Indian Navy Kilo Class submarines upgrade

Discussion in 'Indian Navy' started by LETHALFORCE, Aug 14, 2010.

  1. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    http://knol.google.com/k/vijainder-k-thakur/indian-navy-kilo-class-submarines/yo54fmdhy2mq/37#

    Overhaul, sensor and weapon upgrade including Club-S missiles
    The Indian Navy (IN) is in the process of upgrading its 10 Kilo class (Project 887EKM) submarines under a deal signed in 2001.
    Contents

    * Introduction
    * INS Sindhurakshak Overhaul
    * INS Sindukirti Overhaul
    * IN Project 636 / Kilo class submarine fleet
    * Kilo-class submarine capabilities
    * Club-S Missiles

    [​IMG]
    A port beam view of the Indian navy patrol submarine INS Sindhughosh en route to India.

    Introduction

    Each upgrade costs $80 million and involves a complete overhaul of the submarine and its hull structures; installation of an improved control system, sonar, electronic warfare system, and an integrated weapon control system.

    Four submarines - INS Sindhuvir, INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhughosh, and INS Sindhuvijay - have already been overhauled at the Zvezdochka shipyard in Severodvinsk, which is getting ready to overhaul the fifth - INS Sindhurakshak.

    INS Sindhurakshak Overhaul
    A deal to overall INS Sindhurakshak was signed on June 4, 2010.

    The floating dock - Rolldock Sun - carrying the submarine on board left India for Severodvinsk on June 20, 2010. It arrived there on August 3.

    Overhaul of the sub is expected to take between 2-2.5 years.

    The submarine will be fitted with the Club-S missile system, and the Indian developed USHUS sonar and CCS-MK communication system.

    INS Sindukirti Overhaul

    Severodvinsk shipyard is concurrently repairing and modernizing INS Sindukirti in her basing site Vishakhapatnam, India.

    IN Project 636 / Kilo class submarine fleet


    The IN Project 636 / Kilo class submarine fleet comprises the following subs.

    Name Commission Date
    INS Sindhughosh S55 30 April 1986
    INS Sindhudhvaj S56 12 June 1987
    INS Sindhuraj S57 20 October 1987
    INS Sindhuvir S58 26 August 1988
    INS Sindhuratna S59 22 December 1988
    INS Sindhukesari S60 16 February 1989
    INS Sindhukirti S61 4 January 1990
    INS Sindhuvijay S62 18 March 1991
    INS Sindhurakshak S63 24 December 1997
    INS Sindhushastra S65 19 July 2000


    Kilo-class submarine capabilities
    The Kilo-class submarine is thought to be one of the most silent submarine classes in the world. It has been specifically designed for anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations in relatively shallow waters.

    Displacement.......2,300 tons
    Max Dive Depth.......350 m (1,200')
    Range..............6,000 miles
    Crew..................57
    Armament.......... 2x533
    Max Surface Speed 10 kts
    Max Submerged Speed 19 kts
    Endurance 45 days
    Max Depth 300m


    Russia has built Kilo-class submarines for India, China and Iran.

    Club-S Missiles

    All 10 IN Kilo class subs are also being retrofitted with Club-S submarine cruise missile family.

    The Club-S 3M-54E1 is a subsonic sea skimming (100') anti-ship missile which accelerates to supersonic speeds during its terminal phase covering the last 15 km in less than 20 seconds, making if difficult for anti missiles defenses to engage it.

    The missile can be launched from a 533 mm torpedo tube from a depth of 35 to 40 meters (130 feet). It can also be launched from a vertical launch tube.

    It uses an ARGS-54 active radar seeker and Glonass satellite and inertial guidance.

    Club-S 3M-54E1
    Weight 4,400 lb
    Warhead 440 lb
    Range 300 km
    Terminal Speed 3,000 kph


    INS Sindhugosh and INS Sindhuvijay have already been equipped with the Club-S cruise missile systems.

    The upgrade wasn't smooth. After INS Sindhuvijay was upgraded, six test firings of the Club-S missile in 2007 failed and India refused to accept the submarines which spent two years in Russia. The technical glitches were eventually sorted out.

    The Zvezdochka shipyard will install Club-S cruise missile systems on four Kilo class diesel submarines in service with the Indian navy in the next five years.

    "The new missile system will be installed on the INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhuraj, INS Sindhushastra, and INS Sindhuvir. The retrofit will be carried out at Indian shipyards," the shipyard in northern Russia said in a statement.
     
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  3. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 15, 2010
  4. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    The two main Kilo projects for export by Russia are 877 and 636.
     
  5. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    The real question is, have the Klub land attack missiles been fixed yet.
     
  6. ZOOM

    ZOOM Founding Member

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    I think this issue has already been sorted as specified by above given link after their failed trial in 2007. May be this Club S must not be active on all submarine other then newly upgraded.
     
  7. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    yeh sorry its Project-877

    Sindhughosh class submarines are Indian variants of the Kilo class diesel-electric submarines in active service with the Indian Navy.
    The Sindhughosh submarines, designated 877EKM, were designed as part of Project 877, and built under a contract between Rosvooruzhenie and the Ministry of Defence (India).


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindhughosh_class_submarine
     
  8. sandeepdg

    sandeepdg Senior Member Senior Member

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    So does that means that only 6 out of the 10 Kilo subs will get the Club-S ?? What's the current status on the Club-S being operational ?
     
  9. Vishwarupa

    Vishwarupa Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russia completes India’s submarine modernisation programme

    The Hindu : Today's Paper / NATIONAL : Russia completes India’s submarine modernisation programme


    The INS Sindhurakshak submarine came off the slips at the Zvezdochka shipyard in Severodvinsk on Saturday, marking the completion of a mid-life refit programme for the Indian Navy’s Kilo-class diesel-electric submarines in Russia.

    During a two-year in-depth modernisation the torpedo-firing INS Sindhurakshak, built in 1997, has been equipped with the tube-launched Club-S cruise missiles effective against surface vessels and submarines at a range of about 200 km. It has also been provided with some Indian-made systems, including a hydro-acoustic “USHUS” complex, a CCS-MK radio-communication system and Porpoise Electronic Support Measures. After going through sea trials and firing tests the submarine will be handed over to the Indian Navy later this year.

    The INS Sindhurakshak is the seventh and the last of the 10 Kilo-class submarines that India bought from Russia between 1986 and 2000 to have undergone mid-term repairs and modernisation in Russia. Of the remaining three submarines one was repaired in India and the two others are currently under repair in India.

    Even as Russia prepares to deliver the last retrofitted submarine to India, Russia’s top shipbuilding official has come up with the idea of a second mid-life repair of the Kilo-class submarines.

    “A second repair will add another 5 to 7 or even 10 years to the submarines’ scheduled 20-year service life,” said Andrei Dyachkov, Director General of Sevmash shipyard, who is expected to take over as the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, which controls 70 per cent of Russia’s s shipbuilding assets, next month. “This will help the Indian Navy maintain its submarine strength in view of delays in the induction of French-built Scorpene subs and in floating a tender for six more diesel-electric submarines,” he said.

    The Indian Navy issued Request For Information (RFIs) under the P-75 (I) project way back in 2008. However, it is yet to open a global tender for the submarines. Russia is expected to take part in the tender with its new Amur-1650 submarines, along with France’s Scorpio, Germany’s Type-214 and Spain’s S-80 submarines.

    Mr. Dyachkov, who also heads the Rubin Naval Design Bureau, which designed the Amur-1650, thinks the Russian submarine stands a good chance of winning the Indian tender.

    “We hope for success and are confident of fulfilling all terms of the tender in the required timeframe,” he told The Hindu .

    The Amur-1650 makes far less noise than the Kilo-class submarines, which the NATO nicknamed “Black Holes” for their stealth qualities.

    The shipbuilder denied media reports that Russia was trying to get the demand for onboard Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system removed from the tender requirements.

    “We have designed and built an advanced and safe AIP that generates hydrogen onboard and enables the submarine to stay underwater for much longer time,” Mr. Dyachkov said.
     
  10. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

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    Re: Russia completes India’s submarine modernisation programme

    [email protected].. Russia refused the Ladas, the engine doesn't put out half the power, software keeps crashing, and the AIP is sitting on a bench. Hope for success... :p
     
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  11. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    Re: Russia completes India’s submarine modernisation programme

    Thats why the Scorpene is the no 1 choice for the IN
     
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  12. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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  13. Sridhar

    Sridhar House keeper Moderator

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    Upgraded Indian Submarine Starts Seas Trials in Russia

    An Indian Kilo class diesel-electric submarine that has been overhauled at the Zvezdochka shipyard in northern Russia has sailed for two-week sea trials, the company said.

    sindurakshak21

    An Indian Kilo class diesel-electric submarine

    [​IMG]

    INS Sindhurakshak, which was handed over to the Indian Navy in 1997, has been upgraded under a direct contract between the Zvezdochka shipyard and the Indian defense ministry, signed on June 4, 2010.

    “The Indian submarine, which has been repaired and modernized at the Zvezdochka shipyard, sailed for sea trials on Monday,” the company said in a statement.

    The upgrade program stipulated a complete overhaul of the submarine, including its hull structures, as well as improved control systems, electronic warfare systems, and an integrated weapon control system. The upgrade is reported to cost around $80 million.

    The sub is expected to be delivered to India by the end of 2012, following a series of additional tests.

    Russia has built ten Kilo class submarines for India and has already overhauled four of them: INS Sindhuvir, INS Sindhuratna, INS Sindhughosh, and INS Sindhuvijay.

    The overhauled Indian submarines are equipped with 3M-54 Club-S (SS-N-27) anti-ship cruise missiles, the Indian-developed USHUS sonar, CCS-MK radio communications system and Porpoise radar.

    MOSCOW, October 30 (RIA Novosti)

    Upgraded Indian Submarine Starts Seas Trials in Russia
     
  14. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    sub launch club misiles are cool, they have land target versions too. Just imagine what hard time PN has to face now.
     
  15. sob

    sob Moderator Moderator

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    Great this is one of the quitest diesel submarines in the world. Now with the upgrades it is going to pack more punch for the IN.
     
  16. mikhail

    mikhail Senior Member Senior Member

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    Re: Russia completes India’s submarine modernisation programme

    mate that's the reason why the IN selected the Scorpene submarine as our next gen sub but it seems that you guys are taking it too long to build those 6 subs for us:rolleyes:
     
  17. bhramos

    bhramos Elite Member Elite Member

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    Indian Kilo Class Sub in Russia after Upgrade going to sea trails

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
  18. KuleshovOleg

    KuleshovOleg Regular Member

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    my photos ))))
     
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  19. KuleshovOleg

    KuleshovOleg Regular Member

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    Today :). I am also the author :). More photos will be tomorrow! kuleshovoleg
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  20. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    yeah we check it on your FB page...............:thumb:

    BTW how come you have beautiful ladies in your pic, not that i am complaining about it.
     
  21. KuleshovOleg

    KuleshovOleg Regular Member

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    My pictures often here - kuleshovoleg.livejournal.com. :).
     
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