1.I don't think we can ever get rid of Affirmative action, but here's what we can do to work around it. Take the IAS, for example If we have a requirement of 6000 IAS officers, and 50% of these guys are hired on the basis of caste, this leads to poor governance. Getting rid of them means political suicide and the left won't stop shrieking about lack of social justice. But what of a 3rd option. Instead of 3,000 merit and 3,000 reserved category. Why not, instead, hire 6,000 merit and 3,000 reserved? The 6,000 meritorious candidates will form the core group, while the 3,000 reserved can act as back up? PS: I know we can also get meritorious candidates from the BCs, so here's what we do to the selection process, The Quota based candidates are allowed to be eligible for both categories. If the candidate is qualified as a Merit candidate, he will be part of the core group, just like other Merit based candidates, if not as merit, but if he's one of the top 3000 in the merit category, he'll be part of the bench. We can apply this system for all Government agencies and for all states, (for eg, in TN,if we have a requirement of 2,000 teachers, we hire 2000 teachers as part of the core merit based group, and hire 1800 in the Quota category). I know hiring more employees means more expenditure, but do think of the losses incurred due to poor governance, poor public education, poor health, among many other things. This system could offer good governance, and also the 'Social justice' that the left keeps harping about. 2.Unproductive fathers do not create an environment for the raising of productive children. How about we, offer work for welfare, those who don't want to work can still get welfare(everything, TV, Achohol, money, literally everything), but in exchange for sterilization. I wouldn't mind helping the drunk, but I do not want my kids to pay for his kid's welfare. I know I'll be called a racist for both of these suggestions, but there are far greater things at stake here, far, far greater.