It’s about Freedom, not just Freedom of Speech

Discussion in 'Politics & Society' started by ani82v, Aug 23, 2012.

  1. ani82v

    ani82v Senior Member Senior Member

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    Too bad, things have come to his pass. In the pretext of blocking the violence inducing content, the Govt has also started blocking the sites which had nothing to do with it.

    It’s about Freedom, not just Freedom of Speech | Niti Central

    Here we go again. The UPA Government of India wants to dictate once more what people should know and what information is OK for people to handle. It routinely blocks websites, prohibits or limits the use of mobile text messages, and is now threatening to block Twitter altogether. The Government’s repression of the people is an old habit and it should not evoke any surprise or comment. Yet the fight for freedom of speech and expression is too important to life and liberty that one should not give up merely because one has been on a losing streak for centuries. We, the people, have to win that battle if we have to win the war for freedom.

    The cornerstone of a democracy is an informed citizenry, if the notion of a democracy has to have any meaning that is internally consistent. If those who ultimately are in charge of determining how society is going to be ordered are not informed, then the result would be disastrous. Let’s be very clear that in a democracy, ultimate power rests with the people and not the Government which is granted its legitimacy by the people. Unlike an authoritarian system where the people are ruled by a small gang of powerful overlords, a democracy is by definition rule by the people. A democracy cannot function if the people are prevented from knowing what’s relevant for proper decision making.

    If in a democracy the Government makes the claim that information should be carefully controlled, curated and censored for public consumption, it leads to an inconsistency. It means that the people are incompetent and incapable of handling information but yet somehow, even though not fully informed, are able to decide and choose who is to be entrusted with the important task of making public policy. Without the people having the freedom of speech and expression, without the freedom to be exposed to the widest range of ideas and opinions, democracy is a meaningless word parroted by ignorant demagogues for purely self-serving ends.

    India is supposedly a democracy. But that is a contestable claim given the reality that Indians are ruled rather than being the rulers. Citizens have to get permission from a paternalistic Government for what they can read or write, see or hear. The British colonial Government of India quite understandably ensured that it controlled all avenues of information and that the people were not too well-informed. Colonial rule is like that. The situation does not appear to have changed after 1947. For sure, India got free of British colonial rule in 1947 but it is equally clear that those who rule India today are not free of the colonial mindset. It appears that Indians transitioned from one form of repressive Government to another.

    Let me put it this way. India is not free today any more than it was under the British. India is under what I call British Raj 2.0. India’s lack of freedom of expression is one very important component of the new Raj.

    It is almost axiomatic that comprehensive freedom of the people and the general prosperity of the nation are necessary correlates. It is not an accident that all countries that are free are also the most prosperous. India and the US are frequently mentioned in the same breath as great democracies. Yet, the contrast is striking and heart-rending. India is a desperately poor country while the US is the richest and the most powerful nation in the world. Americans enjoy freedoms that are entirely missing to Indians. That suggests at least, if not prove, that Indians are not really free in any meaningful sense of the word.

    It is no accident that the entire modern revolution in information and communications technologies was born in the USA. Not just the underlying hardware — the internet or the computers — but all the applications that enable its use — such as the world wide web, the email system, blogging, social networks such as Twitter, the whole set of tools that make people to people communications possible — all originated in the US. Social networking and communications lie at the roots of social capital, and social capital is what creates the wealth of nations. India’s material poverty is certainly an outcome of the lack of social capital, and that is not being allowed to be created by India’s repressive Governments.


    Once again, I cannot but contrast India and the US in this context. The Constitution of the US guarantees freedom of expression. The so-called Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, was adopted in 1791. The First Amendment states, “(United States) Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

    The Congress, the supreme legislative body of the federal government of the United States, is expressly prohibited by the First Amendment from putting limits on the freedom of speech or press. I have read and heard it repeated so frequently that I know it by heart. I cannot say the same thing about the first amendment to the Indian Constitution. In fact, I have not met anyone who has even read the Indian Constitution. Be that as it may, the First Amendment to the Indian Constitution empowers the Government to limit freedom of speech and expression. How is that for a contrast? And just by the way, you cannot memorise it either since it is long and written in such terms that no person without years of study can even understand it. I am certainly not going to quote it here but I challenge you to understand it and memorize it. I couldn’t.

    But let’s get back to what the repressive UPA Government is attempting to do by throttling whatever little freedom of speech Indians have. The repressive (and I choose this word advisedly and repeat it lest we forget) UPA Government does not want people to know how disastrous their misgovernance has been for India. If Indians truly get to know about it, the Sonia Gandhi Congress-led UPA will not stand a chance of winning elections ever. In their desperation, they are now intensifying their war against the people.

    It must be stated, in all fairness, that the previous Indian Governments have not been champions of freedom — including the freedom of speech and expression — either. What the present UPA Government is doing is in line with that but they have two reasons for their urgency in repressing information. First, they have misgoverned the most and therefore they have the most to lose if the public becomes fully aware. Therefore they have a desperate need to keep real information under control. If they had done a good job, they would not be running this scared.

    Second, these days it is remarkably easy to store, disseminate and access information. Mobile phones and the internet have made it possible for people to circumvent the Government controlled traditional media channels and get past the Government propaganda. People are not stupid, although the Government may wish to believe it.

    The UPA Government’s haste in repressing social media more than anything else reveals its desperation. This is actually a good sign and tells us that there is still hope for India. When the Government is afraid of people, the people are most likely winning the war. Indians still have a chance at real freedom, something that has eluded them for so long. But first, we must understand what real freedom is. And that is what the Government is afraid of people finding out. Social media might create social capital India needs for freedom.

    Let me end with a quote from that indefatigable champion of human freedom, Prof Milton Friedman. He wrote, ”Freedom is not the natural state of mankind. It is a rare and wonderful achievement. It will take an understanding of what freedom is, of where the dangers to freedom come from. It will take the courage to act on that understanding if we are not only to preserve the freedoms that we have, but to realize the full potential of a truly free society.”
     
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  3. ani82v

    ani82v Senior Member Senior Member

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    How could somebody with name YUM YUM is impersonating PM! :laugh:

    Twitter agrees to block six fake PM accounts - The New Indian Express

    Social networking site Twitter has agreed to block six fake accounts which were "misrepresenting" Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, officials said Thursday.

    Twitter has around 16 million accounts in India.

    "Twitter has agreed to block the six fake PM accounts. They responded to our complaint saying we need to follow an internal channel to lodge a formal complaint in the matter," the prime minister's communications adviser, Pankaj Pachauri, told IANS.

    "We have forwarded their communication to the ministry of communications and IT for necessary action," Pachauri said.

    "We had earlier complained through email to the six fake twitter accounts individually," he said.

    According to Pachauri, a person behind one of the accounts PM0India wrote back saying he had changed the name of his twitter account to thehinduexpress, which proved that some people were up to some mischief on the social networking site.

    The official said the fact that the government got just six accounts out of 16 million blocked for misrepresenting the prime minister shows New Delhi did not favour a blanket ban on Twitter.

    Some of the fake Twitter accounts misrepresenting the prime minister included @Indian_pm, @PMOIndiaa, @dryumyumsingh, @PM0India.

    Officials said the source of these fake accounts could be outside the country.

    Opening the prime minister's twitter account was Pachauri's brainchild to reach out to the community through new media after he joined the PMO early this year.

    Over the past few days, the government has also blocked around 300 web sites which it blamed for spreading rumours that sparked an exodus of people from the northeast from Bangalore and Chennai.
     
  4. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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    X:)rage::why:
     
  5. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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  6. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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  7. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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  8. ani82v

    ani82v Senior Member Senior Member

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    Govt has started muzzling twitter accounts/facebook pages and other webpages which were only critical of Govt's role and were not hate inducing. Assam riots and NE migration has just given them sufficient pretext to do this job. And not surprisingly, our dear MSM is hand in glove with the Govt. Interestingly, Govt's media adviser is someone working with NDTV!

    Republic of Fear

    First came the terrible and unfortunate violence in Assam between indigenous Bodo Tribals and illegal Bangladeshi Muslim immigrants which left 75 dead and hundreds of thousands homeless. Then came the reports of violence from Mumbai, Lucknow, Allahabad and other places where unruly mob ostensibly fighting for the condition of Muslims in Assam and Myanmar, fought pitched battles with police, burnt vehicles and damaged public property with scant regard for law and order. Then came the rumors and exodus of people of North East living in southern cities of Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Chennai following threatening SMS’s that they will be targeted selectively. And then it all descended into chaos, confusion and farce.

    UPA government, when not busy in iftaar parties, sent out feeble noises and made impotent excuses in order to douse the fire that had started from Assam and threatened to engulf the entire country. When iftaar parties were over and done with, someone in the government woke up to the crisis and decided to take on the problem head on.

    As the adage goes, fools rush in where angels fear to tread. UPA government’s response to Assam tragedy, to Mumbai violence and to the Exodus of citizens of North Eastern states is to ban free speech and impose internet censorship. In last twenty four hours blogs have been suspended and twitter handles of those who are critical of government and its policies have been blocked. This has been done without any warning and no one from the government has so far made any statement about it. We have heard of ‘pre screening’ and ‘regulating’ Internet before. Now we know that they are just fancy words for Censorship. At a time when dictatorships all over the world are opening up and allowing free speech, for a democratic country to clamp down on its citizens in such a manner is both tragic and shameful. UPA government, fresh from the body blow delivered to it by Baba Ramdev’s agitation, reeling under the gigantic corruption scams, wounded from lack of leadership further erodes its credibility by creating a republic of fear. By quelling dissent and by using unlawful methods to create fear among its law abiding citizens, this government is playing with fire. Those who talk about third wave of radicalization of Muslims and issue threats from hallowed portals of parliament are mollycoddled in the name of secularism and those who raise their voices against loot, corruption inefficiency of the government are shut up ruthlessly.

    This government has no intent or no resolve to solve the issue of illegal immigrants in Assam which ironically has been gifted to us by Congress party over the years. They looked on haplessly when rioters in Azad Maidaan in Mumbai went completely berserk. Imprisoned by their own definition of secularism, Congress government of Maharashtra had given special orders against use of excessive force against thugs and hooligans which in turn increased the casualties of police forces. The height of brazenness was when Mumbai Police Commissioner was caught on camera directing his forces to let the rioters go free. All this would have been swept under the carpet by our mainstream media, had it not been for the relentless efforts of bloggers and twitterati who kept asking uncomfortable questions.
    Armed with a key board and broad band connection this hitherto silent and unknown majority has suddenly found a platform to voice its displeasure. Content by securing their votes once in five years, governments in past have happily escaped scrutiny because they were inaccessible. With more and more young Indians becoming net savvy and with advent of social websites like face book and twitter, the government suddenly finds itself in dock. No wonder then they decide to come down so ruthlessly on the Aam Aadmi, who they claim to represent.

    It requires no special intuition to conclude that UPA government is at its wit’s end. History has taught us that whenever rulers have been desperate, whenever they have lost touch with the people they govern, whenever arrogance takes over governance that is when ordinary law abiding citizen seems a threat. Did the rioters read the blogs on internet before they went on rampage in Azaad Maidaan and Lucknow? Are any of those who desecrated sacred Amar Jawaan Memorial in Mumbai active on Twitter? Obviously not. They get brain washed instead, in their madrassas where they are taught lopsided view of the world. Does this government then have guts to swoop down on Madrassas in UP? Does this Government have guts to go after Asaduddin Owaisi who threatens third wave of radicalization amongst Muslims? Does this government have guts to acknowledge that our demographics have indeed been altered by illegal infiltration of illegal Bangladeshis? What this government instead has done is to go after people who try to show them the mirror. By suspending democracy in this manner UPA government has managed to put the final nail in its coffin.

    This fight for free speech does not belong to left, right or Center. This is not about Congress or BJP. This is not about individual people even. This is about protecting the very soul of our country. This is about being loyal to the constitution irrespective of who is in power. Our constitution guarantees us freedom of expression and we shall have it. 2012 must not see repeat of 1975, because now the rules have changed. The ordinary man on the street does not see the government as mai baap sarkaar any more. He votes his representatives to power and if they fail him, he throws them out with the power of ballot.

    We all know that in this day and age, censorship is a joke. We all know how to circumvent blocks and suspensions, but that is not the point. The point is that someone somewhere is muzzling our freedom of expression and that someone happens to be our own government. That should not be acceptable at any cost.

    Sure there are people who indulge in hate speech, and use technology to spread rumors and objectionable material. Such people can be easily identified and exemplary punishment should be given to them. We already have laws in place under which these miscreants can be booked under. We do not need Internet censorship for that. Good old efficient policing will do that provided someone has the will to do it. The fact that this government chooses to go after bloggers instead, proves that all they are interested is in quelling dissent and murdering democracy.

    I will conclude with the following immortal lines by George Bernard Shaw.

    “All censorships exist to prevent anyone from challenging current conceptions and existing institutions. All progress is initiated by challenging current conceptions, and executed by supplanting existing institutions. Consequently, the first condition of progress is the removal of censorship.”

    Note: We at CRI have also been at the receiving end of current wave of censorship. Two columns by our editors have been suspended. Both happened to be about Assam. However, this does not faze us. We will continue to bring you the best analysis of current affairs by our immensely committed editors and contributors. What does not kill us only makes us stronger. Here is hoping these dark clouds disperse sooner than later.
     
  9. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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  10. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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    am fed up of congress .. pata ni kab chutkara milega
     
    Last edited: Aug 23, 2012
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  11. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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    :why: god :why:
     
  12. ani82v

    ani82v Senior Member Senior Member

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    Govt blocks Twitter accounts of some journalists

    NEW DELHI: The Union government has stepped up its efforts to stop what it perceives an online campaign of misinformation and rumour-mongering in the wake of Assam riots and has blocked several Twitter accounts, including two belonging to journalists, considered sympathetic to far Right in India.

    The blocked accounts include those maintained by Kanchan Gupta, who until a few months ago was with the Pioneer newspaper, and Shiv Aroor, a deputy editor with Headlines Today news channel.

    However, the blocking of Twitter account seems to be partial. The accounts have been blocked with the help of internet service providers (ISPs) and not Twitter. Accessing the accounts from India shows web users a message, telling them that "This website/URL has been blocked until further notice either pursuant to Court orders or on the Directions issued by the Department of Telecommunications".

    Also, the block works only if the accounts are accessed using HTTP and not HTTPS protocol. Twitter allows users to force HTTPS, which is a secure protocol and doesn't let ISPs see the content that a user is accessing.

    This means both Gupta and Aroor continue using the accounts even hours after the block was enforced and they remained in touch with their thousands of followers. When Nirupama Rao, India's ambassador to the US, talked about a discussion on a news channel on the subject of social media and government's current policy on it, Gupta tweeted back to her saying, "@NMenonRao Is that why UPA Govt has blocked my Twitter handle? Is that the reason? A reply would help."

    Aroor, meanwhile, joked "Damn, my nose is also blocked now".

    Following the ban on the profiles, many Twitter users in India started hashtag #Emergency2012. A few hours later, #Emergency2012 and #GOIBlocks were among the top trending topics on Twitter for India.

    The general sentiment on Twitter seems to be that of against any sort of blocking. Several users say that even if the tweets are "offensive" blocking the accounts is against the freedom of speech. "Have the GoI gone mad? You may not agree with what they say but @shivaroor and @KanchanGupta are journos. Based in India. Why block them," asked Gautam John, an entrepreneur and a lawyer by qualification.
     
  13. Iamanidiot

    Iamanidiot Elite Member Elite Member

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    Now they made Shiv aroor and Kanchan Gupta into bigger heroes
     
  14. aragorn

    aragorn Senior Member Senior Member

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    Vote and convince others to vote against congress. chhutkara jald hi mil jaayega :D
     
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  15. Iamanidiot

    Iamanidiot Elite Member Elite Member

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    What is the rural cow belts opinion about congress?.They are the guys who will decide the fate of congress
     
  16. Raj30

    Raj30 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Raman's strategic analysis: MY TAKE ON WHY KANCHAN GUPTA WAS TARGETED


    MY TAKE ON WHY KANCHAN GUPTA WAS TARGETED




    B.RAMAN

    I have known Shri Kanchan Gupta since 2000. I was a member of the National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) from 2000 to end-2002. He was working in the PMO under Shri Brajesh Mishra, the then Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee and National Security Adviser. Kanchan used to attend meetings of the NSAB on behalf of Shri Mishra.


    2. Kanchan then went on a posting to the Indian Embassy in Cairo and we lost touch with each other. After his return from Cairo on the completion of his posting, I ran into him in 2008 -, before the 2009 elections, at a policy brain-storming organised by Shri Dayananda Sarawathi at a tourist resort near Ahmedabad. Among those who attended were Shri Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat, Shri Mohan Bhagwat, the present chief of the RSS, Shri Ram Madhav of the RSS, Shri Arun Shourie, Shri Kanchan Gupta, Mrs. Nirmala Sitharaman, the present spokesperson of the BJP, Shri Ajit Doval, former Director, Intelligence Bureau, Shri Prakash Singh, former Director-General of the Border Security Force, and many other retired public servants. Shri L.K.Advani was to attend, but did not.


    3. I was invited to make a presentation on Pakistan, which I did. One of the sessions was devoted to a discussion on what should be the media strategy of the BJP. There was a feeling amongst some of the participants that the mainstream media was not giving sufficient opportunity to the BJP and other right-wing forces to air their views on matters of national interest and even if they did on some occasions, there was a distortion of their views. It was suggested by some participants that the BJP could get over this handicap by making good use of the online media.


    4. I notice that the BJP, the supporters of Shri Modi and other right-wing elements have since been trying to do so with the help of IT-savvy supporters of the Hindutva ideology in India and the US. In fact, it has been my impression that the Hindutva elements have had a head-start over the Congress in the use of the online media, including the social media networks, for the dissemination of their ideology and points of view.


    5. After the meeting in 2008, I have not met Kanchan again, but we have been in touch with each other off and on through E-Mail and Tweets. We hold each other in great esteem despite differences in the way we view and analyse developments of national interests I have always thought of Kanchan as patriotic and upright. I consider him an individual of high intellectual integrity.


    6.Kanchan recently resigned from “The Pioneer” in which he was holding a senior position and took charge of a new online news journal. Sometime later, I received an E-mail from a journalist working for a New Delhi-based journal which had played an active role in the witch-hunt and inquisition of Barkha Dutt of NDTV towards 2010-end. He said in his mail that he was planning a story on the BJP’s Net-based media strategy and wanted to have a discussion with me on this. His request was triggered by some comments tweeted by me some months ago on the 2008 brain-storming. Subsequently, I had also tweeted drawing attention to a report carried by Rediff on the likely net-based media budgets of the BJP and Shri Modi. I did not reply to him.


    7.When I went online early on the morning of August 23,2012, I noticed some Tweets alleging that Kanchan’s Twitter line had been blocked on the orders of the Government. But, I was able to access it. However, his TL remained frozen at midnight of August 22. I tweeted to Kanchan to find out the facts. Some of my followers, who had seen this Tweet, replied that while some Internet Service Providers (ISPs) seemed to have blocked his Twitter Line, some others have not.


    8. In reply to my Tweet, I received a Tweet from Kanchan by DM. I was surprised he did not reply in the normal manner , but instead chose a DM.


    9.Subsequently, I saw in the media the photocopies of the four Memos issued by the Government to Internet Service Providers directing them to block certain web sites and Twitter lines. I noticed three odd features in these communications:


    ( a ).None of them was typed on an official letterhead.


    ( b ).None of them carried the stamp of the issuing Department.


    ( c ).While two of them spelt out at the bottom Tele/Fax and gave the numbers, two others carried pictures of a telephone and a Fax machine and gave the numbers against them.


    10. I just wanted to draw the attention of my readers to these odd features. This should not be interpreted to mean I doubt the authenticity of these communications. I would like to underline that the Government itself has not denied their authenticity.


    11.While three of the communications directed the blocking of the sites/lines of Islamic organisations, either in India or Pakistan, the fourth included the Twitter lines of some Hindus/Hindu entities too and asked for them to be blocked. My assessment from this is that after having initially targeted some Islamic sites/lines, the Government wanted to convey an impression to the Muslim community that it was being objective by bringing some Hindus/Hindu entities too in the lists.


    12. It needs to be noted that while the Islamic sites carry on vicious, provocative propaganda, the Hindus and Hindu entities targeted by the Government do not do so. They merely counter the pernicious propaganda of the Islamic fundamentalists. The Government has sought to silence them too by targeting them.


    13. In my view, Kanchan was one of those thus targeted by the Government for the following reasons:


    ( a ).Amongst the pro-Hindutva journalists, he is the most active online.


    ( b ).He is seen by the Government as spearheading the Net-based media strategy of the Hindutva and other right-wing elements.


    ( c ). His new online venture is seen by the Government as having been started with an eye on the 2014 elections.


    14. As an online Editor, Kanchan’s dependence on social media networks for communicating with his followers, readers and contributors would be heavy. The Government wanted to needle him and create difficulties for him in developing his new online venture.


    15. But the uproar over the blocking of sites/lines of journalists, particularly Kanchan, has forced the Government on the defensive and it has refrained from any follow-up action against Kanchan.


    16. It is obvious to me that the attempted blocking of Kanchan indicated the Government’s keenness to take advantage of the opportunity provided by the recent panic due to the online dissemination of exaggerated reports and rumours to create difficulties in the implementation of the Net-based media strategy of the BJP and other right-wing elements. It has misfired at least for the time being. (24-8-12)


    (The writer is Additional Secretary (retd), Cabinet Secretariat, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and, presently, Director, Institute For Topical Studies, Chennai, and Associate of the Chennai Centre For China Studies. E-mail: [email protected] Twitter @SORBONNE75)
     
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  17. Raj30

    Raj30 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Narendra Modi (narendramodi) on Twitter
    Narendra Modi [email protected]
    As a common man, I join the protest against crackdown on freedom of speech! Have changed my DP. 'Sabko Sanmati De Bhagwan.' #GOIBlocks
     
  18. A chauhan

    A chauhan "अहिंसा परमो धर्मः धर्म हिंसा तथैव च: l" Senior Member

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    So the 'Internet Hindus' are the targets now ! :hmm:
     
  19. mahesh

    mahesh Regular Member

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