Right to skill dev: Is Modi learning to sell snake oil?

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by Sakal Gharelu Ustad, Jul 20, 2015.

  1. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    Although it is not yet definite, but even if the talks are going on then it makes a big news. If Modi is also falling for rights based approach, then it seems India is screwed. Here is the article: http://swarajyamag.com/economy/a-right-to-skill-development-is-just-so-wrong/


    No one was expecting the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) to roll back the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), the Right to Free and Compulsory Education (Right to Education or RTE) Act or the National Food Security Act (NFSA). After all, the BJP had quite actively supported the passage of these Acts and had even crowed about the fact that a BJP-ruled state, Chhattisgarh, had pioneered a food security legislation.

    But no one was also expecting that more such rights would be enacted. Turned out the expectation was wrong. Going by this report in the Hindustan Times, the NDA-II government is planning to enact a right to skill development. This is not a news report based on anonymous sources (such stories can turn out to be wrong sometimes) but is quoting the minister of state for skill development, Rajiv Pratap Rudy. The inspiration behind this? Chhattisgarh once again – it enacted a Right of Youth to Skill Development Act, 2013.

    The Chattisgarh right to skill development law says no one between the ages of 14 and 45 can be denied access to skill development opportunities. It requires the government to ensure that a person applying for skill development gets admitted into a course within 90 days. Reports say the state government has hugely ramped up the number of ITIs and polytechnics since the Act was passed. But many people in the rural areas – precisely those people who need skill development in order to move out of agriculture – are not aware of this law. Nor are they in a position to take on the government if it fails to provide them admission to a course?

    Problems relating to the enforcement of right-based entitlement laws are often glossed over. A telling example is that of the NFSA, which is nowhere close to a national rollout even two years after it was passed and even Congress-ruled state governments are dragging their feet on this. The provisions in the RTE requiring private schools to reserve 25 per cent seats for children from poor families has resulted in a huge admission scam in Delhi.

    Rudy says the proposal is at a discussion stage, but why is a government headed by someone who keeps chanting the mantra of minimum government even thinking of such a right? Skill development is not a public good that requires it to be provided by the state. It certainly helps industry and is vital to address the unemployment problem, but that still does not make it a public good.

    Yes, there is a huge skills gap in the country and that is affecting the competitiveness of Indian manufacturing. The website of the ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship says only 5 per cent of those in the 20-24 age group have formal vocational skills against between 60 per cent and 90 per cent in developed countries. The National Strategy for Manufacturing put out by the erstwhile National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council (NMCC) said that 1.5 million technically skilled people will have to come into the work force every year for the manufacturing sector to grow at 12 per cent a year. We are nowhere close to that. Though there has been an increase in the training infrastructure – the number of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) has more than doubled between 2004 and 2014 – this still falls short of what is needed.

    Yes, the vocational education and apprenticeship programmes in the country are abysmal. The syllabus and curriculum of ITIs as well as the polytechnics lag behind industry requirements. That is the reason why many educated youth are unemployable. The institutes lack operational freedom to address this lacuna. Attempts to get the private sector to adopt ITIs have not met with much success because of this problem. Industry has been extremely frustrated by the inflexibility it comes up against whenever experiments have been attempted.

    But merely legislating a legally-enforceable right without breaking the bureaucratic stranglehold on these institutions will not help address the skill deficit. And removing the structural flaws does not require a right to be legislated – it requires political will.

    Rights-based legislation is not the panacea for all governance-related problems. All that they will do is create another layer of bureaucracy. It will be far better for the government to identify hurdles to private initiative in this area and remove them, instead of taking on another onerous responsibility which it is not equipped to shoulder and indeed should not shoulder.
     
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  3. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Actually this is a good law..... we need to remove RTE and put this in....this needs to dilute some provisions of RTE.
    Read the twitter @realitycheckInd or "Reality Check India" to know in detail why
     
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  4. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    I know realitycheck, but I think both need to go. This law would be useless as most other rights.
     
  5. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Well I'd need to see exactly what is written but ... speaking in the language of a communist(though I hate them) i say we need to equip our people with "Production Mediums", things that can produce wealth. Earlier that was land. Now that we are industrializing , it is skills... this is a good law.... IF WRITTEN AND APPLIED PROPERLY.
     
  6. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    It is a BS law because skills change very quickly and industry will anyway seek to create it if not available. Why do you need a right for it? Just make it easier to open ITIs or give tax breaks at most if private players think it is not profitable.

    Looking at Indian universities which have not changed their syllabus in last 3-4 decades I would be surprised if any govt. skilling institute would fare better in adopting new changed requirements of the economy.
     
  7. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    This time germany is roped in as a partner and the system here is very very good. google "Azubi system germany"
     
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  8. Ancient Indian

    Ancient Indian Unplugged Version Senior Member

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    I saw people criticizing end products.

    But in India, they will criticize the design part also.

    If you are so frustrated with the design, go and give your own requirements.

    Modiji opened online portal . We can give inputs you know.

    If you don't think they will listen to you, we can arrange big protest at Janthar Manthar like the true aam admi.
     
  9. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    I am not sure it has anything to do with Germany yet. I would wonder if there is a similar right in Germany.
     
  10. Sakal Gharelu Ustad

    Sakal Gharelu Ustad Detests Jholawalas Moderator

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    India has low hanging fruits to pick. They can look around the world and get best solutions, the way Indians deliver top class IT support for low-end products. Rights based approach and govt. intervention in every random job does not work any where.

    Design is the crucial phase to criticize.
     
  11. Ancient Indian

    Ancient Indian Unplugged Version Senior Member

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    Or they can experiment with states and If they get success, they can do that in national level.

    That is what going on there.
     
  12. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Look first thing you have to understand is that a right is passed only for stuff that is scarce ..... Do you see a right to oxygen :lol:
    I am talking about the implementation partner as being germany ... not legal partner.... the system here is nice and no they are not congressi here so no "Rights based legislation" that is a brain child of #AadarshLiberal.
     
  13. blueblood

    blueblood Senior Member Senior Member

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    To be fair to the UPA, RTI is an excellent tool for dealing with mother effing bureaucracy. Whenever you are being pissed on in a govt. office, ask for the information officer (soochna adhikari) and see their reaction.

    At the same time RTE was a fucking cop out by the govt. RTE is the two minute noodles of education reforms.
     

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