; it can transport personnel, ammunition, spare parts, and fuel. It can also be equipped with a range of interchangeable components, allowing airborne troops to use it as a basic chassis for various combat vehicles. In particular, it can be used as a command-staff, communication, C&C, medical, and rear support vehicle.

    The Almaz-Antey display at the Nizhny Tagil expo included an upgraded version of the ZSU-23-4 Shilka self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons system. The famous Shilka has been given a new lease of life by the Ulyanovsky Mechanics Plant; the new ZSU-23-4M4 version has already secured export contracts. In addition to its four-barrel automatic AA gun, the vehicle is now equipped with a twin-barrel Igla (SA-18 or SA-24) MANPAD launcher, which has made it a significantly more formidable weapon. Nevertheless, the potential market for this system is fairly limited. To the more demanding customers the Ulyanovsky Mechanics Plant offers the upgraded Tunguska-M1 (SA-19) gun-missile AA system, which is equipped with a new optical-electronic channel.

    1. Voice of Russia. Russia to offer India unique weaponry // Россия предложит Индии уникальное оружие - Новости - Экономика - Голос России.

    2. Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern 2012 Annual Report, p. 49.

    3. Aleksey Ramm. Pantsir: the road to success. VPK, No 36, September 18, 2013 // «Панцирь» – путь к успеху | Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер».

    4. 55Zh6ME radar advertizing brochure // http://www.nniirt.ru/sites/default/files/docs/prod/55zh6me_0.pdf.

    5. NNIIRT sums up the results of the MAKS-2013 aerospace exhibition // ННИИРТ подводит итоги работы на Международном авиакосмическом салоне МАКС-2013 |.

    6. The Terminator’s world premier // УралВагонЗавод.

    Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST)
    Russia, Moscow, 125047, 3 Tverskaya-Yamskaya, 24, office 5
    phone/fax: (+7-495) 775-0418. Moscow Defense Brief
     
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  4. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    Moscow Defense Brief

    Air Defense Weaponry at the MAKS-2013 Airshow


    Said Aminov, chief editor of the pvo.guns.ru website

    The main Russian makers of air defense weaponry demonstrated a record number of new systems at the recent MAKS-2013 airshow in Moscow. Every single one of them had new products to show. There are only three key Russian players left in this market: Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern; Vysokotochnye Kompleksy (High-Precision Systems), a division of Russian Technologies; and the Korporatsiya Takticheskoe Raketnoe Vooruzhenie (Tactical Missiles Corporation - KTRV). Almaz-Antey is a near-monopoly in its market segment, while the Vysokotochnye Kompleksy took over the Konstruktorskoe Byuro Mashinostroeniya (Machinery Design Bureau - KBM) in Kolomna, a major rival specializing in man-portable SAM systems, in 2012.

    This year each of the Big Three unveiled new products at the MAKS airshow; what is more, it appears that they made no effort to coordinate their product announcements (more on that later).

    The most comprehensive product range was displayed by Almaz-Antey, the biggest Russian defense contractor according to the Defense News 2012 international ranking. At a ceremony attended by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on the opening day of the airshow, the company unveiled the S-350E Vityaz, the latest Russian medium-range SAM system. The Vityaz consists of a launcher carrying twelve 9M96E2 missiles, a versatile radar unit, and a command station. The system has yet to complete the trials program; it was demonstrated to President Vladimir Putin only two months ahead of the MAKS-2013 event. Nevertheless, the fact that Almaz-Antey has decided to show it to the general public at the exhibition in Moscow is very encouraging. This contrasts sharply with the first public demonstration of the S-400 Triumf (SA-21) SAM system at the MAKS-2007 event; back at the time, the S-400 was displayed on the sole day when President Putin attended; immediately afterwards it was removed back to its permanent deployment position.

    According to the system’s specifications unveiled at MAKS-2013, the S-350E Vityaz can engage all types of aerodynamic targets and some types of ballistic targets at a distance of up to 60 km and at an undisclosed altitude, protecting strategic facilities, military units, and other sensitive locations from air strikes. The general public and military specialists alike now have a clearer idea as to what kind of system will replace the early S-300P (SA-10) versions (S-300PT-1, S-300PS, and S-300PM) and augment the long-range S-400 system in the short and medium range. We believe that the range of the S-350E is actually much greater than the officially announced 60 km. The real figure is probably closer to 120km, which is the range demonstrated during the launches of the 9M96E2 missiles. We hope that the teething problems that dogged the early versions of the 9M96 missiles have now been ironed out, and that the Russian Armed Forces will receive a standard new AA missile for the S-350E point air defense system and for the new ship-based Redut and Poliment-Redut SAM systems.

    Meanwhile, the Tikhomirov NIIP company advertised a possible competitor of the Vityaz, the Buk-M3 – even though the SAM system was shown merely as a picture on the wall of the company’s booth. The Buk-M3 is a deep upgrade of the self-propelled Buk (SA-11/SA-17) system used by the Army. Equipped with new missiles, up until very recently this new system was known to the general public only from a few individual photos and pieces of video footage. Mock-ups of what appears to have been Buk-M3 elements were seen in TV news bulletins showing Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin and Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu visiting Almaz-Antey facilities, the Smolensk Air Defense Academy, and the Innovation Days event at the MoD. Pictures on the wall of the Tikhomirov NIIP booth at MAKS-2013 showed a tracked self-propelled chassis carrying six AA missiles in a transport and firing box (similar to the one used for ship-based 9M317ME AA missiles); a missile guidance station (similar to the flat phased-array radar used in the 9M317 self-propelled launcher of the Buk-M2); and an optical-electronic channel. Also, the self-propelled launcher was shown carrying an additional phased array antenna, the purpose of which remains unclear. Based on that picture we can assume that the 9M317ME missiles are designed for oblique launching, unlike their vertical-launch ship-based version. According to the Almaz-Antey 2012 Annual Report, last year the 9K317M SAM system successfully completed state trials; it will probably enter into service with the Army’s air defense units in the near future.

    The short-range SAM systems demonstrated at MAKS-2013 included a shelter version of the Tor-M2KM (SA-15) system mounted on a truck chassis made by India’s Tata Motors. The system consists of: the 9A331MK-1 launch container module developed by NIEMI, a division of Almaz-Antey, and manufactured by IEMZ Kupol in Izhevsk; the 9S737MK Ranzhir-M1 battery command station made by OAO Radiozavod (Penza); and the 9T244 transporter-loader made by NPP Start (Yekaterinburg). All of these elements were demonstrated in an outdoor area at the exhibition. Russia is currently offering the container version of the Tor-M2E system to India. The launch customer for the Tor-M2E was Belarus, which also supplies the MZKT-6922 truck chassis for that system. Almaz-Antey is energetically promoting a modular version of the system that can be mounted on various truck chassis and on a range of ships (including civilian ones). The system can also be used as a fixed-position air defense installation to protect important facilities. The Tor system mounted on a Tata chassis is one of the two products Russia is offering in the Indian tender for 52 air defense systems, which are meant to replace obsolete short-range Soviet weaponry.1 The Indians always insist on some kind of offset arrangements when they place orders for foreign defense hardware. That is why Almaz-Antey is offering a version of its SAM system mounted on Indian-made chassis. A single Tor-M2E fighting vehicle and fighting module can engage up to four simultaneous targets at a distance of up to 10 km. The system’s ammunition pack consists of eight launch-ready 9M331 AA missiles developed by MKB Fakel and manufactured by Aviatek. The same producer also demonstrated its 9M334 missile module consisting of four 9M331 AA missiles.

    One of the most headline-grabbing systems demonstrated at the airshow in Moscow was the mock-up of a new short-range AA missile developed by Vympel. The missile is currently being marketed by the Tactical Missiles Corporation as the RZV-MD. According to the specifications unveiled at the exhibition, it has a range of at least 16 km, and a maximum altitude of at least 10 km. The missile travels at a maximum of 1,000 meters per second; it has an HE fragmentation warhead and a remote-control command guidance system. The mock-up of the RZV-MD missile was displayed at the Tactical Missiles Corporation booth along with the missile’s transport and launch container, which bore the designation 9M338K. That designation refers to an AA missile that will be used in the entirely new Tor-M2 SAM system. That system, which will be supplied to the Russian armed forces, entered trials several years ago. According to the available information, Almaz-Antey, which is the main contractor in the Tor-M2 program, had not been informed that the latest missile for its system would be exhibited at MAKS-2013. Let us hope that the products demonstrated at the next MAKS event in 2015 will include the new Tor-M2 fighting vehicle, which has an increased ammunition complement consisting of RZV-MD missiles. According to Almaz-Antey, the 9K331M SAM system equipped with 9M338K missiles completed the state trials program in 2012.2

    Speaking of the Indian tender for short-range air defense systems, Rosoboronexport is offering the Indians a choice of two products. One is the Tor-M2K container version. The other is the Pantsir-S1 (SA-22) gun-missile AA system, developed by the Konstruktorskoe Byuro Priborostroeniya (Instruments Design Bureau - KBP). The company is a Tula-based division of NPO High Precision Systems, which is part of the Russian Technologies corporation. Despite the economic crisis that gripped Russia in the 1990s and 2000s, KBP achieved a veritable breakthrough by designing a unique gun-missile system capable of engaging targets at a range of up to 20 km; this is a record that has yet to be beaten by any similar product anywhere in the world. The Pantsir vehicle demonstrated to the general public at MAKS was equipped with a new target-seeking radar developed by TsKBA (Tula), another division of NPO High Precision Systems. According to the available information, this version of the system is already being supplied to Algeria. The MAKS-2013 exhibits also included the Pantsir-S1 battery command station, which can coordinate the operation of up to six fighting vehicles while stationary or on the move; that is an important advantage of the system. The command station can be up to 10 km away from the fighting vehicle it controls, maintaining communication via radio, copper wire, or fiber optic cable.

    Another new product demonstrated at the exhibition was the 95Ya6-2M target missile, which is based on the design of the 95Ya6 AA missile used in the Pantsir-S1 gun-missile system. This ground-launched target can be used for cost-effective target practice by combat crews. In the meantime, KBP designers continue to work on further improvements and upgrades of the Pantsir-S1. The modifications they are expected to release shortly include a tracked version of the Pantsir for the Army’s air defense units; a lighter version of the system for airborne assault troops; and the ship-based Pantsir-M version. In another three of four years KBP will complete the development of an entirely new Pantsir version offering numerous improvements over the current system, according to Aleksandr Denisov, CEO of NPO High Precision Systems.3

    This year’s MAKS display included a very interesting range of new radars at the Almaz-Antey section of the exhibition. One of the leading Russian developers of radars, FNPTs NNIIRT (Nizhniy Novgorod), for the first time demonstrated the entire 55Zh6ME radar complex, which consists of the RLM-M module (meter band), the RLM-D (decimeter band), the RLM-S (centimeter band), and KU module (control station). Product 55Zh6ME is a mobile, versatile, and jamming-resistant radar complex which can detect aerodynamic and ballistic targets. The complex can work in a 360 degrees mode or monitor only the designated sector. Its maximum range, depending on the precise operating mode, ranges from 600 to 1,800 km, with a maximum altitude of 600 to 1,200 km.4 The complex is highly mobile, and can be deployed in a matter of just 15 minutes. All its elements are mounted on truck chassis made by the BAZ plant in Bryansk. Given the global proliferation of missile technologies, such a product is certain to attract customers. The FNPTs NNIIRT display also included the latest 55Zh6UME high and medium-altitude early warning radar.5 Another working system displayed at MAKS-2013 was the 1L122E compact radar, including the 1L122-1E and 1L122-2E versions.

    NPO Strela, another Almaz-Antey division based in Tula, displayed the 1L260 Zoopark-1M, an updated version of its weapons-locating radar. The system consists of a single 1L261 radar mounted on a tracked chassis. It can simultaneously locate the firing positions of the adversary’s missiles and artillery, provide targeting information, and monitor airspace to detect any weapons systems being deployed.

    Perhaps the greatest surprise of the MAKS-2013 airshow was the Demonstrator, a new radar displayed by Almaz-Antey. No information was available about that radar prior to the exhibition in Moscow. The product displayed at MAKS-2013 was described as a “the Demonstrator, a new specialized civilian radar, 1:1 scale, transmitter and receiver stations”. According to the information plate, the Demonstrator is a mobile specialized radar designed to monitor the launch of space carriers and the descent of reentry vehicles. The outward appearance of the Demonstrator is similar to the radars used in the US THAAD missile defense system and to the Israeli Elta Green Pine radar, which is used in the Arrow missile defense system. It appears that the product presented as a “civilian radar” at MAKS-2013 is actually a mobile early warning missile defense radar that will be used to detect missile launches and track missile trajectories in future Russian missile defense and space defense systems. The Demonstrator can detect targets at a distance of up to 1,500 km, and lock on targets with an RCS of 1 sq. m. at 600 km. The antennas used in the new radar are fully digital-receiver and transmitter-phased array setups.

    New products displayed at the 9th International Arms Expo in Nizhny Tagil

    Several interesting new weapons systems were displayed at the RAE-2013 International arms expo held in Nizhny Tagil in late September 2013.

    One of the most discussed displays was the mock-up of the ATOM, a heavy wheeled infantry fighting vehicle developed as part of a joint Russian-French project. France’s Renault Trucks Defence provided the chassis of the VBCI armored personnel carrier. Russia’s Uralvagonzavod (UVZ) corporation makes the ATOM’s turret, which is armed with a 57mm automatic cannon. The purpose of the product is to provide mobility to motor rifle units, engage various targets, and provide fire support to infantry fighting on foot. The turret and its 57mm automatic cannon were developed by TsNII Burevestnik. It can detect and engage targets (lightly armored and non-armored vehicles, infantry, and some types or air targets) day or night, while the ATOM is stationary or moving. Russia and France have agreed to market the product in third countries; the Russian MoD does not plan to place any orders.

    Another new product unveiled at the Nizhny Tagil arms expo is the BMPT-72 Terminator 2 tank support vehicle, which was demonstrated to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his first deputy, Dmitry Rogozin. Developed by UKBTV, the vehicle is based on the T-72 main battle tank design, and draws on the positive lessons learned from the first version of the Terminator. Unfortunately, the Terminator 2 was not demonstrated to the general public. The first Terminator, however, took part in demonstration firing exercises, during which it successfully used its artillery and missile weapons. Just like its earlier version, the Terminator 2 can provide effective fire support to tanks and infantry in any type of combat situation, in difficult terrain, day or night, and against any type of adversary. It has an improved fire-control system and a better protected turret. The main advantage of the BMPT-72 is that it can be made by converting the existing T-72 main battle tanks. That provides an excellent opportunity to extend the life cycle of the existing hardware that is currently operated by more than 40 countries.6

    Another interesting product displayed by UVZ in Nizhny Tagil was a modification of its popular T-72 tank tailored specifically for urban warfare. Having learned valuable lessons from recent local conflicts, the corporation has developed an upgrade option for the T-72 that increases the survivability of the tank and its crew in urban fighting, when the risks posed by anti-tank weaponry are especially high.

    Two new products were displayed by the Tractor Plants Concern, which includes such companies as the Kurganmashzavod and the Volgograd Tractor Plant. The first product is the BTR-MDM upgraded multirole airborne APC, also known as the Rakushka-M. The vehicle was designed by Kurganmashzavod for service with airborne assault troops (VDV) and the Navy’s marines; it can transport personnel, ammunition, spare parts, and fuel. It can also be equipped with a range of interchangeable components, allowing airborne troops to use it as a basic chassis for various combat vehicles. In particular, it can be used as a command-staff, communication, C&C, medical, and rear support vehicle.

    The Almaz-Antey display at the Nizhny Tagil expo included an upgraded version of the ZSU-23-4 Shilka self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons system. The famous Shilka has been given a new lease of life by the Ulyanovsky Mechanics Plant; the new ZSU-23-4M4 version has already secured export contracts. In addition to its four-barrel automatic AA gun, the vehicle is now equipped with a twin-barrel Igla (SA-18 or SA-24) MANPAD launcher, which has made it a significantly more formidable weapon. Nevertheless, the potential market for this system is fairly limited. To the more demanding customers the Ulyanovsky Mechanics Plant offers the upgraded Tunguska-M1 (SA-19) gun-missile AA system, which is equipped with a new optical-electronic channel.

    1. Voice of Russia. Russia to offer India unique weaponry // Россия предложит Индии уникальное оружие - Новости - Экономика - Голос России.

    2. Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern 2012 Annual Report, p. 49.

    3. Aleksey Ramm. Pantsir: the road to success. VPK, No 36, September 18, 2013 // «Панцирь» – путь к успеху | Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер».

    4. 55Zh6ME radar advertizing brochure // http://www.nniirt.ru/sites/default/files/docs/prod/55zh6me_0.pdf.

    5. NNIIRT sums up the results of the MAKS-2013 aerospace exhibition // ННИИРТ подводит итоги работы на Международном авиакосмическом салоне МАКС-2013 |.

    6. The Terminator’s world premier // УралВагонЗавод.

    Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies (CAST)
    Russia, Moscow, 125047, 3 Tverskaya-Yamskaya, 24, office 5
    phone/fax: (+7-495) 775-0418. Moscow Defense Brief
     
  5. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    Sokol-Eshelon and Dueliant: New Space Defense Laser

    Aleksandr Stukalin, Kommersant publishing house

     
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  6. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    Sokol-Eshelon and Dueliant: New Space Defense Laser

    Aleksandr Stukalin, Kommersant publishing house

     
  7. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    First pictures of Kh-32 released seen on Tu-22M3 , Range is 600-1000 km , Speed Mach 3.3-4 , Max Altitude 40 km Kh-32

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  8. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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  9. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    In book - "Russian Strategic Aviation Today - Yefim Gordon & Dmitriy Komissarov" quoting the Kh-32 part below

    #####

    The principal weapon of modernised Tu-22M3 will be the Kh-32 supersonic air-to-surface missile developed by NPO Raduga as an upgrade of the familiar Kh-22. It features an improved rocket motor and a new seeker head.

    The old Kh-22 anti-shipping missile was severely handicapped by its shortrange - a few hundered kilometers, that is, within visual range for a high flying aircraft. Over-the-horizon attackes were all but impossible: the Kh-22's seeker head could not find the target. In a real-life attack scenario against a carrier task force, the Tu-22M3 would have to break through fightercover , inevitably suffering loss.

    Raguda new Kh-32 is the solution. While Kh-22 climbs to 22000m and acclerates to about 3600 km/h on the way to target, the Kh-32 at first soars up almost to the outer space an altitude of some 44 km/27.3 miles then "looks beyond the horizon", detecting the target at 600 km or even 1000 km range. The warhead/seeker of the new missile is much smarter - it can classify the targets and select the priority target an aircraft carrier or cruiser.

    Also the Kh-32 closes on the target at much higher speed, which makes it impossible to intercept. In Russia that this missile and the Tu-22M3 modernisation to carry it are considered a serious military detterent and an effective weapon against the most powerful carrier task force. Test of the Kh-32 were successfuly conpleted back in late 1990 in so doing the long range aviation worked in close co-operation with the Navy,which willing supplied decommisioned warships as target.

    #####
     
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  10. TrueSpirit

    TrueSpirit Senior Member Senior Member

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    Simply amazing...does the West have a counterpart for Kh-32 with comparable capabilities ?
     
  11. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    To make story short West relied on Aircraft Carrier and Fighter Aircraft for Sea Control Capability and Russia relied on different classes of Anti-Ship Missile for Sea Denial Capability ..... just different strategy and approaches.
     
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  12. gadeshi

    gadeshi Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russians rely on Antey class submarines with Granit and Bazalt missiles to deny and destroy western CAGs.
     
  13. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    MODERN ARMAMENTS - BACKBONE FOR MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN ARMED FORCES

    Author: Anatoly Gulyaev

    Anatoly Gulyaev - Chief of Armaments Department, RF Ministry of Defense
     
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  14. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Long walk Elite Member

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    Colombian President Says Russian Bombers Violated Airspace

    Colombian officials will issue a note of protest to Moscow after two Russian Tupolev Tu-160 strategic bombers entered the country’s airspace without permission last week, the Latin American nation's president has said.

    The aircraft entered Colombian airspace from Venezuela last Friday while heading for Nicaragua, President Juan Manuel Santos said Tuesday, according to a report on Colombia's NTN24 television station.

    Russia failed to ask for authorization for the bombers to fly over Venezuela to Nicaragua and back over Colombian airspace last week, he said.

    On their way back, the aircraft were intercepted by two Colombian Kfir fighter jets while flying in Colombia's airspace.

    Colombia will make “a respective notification” to the Russian government following the incident, Santos said.

    Russian officials said previously that the two bombers had flown over the international waters of the Caribbean Sea and arrived in Nicaragua last week after taking off from an airbase in Venezuela.

    The Russian Defense Ministry said that the mission was carried out “in line with the combat training program” and was in line with all international norms.

    Colombian President Says Russian Bombers Violated Airspace | Defense | RIA Novosti
     
  15. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Long walk Elite Member

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    Colombian Kfirs intercept Russian bombers enrout to Venezuela

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    Two Russian Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO Reporting Name: Blackjack) strategic bombers triggered a diplomatic raw last week, violating Colombian airspace two times on a mission flown from Caracas, Venezuela to Managua, Nicaragua. The two bombers entered Columbian airspace as they were flying over an Colombian island in the Caribbean sea, without propper request. The aircraft were detected about 11:00 am by the air surveillance radar of San Andrés. According to Colombian records, the two aircraft carried registration numbers XM94115 XM94104.

    The Russian bombers were intercepted by two Colombian KFIR fighters approximately 80 miles of Barranquilla. The Colombian fighters were scramblled from this base where they were stationed on high readiness alert. Barranquilla, a civil airport also supports some of the Colombian Counter-Insurgency (COIN) operations with aircraft such as the T-37 and A-29B, operating on counter drug traficking.

    The Kfirs followed the Russian bombers for about five minutes, until the intruders left Colombian airspace. “Barranquilla Control reports to the Command and Control Center of the Air Force, the aircraft transferred from Curacao Control, had no diplomatic clearance for overflying respective Colombian airspace” the military announcement said. The Russian bombers were not allowed to continue on their planned route and avoid the 12 nautical miles zone from the island. Finally, they crossed to the south of the archipelago and lost contact with them when they were on Honduran territory.


    Colombian Kfirs intercept Russian bombers enrout to Venezuela - Defense Update - Military Technology & Defense News
     
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  16. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    Must be fun to have Kfir for company :)
     
  17. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Long walk Elite Member

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    [Targeting Pod Footage] Colombian Kfir fighter jets intercept Russian Tu-160 strategic bombers

    The two Tu-160 strategic bombers that visited Venezuela (and later Nicaragua) last week returned to the Engels base on Nov. 5.

    The Blackjack bombers took off from the Maiquetia airport in Venezuela and landed at their homebase about 15 hours later; the return trip included aerial refueling by Il-78 tankers over the Norwegian Sea.


    [​IMG]

    However, as the aircraft returned to Russia, details about the alleged violation of the Colombian airspace by the two Tu-160 supersonic bombers on their way to Nicaragua emerged.

    According to Webinfomil.com website, on Nov. 1, at about 11:00 am, the two aircraft, registration and XM94115 XM94104, entered Colombian airspace and were detected by the radar of San Andrés.

    Lacking the diplomatic clearance to cross Colombia’s airspace, the two Tu-160s were intercepted by two Colombian Air Force Kfir fighter planes approximately 80 miles from Barranquilla.

    According to the FAC the interceptors escorted the Russian bombers for about 5 minutes until they left the Colombian airspace.

    Incursión de aviones rusos TU-160 en Colombia - YouTube


    The Aviationist » [Targeting Pod Footage] Colombian Kfir fighter jets intercept Russian Tu-160 strategic bombers
     
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  18. p2prada

    p2prada Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    So the Russians did what they wanted and left.
     
  19. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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    The patrol of these bombers are notified in advanced to countries that these bombers would pass through so as not to get into any misunderstaning , It similar to the notification one provided to ships at sea when a missile is tested.

    Reason you find many NATO fighters that accompany them during patrol flights.

    I remember a year back there was report of Tu-160 intruding into UK airspace and was then escorted by Eurofighter.
     
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  20. Austin

    Austin Regular Member

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  21. Austin

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