Indian Navy Formally Floats AUV Requirement, Wants A Fully Indian Machine

Discussion in 'Indian Navy' started by EagleOne, Jul 8, 2010.

  1. EagleOne

    EagleOne Regular Member

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    In a long and commendable tradition of supporting indigenous design and development, the Indian Navy has invited interest from Indian industry -- both state owned and private -- to meet a requirement for at least 10 autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) that can be developed and begin production within four years of award of contract. In a refreshing break, the Navy has chosen to exercise the "Make" procedure of India's Defence Procurement Procedure 2008 ( DPP-2008), a special category that can be invoked by the armed forces for "high technology complex systems designed, developed and produced indigenously".

    The Navy wants AUVs that can carry "variable payloads like high definition sonars and underwater cameras for surveillance reconnaissance activities of the sea bed (such as MCM operations, Oceanographic survey and specialised mapping etc)." The Navy also stipulates, in a broad list of requirements, that contending AUV concepts should involve platforms with (a) data recording facilities for subsequent analysis, (b) be capable of providing realistic target training for sonar operators, (c) be capable of being launched from small vessels with a maximum weight of 1.5 tons and (d) be able to operate at depth upto 500 mtrs for a duration of 7-8 hours.

    The Navy has asked for an initial expression of interest by July 15, though this date is most likely to be extended. Several IIT incubation projects, which displayed amateur AUVs at the recent DefExpo are likely to show interest, or at least look toward technical tie-ups with larger firms. In early 2008, the DRDO -- currently developing an AUV at its Naval Science & Tech Laboratory in Visakhapatnam -- inaugurated an AUV Centre in the city. The indigenous programme is headed by a naval officer, Commodore N Banerjee.

    http://livefist.blogspot.com/2010/07/indian-navy-formally-floats-auv.html
     
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  3. Rahul Singh

    Rahul Singh Senior Member Senior Member

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    Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

    [​IMG]
    AUV-150

    February 2010
    By Vantika Dixit

    Researchers at Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) - the apex R&D institute for mechanical engineering under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – have developed India’s first indigenous autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The robotic vehicle is expected to complete the final sea trial by August 2010. The mega system can fulfill tasks such as seafloor mapping, coastal surveillance, mine countermeasure, and oceanographic measurements during adverse weather conditions.

    Sponsored by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MES), the AUV has been built to operate 150 feet under the sea (see Specifications) to map the seafloor and collect sensor-based data. With no physical cable connection to the surface control station and possessing on-board intelligence and energy supply, the vehicle, designated as AUV-150, has much to boast about.

    Autonomous underwater technology and underwater robotics are being vigorously pursued in many technologically advanced countries such as the U.S., Australia, Germany, Russia, Korea, and Japan. According to Gautam Biswas, director, CMERI, “The AUV technology will be an essential technology of the future as our dependence on ocean resources increases. The need for autonomous underwater vehicles is already being felt for activities such as inspection, location of objects, survey on the ocean floor, and surveillance.”

    “AUV-150 will be tested in sea for seafloor mapping and monitoring of environmental parameters such as current, temperature, depth, and salinity. Once the technology is proven through extensive trial, the same vehicle with required customization may be used for other future applications such as coastal monitoring, military reconnaissance, mine counter measuring, cable and pipeline surveys, littoral zone sensing, and more,” says Biswas.

    FEATURES

    AUV-150 is a cylindrical-shaped carrier with streamlined fairing to reduce hydrodynamic drag. It is embedded with advanced power, propulsion, navigation, and control systems. The propulsion system comprises thrusters for generating motion in different directions to control surge, sway, heave, pitch, and yaw, while preventing the vehicle from rolling. Two arrays of cross-fins have also been fixed at the two ends to provide additional stability to the AUV. A lithium polymer battery powers the vehicle and a pressure hull contains its electronics and energy system.


    The vehicle is programmed to carry out an underwater mission without assistance from an operator on the surface. For autonomous free movement under water, with no wires attached to the station on the surface, the vehicle determines its own geographical position with the help of navigational sensors. Its forward looking sonar system and navigational algorithm help the vehicle in avoiding collision with obstacles.

    The autonomous vehicle is equipped with a number of navigational (inertial navigation system, depth sensor, altimeter, doppler velocity log, forward looking sonar, global positioning system through ultra- short baseline system, which is a method of underwater acoustic positioning and payload sensors (side scan sonar, camera, and CTD or conductivity-temperature-depth recorder). For smooth communication and distant intervention, the vehicle is equipped with hybrid communication system: it radio frequency on surface and acoustic under water.

    The final prototype of the 4.8 meter-long AUV-150, with all its on-board subsystems, weighs approximately 490 kg. The vehicle also has positive buoyancy of approximately 30 newton to facilitate its retrieval in case of a power failure. However, the payload and configuration of the AUV will always be dictated by the mission requirements such as the one provided by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).

    In 2009, a mock steel unit was tested at shallow basin towards validation of various algorithms. Based on the test data, the final prototype of AUV has been developed. In September 2009, the prototype was tested for a week at the Idukki lake in Kerala. Both pre-launch and post-launch checks were committed. During all trials, the mission was carried out with the help of a pre-compiled mission file which was stored in the memory of the on-board computational unit. The final prototype is now ready for sea trial even as work continues to fine tune various algorithms related to navigation, guidance, and control.

    PURPOSE

    Developed under the supervision of Sankar Nath Shome, group head - robotics and automation and Dean of School of Mechatronics, CMERI, AUV-150 is second only to Maya, a small autonomous underwater vehicle developed by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa (another CSIR lab) in September 2009 to sense physical, biological, and chemical properties of the ocean and collect relevant scientific data.

    “The working prototype of AUV-150 was developed by the Mechadronics group of CMERI in collaboration with IIT, Kharagpur. The performance parameters of the lab-scale model, developed by IIT Kharagpur, acted as a precursor of the prototype developed by CMERI. The final prototype is capable of exploring the seafloor for unlimited treasure which can be used for mankind, for example, minerals (metals, oil, natural gas, and chemicals), medicines, and food,” says Shome.

    The vehicle is also expected to be used for search and rescue operations as well as for military reconnaissance. It is capable of conducting various kinds of surveys such as the bridge scour which is a process of removing sediments of sand and rocks around bridge piers; channel conditioning and clearance survey, which is a hydrographic survey involving determination of size, location, and sedimentation for a channel and requirements for dredging towards flood control measurements; and cable and pipeline surveys for monitoring and repair operations.

    Long-term monitoring of seafloor for prediction of weather, habitat mapping, archaeological survey and monitoring of boundary limitations and route survey are other tasks that AUV-150 is expected to perform once the sea trial is over.

    Following AUV-150’s successful completion, CMERI and the Naval Science and Technology Laboratory are now planning to launch a mega AUV project under the umbrella of CSIR and DRDO. India, therefore, may see a lot more technology developments in the year ahead.
     
  4. nandu

    nandu Senior Member Senior Member

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    Navy hunts for drones to operate underwater

    NEW DELHI: With the Indian armed forces inducting a large number of spy drones and "killer" UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) since the 1999 Kargil conflict, the hunt has now been launched for drones to operate underwater as well.

    The Navy has invited proposals from both state-owned and private companies to acquire at least 10 AUVs (autonomous underwater vehicles), which are non-tethered robotic devices driven through water by propulsion systems that are controlled and piloted by onboard computers.

    AUVs can be used for MCM (mine counter-measures) operations, oceanographic surveys and specialised mapping, among other tasks. Advanced AUVs can even be deployed to keep under surveillance protected areas like harbours as well as aid in detection of enemy submarines.

    "Apart from being manoeuvrable in three dimensions, the AUVs should be able to carry variable payloads such as high-definition sonars and underwater cameras for surveillance and reconnaissance activities of the seabed," said a Navy official.

    "Capable of being launched from small vessels with a maximum weight of 1.5-tonne, the AUVs should be able to operate at depths up to 500 metre for 7-8 hours," he added.

    The move comes at a time when the Army is also looking for combat drones, or UCAVs (unmanned combat aerial vehicles), drawing lessons from the deadly use of US `Predators' and `Reapers' against the Taliban in the Af-Pak region. Unlike killer UAVs, which hit their targets and perish with their missions, UCAVs are like fighter jets because they return to their bases to re-arm themselves with more missiles for the next mission.

    http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/NEWS/newsrf.php?newsid=13151
     
  5. sandeepdg

    sandeepdg Senior Member Senior Member

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    I think some modifications to the AUV designed by CMERI in collaboration with IIT Kharagpur should turn out to be a very good choice for the Navy. I hope it makes the grade !
     
  6. Raj Malhotra

    Raj Malhotra Regular Member

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    It seems that Navy is going for a series of tenders to buy Indian subs. I think navy had earlier tendered 5 Midgets subs of around 150tons, 4 smaller subs of around 15 tons which could be lugged by Midgets and now these seem to be AUV of around 1.5 tons.


    In regard to bigger subs we have (speculated) 3+3+3 indigenous SSNs/SSBNs on order. For diesel electric we have scorps 6+6 and New 75I line for another 6
     
  7. mecbe2002

    mecbe2002 New Member

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    Hi all,

    I want to know whether the "Initial expression of Interest" deadline has been extended.

    Thanks
     
  8. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    AUV Specifications

    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Aug 30, 2010
  9. gogbot

    gogbot Regular Member

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    Best news in while.
    All the Army does is issue International tenders even for the smallest stuff.\

    At least AF is looking at Indigenous UAV's
     
  10. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

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    This proves that Navy is far ahead than Army and IAF in terms of promoting domestic development and successfully inducting them. IA and IAF better catch up fast because at this rate we might have to depend on IN completely for our national defence. Kudos to Navy.
     
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  11. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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  12. sathya

    sathya Regular Member

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    India in elite club with AUV launch

    With the development of an indigenous autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) at a cost of Rs 38 crore, India has made its entry into an elite league of nations comprising the US, Russia, Germany, Japan, South Korea and Australia.Having been involved in the development of unmanned aerial vehicles and seen some success, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has completed the testing of the AUV, a remotely-operated vehicle.

    [​IMG]

    And that these vehicles can help the Indian Navy insurveying waters, thereby lending the long-felt aid to keep at bay “foreign” vessels or submarines with potential risks, sources said, is the plus point.

    “The project has achieved all the objectives we envisaged. The project primarily meant for defence research with Electronic Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad, as the concurrent engineering partner,” Manu Korulla of DRDO, the project director (AUV), told Deccan Herald. “It is very small in size and operates around a mother ship from where it is launched, controlled and recovered,” ECIL said.

    Stating that this will be useful for any underwater surveillance and intelligence gathering, ECIL?said:?“The AUV is first of its kind being developed and produced by ECIL. It will also facilitate carrying of payloads if the missions require it to.” Sources said these intelligent underwater vehicles required inter-disciplinary efforts in the fields of hydrodynamics, control and guidance et al and that they will prove to be an important part of the Navy.

    The DRDO, Korulla, said answering a specific query: “Further, technology will be transferred to industry through mission mode projects based on specific application and requirements.”
     
    Last edited: Dec 12, 2011
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  13. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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  14. sesha_maruthi27

    sesha_maruthi27 Senior Member Senior Member

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    So, INDIA too will be able to reach the sea bed to search for resources in the INDIA OCEAN and abroad also.........

    This is punch to the Chinese............:thumb:
     
    Last edited: Dec 12, 2011
  15. hitesh

    hitesh New Member

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    Really ? I wonder why you sad so . I don't see any boxing match here ..........:laugh:
     
  16. nitesh

    nitesh Mob Control Manager Stars and Ambassadors

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  17. sesha_maruthi27

    sesha_maruthi27 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Cos we can make use of our AUV to search for resources in South-China sea in a joint venture with the Vietnam.............
     
  18. Dovah

    Dovah Untermensch Senior Member

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    How far can it go from the mothership?
     
  19. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    There is a professor from Duke University, North Carolina, called Dr. Douglas P. Nowacek (joint Ph.D. from MIT & Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), who is doing research with iRobots.

    I had the privilege of attending the Tekkotsu Workshop by Dr. David S. Touretzky from CMU.

    This is a very interesting field.
     
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  20. nrj

    nrj Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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