Road less travelled: Ladakh

Discussion in 'General Multimedia' started by Sakal Gharelu Ustad, Sep 10, 2013.

  1. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    Got some time to travel this summer. So I packed my bags and went to Ladakh. Hope you would not be annoyed by my lack of interest in photography. The only reason I am posting pics here is because I got a chance to travel very close to the China border.

    [​IMG]

    Let me first show the interesting part of the trip. So the idea was to do the loop as shown in the map..i.e. A-C-B-D-A

    A- Leh
    C- The very famous(courtesy: 3 Idiots) and crowded lake called the Pangong Tso. Thankfully the cola drinkers and kurkure eaters do not go much beyond the starting point of the lake. We followed the lake for about 25kms. on our way.
    B- The most awesome place for star gazing called Hanle. No reason to explain why it boasts one of the best astronomical observatories in the world. For details: Indian Astronomical Observatory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . When inaugurated it was the highest observatory in the world.
    D- The not so famous but completely in India lake called The Tso Moriri. It is the big lake slightly below point D.
     
  2.  
  3. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    For a nice introduction, lets first introduce this beauty.

    [​IMG]

    Although, we did not use it for the trip mentioned in the map above. But still had to post it anyway. The above picture is from Hunder(sand dunes) situated in Nubra Valley.
     
  4. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    [​IMG]
    Pangong Tso

    It is a salt water lake because it has a closed water ecosystem.

    [​IMG]
    It is pretty common to come across dry salt bed.

    [​IMG]
    The awesome road on the Indian side. Thanks to dry weather, dirt roads are not really so bad as one might think.
     
  5. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    [​IMG]

    More of the road.

    [​IMG]

    Kala dil walo ka kala pahad. The blackish mountain in the background is in PLA occupied Indian territory. This is where The Pangong curves into China.
     
  6. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    [​IMG]

    Its a long long way to go!

    [​IMG]

    The village on the border with almost no facilities(reason: everyone knows).
     
    H.A., Patriot, Ankit Purohit and 3 others like this.
  7. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    [​IMG]
    Chushul memorial

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
    Rezang La memorial in memory of those who served the country in 1962.

    Jai Hind
     
    H.A., Patriot, tharikiran and 5 others like this.
  8. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    Very few Indian tourists are allowed beyond Chushul given the tense situation on the border. A month before we went there, a tourist car crossed into Chinese side and were caught and then given a tough time(thrashing!!) and so the army was hesitant in giving permissions. Luckily, we were able to convince them that we know the way!!

    But how were we supposed to know our way on overlapping dirt tracks?? See below and answer.

    [​IMG]


    After covering some 60kms in 3-3.5hrs, we were excited to finally see this road:

    [​IMG]
     
  9. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    Greetings from the wild horses of Ladakh, called Kiang. According to locals, big hordes have migrated from China into India given the special culinary interest of our neighbors in almost everything.

    [​IMG]
     
  10. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 17, 2009
    Messages:
    43,118
    Likes Received:
    23,545
    Location:
    Somewhere
    Good for you.

    More Indian tourist and adventure seekers must visit these areas.
     
  11. mahesh

    mahesh Regular Member

    Joined:
    Sep 6, 2010
    Messages:
    379
    Likes Received:
    127
    Location:
    bangalore
    the vegetation is very less, climate ? or the fertility of soil ?
     
    amoy likes this.
  12. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    Climate mainly. Well, what can one expect to grow above 4000m altitude!!
     
  13. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 17, 2009
    Messages:
    43,118
    Likes Received:
    23,545
    Location:
    Somewhere
    Vegetation is basically along the banks of river and streams.

    Barley is grown (which is roasted and ground to become Tsampa, and is eaten with salted butter tea called gur-gur).

    The DRDO has done good work,

    Vegetable Science
    Standardized agro-techniques (organically) for 78 types of vegetables including tropical, subtropical and temperate vegetables. Suitable varieties/hybrids for all these crops were also identified.
    Achieved vegetable supply of 58% of total demand of army deployed in �L� sector under the technical know how of DIHAR through local cooperative marketing society.
    Established permafrost based National germplasm storage facility at Changla top (17,586 ft AMSL) for successful, cost-effective, safe and long�term conservation of valuable PGRFA in the form of safety duplicates. The elite germplasm can be kept at -4 to -20� C temperature inside the structure with 10-20 per cent moisture. Apart from India, only Norway (Svalbard) has the permafrost storage facility in the world.
    Seed production technology for certain vegetable crops were standardized and demonstrated.
    Solar based greenhouses including low cost double walled polyenches and trenches were designed and its suitability for round the year vegetable cultivation was standardized, demonstrated and disseminated.
    75 Greenhouses have been established in various army units along the LOC including Kargil and Siachen for round the year vegetable cultivation
    Garlic aerial true to type seed bulbil technology which saves up to 15 q/ h planting material was successfully demonstrated.
    Established terrace farming with integrated irrigation system with drip, sprinkler and studied the water use efficiency and established 50% water saving.
    DIHAR green house technology has been accepted by LAHDC for dissemination to the locals and is providing Rs. 50,000 subsidy per greenhouse.
    Triple layered polycarbonate green houses are most suitable to grow early seedlings i.e. in 1st week of April for protected cultivation to take early crop and also ensuring 300% cropping intensity.
    Process has been developed for long �term (10 months) potato storage in specifically designed underground store using CIPC (Isopropyl-3-chloro carbanilate) (60 ml/ton) fogging treatment for round year availability of potato.
    Standardized vermi-composting technology for cold deserts
    Horticulture & Post Harvest Technology

    Surveyed, identified, evaluated and conserved 54 genotypes of indigenous apricot and 10 genotypes indigenous apple from cold arid Ladakh.
    Established gene bank of apricot, apple, seabuckthorn, cherry, walnut, strawberry, mulberry, grapes etc.
    Introduced new fruit crops like cherry, almond, strawberry, mulberry, pear, peaches etc.
    Developed processing /value addition techniques for low quality apricot and seabuckthorn for production of nectar, jam, jelly, juice, nectar / RTS, puree, hurdle technology, intermediate moisture, bar etc. which have industrial potential.
    Surveyed variability and area under seabuckthorn, a wonder plant of cold dessert (about 11,500ha) using remote sensing technology.
    Morphological, biochemical and molecular techniques were used to identify 100 elite accessions of seabuckthorn in Ladakh region.
    Installed and demonstrated gradient based drip irrigation system to conserve water in cold desert.
    Standardized technology for minimal processing, freeze preservation and zero energy based long term storage of minimally processed frozen vegetables to boost the offseason availability during peak winters.
    Underground storage techniques for storage of perishable fruits during frozen winters were developed and demonstrated.
    Developed the technology for preparation of herbal beverage from fruits of seabuckthorn. The beverage is rich sources of vitamin A, C, B, K, & E and does not freeze up to -22 degree centigrade. Since the product is having anti-aging and anti-stress properties, it has been included in the special ration of Indian Army. Transferred the technology to 7 vendors and they are manufacturing the herbal beverage commercially.
    The institute has designed & developed low cost drier such as solar polyhouse drier, tunnel drier, LPG driers, drier for scientific dehydration of surplus fruit and vegetables of the region.
    Developed mechanical harvester for Seabuckthorn fruit collection without damaging the plant

    Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

    Herbal tea was formulated using high altitude medicinal & aromatic plants. The technology has been transferred for commercial production and introduced in high altitude ration of army.
    Formulated herbal antioxidant supplement using medicinal plants growing at high altitude to counteract the high altitude maladies. TOT done with IMPCL, Min. of Health .
    Herbal appetizer has been formulated by using high altitude medicinal plants and tested for toxicity and found to be non-toxic. Clinical studies are in progress.
    Formulated herbal UV protective oil using medicinal plants growing at high altitude to protect from UV radiation in high altitude.
    Standardized bulk extraction of SBT seed oil using CO2 supercritical method and its biochemical profiling. Formulated soft gel seabuckthorn oil capsule and toxicological studies are in progress.
    Surveyed, identified and documented floristic wealth of Ladakh and Lahaul - Spiti with emphasis on medicinal & aromatic plants.
    Rare, endangered and threatened medicinal plants viz. Aconitum sp, Dactylorhiza sp, Ephedra sp, Inula sp, Podophyllum sp were enlisted and conserved as ex situ. Techniques were developed for propagation and cultivation of 30 high altitude medicinal & aromatic plants for commercial cultivation.
    Established Alpine herbal garden of 50 medicinal & aromatic plants for R&D activities

    Biotechnology

    Genetic diversity and molecular characterization studies on indigenous seabuckthorn, apricot, apple, mulberry, artemisia, capparis, dactylorhiza, and Rhodiola using SSR, CAPS, STS, SCAR and AFLP markers.
    Submitted 34 GSS of Hippophae rhamnoides and 29 GSS of Capparis spinosa to NCBI database.
    Studies on antifreeze protein genes in seabuckthorn
    Identified five potential psychrotolerant phosphate solubilising microbes by biochemical, fatty acid methyl ester and 16S rRNA gene sequence approach.
    Protein profiling of 52 apricot germplasm was done.
    Studies on antifreeze protein genes in seabuckthorn

    Poultry

    Developed cold arid poultry production technology to boost the availability of meat and eggs.
    Developed solar poultry housing system suited for high altitudes to utilize the solar energy, reducing dependence on conventional energy sources and to achieve optimum cost of production.
    Generated crossbred fowls of local X commercial broilers through 3 way crosses to select desired genotypes for breed development, suitable for cold climatic conditions.
    Formulated balanced and economical poultry feed suitable for high altitude, cold arid conditions thereby reducing incidence of Ascites and nutritional deficiency disease cases.
    Poultry production is being enhanced through small local poultry farmers by providing vital technical support.
    Established and demonstrated hatchery unit and normobaric chamber to improve hatchability of poultry eggs in severe cold conditions, low humidity, and hypoxic conditions in Ladakh.

    Cattle Sheep & Goat

    Developed fast growing broiler sheep by crossing of Changthangi x Muzzafarnagri to boost the meat availability in �L� sector.
    Field survey was conducted, blood & milk samples of dairy cattle was collected and analyzed for prevalence of bovine TB, FMD, and brucellosis in Ladakh.
    Reformulation of ration scale as per optimum nutritional requirements for growth and production in sheep and cattle.
    Field survey was conducted, blood & milk samples of dairy cattle was collected and analyzed for prevalence of bovine TB, FMD, and brucellosis in Ladakh.
    Developed package of practices for breeding and rearing of sheep and goat in cold desert.
    Upgradation of local cattle is being carried out by providing natural service to local cows by proven sire and adopting assisted reproductive technique such as artificial insemination.
    Dairy farming techniques for Ladakh sector were developed and disseminated to local farmers by pedigree calves distribution programme.
    Clinical diagnostic and therapeutic facilities were disseminated to the local farmers.
    Ensuring 25% supply of fresh milk to troops deployed in �L� sector.

    Equine breeding
    Local equine germplasm (Zanskar ponies) of Ladakh are being conserved, multiplied and upgraded.
    Genetic characterization of Zanskar ponies and the progeny is being carried out by molecular characterization.
    Generated crossbred equines (Zanskar mares X Half linger stallion) and mules (Zanskar mares X Donkey stallion).
    Comparative performance of Zanskar ponies, GS Mules and GS ponies was evaluated at high altitude and found Zanskari breed superior over GS mules and ponies.
    Evolved a package of equine management practices for sustained performance of pack animals without affecting their general health and condition.
    The Zanskari ponies are being issued to army at the place of GS mules/ponies in ‘L’ sector.
    The artificial insemination (AI) technology was employed first time in Zanskari ponies and genetically superior crossbreds Zanskari foals were produced.

    NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY AND SOIL SCIENCE

    Installation of Biogas Plant at high altitude to generate low cost and eco friendly energy.
    Storage studies of Biodiesel blends under sub-zero conditions of Ladakh.
    Physico-chemical analysis of biodiesel blends with petro-diesel.
    Effect of anti-freezing agents (Glycerol & DMSO) on Bio-diesel properties in high altitudes
    Knocking, chocking & injector deterioration studies for performance test of bio-diesel blends in MT vehicles.
    Tractors and other heavy & light vehicles at DIHAR were run with 5% & 10% bio-diesel blend in the temperature range of -170C to 00C.
    Analysis of irrigation water quality parameters like carbonate, bicarbonate, Chloride and TDS from Indus Valley.
    Analyzed organic and inorganic carbon content of farmlands from 15 villages of Nubra valley.

    Agroforestry and Extension services
    Contributed in greening of �L� sector, plantation done at very high altitudes from 12,500 ft to 15,500 ft AMSL (Siachen base camp, South Pullu, North Pullu, Tangse, Chumathang etc. to improve the eco-environment.
    Standardized propagation techniques of forest species such as Populus, Salix, Elaeagnus, Ulmus and Syringa.
    Regular training on agro-animal activities viz. vegetable cultivation, raising of vegetable nursery, greenhouse cultivation for subzero vegetable cultivation, cultivation of exotic vegetables, quality vegetable seed production, processing of surplus vegetables, processing of vegetables and fruits, poultry rearing and production, dairy management to troops and local people under OP Sadbhawana, NGO�s and general public.
    Disseminating the agro-animal technologies through Radio and TV talks, Literature distribution, On-farm demonstration, Imparting training & consultancy and Organising Kisan Jawan Vigyan Mela
    Distributing the improved basic inputs to increase the agro-animal

    DRDO
     
    W.G.Ewald, arnabmit and mahesh like this.
  14. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Jan 17, 2010
    Messages:
    5,519
    Likes Received:
    1,544
    Bangong Tso has a Chinese nickname West Sea.

    Chinese side
    [​IMG]

    And the nearest town Shiquanhe (meaning Lion Spring River)
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  15. Dinesh_Kumar

    Dinesh_Kumar Regular Member

    Joined:
    Jun 20, 2013
    Messages:
    517
    Likes Received:
    225
    Location:
    India
    There is vast difference in development b/w our side and theirs..................we can certainly do better..
     
  16. Ankit Purohit

    Ankit Purohit Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Jun 20, 2012
    Messages:
    1,051
    Likes Received:
    616
    Location:
    Mumbai
    Nice Thread.
     
  17. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

    Joined:
    Jan 17, 2010
    Messages:
    5,519
    Likes Received:
    1,544
    what development can be sustained at the 4,000+m altitude with a very vulnerable environment? Shiquanhe, reported to be the biggest in Ali area (nearby Pangong Tso) , has a pop. of 10k only.

    Perhaps tourism is the way out with relics of a perished ancient kingdom.

    Sent from my 5910 using Tapatalk 2
     
  18. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 17, 2009
    Messages:
    43,118
    Likes Received:
    23,545
    Location:
    Somewhere
    Leh is at an altitude of 3524 metres (11,562 ft).

    There is a lot of development.

    Altitude does not matter.

    Acclimatisation and prolonged stay changes the physiology to that environment.

    The abundance of the alfa alfa grass is ideal for animal husbandry.

    The wind power through the narrow valleys is ideal for wind powered energy.

    Then there are semi precious gems.

    Well, there is enough of scope for development.
     
    TrueSpirit likes this.
  19. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

    Joined:
    Apr 28, 2012
    Messages:
    6,678
    Likes Received:
    6,659
    On way from chushul to Hanley:

    [​IMG]
     
    TrueSpirit and W.G.Ewald like this.

Share This Page