Indian presence in Antarctica

Discussion in 'Defence & Strategic Issues' started by I-G, Jul 27, 2009.

  1. I-G

    I-G Tihar Jail Banned

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    India to start building new Antarctia base in January
    PTI 26 July 2009, 09:29am IST


    NEW DELHI: India will begin construction of its third research station in Antarctica in January next and the facility is expected to be up and
    running within two years.

    "The actual construction will begin in January next year when the summer season begins in Antarctica," Secretary, Earth Sciences, Shailesh Nayak said.

    He said construction of roads and huts for the station at Larsemann Hills region would be taken up during the summer season which lasts for about 90 days.

    Scientists believe that Larsemann Hills region broke away from the Indian peninsula about 120 million years ago and drifted to its current place after the break up of the Gondwanaland continent. This makes its study crucial.

    Scientists have finalised the conceptual design for their perch in the icy continent which had received a nod from the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) two years back.

    The ATCM, formed as per the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959, is the final authority on matters related to the icy continent.

    The site is located on the ice-free rock stretch of Larsemann Hills, around Prydz Bay. It has moderate climate as compared to Maitri though strong winds blow from east to southeast during summer.

    Daytime air temperatures from December to February at times exceed 4 degrees Celsius, with the mean monthly temperature being a little above zero degrees.

    This would be the third research base to be set up by India after Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri.

    Dakshin Gangotri was set up in 1983 and later abandoned in 1988-89 as it was submerged under ice. The second research base Maitri was thereafter set up in a moderate climatic zone in 1990.

    As per the plan, the new research base would have a life span of 25 years and accommodate 25 people during the summer months and 15 during the winter period.

    The base would be a self-contained thermally insulated double-storeyed structure on stilts capable of withstanding extreme weather conditions of the region.

    While the ground floor will house general facilities like storage, laboratories, the upper floor will be used for accommodation, kitchen, lounge, offices, medical centre and recreation clubs.

    Wind turbines and solar panels would be set up to harness renewable sources of energy and reduce the consumption of fossil fuels, officials said.

    The construction and operational activity of the research base shall have no more than minor or transitory impact on the Antarctic environment and scientists have proposed suitable mitigation measures to minimise even this.

    India to start building new Antarctia base in January - India - NEWS - The Times of India
     
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  3. I-G

    I-G Tihar Jail Banned

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    Indian expedition to Antarctica approved

    Indian expedition to Antarctica approved
    ANI 27 August 2009, 03:23pm IST


    NEW DELHI: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on Thursday accorded its approval for the continuation of the project "Polar Science;
    Expedition to Antarctica" during the XI Five Year Plan period at an estimated cost of Rs.230.01 crore.

    The scientific expeditions which started in 1981 have contributed substantially to the growth of polar science in the country.

    Experiments mounted by Indian scientists in disciplines such as atmospheric sciences and meteorology, earth sciences and glaciology, biology and environmental sciences have also contributed directly to global experiments mounted under the aegis of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).

    The Indian Antarctic research base "Maitri" (70o 45' 56.9''S : 11o 44' 08.62"E) is one of the few active permanent research stations in the Central Donning Maudland (CDML) of East Antarctica from where systematic scientific experiments are conducted on a year-round basis.

    The facilities available at this research base include a weather observatory, geomagnetic station; a permanent seismological observatory, GPS station, ice-core drilling facilities and laboratories for environmental, human health and communication research.

    The entire activities related to the planning, coordination and implementation of the Indian Antarctic Programme is managed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) through the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR), Goa, an autonomous institute under the Ministry, established in 1998.

    The objectives of this Programme are to continue the long-term scientific pursuits undertaken to understand the global processes and phenomena some of which are directly pertinent to our needs having potential applications.

    The continuation emphasizes our perceptible and influential presence in Antarctica to uphold the country's strategic interests in the Polar region and the surrounding oceans.

    Indian expedition to Antarctica approved - India - NEWS - The Times of India
     
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  4. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    Crossing Antarctica, Indian flag in hand

    The Hindu : Sci-Tech / Science : Crossing Antarctica, Indian flag in hand

    [​IMG]

    A young doctor, son of Indian immigrants, is set to become the first foreigner of Indian origin to walk across Antarctica carrying the Indian Tricolour to what he ecstatically describes as “The uttermost end of the world” – the South Pole and back again.

    Dr. Alexander Kumar told The Hindu from Antarctica where he has been living since January conducting research for the European Space Agency’s human spaceflight programme that he was “excited” and “proud to represent the best aspects of my British-Indian heritage”.

    He said he had been inspired as much by the spirit of scientific inquiry as by Mahatma Gandhi in undertaking the expedition.

    “I will never forget reading Gandhi’s autobiography and about his famous salt march. His life was so inspiring,” he said.

    Dr. Kumar, who has been selected as the Chief Medic and Chief Scientist for the expedition, is among a team of six who will make the crossing retracing the steps of two famous British explorers – Sir Robert Falcon Scott and Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton.

    They will spend nearly two years training for the expedition scheduled for 2014 with trips to Arctic Norway, Greenland and Canada.

    “It will take us nearly four months to march across Antarctica,” he said.

    Currently, he is based in Concordia Station – a French-Italian base in the interior of Antarctica – which he describes as “the most isolated and extreme research station in the world”. He and his crew live in complete isolation “with no chance of evacuation even in a medical emergency”.

    Dr. Kumar said that he had lived and worked in some 60 countries but never before had he experienced such extreme conditions.

    “Working in Antarctica is completely different…”This is world’s most extreme environment and it is the closest you can come to living, isolated on the surface of another planet or perhaps the dark side of the moon. Here your skills are really put to the test. Every day I learn more about the limits of human psychology and physiology, as I push my fellow crew members in experiments designed to help understand and prepare astronauts for a future manned Mission to Mars. I am here for the science.”

    Battling a lack of Oxygen had been a big challenge.

    “We are living at around 4,000 metres altitude where we breathe one third less oxygen as is available at sea level, so you can imagine how difficult it can be,” he said.

    Dr. Kumar (28) whose father came from Jammu said although he was born and brought up in Britain India was “home” to him. He had very fond memories of his time at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences where he worked on placement while studying medical science at King’s College in London.

    “I enjoyed working in India and it felt closer to me than working in any other country. AIIMS is an incredible specialist hospital taking referrals from all over India and providing a high standard of care for free. It is an example to the rest of the world,” he said.

    But from where he is now, Delhi, indeed, looks “door–ast” – very far.
     
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  5. Vishwarupa

    Vishwarupa Senior Member Senior Member

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    State-of-the-art ground station to come up at Antarctica soon

    A state-of-the-art ground station for earth observation satellites which will function in sub-zero temperatures and withstand high wind speeds will be established at Bharati Station, the third research facility being set up by India on the icy continent of Antarctica.

    The installation and commissioning of the ground station will be taken up in summer season at Antarctica, starting from December 2012 to March 2013.

    The prestigious project for setting up the ground station as also a communication facility has been bagged by the Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) from the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) for a contract value of Rs.50 crore in the face of stiff global competition, according to Y.S. Mayya, Chairman and Managing Director, ECIL.

    High-speed satellite raw data would be beamed in real time from Bharati Station to NRSC at Shadnagar, near here, for processing the images once the project starts functioning.

    Communication facility

    As part of it, a data reception station and another data communication facility linking Bharati Station and NRSC would be established.

    ECIL would install two large antennae of 7.5 diameters each-one for remote sensing and the other for communication. The antennae would be enclosed in a radome to protect them from heavy winds. While one antenna was already fabricated, the second one was expected to be ready shortly.

    The antennae would be installed on a platform weighing 50 tonnes and developed with special steel structure.

    The entire equipment would be taken to Cape Town, South Africa, by the end of September 2012 and transported from there to Bharati Station with logistic support from National Centre for Antarctica and Ocean Research (NCAOR), Goa.

    In 2007, ECIL also established the communication link between Maitri, the second Indian research station in Antarctica and NCAOR. Among others, research on tectonics and geological structures would be undertaken at Bharati Station by Indian scientists.

    The Hindu : Sci-Tech / Technology : State-of-the-art ground station to come up at Antarctica soon
     
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  6. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

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    India's station in Antarctic operational - Times Of India

     
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  7. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

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    Re: State-of-the-art ground station to come up at Antarctica soon

    Indian Bases in Antarctica:

    1. Dakshin Gangotri (abandoned)
    2. Maitri
    3. Bharathi
     

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