Its true that Hindu, Jain and Buddhist scholars of ancient and medieval India did not eat meat. But Hindu kings and warriors ate meat in the past. Hindu kings and soldiers who were expected to excel as hunters and warriors and to deal decisively with the burdens of government relied on a meaty diet. A high place in the caste system was not always based on a vegetarian diet. The medieval Italian traveler Pietro della Valle noticed that the Rajputs, the ruling warrior caste of Rajasthan ate meat. The south Indian king Somesvara of the Western Chalukya Dynasty who ruled in the 12th century wrote the famous text Manasollasa. Somesvara noted that a king needed to eat a suitable, healthy and hygienic diet. This included fatty pork fried with cardamoms and roast rump steak. Some of king Somesvaras other favorite dishes were fried tortoise and roasted black rat. Five centuries later the habit of eating fabulous meats was still being kept alive by the rulers of the Vijayanagar Empire. Alongside mutton, pork, sparrows and rats could all be found on sale in the markets of the Vijayanagara Empire.