Section 1. Part 1 (Conspiracy Theories and their Rebuttals) By Anas Abbas Conspiracy theories have been quite rampant in the Muslim society throughout the past few decades. These theories form the basis of a Utopian world where the Muslims are surrounded by the nefarious activities and insidious plots of the so called anti Islamic forces such as: Masonic (Freemasons) Zionists (mainly after the fallout of Israeli Occupation of Palestine), The â€œcruel and tyrannicalâ€ (As Pakistani class 6 Social Studies school textbook describes them) The Hindus The mysterious â€œHindu Zionistsâ€ Last but not the least Uncle Sam (USA). These theories portray Muslims as protagonists who are given a special prerogative to enforce their rule across the whole planet. Religion has been an important element of these theories and it has been widely exploited by politicians, army officers, religious scholars, media representatives and â€œSecurity Analystsâ€ to justify their opinions. Most of these theories, especially those related to Jews, have been heavily plagiarised from the works of Christians, Russians and other European countries during their persecution of Jews in the early 20 century.