Private cos to arm police with modern weapons

Discussion in 'Indian Army' started by enlightened1, Jan 1, 2010.

  1. enlightened1

    enlightened1 Member of The Month JANUARY 2010

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    Ajai Shukla / New Delhi January 1, 2010, 0:12 IST


    The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has turned to India’s private sector to arm the police forces with weapons needed to respond to terror attacks like 26/11.

    On December 21, MHA promulgated a draft Arms and Ammunition Manufacturing Policy, which allows the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (Dipp) to issue licence to large private companies that are capable of producing advanced weapons, and invest over Rs 50 crore, to manufacture arms and ammunition to be “primarily supplied to the Central Paramilitary Forces, Defence and state governments on tendering basis”. The draft policy also stipulates a foreign direct investment (FDI) cap of 26 per cent on companies applying for licence.

    MHA had initially looked at foreign suppliers to replace the outdated weaponry of 1.5 million state policemen and 750,000 jawans of the central police organisations (BSF, CRPF, CISF, etc). It was envisaged that global suppliers like Singapore Technologies Kinetic (STK) and Israel Military Industries (IMI) would partner the Ordnance Factories Board (OFB) to produce modern rifles and carbines for the military and police. The plan was stymied when STK and IMI were blacklisted by the Ministry of Defence with the arrest of Sudipta Ghosh, former OFB chief, on charges of corruption last May.

    MHA was also unable to procure weapons from the defence ministry’s suppliers, the two ordnance factories at Ichapore and Kanpur. With an annual production capacity of 100,000 rifles, these factories barely met the annual replacement requirement of 1.7 million soldiers, sailors and airmen.

    With foreign and public sector options foreclosed, now the private sector is being invited to pick up the slack. There are 95 private companies with decades-old licences to manufacture arms, but they can only manufacture shotguns of the kind used by bank security guards and for hunting.

    For the private sector, this is déjà vu. In 2001, after a Cabinet decision to allow the private sector into defence manufacturing, Dipp (vide Press Note No 4 of 2001) permitted private companies to manufacture defence equipment, including arms and ammunition, subject to an FDI cap of 26 per cent. Large industrial houses interested in defence manufacture, including Larsen & Toubro (L&T) and Mahindra Defence Systems applied and obtained Letters of Intent (LoIs) for several categories of defence equipment, including small arms (pistols, rifles, machine guns and carbines) and ammunition.

    But in 2006-07, when L&T sought a formal manufacturing licence from the government, MHA insisted that no licence be granted for small arms and ammunition. The reason, as the draft policy obliquely admitted, was MHA’s wish “to ensure total non-proliferation” — North Block apprehended that extremists might siphon off weapons from private production units.

    Clearly, that apprehension has been trumped by the urgent need for modern weaponry. MHA still intends to strictly control the grant of licences — the draft policy stipulates that applications “may be considered by DIPP as per procedure in consultation with MHA”.

    Manufacturing world-class arms and ammunition will be a challenge for the Indian private sector, involving as it does expensive and closely guarded technologies. Admitting that a foreign partner would be essential, an industry source said, “Small arms manufacturing is as much an art as an industrial process. We will have to tie up with a foreign partner like, perhaps, Heckler & Koch. An FDI cap of 26 per cent means they will be reluctant to transfer crucial technologies; we may be limited to licensed manufacture.”
     
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  3. Tamil

    Tamil Regular Member

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    one of the great move by GOI we expect more from Indian private firms on defense...go rock on 2010
     
  4. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    This has been a long time coming, the involvementof private players must be increased further so that the miliatry and security forces can get the best of world class equipment manufactured for us at indian prices, with global outsourcing maybe we could become the hub for manufacture of small arms even.
     
  5. sandeepdg

    sandeepdg Senior Member Senior Member

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    This surely has been a long time coming, it will definitely help the industry to gain experience in the mass production of weapons and weapon systems. But 26% cap is still very less, it should eventually be increased to around 49% for this exercise being more effective.
     
  6. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    Are there any successful ventures of private companies filling the Indian defence order par exemple?
     
  7. p2prada

    p2prada Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    The Pinaka MRBL developed by TATA and L&T.

    The ATV submarine is being built by L&T.

    The Agni missiles etc etc have a lot of components that have been outsourced to private companies. An Agni failure in the past was attribute to some private company having sold defective parts.

    The LCA and MKI will soon have HUDs from a company called SAMTEL.

    TATA Advanced Systems is working on the F-INSAS program for the Indian Army and on new gen avionics for UAVs and aircraft that includes communication equipment and navigation. EW projects cannot be ruled out.

    There are rumours that TATA also had some hand in the Mercury Thunder project for the Indian Army.

    More about L&T in the Navy
    http://www.naval-technology.com/contractors/warship/larsen-toubro/

    TATA too:
    http://www.tataadvancedsystems.com/

    They will start manufacturing Sirkosky Helicopters starting 2010.

    Groups like mahindra, Ashok Leyland, Godrej etc have also contributed in a big way.
     
  8. Parashuram1

    Parashuram1 Regular Member

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    Is there any private company currently in India that can manufacture cutting edge police and civil defense equipment like advanced polymer-based kevlar suits, light composite armors, fully automatic assault rifles and advanced optronics? If so, why does INSAS and AK series continue to be the preference of Indian police and commandos?
     
  9. Dark_Prince

    Dark_Prince Regular Member

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    Is there a way through which babus (Bureaucrats) could be kept of dealing?:mad:
     
    Last edited: Feb 7, 2010
  10. Rage

    Rage DFI TEAM Stars and Ambassadors

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    There are. Here are a few of the less-renowned:

    http://www.indiamart.com/mku/index.html
    http://www.aurora-is.com/
    http://www.jupiterstrattech.com/index.htm
    http://www.advancetech.in/
    http://www.hindustanopticals.com/
    http://www.kewltd.com/
    http://www.maxaerospace.com/
    http://www.melssindia.com/

    They largely serve the plethora of private security companies that are around, as well as the Army.


    And a handful of the more renowned:

    http://www.tata.com/pdf/tata_review_apr_09/business_leading_with_mettle.pdf
    http://www.mdsarmouredvehicles.com/
    http://defenceproducts.ashokleyland.com/products/products.html
     

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