Obama opens door to new U.S. ties with Myanmar

Discussion in 'Subcontinent & Central Asia' started by SHASH2K2, Nov 18, 2011.

  1. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    (Reuters) - - U.S. President Barack Obama said on Friday he saw "flickers of progress" in Myanmar, dispatching Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for a historic visit that could draw the country out of half a century of global isolation.

    Obama, in Indonesia for a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders, said he had spoken for the first time with Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi who told him she supported more U.S. engagement with the country also known as Burma.

    In another indication of the change taking place in Myanmar,

    Suu Kyi's party, the National League for Democracy, re-registered on Friday to contest a series of by-elections for vacant parliamentary seats. This follows amendments to electoral laws and brings Suu Kyi a step closer to returning to politics.

    Obama said the release of political prisoners, relaxing of media restrictions and signs of legislative change in recent weeks were "the most important steps toward reform in Burma that we've seen in years".

    Clinton's two-day visit from December 1 would be the first by a U.S. Secretary of State since a 1962 military coup ushered in 50 years of unbroken military rule that ended in March when a nominally civilian parliament was established.

    Since then, the new government has called for peace with ethnic minority groups, displayed some tolerance of criticism, suspended an unpopular Chinese-funded dam project, freed about 230 political prisoners and reached out to Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate freed last year from 15 years of detention.

    "We want to seize what could be a historic opportunity for progress and make it clear that if Burma continues to travel down the road of democratic reform, it can forge a new relationship with the United States of America," Obama said.

    However, he cited stubborn U.S. concerns over Myanmar's stance with North Korea, human rights, treatment of ethnic minorities and the continued detention of political prisoners. U.S. officials have said these issues must be addressed before Washington can consider ending economic sanctions.

    "If Burma fails to move down the path of reform, it will continue to face sanctions and isolation. But if it seizes this moment, then reconciliation can prevail," he said.

    HUMAN RIGHTS

    Many Western governments have expressed caution that more must be done for Myanmar's reforms to be considered credible. As early as October 17, for instance, Derek Mitchell, special U.S. envoy for Myanmar, said there were "credible reports" of continuing human rights abuses against women and children.

    Clinton is scheduled to meet with Suu Kyi on her visit that will include stops in Yangon and the capital Naypyitaw. She will "explore whether the United States can empower a positive transition in Burma and begin a new chapter between our countries", Obama said.

    With sanctions blocking Western investments in Myanmar, China has long been its biggest ally, investing in infrastructure, hydropower dams and twin oil-and-gas pipelines to help feed southern China's growing energy needs.

    Bilateral trade rose more than half last year to $4.4 billion, and China's investment in Myanmar reached $12.3 billion in 2010, according to Chinese figures, with a strong focus on natural resources and energy.

    But the relationship has been strained, with a long history of resentment of China among the Burmese population and fierce public opposition to a Chinese-built dam at Myitsone that prompted Myanmar President Thein Sein to shelve the project last month, a move that stunned Beijing.

    A U.S. official said the Obama administration "fully expects" China to welcome U.S. engagement with Myanmar and the United States would consult China closely on its engagement with the Southeast Asian country.

    China is wary of greater U.S. influence in the region, especially in countries on its border, as Myanmar is, but the U.S. decision to engage with Myanmar should not be seen as an attempt to contain China, the U.S. official said, adding that a stable Myanmar was in China's interests.

    "It's about Burma (Myanmar), not about China," the official said.

    When Obama took office in 2009, he made reaching out to American adversaries a signature part of his foreign policy approach. That included an effort early to engage with Iran.

    But the administration took a cautious approach on Myanmar because of U.S. concerns about human rights. Obama requested a policy review on Myanmar, which eventually set the stage for the effort to reach out now.

    U.S. officials said that Obama spoke to Suu Kyi during his flight on Thursday from Australia to Bali.

    The 20-minute call was the first time they had talked and he told her he had long admired her struggle for democracy and human rights. They described it as a meaningful conversation but also a friendly one in which Suu Kyi asked about Obama's family dog.

    He asked for her ideas on how to approach her country.

    "She encouraged the president to make clear to Burma's leaders that the U.S. will be willing to work with them if they are in fact demonstrating that they are willing to work with the world and her," one U.S. official said.

    "She advised the president that it is valuable and important for there to be direct lines of clear communication between the U.S. and the leadership in Burma. She strongly welcomed the prospect of a visit by Secretary Clinton for the purpose of increased dialogue," the official said.

    Obama is not scheduled to have a bilateral meeting with Thein Sein but is to see him during the East Asia Summit he is attending in Bali.

    Southeast Asian nations endorsed Myanmar on Thursday for the chairmanship of its regional grouping in 2014, gambling that the country can stick to reforms begun this year. The United States respected that decision, a U.S. official said.


    Obama opens door to new U.S. ties with Myanmar | Reuters
     
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  3. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    If USA manages to force or lure Myanmar away from China it will be one of biggest achievement of USA foreign policy in Asia. Looks like all of a suddent USA is in Hyperactive mode when in comes to tackling China. Is it due to upcoming presidential election as Republicans have already made their stand clear and its very much anti China.
     
  4. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    Rights Activist Joins Myanmar Politics; Clinton to Visit

    BALI, Indonesia —Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s most prominent democracy campaigner, announced on Friday that she would rejoin the political system of the military-backed government that persecuted her for more than two decades.
    Her announcement came shortly after President Obama disclosed that he was sending Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on a visit there next month, the first by a secretary of state in more than 50 years.
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/19/w...nth-as-aung-san-suu-kyi-rejoins-politics.html
     
  5. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

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    Aung San Suu Kyi is an agent of America
     
  6. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    dunno if its good or bad for us but if its bad for China I am happy. finally Uncle SAM woke up from its deep sleep.
     
  7. SPIEZ

    SPIEZ Senior Member Senior Member

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    I remember reading about Aung Sang Suu kyi as a part of our History curriculum. From what I ve read, she is truly an iron woman. Hats off for Mrs. Syu kyi!
     
  8. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    Another possible route for China encirclement??
     
  9. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

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    first of all we should use all our might to get chinese a$$ out of Coco Island. Hope we can formulate some strategy with USA to get china kicked out from Coco island. It will make Indian ocean much safer.
     
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  10. Yusuf

    Yusuf GUARDIAN Administrator

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    It's official now I guess. The US is really after China in the game of cat and mouse and the US won the last match vs USSR. Just why can't they do the same with Iran?
     
  11. IBSA

    IBSA Regular Member

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    Myanmar is part of China's strategy to encircle India and gains much money selling its natural gas reserves to China and India also. Due this it is disputed by the two.


    USA shall offer some economical and political benefits in exchange for more political opening of burmanese regime, but I don't think that Myanmar will back itself toward USA. They believe in the Chinese protection against an USA's intervention.
     
  12. sukhish

    sukhish Senior Member Senior Member

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    It's good, finally uncle is showing some balls. India will get Much needed relief. India was getting into corner by china.
    But really china is making a fool of itself. But that's what happens in communists regimes. These kind of regimes are very short sighted,
    And most of the time they shoot themselves with tier own gun.

    Peaceful Hindu is going to get a let laugh.
    Sometimes I feel India should have been in south ameircan continent. Very peaceful indeed.
    What we have is nuclear armed jhihadi Pakistan on the west ,and communist china on the east. What place be in indeed. Both of these
    Keep India on it's towes all the time though.
     

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