Indians 'migrated to Australia 4,000 years ago' Ancient Indians may have arrived on Australian shores about 4000 years ago and mixed with Aborigines before Europeans colonised the continent, according to scientists. By Jonathan Pearlman in Sydney 9:01AM GMT 15 Jan 2013 The finding challenges the long-held assumption that humans arrived in Australia about 40,000 years ago from Africa and remained isolated from other populations until British settlers appeared in the late eighteenth century. A genetic study of more than 300 Aborigines, Indians and people from Papua New Guinea and south-east Asia found a "significant gene flow" from India to Australia about 4230 years ago. It also says the humans from the subcontinent may have brought the dingo with them. "Long before Europeans settled in Australia humans had migrated from the Indian subcontinent to Australia and mixed with Australian Aborigines," says the study by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. "We also detect a signal indicative of substantial gene flow between the Indian populations and Australia well before European contact ... We estimate this gene flow to have occurred during the Holocene, 4,230 years ago." The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also says the Indian migrants may have introduced food processing and tool technology to Australia. "[There was] a sudden change in plant processing and stone tool technologies, with microliths appearing for the first time, and the first appearance of the dingo in the fossil record," said Dr Irina Pugach, the study's lead researcher. "Since we detect inflow of genes from India into Australia at around the same time, it is likely that these changes were related to this migration." The study says that though the DNA of dingoes appears to have a southeast Asian origin, "morphologically", the dingo most closely resembles Indian dogs. A common origin was also discovered for the Australian, New Guinean and Philippine Mamanwa populations, who followed a southern migration route out of Africa beginning more than 40,000 years ago. The groups are believed to have split about 36,000 years ago when Australia and New Guinea formed one land mass.