Indian-origin student discovers and measures mysterious black hole

Discussion in 'Members Corner' started by Srinivas_K, Aug 18, 2014.

  1. Srinivas_K

    Srinivas_K Senior Member Senior Member

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    Indian-origin student discovers and measures mysterious black hole

    NEW DELHI: An Indian-origin graduate student has discovered and measured one of the most elusive and mysterious objects in the Universe — a middling-sized black hole.

    University of Maryland astronomy graduate student Dheeraj Pasham and two colleagues made the measurements of the rare black hole which they found hiding in the well-known galaxy M82, some 12 million light years away from Earth. Their findings were published online on August 17 in the journal Nature.

    The reason why this discovery and the measurement are considered so significant is that these intermediate-mass black holes are hard to measure even their existence is sometimes disputed. Little is known about how they form, a Maryland varsity statement said. Some astronomers question whether they behave like other black holes.

    The universe has countless black holes and just our galaxy, the Milky Way, may have up to 100 million of them, it is thought. Nearly all black holes fall into one of two classes: big, and colossal. The 'big' ones have from about 10 times to 100 times the mass of our sun. They are the remnants of dying stars. The 'colossal' or supermassive black holes have more than a million times the mass of the sun. These giants inhabit the centres of most galaxies.

    But scattered across the universe are a few apparent black holes of the more mysterious type.


    Image courtesy University of Maryland: Department of Astronomy
    Ranging from a hundred times to a few hundred thousand times the sun's mass, these intermediate-mass black holes are mysterious because they are difficult to pinpoint.

    "Objects in this range are the least expected of all black holes," says Richard Mushotzky UMD astronomy professor and a co-author. "Astronomers have been asking — do these objects exist or do they not exist? What are their properties? Until now we have not had the data to answer these questions." While the intermediate-mass black hole that the team studied is not the first one measured, it is the first one so precisely measured, Mushotzky says, "establishing it as a compelling example of this class of black holes."


    The regions around supermassive black holes shine brightly in X-rays. Some of this radiation comes from a surrounding disk, and most comes from the corona, pictured here in this artist's concept as the white light at the base of a jet. This is one of a few possible shapes predicted for coronas. Image Credit: Nasa/JPL-Caltech

    A black hole is a region in space containing a mass so dense that not even light can escape its gravity. Black holes are invisible, but astronomers can find them by tracking their gravitational pull on other objects. Matter being pulled into a black hole gathers around it like storm debris circling a tornado's centre. As this cosmic stuff rubs together it produces friction and light, making black holes among the universe's brightest objects.

    Pasham, who will begin a post-doctoral research position at Nasa Goddard in late August, has identified six potential intermediate-mass black holes that Nasa's to-be launched X-ray telescope NICER might explore.

    Indian-origin student discovers and measures mysterious black hole - The Times of India
     
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  3. ninja85

    ninja85 Regular Member

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    are we still suppose to feel proud of what 'indian origins' personal achievements in america even its some math quiz or spelling bee or they did this or that or whatever (its not that bad thing by the way) but is it inferiority complex type of thing because americans may not see it that way. :rofl::laugh::lol:
     
  4. Srinivas_K

    Srinivas_K Senior Member Senior Member

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    this achievement is certainly worth noting.
     
  5. yogijat

    yogijat New Member

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    This is actually a slap on our higher education system.
     
  6. Dovah

    Dovah Untermensch Senior Member

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    Detected or measured?

    How do you even measure a black hole? Oh, yeah TOI.
     
  7. Energon

    Energon DFI stars Stars and Ambassadors

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    Depends on who it belongs to.
     
  8. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    They get measured by their mass. If I am not wrong.

    May be like this...watch it again @ 1:01.



    :scared1:
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 10, 2015

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