Pakistan dispute over the division of Punjab

Discussion in 'Pakistan' started by Zebra, Jan 8, 2012.

  1. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    पाकिस्तान की संसद में इन दिनों राजनीतिक दृष्टि से बेहद महत्वपूर्ण और सबसे बड़ी जनसंख्या वाले पंजाब प्रांत के विभाजन पर बहस छिड़ी है.
    शनिवार, 7 जनवरी, 2012 को 08:46 IST तक के समाचार


    पंजाब प्रांत के विभाजन का प्रस्ताव दक्षिणी सिंध राज्य के उर्दू भाषियों का प्रतिनिधित्व करने वाली एमक्यूएम पार्टी की ओर से आया है. एमक्यूएम का कहना है कि दक्षिणी पंजाब को नए प्रांत का दर्जा देते हुए ख़ैबर पख्तूनख्वाह को दो भागों में विभाजित कर दिया जाए.


    साथ ही ख़ैबर पख्तूनख्वाह का क़बायली इलाका जो फ़िलहाल केंद्र प्रशासित है उसे एक अलग प्रांत दर्जा दे दिया जाए.

    [​IMG]
    (पाक पंजाब का विभाजन होने पर संपन्न उत्तरी पंजाब, विकास की दृष्टि से पिछड़े हुए कृषि प्रधान दक्षिणी पंजाब से अलग हो जाएगा.)

    शुक्रवार देर शाम तक इस मुद्दे पर चली बहस के दौरान सांसद एक दूसरे पर चिल्लाते रहे और गहमागहमी इस हद तक बढ़ गई कि संसद की कार्रवाई को कई बार स्थगित करना पड़ा.

    इस मसले पर कराए गए आखिरी मतदान में विभाजन का प्रस्ताव ख़ारिज हो गया है लेकिन सरकार अब संवैधानिक संशोधन के ज़रिए विभाजन के विकल्प तलाशने की कोशिश कर रही है.

    संपन्नता बनाम सामंतवाद

    एमक्यूएम का कहना है कि जिन इलाकों के विभाजन और उन्हें प्रांत का दर्जा दिए जाने की बात की जा रही है वो विकास से अछूते हैं और वहां मौजूद जनसंख्या लगातार उपेक्षा का शिकार हुई है.

    पार्टी का कहना है कि इन इलाको में पनप रही गृहयुद्ध की स्थिति को पंजाब के विभाजन से ही रोका जा सकता है.
    एमक्यूएम के इस प्रस्ताव को लेकर ज़्यादातर पार्टियों का विचार है कि पंजाब का विभाजन हो लेकिन ख़ैबर पख्तूनख्वाह का विभाजन न किया जाए.

    पाकिस्तान के पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री नवाज़ शरीफ़ सरीखे राजनेता भी इसी प्रस्ताव के हक में हैं. उनका यहां तक कहना है कि इसके लिए वो पंजाब को दो नहीं बल्कि तीन हिस्सों मे भी बांटने के पक्ष में हैं.

    राजनीतिक विशेषज्ञों का मानना है कि पंजाब का विभाजन होने पर विकासशील, औद्दोगिक दृष्टि से आगे और घनी जनसंख्या वाला संपन्न उत्तरी पंजाब, विकास की दृष्टि से पिछड़े हुए सामंतवादी और कृषि प्रधान दक्षिणी पंजाब से अलग हो जाएगा.

    दक्षिणी पंजाब को अगर अलग प्रांत का दर्जा मिलता है तो इसका सीधा फ़ायदा एमक्यूएम को मिलेगा. जानकारों का मानना है कि इसके बाद एमक्यूएम पार्टी पाकिस्तान के दूसरे सबसे बड़े प्रांत सिंध को भी भाषाई आधार पर विभाजित करने की मांग कर पाएगी.

    (source : bbc hindi news .)


     
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  3. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    Pakistan dispute over the division of Punjab
    Saturday, January 7th, 2012 08:46 IST The News
    [​IMG]
    Pak Punjab is a division of the Northern Punjab, backward agricultural development will be different from the southern Punjab.


    Pakistan's parliament politically important these days and the debate on the division's populous Punjab province.
    Proposed division of the state of Punjab province, southern Sindh MQM party that represents Urdu speakers came from. MQM says that the status of southern Punjab, the Khyber Pkhtunkwah the new province should be divided into two parts.

    Pkhtunkwah Khyber tribal region along the center of which currently is administered should be declared a separate province.

    During debate on the issue late on Friday evening, MPs are shouting at each other and the spotlight to such an extent that Parliament had to be postponed several times.


    Prosperity versus feudalism

    Party that has cropped up in these areas in the state of civil war can be prevented by the partition of Punjab.
    MQM's move on, but most parties consider that the division of Punjab is not a division of Khyber Pkhtunkwah.
    Politicians such as former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif are in favor of the motion. They even say that it's not two, but three areas in Punjab are also in favor of sharing.

    Political experts believe that developing the division of Punjab, the northern Punjab legally with the vision and densely populated, backward feudal and agricultural development will be different from southern Punjab.

    Southern Punjab is the status of a separate state if the MQM to get a direct benefit. Analysts believe that the MQM party, Pakistan's second largest province of Sindh will also be seeking to divide along linguistic lines.

    (
    Google Translate)


     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2012
  4. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    The term "Punjabi" is used to describe both those who speak Punjabi and those who inhabit the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. It is derived from the Persian words panj (five) and ab (river).

    Punjabi is an Indo-European language having six main dialects. The 13.7 million Southern Punjabi of Pakistan speak the dialect known as Siraiki. The Punjab region of India and Pakistan is an ancient center of civilization that has been the main route of invasion and migration into India. Its chief historic cities are Lahore, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, and Patiala.

    Modern Punjabi culture was largely shaped by the partitioning of India and Pakistan in 1947. This event resulted in massive migrations that separated the Muslims from the Hindus and Sikhs. (Sikhism is a combination of Islam and Hinduism.) At the cost of thousands of lives, millions of Hindus and Sikhs migrated eastward into India, and millions of Muslims moved westward into Pakistan.

    What Are Their Lives Like?

    While more than half (65%) of the Punjab region in Pakistan is rural, the Lahore district is 84% urban. Settlements in that region consist of rapidly growing towns that serve as educational and administrative centers. The cities also offer a full range of occupations; whereas, in the rural areas, most of the people are farmers, laborers, and specialized craftsmen.

    The Punjab has long been one of the world's most important agricultural regions. In the Pakistan Punjab, the principal crops are cotton and wheat, which grow easily in the dry climate. Cotton is their primary cash crop, grown mainly for export.

    Villages in the Punjab region have houses that are built closely together. The outer walls are joined together, protecting them from outsiders. Entrance into the village is through a stone gateway, or durwaza, which arches over the main road. It serves as an important meeting place for villagers, as well as a favorite stopping place for visiting merchants and traders.

    The household, or ghar, is the center of social life for the Punjabi, whether they are rich or poor. The ghar is made up of those who contribute to and eat from a single hearth. All members of the ghar pool their earnings and make joint decisions regarding their savings, investments, and any major transactions. Families are formed and developed within the ghar.

    Marriage is considered universal and necessary among all Punjabi. Residences are generally patrilocal, which means that young couples live in the husband's village near his parents. Marriages can still be arranged by parents, but this is rarely done without extensive discussions. Wedding ceremonies vary according to caste and religion; however, the bride's parents usually pay for the wedding. Even though in 1961 the Indian government forbid the giving of a dowry (the property that a wife or a wife's family give to her husband upon marriage) this tradition still continues in Punjabi families.

    Among the Punjabi, there is no overall system of social control. Instead, each social institution (such as homes, businesses, civil administration, religious organizations, and political organizations) has its own set of laws and disciplinary measures.

    The staple diet of the Punjabi consists of bread and preserved or fresh vegetables.

    What Are Their Beliefs?

    The Southern Punjabi are primarily Hanafite Muslims; however, about one out of every twelve Punjabi are Shi'ite Muslims.

    The Southern Punjabi are not orthodox Muslims, but rather practice what is known as "folk Islam." Their beliefs are interwoven with a rich variety of local superstitions. They rely heavily on astrology, charms or amulets, and potions. They also believe that men have the power to curse others by giving them the "evil eye."



    P[​IMG]

    Statistics
    Latest estimates from the World Evangelization Research Center. THE PEOPLE

    • People name: Southern Punjabi
    • Country: Pakistan
    • Their language: Siraiki (Riasiti)
    • Population: (1990) 11,949,500
      (1995) 13,768,700
      (2000) 15,859,100
    • Largest religion: Muslim (Hanafite) 95%
      Muslim (Shia) 1.9%
    • Christians: 3.1%
    • Church members: 426,829
    THEIR COUNTRY
    • Country: Pakistan
    • Population: (1990) 121,933,300
      (1995) 140,496,700
      (2000) 161,827,400
    • Major peoples in size order: Western Punjabi 42.5%
      Sindhi 11.6%
      Southern Punjabi 9.8%
      Eastern Pathan 7.9%
      Urdu 7.4%
    • Major religions: Muslims 96.7%
      Christians 1.8%
      Hindus 1.5%
    • Number of denominations: 37


    The Southern Punjab of Pakistan
     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2012
  5. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    The Saraiki people (Saraiki: سرائيکی Perso-Arabic, ਸਰਾਇਕੀ Gurmukhi) or Multani people (ملتانی Perso-Arabic, मुल्तानी Devanagari, ਮੁਲਤਾਨੀ Gurmukhi) are an ethnic group from the central and south-eastern areas of Pakistan, especially the former princely state of Bahawalpur and the districts of Multan, Lodhran, Vehari, Khanewal, Rahim Yar Khan, Rajanpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Bhakkar, Mianwali, Dera Ismail Khan, Bahawalnagar, Sukkur, Larkana, Dadu, Sehwan, Sanghar, Nawabshah, Hyderabad, Sindh, Mirpurkhas, Dera Bugti, Jafarabad, Nasirabad and Sibi. A significant number of Saraikis also reside in India, with most concentrated in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Maharashtra and Gujarat.[SUP][1][/SUP] The Saraikis speak the Saraiki language. Saraikis follow Islam and were earlier known as Sauvira.[SUP][3]
    [/SUP]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saraiki_people
     
  6. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Saraiki nationalism


    Saraiki nationalist movement refers to the efforts to establish a collective identity for the Saraiki (Urdu: سراییکی) linguistic group in the Punjab province of Pakistan and to secure an official status for the language. As of 2002, there were approximately 15 million Saraiki people, who were speaking the Saraiki language, in central Pakistan in the Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan provinces, mainly based in the former princely state of Bahawalpur.

    Beginning in the 1960s,Riaz Hashmi Saraiki nationalists have sought to gain official language status and to create a new province out of southern Punjab. This has led to a proposed separate province Saraikistan, a region being drawn up by activists in the 1970s. The 1977 coup by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan, a centralist ruler, caused the movement to go underground. After his death in 1988, the Saraiki movement re-emerged with the goals to have a Saraiki language recognised, to have official documents printed in Saraiki, a Saraiki regiment in the Pakistan Army, employment quotas and more Saraiki language radio and television.

    Several parties are working on this mission like Pakistan Saraiki Party, Siraikistan Qaumi Movement, and Saraiki National Party. Majid Kanjoo is one of the leaders of Saraiki speakerstan movement.


    Aims of Saraiki Movement


    The Saraiki movement was the combination of language planning and efforts to establish a collective identity to convince Saraiki speakers and others of the status of Saraiki as a separate language distinct from Punjabi.It also aimed to establish Saraiki as a separate language by invoking shared awareness of the local past among the people living across the Saraiki region speaking different dialects of the Saraiki language. Consensus on the name Saraiki for all the dialects spoken in the Saraiki region was a part of this reaction. Creation of a Saraiki identity in south-western Punjab involved the deliberate choice of a language called Saraiki, as a symbol of this identity. Language was chosen as a unifying symbol because a local language serves its speakers as an identity marker that can successfully separate them from other ethno-linguistic groups that share identity on another basis,such as culture,traditions and religion (in this case Islam).It was chosen also because it was an aspect the leaders thought will serve to unite the group and will be useful in promoting the interests of the group and ethno-politicians.
    Like many such movements, the Saraiki movement also started in the name of cultural revival and promotion.What really lay behind it was the lack of development of South Punjab region which was not voiced in the first phase, ethno-nationalism is generally a response to perceived injustice. In general, the slogans and demands of the Saraiki nationalists have been coupled with linguistic rights and economic grievances, but in the late 1990s and the following decade, the linguistic issue has ceased to have much importance. This is evident in the charter of demands made at the end of a Saraiki conference held in December 2003, in which, out of twenty-one demands made, only one pertained to language. (Daily Khabrain, 2003)


    How was the Saraiki Identity Created?


    The Saraiki nationalist intellectuals reacted to the a perceived threat to their language and identity and set out to develop an ethno-linguistic consciousness. The efforts towards this cause were directed towards creating a Saraiki identity. Initially this was done to counter the "misleading label of Punjabis". These endeavors have been termed as the Saraiki movement'. Attempts have been made to get the support of the Saraiki speaking middle-class using economic reasoning to support the partition of the punjab on linguistic lines.

    Outcome of the Saraiki Movement

    The Saraiki movement has been successful at some levels. It is responsible for creating a sense of collective identity among the Saraiki speakers even if it has not been successful in forming a pressure group like that of the Awami League, Jeay Sindh Quomi Mahaz, MQMand Awami National Party . Now the Saraiki is counted as one of the many languages of Pakistan. Saraiki was also included in the question about languages in the censuses of 1981 and 1998. Despite all this, however, the symbol of language which came out as the most powerful symbol in this movement has not yet acquired much evocative power' . Saraiki speakers are still not as emotionally attached to their language as the speakers of some other regional languages of Pakistan are. The Saraiki movement helped to give a collective name Saraiki' to different dialects and made people embrace this name for their collective identity but it ultimately failed to influence ordinary Saraikis to take pride in their language or consciously increase its usage in different domains.


    Saraiki nationalism - eNotes.com Reference
     
  7. Simple_Guy

    Simple_Guy Regular Member

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    Rebellion and silent suffering: ‘70m Seraiki people await recognition’ – The Express Tribune

     

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