Our National Poet Rabindra Nath Tagore and his importance in today's world

Discussion in 'Defence & Strategic Issues' started by Pintu, May 10, 2009.

  1. Pintu

    Pintu New Member

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    Yesterday was 9th May, 2009, the 149th birthday of our National Poet Rabindra Nath Tagore, and was celebrated in our country with respect and in neighbouring Bangladesh. Poet Tagore is the National Poet of the two countries of the South Asia. To write National Poet Rabindra Nath Tagore's importance in today's world , we should know about legendary poet's life and work.


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    Poet Tagore in Calcutta(Kolkata) in 1915.



    Life and works of our National Poet Rabindra Nath Tagore:


    Poet Rabindra Nath Tagore popularly known as 'Gurudev' was a polymath. He was a Poet, Playwright, Visual-artist, Story writer, Novelist, Composer, Educationist, Business-Manager. His literary work reshaped the literature of Bengal in late 19th and 20th Century. There were group of Eminent writers who could not came out of influence of his literary style in post Tagore era. He is the National Poet of India and Bangladesh and the National Song of India written by Poet Tagore is 'Jana Gana Mana' and in Bangladesh it is 'Amar Sonar Bangla' .

    Poet Nicknamed as 'Rabi( Short form of Rabindra Nath ) was born on 9th May, 1861 in the 'Jorashanko' Mansion or Jorashanko Thakur Bari (Thakur's Home in Jorashanko) [​IMG]
    (The Jorashanko Thakur Bari , Kolkata , as it is now, seen in the above Picture, image : Wikipedia) of the Parents Maharshi Debendra Nath Tagore (1817-1905) and Sarada Devi (1830-1875). Tagore family was in forefront of Renaissance in Bengali Society and its modernisation (not Westernisation) in 19th century, from the different field ranging from Successful entrepreneurship of Dwarkanath Tagore(1794-1846, Grand Father of Poet Tagore) to the literature and Female Education. Tagore Family was founder of Adi Dharma faith of Brahmo Samaj. Tagore , first written poem at the age of Eight. Though born in immense wealth and erudite society , Tagore was brought up like any other common children with simplicity and strict discipline. Poet Tagore's schooling was done in his own home.

    After his Upanayan young Rabi traveled with his father in many places including Shantiniketan estate of Tagore, Amritsar and Hill Station Dalhousie. Here in Dalhousie , Poet Tagore's talent leaves the spell bound Signature at his age of 16 (1877) he composed several poems and in Maithili he wrote a long poem and in pen name of Bhanusingho, ( The name of the Poem was Bhanusingher Padabali) and famous poem 'Nirjharaer Swapnabhanga'(The Rousing of Waterfall) [ Aji e Probhate Rabir Kar/ Kemane Pashila Praner Par/ Kemane Pashila Guhar Andhare Probhat Pakhir Gaan....(Nirjharaer Swapnabhanga)] and the famous short story Bhikharini(The Beggar Woman)which was itself first short story in Bengali. Tagore, in my opinion was the father of the Short Story in Bengali, and pioneer in the Short Story , he defined through his writings that what a short story should be.

    In 1878 , Poet Tagore,was enrolled in a Public School in Brighton , England to become a barrister , [​IMG]

    (Poet Tagore in England in 1879)

    but returned without having a Degree, in 1883 he married Mrinalini Devi (1873-1900)
    [​IMG]
    (Poet Tagore with Mrinalini Devi in 1883).

    In 1890 Tagore began managing his family estates in Shilaidaha which is now in Modern day Bangladesh, the many of his famous poem were written in Shilaidaha, here he joined by Mrinalini Devi and their Children and adorned and respectfully called as Zamindarbabu , poet Tagore passed his time in between them leaving aside Luxurious Family Barge , The famous short Stories of Galpaguccha(84 story book) was written in this time, with irony and emotional weight many of his stories speak about Village Life.


    In 1901, Poet returned to Shantiniketan , and to found the famous Ashram of Shantiniketan in Bolpur , West Bengal, here he wrote Naivedya (1901) and Kheya(1906), now his writings were becoming very popular not only between the people in Home but also among Westerners.Poet visited England in 1912 and India Society published his Gitanjali: Song Offerings there, and Poet and Poems became sensation there. On 14th November, 1913 Swedish Academy conferred him Nobel Prize in Literature for Gitanjali: Song Offerings(1912, Translated by Poet himself). In 1915 he was conferred Knight Hood by King George V and in 1919 he renounced the Title in protest of Jallianwalabagh Massacre (1919). In 1921, Poet with renowned Agricultural Economist Leonard Knight Elmhirst found Institute for Rural Reconstruction which was later renamed as Shantiniketan by Poet. Though a very close friend of Gandhiji , [​IMG]

    Gurudev never ventured into Politics and kept Shantiniketan out of it. But when Indians were subject to atrocities his protest come though his pen. He was concerned about untouchability and Caste System and was active in protesting this, he appealed authorities in Guruvayoor Temple to admit Dalits.

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    Poet Tagore in Hampstead, England in 1912

    In 1932-1941 , Tagore remained in lime light , mourning incipient socioeconomic decline and poverty in Calcutta(Kolkata) and that pain reflected in his writings, The last years of his life , he produced spell bound finest form of poetry by writing the Punashcha (1932), Shes Saptak (1935), and Patraput (1936), song and Dance Drama's like Chitrangada (1914), Shyama (1939), and Chandalika (1938), and the novels Dui Bon (1933), Malancha (1934), and Char Adhyay (1934), His interest in Science found in Viswa Parichay ( A collection of essays) in 1937, many modern novels 'Sesher Kabita' written by Tagore in this era. His interest in Science are evident with his stories in volumes like Se (1937), Tin Sangi (1940), and Galpasalpa (1941)

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    (Poet Tagore with Einstein)

    Poet suffered chronic pain and illness in his last years and in his writing the preoccupation with Death is evident. Tagore passed away bid mother earth Goodbye on 7th August , 1941



    Some works of Poet:

    [​IMG](Seal Initial of Poet)

    Dancing Girl: Painting by Poet

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    [​IMG]



    Tagore's importance in the Modern day world:


    We celebrate the birthday of Tagore in 9th May every year, time has now come to understand that mere celebration of Birth day of our National Poet could do any effect in our society, we do not follow his thought, his ideology , his vision , he expressed about modern India, do we follow it, answer will be negative, I am hereby posting the Translation of Poet's poem in Gitanjali the translation was done by Poet Himself.


    Mind Without Fear

    Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;

    Where knowledge is free;

    Where the world has not been broken up

    into fragments by narrow domestic walls;

    Where words come out from the depth of truth;

    Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;

    Where the clear stream of reason

    has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit;

    Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action---

    Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.



    Friends can we see that our country awakened as what desired by Poet ? My answer is no, and through the Modern World we can see the this is not the world Tagore, visioned and this world contrary to his vision and much like 1917, the jingoism that prevailed the then world, that the pain that was evident in Tagore's Poem Africa. Where he show the world how European Imperialism like leopard colonises Africa. Today's world is much cruel like then, we can see our neighbourhood and the countries through out the world, can we change it, it is impossible and only possible the will of the people change otherwise Poet's vision will not be fulfilled.

    Some verses of Poet Tagore:

    The truth comes as conqueror only because we have lost the art of receiving it as guest.

    * God, the Great Giver, can open the whole universe to our gaze in the narrow space of a single land.
    o Jivan-smitri
    * In this playhouse of infinite forms I have had my play, and here have I caught sight of him that is formless.
    o 96
    * All the great utterances of man have to be judged not by the letter but by the spirit — the spirit which unfolds itself with the growth of life in history.
    o Preface
    Though the West has accepted as its teacher him who boldly proclaimed his oneness with his Father, and who exhorted his followers to be perfect as God, it has never been reconciled to this idea of our unity with the infinite being. It condemns, as a piece of blasphemy, any implication of man's becoming God. This is certainly not the idea that Christ preached, nor perhaps the idea of the Christian mystics, but this seems to be the idea that has become popular in the Christian west.
    But the highest wisdom in the East holds that it is not the function of our soul to gain God, to utilise him for any special material purpose. All that we can ever aspire to is to become more and more one with God. In the region of nature, which is the region of diversity, we grow by acquisition; in the spiritual world, which is the region of unity, we grow by losing ourselves, by uniting. Gaining a thing, as we have said, is by its nature partial, it is limited only to a particular want; but being is complete, it belongs to our wholeness, it springs not from any necessity but from our affinity with the infinite, which is the principle of perfection that we have in our soul.




    This modern world where scientific achievements mixed with cruelty and religious fanaticism with Human Beings give the birth of Frankenstein the Poet Tagore is alive in the eyes of the People who ushers the dream of Peaceful World with fraternity and Humanity where the world is equal to every body.
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The Source:

    1. Images: Wikipedia, http://www.jameslogancourier.org/index.php?itemid=315,

    2. Source : Wikipedia

    2. Verses: Wiki quote

    3. The Translation from Gitanjali: http://www.schoolofwisdom.com/gitanjali.html

    Regards
     
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