Propaganda and the education of Pakistani youth: a textbook case

Discussion in 'Pakistan' started by Redhawk, Jan 19, 2015.

  1. Redhawk

    Redhawk Regular Member

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    The 1965 Indo-Pakistani War was a watershed event for Pakistan: Pakistan and Pakistanis would never be the same again. And nowhere was this more clearly demonstrated than in the introduction of more propaganda into the education of Pakistani youth. The below article is an informative and insightful look at the history and effects of increased propaganda in the education system of Pakistan.

    A textbook case
     
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  3. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Pakistan is a lost case.
     
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  4. Redhawk

    Redhawk Regular Member

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    Is it really, Ray? Can nothing be salvaged from Pakistan?

    Was Jinnah's vision of an independent Muslim homeland on the Indian Subcontinent rather than an Islamic state a worthwhile vision, Ray, do you think?

    Was it ever viable? Can it ever work? Or was the premise, its ideology, on which it was founded so thoroughly flawed that it was destined to becom a failed state and remain a failed state?

    One must remember that Pakistan had its supporters, and not just in the Islamic world. There were people who wanted to see Pakistan succeed as a country and as a state.

    The link below to an article may be helpful.

    Link: Jinnah had a dream, and we failed him
     
    Last edited: Jan 19, 2015
  5. Sambha ka Boss

    Sambha ka Boss Regular Member

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    Here is what 70% of student population in Pakistan study

    Original Report at CRSS Pakistan

    Look What We Are Teaching At Public Schools

    Pakistan’s public schools, which educate some 70 percent of the student population….
    Prescribed textbooks for
    Classes 4 and 5, attended by children aged 8 to 10, are bursting with anti-Hindu and anti-Sikh
    themes. By Class 6, when students are typically 10 to 12 years old, anti-Christian, anti-British and anti-European indoctrination begins. Children are taught that the “Christians and Europeans were not happy to see the Muslims flourishing in life.”31 Anti-Jewish postulations are introduced in Class 7. In Classes 9-10, when students are typically 13 to 16 years old, the ‘importance of Jihad’ is cultivated.
    Here are excerpts from textbooks:
    Text No. 1
    Class: 4
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 80-81
    “Sikhs destroyed the Muslim towns from the river Sutlej to the river Jamna. A
    number of times the Sikhs crossed the river Jamna and looted and destroyed the
    settlements of the Muslims. They truned the mosques into their ‘Gurdawaras’,
    demolished the shrines of the Muslim saints and burnt religious schools and
    libraries.”
    Authors: Dr Miss Ferozah Yasmeen, Dr Azhar Hamid, Mian Muhammad Javed
    Akhtar, Nasir-ur-Din Ghaznavi, Muhammad Zubair Hashmi, Bashir-ud-Din Malik
    and Qazi Ajjad Ahmed.
    Comment (inside backcover): “The Punjab Texbook Board is your own
    organization. It produces quality and cost effective textbooks for you.”
    Text No. 2
    Class: 4
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 83
    “The Muslims of Pakistan provided all the facilities to the Hindus and Sikhs who
    left for India. But the Hindus and Sikhs looted the Muslims in India with both
    hands and they attacked their caravans, busses and railway trains. Therefore
    about 1 million Muslims were martyred on their way to Pakistan.”
    21
    Authors: Dr Miss Ferozah Yasmeen, Dr Azhar Hamid, Mian Muhammad Javed
    Akhtar, Nasir-ur-Din Ghaznavi, Muhammad Zubair Hashmi, Bashir-ud-Din Malik
    and Qazi Ajjad Ahmed.
    Comment (inside backcover): “Approved by Federal Ministry of Education,
    Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.”
    Text No. 3
    Class: 4
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 84
    “India invaded Lahore on the 6th of September, 1965 without any ultimatum. After
    17 days, the Indian authorities laid down arms acknowledging the bravery and
    gallantry of the Pak Army and civilians.”
    Authors: Dr Miss Ferozah Yasmeen, Dr Azhar Hamid, Mian Muhammad Javed
    Akhtar, Nasir-ur-Din Ghaznavi, Muhammad Zubair Hashmi, Bashir-ud-Din Malik
    and Qazi Ajjad Ahmed.
    Comment (inside backcover): “Approved by Federal Ministry of Education,
    Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.”
    Text No. 4
    Class: 5
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 123
    “When India was defeated in the war of 1965, she excited the Muslims of East
    Pakistan against the Muslims of West Pakistan. For this prupose, Inida sought
    the help of those Hindus who lived in East Pakistan. Ultimately, India attacked
    East Pakistan in December 1971 and helped the East Pakistanis to sever their
    relations with West Pakistan. Thus East Pakistan was separated from West
    Pakistan. The East Pakistanis renamed their country Bangladesh. India
    immediately recognized Bangladesh as an independent soverign state.”
    Authors: Dr Ferozah Yasmeen, Mrs Zarina Asharf, Bashir-ud-din Malik, Prof
    Mirza Munawwar and Mian Mohammed Javed.
    Comment (inside frontcover): “To achieve a better standard of life, quality
    education playes a pivotal role. My Government is trying hard to provide this
    base (Ch Pervez Elahi, Chief Minister, Punjab.”
    Text No. 5
    Class: 5
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 123
    22
    “India is our traditional enemy and we should always keep ourselves ready to
    defend out beloved country from Indian aggression.”
    Authors: Dr Ferozah Yasmeen, Mrs Zarina Asharf, Bashir-ud-din Malik, Prof
    Mirza Munawwar and Mian Mohammed Javed.
    Comment (inside frontcover): “As for curriculum development, a team of
    professional experts was assem,bled for writing of textbooks, which will prove
    helpful in achieving the quality of education (Ch Pervez Elahi, Chief Minister,
    Punjab.”
    Text No. 6
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 100
    “The foundation of Hindu set up was based on injustice and cruelty”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Comment (inside frontcover): “Our curriculum in the past was not in concert with
    the requirements of modern times. I am pleased to note that the government has
    not only given importance to the sovereignty and security of the country, but also
    taken steps for the improvement of the quality of education and curriculum to
    bring it in tune with the latest standards (Message from General Pervez
    Musharraf).”
    Text No. 7
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 63
    “The religion has deep impact on the children in Bharat. The Hindu, Muslim, Sikh
    and Christian children have their own separate identiy.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Comment (insdie frontcover): “It is a historical fact that the Muslims ruled the
    world for hundreds of years on the basis of the knowledge acquired by their
    intellectuals, philosophers and scientitsts (Message from General Pervez
    Musharraf).”
    Text No. 8
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 54-55
    “The Hindus claim Harijans as their integrated part but deal with them in the
    same manner as they behave with Muslims and other communities.”
    23
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Comment: “In the light of Islamic teachins and to meet the challenges of lifek, it
    is incumbent upon all Pakistanis to devote their energies for acquiring knowledge
    with special emphasis on computer and IT education ((Message from General
    Pervez Musharraf).”
    Text No. 9
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 95
    “Conquest of Debul: A furious battle was fought between the two forces…..The
    Muslims changed the slogan of Allah-o-Akbar and Catapult was operated and
    started throwing heavy stones…….The Hindus lost all hopes. The enemy was
    defeated and the fort was conquered.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 10
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 95
    “The Hindus began to embrace Islam in great nuimber due to the good and kind
    treatment of Mulims.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 11
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 96
    “An Arab soldier cut the neck of Raja Dahir with sword who was riding an
    elephant in a Howdaha. The sun of life of Raja Dahir set forever from the
    universe on 10th of Ramdan 93 H.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 12
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    24
    Pages: 99
    “Before the Arab conquest the people were fed up with the teachings of
    Buddhists and Hindus. The main cause was the benign treatment of Muslims
    with the Hindus. Due to this attitude Hindus began to love Muslims and they
    became nearer and nearer to the Muslims.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 13
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 99
    “The Biritish sent rare books from these libraries to England. Thus the British
    ruined the Muslim schools. They did not want that Islam should spread.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 14
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 121
    “Islam preached equality, brotherhood, and fraternity and respect for all people.
    The caste system of the Hindus had made life of common man as miserable and
    as such they were fed up with this system.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 15
    Class: 6
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 123
    “The British changed the curriculum of Madrasas and they had their full say in
    Education also they could change the syllabi according to their minds. The
    teaching of Hadith and Fiqa was stopped all together. The British freely
    distributed the literature of Christianity.”
    Scripted & Translated by: Prof. Mian Muhammed Aslam, Prof. Muhammed
    Farooq Malik and Qazi Sajjad Ahmed.
    Text No. 16
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    25
    Pages: 12
    “Before Islam, people lived in untold misery all over the world.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 17
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 13
    “Some Jewish tribes also lived in Arabia. They lent money to workers and
    peasants on high rates of interest and usurped their earnings. They held the
    whole society in their tight grip because of the ever increasing compound
    interest.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 18
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 25
    “History has no parallel to the extremely kind treatment of the Christians by the
    Muslims. Still the Christian kingdoms of Europe were constantly trying to gain
    control of Jerusalem. This was the cause of the crusades.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 19
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 13
    “All the Christian countries united against the Muslims and sent large armies to
    attack the holy city of Jerusalem. These wars are called crusades because the
    Pope, a head of the Christians, called a council of war. In this meeting he
    declared that Jesus Christ sanctioned war against Muslims.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 20
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 28
    26
    “During the Crusades, the Christians came in contact with the Muslims and
    learnt that the Muslim culture was far superior to their lown.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 21
    Class: 7
    Subject: Social Studies
    Pages: 43
    “European nations have been working during the past three centuries, through
    conspiracies on naked aggression to subjugate the countries of the Muslim
    world.”
    Writen by: Prof Dr M.H. Bokhari and Syed Hassan Tahir.
    Text No. 22
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 3
    “The economic system of West was creating unsolvable problems and had failed
    to do justice with the people.”
    Authors: Muhammad Hussain Ch, Ali Iqtadar Mirza, Sheikh Anees, Rai Faiz
    Ahmad Kharal, Syed Abbas Haidar and Dr Qais.
    Comment: This text appears in the textbook being used in the current academic
    year and was not part of the previous textbook.
    Text No. 23
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 6
    “Islamic society was devoid of every kind of evil….”
    Authors: Muhammad Hussain Ch, Ali Iqtadar Mirza, Sheikh anees, Cai Faiz
    Ahmad Kharal, Syed abbas Haidar and Dr Qais.
    Comment: This text appears in the textbook being used in the current academic
    year and was not part of the previous textbook.
    Text No. 24
    27
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 7
    “One of the reasons of the downfall of the Muslims in the Sub-continent was the
    lack of the spirit of Jihad.”
    Text No. 25
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 10
    “In Islam Jihad is very important…..The person who offers his life never
    dies…..All the prayers nurture one’s passion for Jihad.”
    Text No. 26
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 17
    “Shah Wali Ullah (RA) was a mujadid of the 18th century….He knew that the
    Sikhs, Marhattas were the enemies of Muslims.”
    Text No. 27
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 20
    “……according to Islamic point of view there were only two nations on eath, one
    the Muslims and the other the non-Muslim.”
    Text No. 28
    Class: 9-10
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 53
    “Education sector in East Pakistan was totally under the control of Hindus.
    Under the guidance of India they fully poisoned the minds of Bangalis against
    Pakistan and aroused their sentiments.”
    Text No. 29
    Class: 12
    Subject: Pakistan Studies
    Pages: 4
    28
    “Great importance is given to Jihad (struggle) in Islam…….And always keep one
    self ready to sacrifice one’s life and property is jihad…..The basic purpose of all
    submissions and jihad is to keep oneself follower of the good will of Allah
    Almighty.”
    Authors: Muhammad Farooq Malik, Rai Faiz Ahmad Kharal, Muhammad
    Hussain Ch., Dr Sultan Khan and Khadim Ali Khan.

    Here is what 70% of student population in Pakistan study
     
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  6. ezsasa

    ezsasa Senior Member Senior Member

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    One more issue that is yet to reach situation critical stage is the growing number of madrasas over there. My objection is not to the madrasas per say but what is being taught within those high compound walls.

    They are very near to the stage where a large number of population ripe for pickings by the Islamic fundamentalists. These students coming out of these madrasas are in no way beneficial to their economic upliftment, if at all these guys are a problem for themselves and to us in their long run. And further more these guys will move their liberal moderates to a monitory, if this happens there will be no one to talk to even if we are ready to talk.

    After all when Taliban took over Afghanistan, they were around 10k-15k . Let's say country like Pakistan will need some 50k Fundamentalists to take over, my worry is those numbers already exist and just need a spark to ignite.
     
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  7. Sambha ka Boss

    Sambha ka Boss Regular Member

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    One thing for sure, he had extreme hate for Hindus but he was quite confused about the kind of Pakistan he wanted and given lots and lots of conflicting statements. The Islamist and Liberals in Pakistan can extract numerous of his speech to prove he wanted a Islamic state and Secular state respectively. But the current mess in Pakistan usually attributed to Zia ul Haq's rule. Before him, although the Pakistanis hated people from other religions particularly Hindus still they were tolerant to other sects Particularly the Shia and Sunnis lived in fraternity and refrained from wannabe Arab attitude. Zia ul Haq changed all this by allowing Arabs to fund money and this lead to import of Sectarianism from Middle East to Pakistan.
     
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  8. Redhawk

    Redhawk Regular Member

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  9. Redhawk

    Redhawk Regular Member

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    That's the big question. Is hatred of Hindus a solid enough reason to found a country? Is Pakistan founded on a flawed premise? Is Pakistan viable and sustainable as a country and a state?

    Here's Christopher Hitchens on Pakistan. I find it hard not to agree with him.

     
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  10. ezsasa

    ezsasa Senior Member Senior Member

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    Their fundamental issue is with idol worshippers irrespective of who it is. To my understanding before Islam came into existence that part of the land consisted of large number of tribes, one of their prophets managed to consolidate all of them into one religion. Logically I would assume majority of these tribes were pagans hence the diktat that all idol worshippers are enemies. For what ever reasons tribes like yazidis managed to survive this initial onslaught at that time and hence the target of ISIS now.

    Coming to present times there are three large groups of idol worshippers in their immediate neighbourhood ,Christianity to their west and Buddhism and Hinduism to the east. As far as pakistan is concerned they see themselves as defender of faith against a larger enemy. This problem gets exaggerated when Bakis managed to mix religion and state into a single entity. It is highly unlikely that they are going to segregate religion and state and hence india's problems are unlikely to go away soon.
     
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  11. Redhawk

    Redhawk Regular Member

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    Time will tell if Pakistan can survive. The foundations of the Pakistani state are not sound. Pakistan was founded as a state to separate and segregate Moslems from Hindus on the subcontinent because of Moslem hatred of Hindus. Moslem enmity towards Hindus and therefore towards India, to me and I could be wrong, is a flimsy foundation for a national state. Yes, Pakistan is a threat to India, but it is a threat because of its weakness, its unsoundness, its inherent insecurity as a state and the weakness and unsoundness of its foundations as a state.
     

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