Low expectations for Obama's India trip

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by EagleOne, Oct 23, 2010.

  1. EagleOne

    EagleOne Regular Member

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    New Delhi: With just a couple of weeks to go for US President Barack Obama's India visit, government sources are playing down the expectations.

    The contrast with the George Bush visit is all too stark. Bush may have been controversial in his own country, but he delivered the nuclear deal. In comparison, there is no one big ticket item on the Obama trip.

    New Delhi is hoping that one significant announcement will be on the lifting of restrictions on hi-technology exports to India, but those talks, say sources, are going down to the wire.

    India has lobbied hard for the lifting of export restrictions on hi-technology. US officials have hinted this may happen - allowing the sale of sensitive technology to India, which was denied after the Pokhran tests, but sources say it's not clear how far US will go.

    New Delhi also hopes for a strong sign that US will support New Delhi for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, though sources are skeptical about whether Obama will go beyond his stated position.

    The relationship has been plagued with a series of irritants from Obama's strong anti-outsourcing stand, to America's continued objections to the nuclear liability law, the hike in visa fees and David Headley.

    US officials however say ties have only deepened.

    "This will be the longest visit the President makes to any foreign country during his presidency so far. So the President really sees this as one of the defining partnerships that we are going to have in the 21st century," said Robert Blake, US Assistant of State for South Asia.

    In recent days, Washington has gone out of its way to stress on the importance of the relationship with India, even pointing out that Obama will travel to Pakistan only next year, but the question is just how far can Delhi take this strategic engagement forward?

    Also, ahead of Obama's visit, sources say India is expected to sign a crucial IAEA treaty called the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage or the CSC, which will give India access to international funds in case of a nuclear accident - it's something America has been keen on.


    Read more at: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/low-expectations-for-obamas-india-trip-61899?cp
     
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  3. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

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    ^^ Bush was more favoured and more pro-India than Obama's Kissinger style "balancing South Asia" attitude. Simple reason.
     
  4. chex3009

    chex3009 Regular Member

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    ANALYSIS - India, U.S. aim to lift defence ties during Obama trip.

    When U.S. President Barack Obama arrives in India next month, he will face a key challenge of boosting defence ties that are on the upswing but mired by political suspicion over pandering to Washington's interests.

    Underlying the visit will be lobbying for billions of dollars in contracts to overhaul India's mostly Russian-supplied military, a relic of their Cold War era partnership.

    Those orders include a $11 billion deal for 126 fighter jets that could benefit U.S.' Boeing and Lockheed Martin Corp. France's Dassault, Russia's MiG-35, Sweden's Saab and the Eurofighter Typhoon are also competing.

    But Washington faces a host of hurdles, including Indian worries that signing defence pacts which are necessary for the U.S. arms sales to go through may land New Delhi into a wider entanglement with the U.S. military.

    While Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has reached out to Washington over his last six years in powers, many within his own Congress party as well as his parliamentary allies are reluctant to embrace these pacts, pending over three years.

    "India is weighing to see if all these agreements are to give a wider room to manoeuvre for U.S. forces in the region," said Siddharth Varadarajan, strategic affairs editor at Hindu Newspaper in Delhi.

    "There is a mismatch in expectations from the relationship. India wants weapons sales as a transactional relationship, the U.S. is seeking exclusivity in partnership," he said, referring to any U.S. desire to make the Indian military an active element in its strategic expansion in the region.

    A KPMG report this month said the misgivings over the pacts were "roadblocks" in sustaining the momentum in the relationship.

    Obama's challenge is not as much in winning contracts as it is in lifting ties to a long-term military partnership in a region where Washington is now fighting a war and seeking ways to contain China's rise.

    And the defence pacts Washington wants India to sign underscore some of those challenges.

    One pact is the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA), which would allow American military to use Indian facilities for operations like refueling. Indians fear India could be used as a launching pad for military operations in the region.

    Two other pacts are required under US domestic laws to transfer sensitive defence technology. India fears the military will have to share communications secrets with the United States.

    "These agreements need wider consultation. They have various implications," an Indian defence ministry official told Reuters.

    DEVELOPING TIES

    Once on the opposite sides of the Cold War, India and the United States began warming up to each other about a decade back, the paradigm shift coming with a 2008 civil nuclear deal that then President Bush pushed to end India's nuclear isolation.

    And the growing convergence in defence ties is manifest in India agreeing to buy U.S. military hardware worth some $10 billion in government-to-government sales in the past two years.

    The United States has held more military exercises with India than any other country. Two-way trade has risen to close to $50 billion from just $5 billion in 1990.

    Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was also the first state guest of the Obama administration last year.

    But what India is looking for is reassurance that Washington takes New Delhi seriously as a global partner and will not sacrifice Indian interests as it seeks to bolster rival Pakistan to combat Islamist militants, and deals with China.

    This may help explain India's reluctance to go into a bear hug with U.S. military at the risk of alienating its time-tested ally Russia, and other European powers such as Britain and France which are trying to boost ties, including military, with India.

    "India and the U.S. need to work out how the relationship has shifted," said Evan Feigenbaum, a South Asia expert at Washington-based think tank Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).

    "Security is not just about procurement and contracts, it needs to reflect the new nature of the relationship."

    Indian confidence could be boosted if Obama declares his support for a permanent seat for India on the U.N. Security Council and further eases U.S. export controls on dual-use technologies that have both conventional and nuclear use.

    "It's not an either-or situation. The maturation of US-India defence ties is steady and is well rounded in most respects," said James Clad, former U.S. deputy assistant secretary of defence for Asia and now with Pentagon's National Defence University.

    There are other irritants in the relationship, including problems over India's nuclear liability regime, a sector holding big plumbs for U.S.' Walmart ., General Electric and Westinghouse Electric, subsidiary of Toshiba Corp .

    (Editing by Alistair Scrutton and Sanjeev Miglani; Additional reporting by Jim Wolf in WASHINGTON and Henry Foy in NEW DELHI)

    http://in.news.yahoo.com/137/20101026/738/tnl-analysis-india-u-s-aim-to-lift-defen.html
     
    Last edited: Oct 26, 2010

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